Union Cabinet approves National Health Policy 2017
Q. Union Cabinet on 15th March 2017 approved the National Health Policy for _________- Published on 17 Mar 17
a. Increasing public healthcare expenditure to 2.5 percent of GDP
b. Allocation of more than two-thirds of the resources towards primary healthcare
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of the above
ANSWER: Both of the above
Union Cabinet on March 15, 2017 approved the National Health Policy 2017 aiming to increase public healthcare expenditure to 2.5 percent of GDP.
More than two-thirds of resources will be going towards primary healthcare.
The policy is aiming to reach healthcare to all parts of the country, specially the underserved and underprivileged.
The last national health policy was framed in 2002.
This policy guides a time-bound implementation framework with clear milestones and distinct deliverables to attain policy goals.
The policy works to raise public healthcare expenditure to 2.5% of the GDP from the current 1.4%.Features of the National Health Policy
- Policy envisages larger package of assured comprehensive primary healthcare via Health and Wellness centres.
- This is an extensive package including care for NCDs, mental health, geriatric care, palliative and rehabilitative care services.
- It works to ensure availability of 2 beds for every 1000 persons to enable access within emergency.
- The policy aims to make healthcare accessible for all and offers financial protection, proposing free drugs, diagnostics and emergency as well as healthcare services in public medical hospitals.
- The policy also aims to raise life expectancy from 67.5 to 70 years by 2025.
- It also aims to establish regular tracking of disability adjusted life years or DALY index as a measure of burden of disease and trends through major categories by 2022.
- The reduction of total fertility rate to 2.1 at national and sub-national levels was aimed for by 2025.
- Another goal of this policy is to reduce mortality of children under 5 years of age to 23 per 1000 by 2025 and maternal mortality rate from current levels to 100 by 2020.
- The scheme also aims to reduce infant mortality rate to 28 by 2019 and reduce neo natal mortality to 16 and still birth rate to single digit by 2025.
- The policy aims to strengthen the regulatory environment and seeks putting in place systems for setting standards and ensuring healthcare quality.
- The policy also checks out reforms in the current existing regulatory systems for easing manufacturing of drugs and devices for promoting Make in India and reforming medical education.
- Policy advocates development of mid-level service providers, nurse practitioners, public health cadre to improve availability of required health human resource.