Indian polity and Governance - GS questions based on daily current affairs

1)   Which of the following is/are true regarding Public Accounts Committee (PAC)?

1) PAC has the powers to summon Prime Minister or any other Minister with regard to any issue before it.
2) PAC was set up first under the provisions of the Government of India Act of 1909.

- Published on 16 Jan 17

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

  • Ministers shall not be called before the Committee either to give evidence or consultation in connection with the examination of estimates of accounts.
  • However, [the] chairperson, when [it is] considered necessary but after its [committee’s] deliberations are concluded, may have an informal interaction with the Minister.
  • The issue came up in a meeting of the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) of Parliament, where chairperson and former Union Minister K.V. Thomas had declared that the PAC was within its rights to summon Mr. Modi as the committee was examining monetary policy and the issue of demonetisation.
  • Public Accounts Committee was set up first in 1921 under the provisions of the Government of India Act of 1919 and has since been in existence.
  • At present, it consists of 22 members (15 from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha).


2)   According to the Supreme Court decision, appealing for votes on basis of which of the following will amount to corrupt practice?

1) Sex, Gender
2) Caste
3) Community
4) Religion

- Published on 06 Jan 17

a. 2, 3, 4
b. 1, 2, 3
c. 1, 4
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 2, 3, 4

Explanation:
A seven-judge Bench of the Supreme Court held that an appeal for votes during elections on the basis of religion, caste, race, community or language, even that of the electorate, will amount to a ‘corrupt practice’ and call for disqualification of the candidate.

Section 123(3) of the Representation of the People Act, defines a corrupt electoral practice as follows: “The appeal by a candidate or his agent or by any other person with the consent of a candidate or his election agent to vote or refrain from voting for any person on the ground of his religion, race, caste, community....”

The question before the Supreme Court was deceptively simple: did the underlined word “his” qualify only the electoral candidate (and his agent, or persons speaking with his consent)? Or did it also qualify the person to whom the appeal was addressed (the elector)?

That means did it meant a bar on appeals made in the name of the candidate or does the word ‘his’ also extend to soliciting votes on the basis of the religion, caste, community, race, language of the electorate as a whole.

The latter would mean a blanket ban on any appeal, reference, campaign, discussion, dialogue or debate on the basis of religion, race, caste, community or language, even if such a debate was on the deprivations suffered by the voters due to these considerations.


3)   Which new service has been formed to achieve the vision of “Startup India”, “Stand-up India” and “Make in India”?
- Published on 22 Dec 16

a. Enterprise Development Service
b. Indian Enterprise Development Service
c. Indian Enterprise Service
d. Indian Business Service
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Indian Enterprise Development Service

Explanation:
The Union Cabinet has given its approval to the Cadre review and formation of a new service in the name of Índian Enterprise Development Service (IEDS)’ in the Office of Development Commissioner (MSME), Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises(MSME).

The creation of the new cadre and change in structure will not only strengthen the organization but will also help to achieve the vision of “Startup India”, “Stand-up India” and “Make in India”.

The measure will enhance the capacity and efficiency of the organization and also help in achieving growth in MSME sector through a focussed and dedicated cadre of technical officers.


4)   Which of the following are components of the National Young Leaders Programme (NYLP)?

1) National Youth Corps
2) National Youth Development Fund
3) Neighbourhood Youth Parliament

- Published on 21 Dec 16

a. 1, 2
b. 1, 3
c. 2, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 2, 3

Explanation:
The programme aims at developing leadership qualities among the youth to enable them to realize their full potential and in the process, to contribute to the nation-building process.

The objective of the Scheme is to motivate the youth to strive for excellence in their respective fields and to bring them to the forefront of the development process. It seeks to harness the immense youth energy for national – building.

The National Young Leaders Programme has the following five components :

1. Neighbourhood Youth Parliament
2. Youth for Development Programme
3. National Young Leaders Awards
4. National Youth Advisory Council
5. National Youth Development Fund


5)   Which of the following schemes are merged into a new ‘umbrella’ scheme called ‘Rashtriya Yuva Sashaktikaran Karyakram (RYSK)’?

1) National Discipline Scheme
2) Youth Hostels
3) Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan

- Published on 21 Dec 16

a. 2, 3
b. 1, 2
c. 1, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: All of the above

Explanation:
The following existing Schemes/ Programmes shall get merged in the Rashtriya Yuva Sashaktikaran Karyakram (RYSK):

  • Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS)
  • National Youth Corps (NYC)
  • National Programme for Youth and Adolescent Development (NPYAD)
  • International Cooperation (IC)
  • Youth Hostels (YH)
  • Assistance to Scouting and Guiding Organisations
  • National Discipline Scheme (NDS)
  • National Young Leaders Programme (NYLP)


6)   Which of the following is/are true regarding Gram Nyayalayas?

