Books and Authors - Current Affairs Questions and Answers

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1)   Which book is being released by Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen on 17th July on the issues faced by Indian Universities?
- Published on 17 Jul 17

a. Future of Indian Universities: Comparative and Global Perspectives
b. Future of Indian Universities: Comparative and International Perspectives
c. Future of Indian Colleges: Comparative and Global Perspectives
d. Future of Indian Colleges: Comparative and International Perspectives
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Future of Indian Universities: Comparative and International Perspectives

The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee will receive the first copy of the book ‘Future of Indian Universities: Comparative and International Perspectives’ at a function to be held at Rashtrapati Bhavan on July 17, 2017.

He will receive the first copy of this book from Nobel Laureate Professor Amartya Sen who will formally release it.

The book ‘Future of Indian Universities: Comparative and International Perspectives’ is the academic and research work of scholars, educationists and practitioners from India and abroad.

It aims to provide international and comparative perspectives on higher education and highlights issues being faced by Indian Universities.

It has been complied by Professor (Dr.) C. Raj Kumar, Vice Chancellor of JGU University and is published by Oxford University Press.

2)   What is the title of the book authored by Sangeeta Ghosh on the late First Lady Suvra Mukherjee?
- Published on 14 Jul 17

a. Pranaber Preyosi
b. President’s Lady
c. President’s Wife
d. Both a and b
e. All the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both a and b

The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee received the first copy of the book “President’s Lady” (Pranaber Preyosi) on his wife Late Smt. Suvra Mukherjee on July 13, 2017.

The book was received from Vice President of India, Mohd. Hamid Ansari who formally released it at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Ms. Sangeeta Ghosh, author of the book and all those who have brought out the publication were acknowledged.

Late Smt. Suvra Mukherjee was essentially a private person with a strong interest in music (particularly Tagore music) and paintings.

She confined herself to music, painting and writing. She tried to take Tagore music to a non-Bengali audience.

Born in Jessore (now in Bangladesh), she faced the uprooting that visited millions in the sub-continent as partition cut through not only the map, but also across the social and cultural fabric of the land.

She built a new life in Kolkata, with her love for the academic pursuits resulting in degrees in History and Political Science.

As the first lady, she brought her love of sangeet to the Rastrapati Bhawan, with her harmonium and tanpura, gifted to her by the Bengali music maestro DL Roy, accompanying her here.

Smt. Mukherjee was a vocalist, an exponent of Rabindra Sangeet and performed in the poet’s dance-dramas for many years in India, Europe, Asia and Africa.

She was also responsible for setting up the ‘Geetanjali Troupe’, with the mission of showcasing Rabindranath Tagore’s philosophy through song and dance.

The book recounts how in 2013, pushing aside protocol concerns, the First Lady sat with her troupe and sang her favourite numbers of Tagore on the occasion of Rabindra Jayanti.

She also authored two books- the first, ‘Chokher Aloey’ a personal account of her close interaction with former Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi, and the second, ‘Chena Achenai Chin’, a travelogue recounting her visit to China.

Smt. Mukherjee was also a talented painter, with several exhibitions to her credit. In pursuit of this art, she drew inspiration from her mother, who was a critically acclaimed painter.

This bilingual compilation (English and Bengali) also contains reminisces of people who knew Smt. Mukerjee, including former Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh, Mrs. Gursharan Kaur, Smt. Sheila Dikshit and other members of the Family.

3)   Who has penned “Pen-Pineapple-Apple-Pen” a catchy song for promoting UN SDGs?
- Published on 13 Jul 17

a. Pikotaro
b. PSY
c. Justin Bieber
d. Madonna
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Pikotaro

Japanese comedian Pikotaro has adapted his catchy song, Pen-Pineapple-Apple-Pen’, to promote the United Nations’ sustainable development goals.

The original went viral last year after pop star Justin Bieber tweeted that it was his favourite video.

Kazuhito Kosaka is known by his stage name Pikotaro.

The PPAP star beamed at the invitation to accompany the diplomat to New York and pledged to do his utmost for the awareness campaign.

The UN version, “SDGs”, debuts in July.

In the original PPAP song, Pikotaro mimics stabbing a pen into an apple and a pineapple while singing simple English lyrics and dancing to a catchy beat.

The UN action plan sets goals in fighting poverty, climate change and other global challenges

Pikotaro said it would be a challenge to achieve all the goals.

