**Analogy -** "A comparison between one thing and another, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification."

In question, there is a set of figure given, we have to find out similarity or relation between first two figures and find out 4

^{th} missing figure (From given options) in respect to the 3

^{rd} figure.

We have to compare one thing and another for getting our answer.

## Importance of topic

These types of questions are asked in almost every reasoning based exam like, CAT, IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, CMAT, GMAT, CET, Clerical, SSC CGL, etc.

## Pre-requisites

- You should have knowledge about Clockwise and Anti-clockwise direction along with degrees.
- You should know about different types of shapes.
- Detailed observation skill is recommended.

## Types of Questions

A) Rotation of Figure
In this type of question, resultant figure (Whole figure or Some part of figure) is rotated by some degree and in specific direction like, 90° Clockwise or 180°Anti-Clockwise.

We have to find out direction and degree of analogy and have to relate it with our question for getting answer.

**Examples:**
**i) Find out missing figure (?) of the problem from the given answer figures.**
View solution Correct Option: (2)

Entire figure rotates 180 degree CW - 2

**ii) Find out missing figure (?) of the problem from the given answer figures.**
View solution Correct Option: (1)

Entire figure rotates 90 degree CW - 1

**iii) Find out missing figure (?) of the problem from the given answer figures.**
View solution Correct Option: (4)

Entire figure rotates 90 degree ACW - 4.

The shape having arrow invert its color.

**iv) Find out missing figure (?) of the problem from the given answer figures.**
View solution Correct Option: (3)

Entire figure rotates 180 degree - 3

B) Dislocation of Figure
In this type of question, we have to concentrate on entire figure or some part of the figure which has been dislocated.

**i) Find out missing figure (?) of the problem from the given answer figures.**
View solution Correct Option: (2)

Arrows rotate 180 degree - 2

Connectors are on the same place

**ii) Find out missing figure (?) of the problem from the given answer figures.**
View solution Correct Option: (2)

Mathematical sign is inverted and dislocation of Rhombus is on another edge of Lightning shape - 2

**iii) Find out missing figure (?) of the problem from the given answer figures.**
View solution Correct Option: (3)

Entire figure inverts and rotates 90 degree ACW - 3

C) Interchange of Figures
In this type of question, one or more sub figures are interchanged with others.

**i) Find out missing figure (?) of the problem from the given answer figures.**
View solution Correct Option: (3)

Cross sign coming inside and plus sign going outside doing opposite - 3

**ii) Find out missing figure (?) of the problem from the given answer figures.**
View solution Correct Option: (1)

Interchange of shape with repetition - 1

**iii) Find out missing figure (?) of the problem from the given answer figures.**
View solution Correct Option: (3)

Resultant figure is obtained by inverting the color and enclosing the original figure (the outer shape i.e. Triangle) by one more side. - 3