Books and Authors - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   Who edited the 23 Vachana volumes in 23 Indian languages for Basava Jayanti?
- Published on 02 May 17

a. MM Kalburgi
b. BD Jitti
c. BGL Swamy
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: MM Kalburgi

Explanation:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has unveiled translated volumes of Vachana in 23 Indian languages on the occasion of Basava Jayanti.

The 23 Vachana volumes were edited by late M M Kalburgi and have been translated into other languages by more than 200 people. P

Prime Minister also released the digital version of the work.

This is the first ever celebration of Basava Jayanti at the national level.

The translated volumes of Vachana was commissioned by the Basava Samithi at a cost of INR 2.5 crore rupees of which the Karnataka government has contributed 1 crore rupees.

The celebrations also coincide with golden jubilee of Basava Samiti that was set up by former Vice President B D Jatti 1964 to spread in Basavannas message.

Vachana and Basavanna: Know More

  • Vachana is a prosaic form very much popular in the Kannada literature.
  • It propagates values of universal brotherhood.
  • It was penned by Basavanna and other saints.
  • The 12th-century social reformer Basavanna used this style of writing to spread social awareness and bring equality in the 12th-century society.
  • Basavanna was a 12th-century philosopher, statesman, Kannada poet and a social reformer who lived in Karnataka during the reign of the Kalachuri-dynasty king Bijjala I.
  • He served as the chief minister of his kingdom.
  • Basavanna rejected gender or social discrimination, superstitions and rituals.
  • During his tenure as Chief Minister, he introduced many new public institutions like Anubhava Mantapa (“hall of spiritual experience”) that would facilitate men and women from all socio-economic backgrounds to have a healthy and open discussion on various spiritual topics.
  • A 13th-century sacred Telugu text, the Basava purana by Palkuriki Somanatha offers a full account of Basava’s life and ideas.
  • In 2003, former President of India Abdul Kalam inaugurated Basaveshwar’s statue in the Parliament of India.
  • In 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the statue of Basaveshwara along the bank of the river Thames in London.


2)   Which Satara village is set to become India’s first book village?
- Published on 02 May 17

a. Bhilar
b. Bidar
c. Nagpur
d. Asansol
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Bhilar

Explanation:
From May 4, Bhilar, a tiny hamlet in Satara district of Maharashtra is to become India’s first ‘book village’.

The concept of book village is based on Britain’s Hay-on-Wye, which is a Welsh town located in the United Kingdom, famous for its bookstores and literature festivals.

Under this initiative, tourists and locals can come and read books, magazines, newspapers stacked at 25 artistically decorated locations around the village.

The books on wide-ranging subjects and 15,000 books in Marathi would be made available on these premises.

Some of the books that will be available for the readers are very rare and out of publication, including novels, reference books about Maharashtra and Marathi culture written by prominent authors.

Bhilar: Know More

  • Bhilar is a small village located near picturesque hill station Panchagani in Satara district of Maharashtra.
  • The village is popular for its strawberries. Near the village exists the British-era hill station of Mahabaleshwar.
  • Bhilar produces nearly 100 tonnes of strawberry every year.
  • Around 90% of the village’s population of around 10,000 is involved in strawberry farming.
Hay on Wye: Know More
  • Hay-on-Wye is a village located in Wales of the UK and the world’s largest second-hand book centre.
  • In 1972, a person named Richard Booth established a second-hand bookstore in an abandoned fire station and subsequently many followed, making Hay-on-Wye a book lover’s paradise.
  • 30 bookstores catering to the needs of the village’s population of 1,500 people are there.
    Every year, the village hosts the Hay Festival, one of the world’s top literary festivals.


3)   Which Congress leader wrote “The Flaming Tresses of Draupadi”?
- Published on 11 Apr 17

a. Jairam Ramesh
b. Kapil Sibal
c. M Veerappa Moily
d. P. Chidambaram
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: M Veerappa Moily

Explanation:
Former Union minister and senior Congress leader M Veerappa Moily today presented the first copy of his book ‘The Flaming Tresses of Draupadi’ to President Pranab Mukherjee.

