Networking - What is static and dynamic routing?

What is static and dynamic routing? Explain their differences.

In static routing the routes are described by fixed paths through a data network. The routes are entered by system administrator. The whole network can be configured by using static routes.

Dynamic routing protocols are the applications which discover network destinations dynamically. Routers will communicate the adjacent routers which informs the network to which each router is connected. These routers adjusts automatically in a network when traffic changes.

Differences between static routing and dynamic routing:

Static Routing:
- Manually set up route.
- Stable. No impact of traffic and transmission failures

Dynamic Routing:
- Route setting is automatic
- Responds to the changes of the network
- Optimized route is selected automatically.

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