Agriculture - GS question based on India Year Book

1)   Which of the following are the components of National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)?

1) Rain fed Area Development
2) Soil Health Management
3) On Farm Water Management
4) Organic Farming
5) Eco-sensitive Farming

- Published on 07 Aug 15

a. Only 1, 2 and 3
b. Only 1, 2, 3 and 4
c. Only 1, 4 and 5
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) seeks to transform Indian agriculture into a climate resilient production system through suitable adaptation and mitigation measures in domains of both crops and animal husbandry. NMSA as a programmatic intervention focuses on promotion of location specific integrated / composite farming systems; resource conservation technologies; comprehensive soil health management; efficient on-farm water management and mainstreaming rain fed technologies.


2)   Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) is an enormous umbrella scheme. Which of the following sub-schemes come under RKVY?

1) National Mission for Saffron
2) National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm
3) Rain fed Area Development
4) National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture
5) Bring Green Revolution to Eastern India

- Published on 07 Aug 15

a. Only 1, 2 and 3
b. Only 1, 3 and 5
c. Only 3 and 5
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Only 1, 3 and 5

Explanation:
11 sub-schemes come under RKVY. E.g. Nutri-cereals, nutri-farms, crop diversification in original green revolution states, vegetable initiative for urban clusters, etc.


3)   Nutri-Farms under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) are
- Published on 07 Aug 15

a. For introducing micronutrients rich crop varieties in famine affected areas
b. For increasing production of high quality crops
c. For introducing micronutrients’ rich crop varieties in malnutrition affected areas
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: For introducing micronutrients’ rich crop varieties in malnutrition affected areas

Explanation:
It is a pilot programme for introducing new crop varieties like Iron-rich bajra; zinc-rich wheat and protein rich- maize in malnutrition affected areas during 2013-2014.


4)   Gokul Gram setup under Rashtriya Gokul Mission is
- Published on 07 Aug 15

a. Source for supply of high genetic breeding stock to the farmers
b. Small scale industry to prepare milk products
c. Breeding tract of farmers
d. Fodder production industry for indigenous cattle
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Source for supply of high genetic breeding stock to the farmers

Explanation:
Under Rashtriya Gokul Mission it is proposed to establish Integrated Indigenous Cattle Centres or Gokul Grams in the breeding tracts of indigenous breeds. Gokul Grams will be established in: i) the native breeding tracts and ii) near metropolitan cities for housing the urban cattle. Gokul Gram will act as Centers for development of Indigenous Breeds and a dependable source for supply of high genetic breeding stock to the farmers in the breeding tract. The Gokul Gram will be self sustaining and will generate economic resources from sale of milk, organic manure, vermi-composting, urine distillates, and production of electricity from bio gas for in house consumption and sale of animal products. The Gokul Gram will also function as state of the art in situ training centre for Farmers, Breeders and MAITRI’s. The Gokul Gram will maintain milch and unproductive animals in the ratio of 60:40 and will have the capacity to maintain about 1000 animals. Nutritional requirements of the animals will be provided in the Gokul Gram through in house fodder production. Disease free status of Gokul Gram will be maintained through regular screening of animals for important diseases like brucellosis, TB and JD. An inbuilt dispensary and AI centre will be an integral part of the Gokul Gram. Gokul Gram will also be set up near to metropolitan cities for managing urban cattle. Metropolitan Gokul Gram will focus on genetic upgradation of urban cattle.


5)   What are objectives of Rashtriya Gokul Mission?

1) Development and conservation of indigenous breeds
2) Enhance milk production.
3) Distribute bulls for natural service.

- Published on 07 Aug 15

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: All of the above

Explanation:
The Mission will be implemented with the objectives to: a) development and conservation of indigenous breeds b) undertake breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle breeds so as to improve the genetic makeup and increase the stock; c) enhance milk production and productivity; d) upgrade nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi and e) distribute disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.


6)   Which of the following are objectives of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

1) Har Khet ko pani
2) Per Drop More Crop
3) Increase agricultural production and productivity
4) Achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level

- Published on 07 Aug 15

a. Only 1 and 4
b. Only 1, 3 and 4
c. Only 2, 3 and 4
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: All of the above

Explanation:
The major objective of the PMKSY is to achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level, expand cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet ko pani), improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water, enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop), enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal based water for peri-urban agriculture and attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.


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