UNESCO - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   When is World Press Freedom Day celebrated?

a. May 1
b. May 2
c. May 3
d. May 4
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: May 3

Explanation:
UNESCO to screen Rahul V. Chittella’s short film “Azaad” as a part of World Press Freedom Day event that is scheduled to be held from May 1-4 in Jakarta, Indonesia.

The movie is about the dysfunctional relationship between a father and his son.

World Press Freedom Day is celebrated by UNESCO to celebrate the principle of freedom of the press.

The theme for this year’s edition of World Press Freedom Day is “Critical Minds for Critical Times: Media’s role in advancing peaceful, just and inclusive societies”.

World Press Freedom Day May 3 is celebrated as World Press Freedom Day every year to celebrate the fundamental principles of press freedom as well as to evaluate the freedom of press around the world.

In 1993, World Press Freedom Day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly. It was proclaimed following the recommendation of UNESCO at its twenty-sixth General Conference in 1991.


2)   When is World Book and Copyright day celebrated?

a. April 23
b. Day of death of Cervantes
c. Shakespeare's death date
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: All of the above

Explanation:
23 April is a symbolic date for world literature. It is on this date in 1616 that Cervantes, Shakespeare and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega all died.

It is also the date of birth or death of other prominent authors, such as Maurice Druon, Haldor K.Laxness, Vladimir Nabokov, Josep Pla and Manuel Mejía Vallejo.

It was a natural choice for UNESCO’s General Conference, held in Paris in 1995, to pay a world-wide tribute to books and authors on this date.

UNESCO created the World Book and Copyright Day for this purpose.

World Book Capital for 2017 is Conakry, Guinea

Conakry: Know More

  • Conakry is the capital of Guinea, a country in West Africa.
  • The city sits on the slender Kaloum Peninsula, which extends into the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Just offshore, the Loos Islands are known for their beaches, dense palm forests and water sports.
  • Its enormous Grand Mosque has 4 tall, elegant minarets.


3)   Who was chosen to receive the UNESCO Freedom Prize on March 30, 2017?

a. Dawit Isaak
b. Barbara Walters
c. Bob Woodward
d. Christiane Amanpour
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Dawit Isaak

Explanation:
Dawit Isaak, an imprisoned Eritrean-Swedish journalist, on 30 March 2017 was chosen to receive the 2017 UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize.

Isaak was chosen for the prestigious award in recognition of his courage, resistance and commitment to freedom of expression.

The journalist was arrested in a crackdown on the media that occurred in September 2001. His present location is unknown.

The Prize will be awarded on 3 May 2017, World Press Freedom Day, to be hosted in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Born on 28 October 1964, Dawit Isaak is a Swedish-Eritrean playwright, journalist and writer.

He moved to Sweden in 1987, where he later became a citizen and went into self-imposed exile.

After the independence of Eritrea, he returned to his homeland to become one of the founders and reporters of Setit, the first independent newspaper in the country.

He has been held in prison in Eritrea since 2001 without trial and is considered a traitor by the Eritrean government.

Amnesty International considers him a prisoner of conscience and has called for his immediate and unconditional release.

Freedom Prize: Know More

  • The UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize was created by UNESCO’s Executive Board in 1997.
  • The award honours a person, organization or institution that has made an outstanding contribution to the defence and, or promotion of press freedom anywhere in the world, and especially when this has been achieved in the face of danger.
  • The Prize is named in honour of Guillermo Cano Isaza, a Colombian journalist who was assassinated in 1986.


4)   International Mother Language Day was observed on?

a. 19th Feb
b. 20th Feb
c. 21st Feb
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 20th Feb

Explanation:
International Mother Language Day was proclaimed by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in November 1999 (30C/62).

On 16 May 2007 the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution A/RES/61/266 called upon Member States “to promote the preservation and protection of all languages used by peoples of the world”.

By the same resolution, the General Assembly proclaimed 2008 as the International Year of Languages, to promote unity in diversity and international understanding, through multilingualism and multiculturalism.

International Mother Language Day has been observed every year since February 2000 to promote linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism.

The date represents the day in 1952 when students demonstrating for recognition of their language, Bangla, as one of the two national languages of the then Pakistan, were shot and killed by police in Dhaka, the capital of what is now Bangladesh.

Bangladesh: Know More

  • Capital: Dhaka
  • Dialling code: +880
  • Currency: Bangladeshi taka
  • Prime minister: Sheikh Hasina
  • Population: 156.6 million (2013) World Bank
  • President: Abdul Hamid


5)   UNESCO World Heritage status was given to which site in HP?

a. Great Himalayan National Park
b. Kaziranga National Park
c. Manas National Park
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Great Himalayan National Park

Explanation:
The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) in Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh was accorded the Unesco World Heritage Site status.

The Unesco World Heritage Site Committee at Doha in Qatar granted the status to the park under the criteria of “exceptional natural beauty and conservation of biological diversity.”

The GHNP has now come in the league of Indian World Heritage Sites (WHS) such as the Taj Mahal, Ellora, Kaziranga National Park, Keoladeo National Park, Manas National Park, Nandadevi Biosphere Reserve and the Sunderbans.

UNESCO: Know More

  • Formation: 16 November 1945
  • Type: Specialized agency
  • Legal status: Active
  • Headquarters: Place de Fontenoy, Paris, France
  • Membership: 195 member states
  • Head: Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO


6)   Which city is called the Marvellous City?

a. Kuala Lumpur
b. Cincinnati
c. Rio de Janeiro
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Rio de Janeiro

Explanation:
Brazilian city Rio de Janeiro nicknamed the Marvellous City entered the UN’s list of world heritage sites in recognition of its massive granite cliffs, urban rainforest and beaches.