But he was happy to accept the Foreign Ministry’s appointment to the promotional role and to help by doing what he does best.

4)   Which ministry released a booklet highlighting efforts for self reliance in production of arms and ammunitions?
- Published on 07 Jul 17

a. Commerce
b. Energy
c. Power
d. Defence
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Defence

Defence Minister Shri Arun Jaitley released a booklet highlighting efforts made by Department of Defence Production in the last three years in pursuance of self-reliance in defence sector.

It is a compilation of the achievements of the Department of Defence Production in the field of indigenous production of weapon systems/platforms and policy initiatives undertaken in the past three years.

Ever since the launch of ‘Make in India’ initiative in September 2014, the focus has been to improve the business environment by easing processes to do business.

To encourage participation of Indian public and private sectors in defence production and promote innovation and indigenous development of equipment and weapon platforms has been the aim.

The booklet mentions a number of policy initiatives which have been taken by the Department of Defence Production.

These are relaxation in Foreign Direct Investment policy, providing exchange rate variation protection to domestic industry, level-playing field to private sector in terms of excise duty/custom duty at par with public sector.

It also spoke of liberalising licensing policy and extending the validity of industrial licensing to 15 years, streamlining defence offset guidelines and restoring services as an avenue for discharge of offsets.

It also includes facilitating exports by issuing NOC online, hosting procedure for issue of NOC and list of military stores in public domain besides doing away with end-user certificate.

The focus is also on revising make procedure to promote design and development, promulgating green channel policy, categorising certain Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) products as non-core, aligning payment terms of Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs), etc.

It also mentions about ‘Make in India’ portal for defence production which is a very industry-friendly website covering all policy procedural issues.

The booklet also mentions that Ordnance Factories and DPSUs, working under the administrative control of Department of Defence Production, have not only enhanced their production from ₹ 44,000/- crore to ₹ 56,000/- crore.

They have also delivered many state-of-the-art platforms to the Armed Forces, including Light Combat Aircraft ‘Tejas’, Surface to Air Missile System ‘ Akash’.

During the last three years, 128 industrial licences have been issued.

Other highlights are, all naval ships and submarines on order are being constructed in Indian shipyards and percentage of capital procurement from Indian vendors has gone up from 47 to 61 in the last three years.

A number of steps are being taken to augment production capacity by DPSUs, such as infrastructure building for Mine Counter Measure Vessel at Goa Shipyard Ltd..

The new helicopter manufacturing facility at Tumakuru, second production line for Dhruv at Kanpur have also been utilised.

Indigenisation of manufacturing capacity for T-90 and PINAKA Rockets and manufacturing facilities for Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MRSAM) at Ibrahimpatnam, Hyderabad also took place.

5)   PM Modi will be authoring a book on which subject, in a first-of-its-kind initiative?
- Published on 06 Jul 17

a. Dedicated to youth
b. Coping with exam stress
c. Environmental issues
d. Only a and b
e. All the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only a and b

In a first-of-its-kind initiative by a serving Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has planned to write a book dedicated to the youth.

Through the book, Prime Minister Modi will try to address core issues like overcoming examination stress, keeping one’s composure and even what to do after the exams are over.

Publishers Penguin Random House (PRH) India on 3 July 2017 said the book will be in multiple languages and will be out in bookstores later this year (2017).

The book will cover many aspects that students can relate to, especially with regard to the crucial class X and XII examinations.

Through the book, the prime minister hopes to become a friend of the students and support them as they prepare for the examinations.

The tone and tenor of the book, which states why it is important to prioritise knowledge over marks, and how to take responsibility for the future, is informal and conversational.

The idea for the book came from Modi himself. In the wake of the good response to his ‘Mann Ki Baat’, the prime minister decided to compile those thoughts, complementing them with some unique new insights and anecdotes, in the form of a book.

Mann ki Baat is a radio programme hosted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Bluekraft Digital Foundation, a not-for-profit organisation, will be the technology and knowledge partner for the book.

In a rare and unique initiative, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has decided to directly address the state of the students through this book.

6)   “Emergency, Indian Democracy's Darkest Hour” is the name of a _______.
- Published on 28 Jun 17

a. Poem
b. Book
c. Policy
d. Play
Answer  Explanation 


Union Minister for Information & Broadcasting Venkaiah Naidu launched a book which explained how emergency is the Darkest Hour of Indian history and there is a need for systematic documentation of the emergency to make younger generation aware of its ill effects on our country.

