# Electrical Machines Test Questions Set - 10

1)   In a 20 kVA, 2200 / 220 volts transformer iron and copper losses are 300 and 400 watts respectively. Its efficiency at half load and unity power factor is

a. 95.11%
b. 96.15%
c. 97.77%
d. 98%
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 96.15% Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

2)   A 500 kVA single phase transformer has 90% efficiency at both half load and full load at unity power factor. Then iron losses will be

a. 12.55 KW
b. 13.55 kW
c. 16.55 kW
d. 18.55 KW
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 18.55 KW Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

3)   While performing a circuit test on transformer at 30v, 30 Hz it gives Φ1 as lagging power factor. If the same test is performed at 30V, 50Hz, then

a. Φ1 > Φ2
b. Φ1 < Φ2
c. Φ1 = Φ2
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Φ1 < Φ2 Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

4)   If the magnitude of leakage reactance is equal to the resistance of both primary and secondary of a single phase transformer. Then the input power factor is

a. 1 / √2
b. 1
c.2
d. zero
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 1 / √2 Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

5)   Open circuit test is to be performed on transformer to find

a. Constant losses
b. Copper losses
c. Both (a) and (b)
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Constant losses Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

6)   If the transformer is step - up transformer then for performing short circuit test meter is connected to the

a. H.V. side
b. L.V. side
c. Any side
d. Test cannot be performed on step up t / f
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: H.V. side Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

7)   If short circuit test is performed on the transformer with constant rated voltage and increased frequency, then the short circuit current and power factor

a. Both will increase
b. Both will decrease
c. Increase, decrease
d. Decrease, remains constant
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Both will decrease Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

8)   Which test is also called as back to back test?

a. Retardation test
b. Sumpner’s test
c. Field test
d. Voltage drop test
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Sumpner’s test Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

9)   While conducting the sumpner’s test, the primaries of the two identical transformers are connected in parallel across the supply. The secondary’s are connected in

a. Parallel
b. Series opposition
c. Both in series and parallel
d. Not connected at all
 Answer  Explanation ANSWER: Series opposition Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

10)   In sumpner’s test, the net voltage in the local circuit of secondary’s is

a. Equal to zero
b. Twice of the induced emf in each secondary’s
c. Equal to the induced emf in each secondary’s
d. Square of the induced emf in each secondary’s
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Equal to zero Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

11)   While performing sumpner’s test on transformer, if the secondary are not in series opposition then the meter will read

a. 0
b. Twice of the induced emf in each secondary’s
c. Equal to the induced emf in each secondary’s
d. Keep fluctuating
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Twice of the induced emf in each secondary’s Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

12)   If W1 is the input power measured by the wattmeter connected across the primaries and W2 is the measurement of wattmeter connected in secondary’s while performing sumpner’s test then iron losses and copper losses is equal to

a. W1, W2
b. W1 / 2, 2 * W2
c. 2 * W1, W2 / 2
d. W1 / 2, W2 / 2
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: W1 / 2, W2 / 2 Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

13)   For parallel operation of transformers, the most satisfactory condition is achieved when the load shared by the transformers is in exact proportion with their

a. Efficiency
b. Ratings
c. Impedances
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Ratings Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

14)   Two transformers are operated in parallel, most essential condition to be satisfied is

a. Polarities should be same
b. Leakage reactance should be equal
c. Turns ratios should be equal
d. Impedances should be in proportion to their kVA rating
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Polarities should be same Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

15)   For carrying out parallel operation, transformers should have same X / R ratio in order to avoid

a. Leakage reactance
b. Insulation failure
c. Circulating current
d. Inrush current
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Circulating current Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

16)   If the transformers have different kVA ratings, then for parallel operation the equivalent impedances should be

a. Directly proportional to individual kVA rating
b. Inversely proportional to individual kVA rating
c. Inversely proportional to the square of the individual kVA rating
d. Directly proportional to the square of individual kVA rating
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Inversely proportional to individual kVA rating Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

