President of India on 22nd December, 2016 passed the Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Fifth Ordinance, 2016 (8 of 2016).
Following the Indo-China aggression in 1962, specific properties of Chinese nationals in India were vested in the Custodian through Defence of India Rules 1962.
Following the Indo-Pak wars in 1965 and 1971, the movable and immovable properties of Pakistani nations was vested in the Custodian of Enemy Property for India.
Their vesting was continued in the Custodian by the Enemy Property Act, 1968.
Government of Pakistan has disposed of all the properties of Indians impounded by them.
Claims are therefore being made to regain properties by legal hairs and successors of enemy nationals.
To prevent the vested properties, the Ordinance for the first time was promulgated on 7th Jan 2016.
It was passed by the LS on March 9, 2016.
Ordinance was promulgated for the second time on April 2nd, 2016.
The Ordinance was then issued for the third time on 31st May 2016 incorporating the amendments.
As the Bill is not being considered by RS, the ordinance was promulgated on 28th Aug 2016 for the fourth time.
The amendments are aimed at plugging the loopholes in the principal Act to ensure that the enemy properties worth thousands of crores of rupees vested in the Custodian do not revert to the enemy, enemy subject or enemy firm.
Thus, in the larger public interest and to safeguard the interest of Central Government, the Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Fifth Ordinance, 2016 (8 of 2016) has been promulgated.Indo-Pak Wars
- War of 1947.
- War of 1965.
- War of 1971.
- Siachen conflict.
- Kargil War.
- 2001–02 standoff.
- 2008 standoff.
- Border skirmishes. 2011. 2013. 2014–15. 2016 confrontation.