The book launch was organised as part of the day-long convention organized to mark the anniversary of the Emergency by Megh Nirghosh Media today in Ahmedabad.

The freedom of speech and expression ensured in our Constitution comes with responsibility. He said the real essence of democracy lies in people’s participation.

Gujarat from where the Navnirman Movement emerged during emergency was followed by efforts by Sarvodaya, Rashtriy Swayam Sevak Sangh in restoring the democracy in the country.

Emergency: Know More

  • In India, "the Emergency" refers to a 21-month period from 1975 to 1977 when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had a state of emergency declared across the country.
  • Officially issued by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed under Article 352(1) of the Constitution because of the prevailing "internal disturbance", the Emergency was in effect from 25 June 1975 until its withdrawal on 21 March 1977.
  • The order bestowed upon the Prime Minister the authority to rule by decree, allowing elections to be suspended and civil liberties to be curbed.
  • For much of the Emergency, most of Gandhi's political opponents were imprisoned and the press was censored.
  • The Emergency is one of the most controversial periods of independent India's history.
  • Documents that have surfaced over the past few years indicate that Indira Gandhi had planned to impose the emergency only temporarily for some time till the violence that was erupting in the country had subsided.

7)   Ministry of Tourism released a compendium for which facilities?
- Published on 22 Jun 17

b. Sanitation
c. Hygiene
d. Heritage
Answer  Explanation 


The Ministry of Tourism has released the ‘Compendium on Guidelines for Ayush Facilities’ on June 21, 2017.

The National Medical & Wellness Tourism Board under the chairmanship of Minister for Tourism Dr. Mahesh Sharma has been repeatedly stressing on the need for benchmarking of facilities offered by the various service providers in the field of Medical and Wellness Tourism on the basis of globally accepted standards.

The constant endeavour of the Ministry of Tourism has been to promote institutions and processes that have achieved such standards in order to provide excellence in service quality.

On the demand from the industry and stakeholders including Ministry of Tourism; the National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH) has brought out accreditation standards and guidelines for AYUSH facilities in the country including Wellness Centres and Panchkarma clinics that are used by tourists.

The compendium includes accreditation available for the following facilities:

  • Ayurveda Hospitals
  • Yoga and Naturopathy Hospitals
  • Unani Hospitals
  • Sidha Hospitals
  • Homeopathy Hospitals
  • Panchkarma Clinics
  • Wellness Centres
The accreditation against globally benchmarked standards would help the industry in providing uniform level of service quality.

The Ministry of Tourism provides Market Development Assistance (MDA) to Wellness Tourism Service Providers like Hospitals accredited by National Accreditation Board of Hospitals (NABH) and Medical Tourism facilitators (Travel Agents/Tour Operators engaged in Medical Tourism and approved by Ministry of Tourism, Government of India for participation in events related to promotion of Medical and Wellness Tourism outside India.

The accredited service providers are also listed on the Ministry of Tourism website and in the Incredible India campaign which has a global reach.

This would help potential visitors to have knowledge about the institutions that have been accredited and would follow the quality standards.

The details of the accreditation standard are available on Ministry of Tourism’s website

World over, holistic and alternative healthcare systems are gaining popularity due to the fact that many diseases are lifestyle related.

India has a rich heritage of medical wisdom that prevailed as Ayurveda and Siddha coupled the practice of Yoga that provides well-being for the Body, Mind and Soul.

Unani and Homeopathy with their roots outside India have also gained popularity here.

Today, due to advancement in ease and speed of travel, more and more people are travelling in search of better quality, affordable and timely healthcare and wellness options.

The Wellness Tourism industry globally is expected to reach 678 billion US Dollars by 2017 and it is one of the most important tourism products for India.

8)   Who has authored “Indira Gandhi: A Life in Nature”?
- Published on 15 Jun 17

a. P. Chidambaram
b. Kapil Sibal
c. Jairam Ramesh
d. Verappa Moily
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Jairam Ramesh

A book titled Indira Gandhi: A Life in Nature authored by Jairam Ramesh was released on 10 June 2017 at the Indira Gandhi Memorial Museum in New Delhi.

The book was launched by Congress president Sonia Gandhi in the presence of former ministers, bureaucrats and environmentalists.

The first copy of the book, published by Simon & Schuster, was presented to the Congress President, former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, former minister Karan Singh and Priyanka Gandhi.