17)   For satisfactory parallel operation, the circulating current should not exceed

a. 5% of normal rated current
b. 50% of normal rated current
c. 10% of normal rated current
d. 25% of normal rated current
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 10% of normal rated current Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

18)   For parallel operation of transformers, the p.u. impedances of transformer must be (based on their own kVA rating)

a. directly proportional to their ratings
b. inversely proportional to their ratings
c. equal
d. none of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: equal Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

19)   A 3 phase induction motor in a short circuit current is equal 3 times of the full load current. If the full load slip is 2%, then the starting torque as a percentage of full load torque is

a. 6% of full load torque
b. 18% of full load torque
c. 36% of full load torque
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 18% of full load torque Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

20)   In textile machines, to avoid breaking of threads, soft starters are used. The commonly used method in soft starter is

a. Direct online method
b. Star-delta method
c. Thyristor voltage controller method
d. Thyristor current controller method
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Thyristor voltage controller method Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

21)   The method which can be used for the speed control of induction motor from stator side is

a. V / f control
b. Controlling number of stator poles to control Ns
c. Adding rheostats in stator circuit
d. All of these
e. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: All of these Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

22)   The consequent pole method used for controlling the number of poles can be used for

a. Only squirrel cage type motors
b. Only slip ring induction motor
c. For both squirrel cage and slip ring induction motor
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Only squirrel cage type motors Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

23)   The best suited method for smooth speed control by controlling number of poles is

a. Consequent poles method
b. Multiple stator winding method
c. Pole amplitude modulation method
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Pole amplitude modulation method Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

24)   In pole amplitude modulation method for controlling number of poles, practically, the wave used for modulation is

a. Square wave
b. Triangular wave
c. Saw tooth wave
d. Sinusoidal wave
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Square wave Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

25)   In cumulatively cascade method for speed controlling, if PA is the number of poles of main motor and PB is the number of poles of auxiliary method. Then the speed of the rotor B is given by

a. 120f / PA + PB
b. 120f / PA - PB
c. 120f / PA
d. 120f / PB
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 120f / PA + PB Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

26)   In cascade control method, the set cannot be operated if

a. PA > PB
b. PA < PB
c. PA = PB
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: PA = PB Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

27)   Kramer system for controlling the speed of 3 phase induction motor is mostly used for motors of

a. Above 4000 kW
b. Below 4000 kW
c. Below 3000 kW
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Above 4000 kW Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

28)   The disadvantages of scherbius system used for speed controlling in 3 phase induction motor is

a. It cannot be used for slip ring induction motors
b. It cannot be used for squirrel cage induction motors
c. It can be used for large induction motors
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: It cannot be used for squirrel cage induction motors Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

29)   Single phase induction motors are

a. Self starting
b. Not self starting
c. None of these

 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Not self starting Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

30)   According to double revolving field theory, any alternating quantity can be resolved into two rotating components. The directions and magnitude of these components are

a. Same directions, each having magnitude equal to the maximum magnitude of alternating current
b. Opposite directions, each having magnitude equal to the maximum magnitude of alternating current
c. Opposite directions, each having magnitude half of the maximum magnitude of alternating current
d. Same directions, each having magnitude half of the maximum magnitude of alternating current
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Opposite directions, each having magnitude half of the maximum magnitude of alternating current Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

31)   The spit phase induction motor has

a. Low starting current and high starting torque
b. Moderate starting current and moderate starting torque
c. Low starting current and moderate starting torque
d. Moderate starting current and low starting torque
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Low starting current and moderate starting torque Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

32)   In washing machines, most commonly used motors are

a. Split phase induction motors
b. Slip ring induction motors
c. Capacitor start induction motors
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Split phase induction motors Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

33)   Split phase induction motors are available in the range of

a. 1/2 to 1/10 kW
b. 1/20 to 1/2 kW
c. 1/10 to 1/20 kW
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 1/20 to 1/2 kW Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

