122 testing interview questions and answers

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Testing interview questions and answers

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Describe software review and formal technical review (FTR).

Software reviews works as a filter for the software process. It helps to uncover errors and defects in software. Software reviews enhance the quality of software. Software reviews refine software, including requirements and design models, code, and testing data.

A formal technical review (FTR) is a software quality control activity. In this activity, software developer and other team members are involved. The objectives of an FTR are:

- Uncover the errors.
- Verify that the software under technical review meets its requirements. 
- To ensure that the software must follow the predefined standards.
- To make projects more manageable.

The FTR includes walkthroughs and inspections. Each FTR is conducted as a normal meeting. FTR will be successful only if it is properly planned, and executed.

 

What are the attributes of good test case?

The following are the attributes of good test case.

- A good test has a high probability of finding an error. To find the maximum error, the tester and developer should have complete understanding of the software and attempt to check all the conditions that how the software might fail.

- A good test is not redundant. Every test should have a different purpose from other, otherwise tester will repeat the testing process for same condition.

- A good test should be neither too simple nor too complex. In general, each test should be executed separately. If we combine more than one test into one test case, it might be very difficult to execute. Sometimes we can combine tests but it may hide some errors.

Describe cyclomatic complexity with example.

Cyclomatic complexity is a software metric that measure the logical strength of the program. It was developed by Thomas J. McCabe. Cyclomatic complexity is calculated by using the control flow graph of the program. In the flow graph, nodes are represented by circle. Areas bounded by edges and nodes are called regions. When counting regions, we also include the area outside the graph as a region.

Complexity is computed in one of three ways:

The total number of regions of the flow graph.

By using the formula defined as:

V(G) = E - N + 2

Cyclomatic complexity, V(G), for a flow graph, G, is also defined as

V(G) = P + 1 ,where P is the number of predicate nodes contained in the flow graph G.

Note: Nodes that contain a condition is called a predicate node and is characterized by two or more edges originating from it.

Find out the Cyclomatic complexity V(G) of the given below flow graph.

In the above flow graph there are total 9 nodes, 11 edges, and 4 regions.

1. The flow graph has four regions.
2. V(G) = 11 edges- 9 nodes + 2 = 4.
3. V(G) = 3 predicate nodes + 1 = 4.

Describe Condition testing in brief.

Condition testing works on logical conditions contained in a program module. A simple condition is a Boolean variable or a relational expression. A relational expression takes the form

E1 <relational-operator>E2

Where E1 and E2 are arithmetic expressions and <relational-operator> is one of the following: <, ≤,=, ≠ (not equal to), >, or ≥. A compound condition is created by using two or more simple conditions, Boolean operators, and parentheses. Conditional error is generated if Boolean variable, relational operator or Boolean operator is incorrectly used.

The purpose of condition testing is to detect errors in the conditions of a program.