The book talks about Indira Gandhi’s life-long communion with nature and how that defined her very being.

In the book, Ramesh goes on to explain why and how she came to make a private passion a public calling; how her views on the environment remained steadfast even as her political and economic stances changed; how her friendships with conservationists led to far-reaching decisions to preserve India’s biodiversity, among other incidences.

The book offers a lively, conversational narrative of a relatively little known but fascinating aspect of Indira Gandhi’s tumultuous life.

Jairam Ramesh: Know More

  • Born on 9 April 1954, Jairam Ramesh is an Indian economist and politician belonging to Indian National Congress.
  • He has been serving as a Member of Parliament representing Andhra Pradesh state in the Rajya Sabha since June 2004.
  • From May 2009 to July 2011, he served as the Indian Minister of State (Independent Charge) at the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

9)   Who edited the 23 Vachana volumes in 23 Indian languages for Basava Jayanti?
- Published on 02 May 17

a. MM Kalburgi
b. BD Jitti
c. BGL Swamy
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: MM Kalburgi

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has unveiled translated volumes of Vachana in 23 Indian languages on the occasion of Basava Jayanti.

The 23 Vachana volumes were edited by late M M Kalburgi and have been translated into other languages by more than 200 people. P

Prime Minister also released the digital version of the work.

This is the first ever celebration of Basava Jayanti at the national level.

The translated volumes of Vachana was commissioned by the Basava Samithi at a cost of INR 2.5 crore rupees of which the Karnataka government has contributed 1 crore rupees.

The celebrations also coincide with golden jubilee of Basava Samiti that was set up by former Vice President B D Jatti 1964 to spread in Basavannas message.

Vachana and Basavanna: Know More

  • Vachana is a prosaic form very much popular in the Kannada literature.
  • It propagates values of universal brotherhood.
  • It was penned by Basavanna and other saints.
  • The 12th-century social reformer Basavanna used this style of writing to spread social awareness and bring equality in the 12th-century society.
  • Basavanna was a 12th-century philosopher, statesman, Kannada poet and a social reformer who lived in Karnataka during the reign of the Kalachuri-dynasty king Bijjala I.
  • He served as the chief minister of his kingdom.
  • Basavanna rejected gender or social discrimination, superstitions and rituals.
  • During his tenure as Chief Minister, he introduced many new public institutions like Anubhava Mantapa (“hall of spiritual experience”) that would facilitate men and women from all socio-economic backgrounds to have a healthy and open discussion on various spiritual topics.
  • A 13th-century sacred Telugu text, the Basava purana by Palkuriki Somanatha offers a full account of Basava’s life and ideas.
  • In 2003, former President of India Abdul Kalam inaugurated Basaveshwar’s statue in the Parliament of India.
  • In 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the statue of Basaveshwara along the bank of the river Thames in London.

10)   Which Satara village is set to become India’s first book village?
- Published on 02 May 17

a. Bhilar
b. Bidar
c. Nagpur
d. Asansol
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Bhilar

From May 4, Bhilar, a tiny hamlet in Satara district of Maharashtra is to become India’s first ‘book village’.

The concept of book village is based on Britain’s Hay-on-Wye, which is a Welsh town located in the United Kingdom, famous for its bookstores and literature festivals.

Under this initiative, tourists and locals can come and read books, magazines, newspapers stacked at 25 artistically decorated locations around the village.

The books on wide-ranging subjects and 15,000 books in Marathi would be made available on these premises.

Some of the books that will be available for the readers are very rare and out of publication, including novels, reference books about Maharashtra and Marathi culture written by prominent authors.

Bhilar: Know More

  • Bhilar is a small village located near picturesque hill station Panchagani in Satara district of Maharashtra.
  • The village is popular for its strawberries. Near the village exists the British-era hill station of Mahabaleshwar.
  • Bhilar produces nearly 100 tonnes of strawberry every year.
  • Around 90% of the village’s population of around 10,000 is involved in strawberry farming.
Hay on Wye: Know More
  • Hay-on-Wye is a village located in Wales of the UK and the world’s largest second-hand book centre.
  • In 1972, a person named Richard Booth established a second-hand bookstore in an abandoned fire station and subsequently many followed, making Hay-on-Wye a book lover’s paradise.
  • 30 bookstores catering to the needs of the village’s population of 1,500 people are there.
    Every year, the village hosts the Hay Festival, one of the world’s top literary festivals.

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