1) For a second order instrument if the value of the damping ratio is equal to zero, then the
a. Output will exhibit constant amplitude oscillation
b. Initially output will be oscillatory and gradually it will die down
c. Initially output will be oscillatory and gradually amplitude of oscillation will increase
d. Output does not exhibit any oscillations
Answer
Explanation
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ANSWER: Output will exhibit constant amplitude oscillation
Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!


2) Commercial accelerometer, which is a second order instrument is generally designed for the damping ratio of the range of
a. 0.2 – 0.4
b. 0.6 – 0.8
c. 0.707 – 1
d. 1 – 1.5

3) The process of measurement
a. Always disturbs the system being measured
b. It may or may not disturb the system being measured
c. Never disturbs the system being measured
d. None of these

4) The difference between the measured value and the true value is known as
a. Relative error
b. Random error
c. Absolute error
d. Systematic error

5) In the systematic errors, the errors in the output of the measurement system are
a. All the errors will be positive
b. All the errors will be negative
c. Either (a) or (b)
d. None of these

6) Systematic errors in a measurement system are caused by
a. System disturbance during measurement
b. Effect of environmental changes
c. Use of uncalibrated instruments
d. All of these

7) In bridge circuit, the impedance of the instrument measuring the output voltage must be
a. Equal to the component resistance of the circuit
b. Very large compared to the component resistance of the circuit
c. Very small compared to the component resistance
d. Less than compared to the component resistance but not very small
Answer
Explanation
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ANSWER: Very large compared to the component resistance of the circuit
Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!


8) If the impedance of the instrument measuring the output voltage of the bridge circuit is less than the component resistance then
a. The instrument will load the bridge circuit
b. The instrument will draw current from the circuit
c. Both (a) & (b)
d. None of the above

9) In a moving coil voltmeter, the input resistance of the meter can be increased by
a. Increasing the number of turns in the coil
b. Decreasing the number of turns in the coil
c. Using the same number of coil turns made up of high resistance material
d. Both (a) & (c)
e. None of the above

10) The magnitude of environment  induced variation from the specified calibration condition is quantified by
a. Sensitivity drift
b. Zero drift
c. Backlash
d. Both (a) & (b)
e. None of the above

11) The systematic errors of an instrument can be reduced by making
a. The sensitivity of instrument to environmental input as low as possible
b. The sensitivity of instrument to environmental input as high as possible
c. Systematic errors does not depend on the sensitivity of instrument
d. None of these
Answer
Explanation
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ANSWER: The sensitivity of instrument to environmental input as low as possible
Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!


12) Suitable method for the reduction of systematic errors is/are
a. Instrument must be designed carefully
b. By introducing an equal and opposite environmental input for compensating the effect of environmental input in a measurement system
c. By adding high gain feedback to measurement system
d. All of these

13) If the instrument is used in wrong manner while application, then it will results in
a. Systematic error
b. Instrument error
c. Random error
d. Environmental error

14) The undesirable characteristics of a measuring system is / are
a. Drift
b. Dead zone
c. Non linearity
d. All of these

15) Calibration of instrument is an important consideration in measurement system. The errors due to instruments being out of calibration can be rectified by
a. Increasing the frequency of recalibration
b. Increasing the temperature coefficient
c. Increasing the susceptibility of measuring instrument
d. Decreasing the frequency of recalibration

16) Random errors in a measurement system are due to
a. Environmental changes
b. Use of uncalibrated instrument
c. Poor cabling practices
d. Unpredictable effects

17) If the quantity to be measured remains constant during the process of taking the repeated measurements then the random errors can be eliminated by
a. Calculating the mean of the number of repeated measurements
b. Calculating the median of the number of repeated measurements
c. Calculating the sum of the numbers of repeated measurements
d. Either (a) or (b)

18) The error between mean of finite data set and mean of infinite data set is known as
a. True error of the mean
b. Standard error of the mean
c. Finite error
d. Infinite error

19) In a measurement system,
a. A single measurement components may have both random errors and systematic errors
b. A measurement system consists of several components with each component having separate errors
c. Both (a) & (b)
d. Neither (a) nor (b)

20) When a 100 V moving iron voltmeter is of accuracy class 10 is used in a circuit, it reads 50 V. Then the maximum possible percentage error in the reading is
a. 1 %
b. 2 %
c. 2.5 %
d. 3 %

21) If the two voltage measurements are V1 = 150 ± 2% and V2 = 100 ± 4% respectively. Then the maximum percentage error in the sum of two voltage measurements is
a. ± 2.4 %
b. ± 2.6 %
c. ± 2.8 %
d. ± 3.4 %

22) If the resistance in a circuit is given by 80Ω ± 0.2% and the current flowing through it is 5A ± 0.1%, then the uncertainty in the power will be
a. ± 0.2 %
b. ± 0.4 %
c. ± 0.6 %
d. ± 0.8 %