1.What are the common problems with software automation?
2. What is the role of QA in a project development?
3. What is the value of a testing group? How do you justify your work and budget?
4. What are the key challenges of software testing?
5. What are the roles of glass-box and black-box testing tools?
6. What is the difference in writing the test cases for Integration testing and system testing?
7. What is "bug leakage?" and what is "bug release?"
8. How do you develop a test plan and schedule? Describe bottom-up and top-down approaches.
9. What's the role of CMM Level in Testing?
10. What is the difference between build and release?
11. What is risk analysis? What does it have to do with Severity and Priority?
12. How do you differentiate the roles of Quality Assurance Manager and Project Manager?
13. Explain Software Testing. Why is it important to conduct the testing of a software?
14. Explain a.) Quality Assurance b.) Quality Control c.) Test Case d.) Test Condition e.) Test Script f.) Test Data g.) Test Bed
15. Differentiate between a.) Testing and Debugging b.) Two tier and Three tier architecture c.) Alpha testing and Beta testing d.) Static testing and dynamic testing 
16. Explain a.)Recovery Testing b.)Integration Testing c.)Incremental Testing d.)Architecture based software testing e.)Disaster Recovery Testing 
17. What is a software project test plan? 
18. When do you choose automated testing over manual testing? 
19. Differentiate between a.) Software Quality Assurance and Software Quality Control b.) Severity and Priority c.) Clear box testing and Ad-hoc Testing 
20. What is Software Quality and Software Configuration Management? 
21. Explain a.)Upward Compression testing b.)Usability Testing c.)Gray box testing d.)Structural Testing e.) Reliability Testing 
22. Differentiate between smoke testing and sanity testing. 
23. Exlpain a.) Test Methodology b.) Test Scenario c.) Test Case d.) Requirement traceability matrix 
24. What is STLC? 
25. What would you do if you see a functionality in the software which was not there in the requirements? 
26. What is automation testing? Can automating a test improve the effectiveness of test? 
27. What are the various automation tools availble in testing? How will you decide on a tool for test automation? 
28. How would you plan test automation? 
29. Can automation testing replace manual testing? Explain your answer. 
30. What are the benefits of test automation? 
31. What type of problems can arise due to test automation? 
32. What are the various testing activities that you may want to automate? 
33. What are the scripting techniques available for test automation? 
34. Explain data-driven automation. 
35. Is it possible to automate the activities of test case design? Explain. 
36. What can be the limitations of automating software testing? 
37. What are principles of good testing scripts for automation? 
38. What testing activities would you automate in a testing project? 
39. What skills would you look for in an automation tester? 
40. Explain a.) Stress testing b.)Load testing 
41. Explain a.) Verify mode b.) Debug mode c.) Update mode 
42. Situation: You want to perform backend testing with the help of SQL scripts for verification of data integrity. How would you do that? 
43. Situation: You want to verify the font size and program in a program. You do not have access to the code. How would you approach this? 
44. What naming conventions do you use while naming the automated test scripts? 
45. Differentiate between GUI checkpoint and synchronization. 
46. Explain a.) Memory leaks b.) Configuration management c.) Buffer overflows d.) Automation test framework 
47. Situation: You are required to find someone's password using winrunner. How would you do that? 
48. What is the difference between versions 7.6, 8.0, 8.2 of winrunner? 

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Testing interview questions for freshers and experienced

49.Explain the PDCA cycle.

Latest answer: PDCA cycle stands for Plan Do Check Act; commonly used for quality control.Plan: Identify aim and procedure necessary to deliver the output..................
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49.What are white-box, black-box and gray-box testing?

Latest answer: White Box testing: white box testing involves thorough testing of the application. It requires knowledge of code and the test cases chosen verifies if the system is implemented as expected...............
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50.Explain the difference between Latent and Masked Defect.

Latest answer: Latent defects are defects which remain in the system, however, identified later. They remain in the system for a long time.................
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51.What is Big-bang waterfall model?

Latest answer: The waterfall model is also known as the Big-bang model because all modules using waterfall module follows the cycle independently and then put together.................
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52.What is configuration Management?

Latest answer: Configuration management aims to establish consistency in an enterprise. This is attained by continuously updating processes of the organization, maintaining versioning and handling...............
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53.Difference between Verification and Validation

Verification: To check if we are doing the right thing................ 
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54.Explain different types of Verification.

Inspection: Typical walkthroughs, software reviews, technical reviews, and formal inspections.............
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56.What is Requirement Traceability? Explain its importance.

Requirement Traceability verifies that each functional requirement used in the development matches to those that were written in the test cases based on other artifacts...............
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57.Difference between Pilot and Beta Testing.

Pilot testing: is done by group of users who try to test the system prior its full deployment to provide the feedback about the quality......................
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58.Describe how to perform Risk Analysis during software testing.

Software risk analysis is done to determine what to test, priorities, and coverage of testing. It might even include what not to test sometimes.......................
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59.Difference between Inspections and Walkthroughs.

Walkthroughs: Author presents their developed artifact to an audience of peers. Peers question and comment on the artifact to identify as many defects as possible....................
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60.What is the different test plan documents prepared during a project?

Various Test plan documents are: Master Test Plan: This is the most important test plan document. It uses the reference of various other documents, artifacts used for the system. It defines testing at all levels. It even includes the reference to subordinate test plans. Also, consists of test concept and summary test plan..................
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61.Explain the Phased Waterfall Model.

