Agrobiodiversity - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   The 1st International Agro Biodiversity Congress led to the adoption of _______

a. Mumbai Declaration on Agro-biodiversity Management
b. Delhi Declaration on Agro-biodiversity Management
c. Chennai Declaration on Agro-biodiversity Management
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Delhi Declaration on Agro-biodiversity Management

Explanation:
The 1st International Agro-Biodiversity Congress was held in New Delhi from Nov 6 - Nov 9 2016.

  • It concluded with the adoption of the Delhi Declaration on Agro-biodiversity Management.
  • Event saw the participation of 900 people from 60 nations.
  • During the Congress, the delegates of all countries discussed various aspects of access, conservation and use of agro-biodiversity in 16 technical sessions, 4 satellite sessions,a gene bank roundtable, public forum, farmer’s forum and poster sessions.
  • Based on these deliberations, the delegates adopted the Preamble and following declaration at the concluding session of Nov 9, 2016.
  • Participating nations called to accord top priority to agro-biodiversity conservation and their sustainable use towards attaining targets of SDGs relating to poverty alleviation, nutritional security and food, good health, gender equity and partnership.
  • They recognised the vital aspects of traditional knowledge to the agro-biodiversity conservation and their sustainable use towards attaining SDG targets pertaining to poverty alleviation and much more.
  • Policy makers were asked to strengthen strategies and researchers to employ modern technologies for the purpose of ensuring science for all and promotion of agro-biodiversity.
  • India was chosen to host the Congress on account of its diverse nature.
  • It takes up only 2.4 percent of the world’s land area, harbouring 7-8 percent of all recorded species.
  • According to the Convention on Biological Diversity 2014, species that live in India include 45,000 species of plants and 91,000 species of animals according to CBD 2014.