1) The Gram Nyayalaya shall not be bound by the rules of evidence provided in the Indian Evidence Act, 1872.
2) One cannot appeal against the decision of the Gram Nyayalaya except to the High Court and the Supreme Court.

- Published on 01 Dec 16

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Only 1

Explanation:
Some salient features -

  • the Gram Nyayalaya shall not be bound by the rules of evidence provided in the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 but shall be guided by the principles of natural justice and subject to any rule made by the High Court
  • appeal in criminal cases shall lie to the Court of Session (in civil cases shall lie to the District Court), which shall be heard and disposed of within a period of six months from the date of filing of such appeal
  • the Gram Nyayalaya shall be established for every Panchayat at intermediate level or a group of contiguous Panchayats at intermediate level in a district or where there is no Panchayat at intermediate level in any State, for a group of contiguous Panchayats


7)   Which of the following is/are true regarding Gram Nyayalayas?

1) The Gram Nyayalaya can try only civil cases and not criminal cases.
2) The presiding officer of the Gram Nyayalaya will be selected by the Gram Sabha by two-third majority.

- Published on 01 Dec 16

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
The Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008 has been enacted to provide for the establishment of the Gram Nyayalayas at the grass roots level for the purpose of providing access to justice to the citizens at their door steps.

Some of its salient features are:

  • the Gram Nyayalaya shall be a mobile court and shall exercise the poliwers of both Criminal and Civil Courts
  • the Gram Nyayalaya shall try criminal cases, civil suits, claims or disputes which are specified in the First Schedule and the Second Schedule to the Act
  • Gram Nyayalayas are aimed at providing inexpensive justice to people in rural areas at their doorsteps
  • the Gram Nyayalaya shall be court of Judicial Magistrate of the first class and its presiding officer (Nyayadhikari) shall be appointed by the State Government in consultation with the High Court


8)   Which of the following is/are true regarding functions of the Standing Committee of the Inter State Council?

1) They process all matters pertaining to Centre State Relations before they are taken up for consideration in the Inter-State Council.
2) The Standing Committee may, if necessary, invite experts while deliberation upon the related subjects.

- Published on 02 Nov 16

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both 1 and 2

Explanation:
The Standing Committee will:

  • Have continuous consultation and process matters for consideration of the Council.
  • Process all matters pertaining to Centre State Relations before they are taken up for consideration in the Inter-State Council.
  • Monitor the implementation of decisions taken on the recommendations of the Council and consider any other matter referred to it by the Chairman/Council.
  • The Standing Committee may, if necessary, invite experts and persons eminent in specific fields to have the benefit of their views while deliberation upon the related subjects.


9)   Who is the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Inter State Council?
- Published on 02 Nov 16

a. Prime Minister
b. Union Minister of Finance
c. Union Minister of Home Affairs
d. Minister of Defence
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Union Minister of Home Affairs

Explanation:
The composition of the Standing Committee of the Inter State Council is
Chairman - Shri Rajnath Singh - Minister of Home Affairs

Members

  • Smt. Sushma Swaraj - Minister of External Affairs
  • Shri Arun Jaitley - Minister of Finance & Corporate Affairs
  • Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu - Minister of Urban Development, Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation & Information & Broadcasting
  • Shri Nitin Jairam Gadkari - Minister of Road Transport & Highways and Shipping
  • Chief Minister, Andhra Pradesh
  • Chief Minister, Punjab
  • Chief Minister, Chattisgarh
  • Chief Minister, Tripura
  • Chief Minister, Odisha
  • Chief Minister, Rajasthan
  • Chief Minister, Uttar Pradesh


10)   Recently Inter-State Council has been reconstituted. Which of the following are amongst the six Union Ministers who are nominated by the PM?

1) Minister of Home Affairs
2) Minister of External Affairs
3) Minister of Tribal Affairs

- Published on 02 Nov 16

a. 2, 3
b. 1, 2
c. 1, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 1, 2

Explanation:

  • The Government has reconstituted the Inter State Council (ISC) and the Standing Committee of the Inter State Council under Clause 2 of the Inter State Council order, 1990.
  • The PM is the Chairman.

  • The six union Ministers appointed by the PM are:
    1. Shri Rajnath Singh - Minister of Home Affairs
    2. Smt.Sushma Swaraj - Minister of External Affairs
    3. Shri Arun Jaitley - Minister of Finance, Corporate Affairs
    4. Shri M.Venkaiah Naidu - Minister of Urban Development, Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation and Information & Broadcasting
    5. Shri Nitin Jairam Gadkari - Minister of Road Transport & Highways and Shipping
    6. Shri Manohar Parrikar - Minister of Defence

  • Minister of tribal affairs is included amongst the Five Ministers of Cabinet rank / Minister of State (independent charge) nominated by the Chairman of the Council (i.e., Prime Minister) are permanent invitees to the Council.


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