Unlike the big bang waterfall model, the phased model is suitable if the work can be grouped into separate units and delivered in steps rather than everything once and together, by different teams. Consider a system that consists of 4 subsystems,...................
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62.Explain the Iterative Model.

The iterative model approach is to iterate on steps as the project progresses with requirements. Iterative model iterates Requirements, Design,....................
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63.Explain the Incremental Model.

The iterative model approach is to iterate on steps as the project progresses with requirements. Iterative model iterates Requirements,....................
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64.Explain the Spiral Model.

The spiral model follows creation of a series of prototypes for refining the understanding of the requirements. The kind of approach is best suited to projects that are not at all clearly defined and a clear solution is yet to be arrived at..................
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65.Explain the Evolutionary Model.

All the models suffer from the disadvantage that the duration of time from start of the project to the delivery time of a solution is very high....................
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66.Explain the V-Model.

It describes how the test approach is developed so that it can be executed in parallel with the designing and development/build phases....................
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67.What is Equivalence Partitioning?

The input data is divided into partitions and values are chosen from each partition from which the test cases are derived to perform the test..................
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68.Explain the concept of Decision Tables

It is a way to depict a complex logical situation. It helps in figuring out what is to be done under what circumstances...................
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69.Explain how to define Severity Rating in your project.

Not all requirements are equally important. Some are more relevant to the main purpose of the system. Severity refers to the impact a defect may have on the system....................
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What is keyword view and Expert view in QTP?


QuickTest’s Keyword Driven approach, test automation experts have full access to the underlying test and object properties, via an integrated scripting and debugging environment that is round-trip synchronized with the Keyword View. Advanced testers can view and edit their tests in the Expert View, which reveals the underlying industry-standard VBScript that QuickTest Professional automatically generates. Any changes made in the Expert View are automatically synchronized with the Keyword View.


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sunil 02-21-2012 12:59 AM

Testing interview questions and answers

What is the other name of Modification Request?
- Defect Report

Name some tools to write a Modification Request.

a.) Quality Center,
b.) Test Director,
c.) Rational ClearQuest,
d.) PVCS Tracker

Why do you automate a test?


a.) It is fast.
b.) It can perform regression testing.






Anurag 12-5-2011 04:28 AM

Testing interview questions and answers

What is KDT?
Keyword Driven Testing.

What information is important to formulate a test plan?
The business requirement document.

Suppose the business requirements document is missing, how will you write a test plan?
We will collect as much information as possible from following parties:

- Business Analysts
- Developers
- Documentation of previous versions
- Stake holders
- Any prototypes

What is the other name of User Acceptance Testing?
- Beta Testing


Brishal 12-5-2011 04:28 AM

Testing interview questions and answers

What are the primary techniques to design test cases for black box testing?

Four primary techniques to design test cases for black box testing are:
a. BVA (Boundary value Analysis)
b. EP (Equivalence Partitioning)
c. Decision Tables
d. State Transition Tables (and diagrams)

What are the techniques to test the Internal structure of the application in white box testing?
The two primary techniques to do this are:
a. Code Coverage
b. Path Coverage

List some common tools used for functional testing.

a.) QTP
b.) IBM Rational Robot
c.) Selenium
d.) Test Complete
e.) Push to Test
f.) Telerik


shipra 12-5-2011 04:27 AM

testing

plz send me testing metrial ,questions n ans.some problems

preethi 12-1-2011 08:54 AM

Testing interview question : Explain the check points in QTP.

Explain the check points in QTP.

Checkpoints in QTP allow the tester to verify if the functionalities deliver results as expected. Checkpoints can be inserted into a test or a test component and acts a verification point that compares the specified value of a property with its most recent value. Database checkpoints, image checkpoints, xml checkpoints, table checkpoints are the different types.

raj 11-6-2011 06:40 AM

Software testing interview questions and answers

Challenges while testing software are Requirements are not freezed, Application is not testable, Ego problems, Defect in defect tracking system, Miscommunication or no Communication, Bug in software development tools, Time pressures etc.

adi 11-4-2011 08:02 AM

 

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