Data structure - Algorithm, properties of an algorithm, types of algorithms

Define an algorithm. What are the properties of an algorithm? What are the types of algorithms?

An algorithm is a series of steps or methodology to solve a problem.

Properties of an algorithm:-
- It is written in simple English.
- Each step of an algorithm is unique and should be self explanatory.
- An algorithm must have at least one input.
- An algorithm must have at least one output.
- An algorithm has finite number of steps.

Types of algorithms are categorized based on the context they are spoken about. Some commonly used:
Brute force:- An extremity raw method that aims to finds variety of solutions and which ones the best.
Reduction:- Tries and converts the given problem to a simpler and a better known problem whose complexity is not dominated by the resulting reduced algorithm's. Linear programmings, Graphs, random are the other types of algorithms.

Define an algorithm. What are the properties of an algorithm? What are the types of algorithms?

Algorithm: A step by step process to get the solution for a well defined problem.

Properties of an algorithm:
- Should be written in simple English
- Should be unambiguous, precise and lucid
- Should provide the correct solutions
- Should have an end point
- The output statements should follow input, process instructions
- The initial statements should be of input statements
- Should have finite number of steps
- Every statement should be definitive

Types of algorithms:
– Simple recursive algorithms. Ex: Searching an element in a list
– Backtracking algorithms Ex: Depth-first recursive search in a tree
– Divide and conquer algorithms. Ex: Quick sort and merge sort
– Dynamic programming algorithms. Ex: Generation of Fibonacci series
– Greedy algorithms Ex: Counting currency
– Branch and bound algorithms. Ex: Travelling salesman (visiting each city once and minimize the total distance travelled)
– Brute force algorithms. Ex: Finding the best path for a travelling salesman
– Randomized algorithms. Ex. Using a random number to choose a pivot in quick sort).

Data structure - What is an iterative algorithm?
Iterative algorithm - The process of attempting for solving a problem which finds successive approximations for solution, starting from an initial guess.......
Data structure - What is an recursive algorithm?
Recursive algorithm - Recursive algorithm is a method of simplification that divides the problem into sub-problems of the same nature......
Data structure - What is the Huffman algorithm?
Huffman algorithm - In Huffman Algorithm, a set of nodes assigned with values if fed to the algorithm........
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Discussion Board
algorithm are series of steps to follow when solving a problem to a program.

Properties of algorithm
an algorithm is writen in a human readerble form.
An algorithm must have atleast one input
an algorithm must have atleast one output
chimwemwe nkhoma 11-16-2015