UNESCO, highlighted the “extraordinary fusion” of man-made and natural beauty in certifying Rio on the world heritage list during a ceremony held at the Christ the Redeemer statue.

Rio’s tourism was boosted during the 2014 football World Cup and this Aug Olympic Games.

Persistent high crime, Zika virus and political instability have hurt the image of the city.

UNESCO status was announced in 2012.

It became official after Brazil was given 4 years to report plans for protecting numerous sites like Flamingo Park, Sugarloaf Mountain, the Corcovado, Copacabana beach, the Botanical Garden and Tijuca forest.

UNESCO

  • Full form: The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation.
  • A specialised agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
  • Purpose: Bring peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights.
  • Headquarters: Place de Fontenoy, Paris, France
  • Membership: 195 member states
  • Head: Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO
  • Website: www.unesco.org


7)   UNESCO has added which heritage activities/products to its list of intangible heritage in Nov 2016?

a. Rumba dance from Cuba
b. Beer from Belgium
c. Portuguese pottery
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: All of the above

Explanation:
UNESCO on 30th Nov, added Yoga to its coveted list of intangible heritage, along with Cuba’s Rumba dance and Belgian beer to its coveted list of “intangible” heritage.

The UN body also included Portuguese pottery and Ugandan traditional music in the list

List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in India:

  • Koodiyattam: Sanskrit Theatre, Kerala
  • Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras, Jandiala Guru, Punjab (Inscribed in 2014)
  • Ritual theatre Mudiyett of Kerala
  • Sankirtana: Ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur (Inscribed in 2013)
  • The Tradition of Vedic Chanting
  • Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India (Inscribed in 2012)
  • Ramlila: the Traditional Performance of the Ramayana (Inscribed in 2008)
  • Chhau dance: a tradition from eastern India (Inscribed in 2010)
  • Ramman: religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalaya
  • Kalbelia: folk songs and dances of Rajasthan
  • Yoga has now been inscribed in the UNESCO list during the 11th session in Ethiopia.
  • India’s proposal for Yoga as an intangible heritage was unanimously supported by 24 members of the UNESCO committee.
  • Yoga became the 13th intangible cultural heritage listed in India.

  • UNESCO List of Intangible Cultural Heritage

  • Aims at ensuring better protection of important intangible cultural heritages worldwide and awareness of significance.
  • List was established in 2008.
  • This was the year 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage took effect.


8)   Magical Piano has won the UNESCO Salon Youth Video Competition 2016. Which media groups collaborated for this production?

a. Toonz, Zee
b. Toonz, Dreamworks
c. Toonz, Walt Disney
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Toonz, Walt Disney

Explanation:
‘Magical Piano’, a short film by the Toonz Media Group has won an award at the prestigious UNESCO Salon Youth Video Competition 2016.

In an event held in Marrakech, Morocco at the iconic COP 22 Green Zone in the UNESCO Pavilion on November 14, the award was handed over

‘Magical Piano’ was created in association with the Toonz-Disney collaborative venture ‘Kahaani Masters’;

This is a story-writing contest organised to find out the finest story masters in the country.

About Magical Piano and UNESCO Salon Youth Video Competition 2016.

  • ‘Magical Piano’ is the story of a child who receives a magical piano for his birthday.
  • Using the magic of music, the kid goes own to clean the whole planet and then the whole universe. This unique story was written by Mayul Verma.
  • Mayul is an upper primary student from Agra, India.
  • The Salon Youth Video Competition was established by Salon Films, with the support of UNESCO.
  • Its aim is to promote and encourage the next generation to take part in sustainable development.


9)   World Philosophy Day was first celebrated on which date and year?

a. 21 Nov 2002
b. 20 Nov 2002
c. 21 Nov 2003
d. 20 Nov 2003
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 21 Nov 2002

Explanation:
World Philosophy Day was conceived by UNESCO; it is celebrated every 3rd Thursday of the month of Nov

  • It was first celebrated on 21 Nov 2002
  • UNESCO underlies the enduring value of the philosophy for the development of human thought, for each culture and individual
  • UNESCO has been linked to philosophy in the global context
  • The objective of the day is to encourage the peoples of the world to share their philosophical heritage and to open their minds to new ideas
  • The day also aims at public debate between intellectuals and civil society on the challenges confronting society.
  • UNESCO’s World Philosophy Day falls in line with International Day for Tolerance on 16th Nov 2016


10)   Which nation suspended cooperation with UN cultural agency UNESCO in Oct 2016?

a. Palestine
b. Israel
c. Syria
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Israel

Explanation:
Israel in Oct 2016 suspended cooperation with UN cultural agency UNESCO, accusing it of denying Judaism’s connections to the region and religion’s holiest sites

  • The Israel National Commission of UNESCO has suspended all professional activities with international organisations
  • This comes after the UNESCO approved a draft resolution using only the Islamic name for a hilltop complex, the holiest site in Judaism
  • Draft was passed by 24 in favour, 6 against and 26 abstentions
  • Hilltop complex is called Temple Mount in Jewish and Haram al-Sharif in Islam
  • Resolution sponsored by several Arab countries refers to occupied Palestine and safeguard Palestinian cultural heritage and the distinctive character of east Jerusalem.
  • East Jerusalem, with sites holy to Jews, Christians and Muslims, was captured by Israel during the 1967 Mideast war.


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