34)   In capacitor start capacitor run induction motor, the capacitor remains in circuit

a. Only at start
b. Only during running condition
c. At start as well as during running condition
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: At start as well as during running condition Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

35)   The capacitor connected permanently in capacitor run motor

a. Improves power factor
b. Lowers power factor
c. Does not affect power factor

 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Improves power factor Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

36)   In refrigerators the commonly used motors are

a. Split phase induction motors
b. Capacitor induction motors
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Capacitor induction motors Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

37)   In shaded pole induction motor, direction of rotation of magnetic field is from non shaded pole to shaded pole

c. None of these

38)   The starting torque and power factor of shaded pole induction motor

a. High, low
b. Low, high
c. Low, low
d. High, high
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Low, low Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

39)   In a single phase induction motor, the motor speed on no load is

a. Almost equal to its synchronous speed
b. Less than its synchronous speed
c. Greater than synchronous speed
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Almost equal to its synchronous speed Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

40)   The torque equation of single phase induction motor contains a constant term superimposed over by a pulsating torque. The pulsating frequency is

a. Equal to the supply frequency
b. Twice of the supply frequency
c. Half of the supply frequency
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Twice of the supply frequency Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

41)   The stator of split phase induction motor has two windings, main winding and auxiliary winding. These windings are displaced in space by

a. 30 electrical degrees
b. 90 electrical degrees
c. 120 electrical degrees
d. 180 electrical degrees
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 90 electrical degrees Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

42)   The flux under the unshaded pole of shaded pole induction motor

a. Is in equal phase of flux under the shaded pole
b. Lags the flux under the shaded pole
d. None of these

43)   A two phase servomotor is commonly used in feedback control system to drive the loads and as sensors to measure

a. Speed of controlled element
b. Position of controlled element
c. Both (a) and (b)
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Both (a) and (b) Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

44)   For moment of inertia to be small in two phase servomotor, the ratio of rotor diameter to its length should be

a. Equal to 1
b. small
c. large
d. All of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: small Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

45)   A load of 110kW at 0.8 power factor is to be shared by two single phase transformer with equal turns have impedances equal to (0.4 + j 0.2) and (0.6 + j 0.8) with respect to secondary. How will they share the load if they are operating in parallel?

a. 80kW, 30kW
b. 82.55kW, 28.45kW
c. 75.55kW, 24.45kW
d. 85.45kW, 24.55kW
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: 85.45kW, 24.55kW Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

46)   If two transformers are operated in parallel with voltage ratio of transformer 1 slightly greater than that of 2. E1 and E2 are the induced emf of transformer 1 and 2, and Z1 and Z2 are the impedances then the circulating current is given by

a. (E1-E2) / (Z1+Z2)
b. (E1+E2) / (Z1+Z2)
c. (Z1-Z2) / (E1-E2)
d. (Z1-Z2) / (E1+E2)
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: (E1-E2) / (Z1+Z2) Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

47)   For the same excitation voltage and winding currents, the autotransformer gives

a. Less output than two winding transformer
b. Equal to the output of two winding transformer
c. Half of the output of two winding transformer
d. More than the output of the two winding transformer
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: More than the output of the two winding transformer Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

48)   If K is the transformation ratio of step up autotransformer and Wtw is the total weight of copper in two winding transformer. Then the saving of copper is given by

a. K Wtw
b. Wtw/ K
c. Wtw/ K ∧ 2
d. K2 Wtw
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Wtw/ K Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

49)   In a step down autotransformer, if the transformation ratio increases then the saving of copper

a. Increases
b. Decreases
c. Remains same
d. None of these
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: Increases Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!

50)   If the transformation ratio of an autotransformer is given by V2 / V1 then the ratio of power transferred to that of input power is given by

a. (V2-V1) / V1
b. (V2+V1) / V1
c. (V1-V2) / V1
d. V2 / V1
 Answer  Explanation  Related Ques ANSWER: V2 / V1 Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!