23) While measuring resistance by the voltmeterammeter method, the maximum possible percentage error in the voltmeter and ammeter are ± 1.8% and ± 1.2% respectively. Then the maximum possible percentage error in the value of resistance will be
a. ± 3%
b. ± 4%
c. ± 4.2%
d. ± 4.8%

24) In a Wheatstone bridge, the formula for finding unknown resistance (R_{2}) is given by
R_{2} = R_{2}R_{3}/R_{1}
Where, R_{1}= 150Ω± 0.1% R_{2} = 250Ω ± 0.1%
R_{3} = 300Ω ± 0.1%
The value of unknown resistance is
a. R_{2} = 250Ω ± 0.1%
b. R_{2} = 300Ω ± 0.3%
c. R_{2} = 750Ω ± 0.3%
d. R_{2} = 500Ω ± 0.3%

25) What will be the limiting error of the resultant capacitance obtained by connecting two capacitance in parallel where C_{1} = 250 ± 4μF and C_{2} = 200 ± 3μF?
a. 3μF
b. 4μF
c. 7μF
d. 1.7μF

26) The true power measured by the wattmeter whose range is 500 W and an error of ± 2% of full scale deflection is 150 W. The relative error while reading 150 W will be
a. ± 4%
b. ± 5.39%
c. ± 6.67%
d. ± 1.5%

27) A voltmeter connected across an unknown resistance has scale of 0 to 150 V reads 50 V when the current flowing in the circuit is 1 mA. If sensitivity of the voltmeter is 15kΩ/V, then the percentage error due to loading effect is
a. ± 1.5%
b. ± 2.12%
c. ± 2.22%
d. ± 2.5%

28) If R_{1}= 15Ω ± 2% and R_{2}= 20Ω ± 2% are the resistance connected in parallel then the value of the resistance for the parallel combination is
a. 8.57Ω± 2%
b. 8.57Ω± 4%
c. 8.57Ω± 3%
d. 8.57Ω± 2.5%

29) The electromagnetic effect is generally utilized for
a. Ammeters
b. Voltmeters
c. Wattmeters and watthour meters
d. All of these

30) The electrostatic effect is utilized for
a. Ammeters
b. Voltmeters
c. D.C. amperehour meters
d. Wattmeters

31) Integrating instruments is the subdivision of the secondary instruments. The example for integrating instruments is
a. Ampere  hour meters
b. Watt  hour meters
c. Wattmeters
d. Ampere  hour and watt  hour meters

32) The moving system in the indicating instruments is subjected to
a. Deflecting torque
b. Controlling torque
c. Damping torque
d. All the above

33) If the deflection torques on moving system increases then the controlling torque
a. Increases
b. Decreases
c. Remains same
d. None of these

34) In the absence of the restoring torque, the pointer
a. Will not deflect from its initial position
b. Will deflect but would not return to its zero position on removing current
c. Will deflect and return to its zero position on removing current
d. Will swing from minimum to maximum position
Answer
Explanation
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ANSWER: Will deflect but would not return to its zero position on removing current
Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!


35) In indicating instruments, the controlling and restoring torque can be obtained by using
a. Spring
b. Gravity
c. Either by spring or by gravity
d. Neither by spring nor by gravity

36) The restoring torque in a spring controlled indicating instrument is
a. Directly proportional to the angle of deflection of moving system
b. Directly proportional to the sine of angle of deflection of moving system
c. Inversely proportional to the angle of deflection of moving system
d. Directly proportional to the square of the angle of deflection of moving system
Answer
Explanation
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ANSWER: Directly proportional to the angle of deflection of moving system
Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!


37) The deflecting torque in a permanent magnet moving coil type instrument is
a. Directly proportional to the angle of deflection of moving system
b. Directly proportional to the current flowing through it
c. Directly proportional to the current flowing through it
d. Inversely proportional to the current flowing through it
Answer
Explanation
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ANSWER: Directly proportional to the current flowing through it
Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!


38) The spring which is used for producing controlling torque in indicating instruments are made up of materials which is / are
a. Non  magnetic
b. Not subjected to much fatigue
c. Low specific resistance and low temperature resistance coefficient
d. All of these

39) In a spring controlled type indicating instruments, if the controlling torque is equal to the deflecting torque then
a. Angle of deflection will be maximum
b. Current flowing through it will be maximum
c. Angle of deflection will be zero
d. Angle of deflection will be directly proportional to the current flowing through it
Answer
Explanation
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ANSWER: Angle of deflection will be directly proportional to the current flowing through it
Explanation: No explanation is available for this question!


40) In measuring instruments, spiral springs are provided to
a. Lead current
b. Produce controlling torque
c. Produce damping torque
d. Lead current and produce controlling torque