Moily has a political career for over five decades, starting from being Karnataka in-charge of the Congress in the 1970s and then as minister in the Manmohan Singh cabinet.

Veerappa Moily: Know More

  • Born: 12 January 1940 Moodabidri
  • Party: Indian National Congress
  • Governor: Khurshed Alam Khan
  • New Books: The Edge of Time, The Flaming Tresses of Draupadi


4)   Who has authored “Indian Railway- The Weaving of a National Tapestry”?
- Published on 03 Apr 17

a. Bibek Debroy
b. Sanjay Chadha
c. Vidya Krishnamurthy
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: All of the above

Explanation:
The Union Railways Minister Suresh Prabhu on 30 March 2017 released a book on the Indian Railways - “Indian Railway-The weaving of a National Tapestry.”

The book was jointly authored by Bibek Debroy (Member, NITI Aayog), Sanjay Chadha (Joint Secretary, Ministry of Commerce) and Vidya Krishnamurthi.

The theme of this book is the historical development of railways in India.

The book is divided into chapters dealing with different periods of development in chronological order.

It builds its foundations from periods prior to 1853, when the first commercial passenger railway was inaugurated.

The authors wanted to create a cross between an academic book and a coffee table book.

The result is a narrative built around a series of anecdotes of railway history. The book manages to convey considerable amounts of information in a conversational manner.

The story begins with the early plans for building railways in the Indian sub-continent in the 1830s, continues with the debates in the 1840s and the advent of the railways in the 1850s and 1860s.

The final chapter, which covers the period of consolidation and change during the 1870s onwards, is the most absorbing.

The last chapter covers the period from the beginning of the 20th century until independence. The book is perhaps best characterised as Indian Railway History - An anecdotal version.

Indian Railways: Know More

  • Headquarters: New Delhi
  • Number of employees: 1,331,000
  • Founded: 16 April 1853
  • Revenue: 1.683 trillion INR (US$25 billion, 2015–2016)
  • Chief Subsidiary: Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation
  • Parent organization: Ministry of Railways


5)   Which book has FB COO Sheryl Sandberg released in March 2017?
- Published on 27 Mar 17

a. Option B: Facing Adversity, Building Resilience and Finding Joy
b. Lean In
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Option B: Facing Adversity, Building Resilience and Finding Joy

Explanation:
Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg announced the release of a new book “Option B: Facing Adversity, Building Resilience and Finding Joy.”

Her last book “Lean In” was on women business leadership and sold over million copies.

Sandberg was named among the 100 most influential women of the year by TIME magazine in 2012.

She is the first woman to work on the Facebook Board.

Sandberg's upcoming book speaks on meaning and coping following the sudden demise of husband Dave Goldberg in 2015.

Book's title was inspired by the worlds of Phil Deutch who consoled her that if Option B was the only one available, it should be used.

Sandberg talks of her grief following Dave's death and how she coped with it.

The book has been co-written by Adam Grant and will be released on April 24, 2017.


6)   Which new novel is to be released by Salman Rushdie?
- Published on 09 Feb 17

a. The Satanic Verses
b. Midnight's Children
c. The Golden House
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: The Golden House

Explanation:
Author Salman Rushdie’s new novel titled The Golden House is slated to release in September 2017.

The announcement was made by Penguin Random House on 7 February 2017.

The book will be published in India by Penguin Random House, which acquired the subcontinent rights from the Wylie Agency.

Rushdie’s forthcoming novel is a modern-day thriller, which tells a story of a mysteriously wealthy family from Bombay that is desperately seeking to forget the tragedy they left behind as they settled in New York City.

About Salman Rushdie:

  • Salman Rushdie is a British Indian novelist and essayist.
  • He was born in Bombay (British India) into a Muslim family of Kashmiri descent. His second novel, Midnight’s Children, won the Booker Prize in 1981.
  • It was also deemed to be “the best novel of all winners” on two separate occasions.
  • His fourth novel, The Satanic Verses, was the subject of a major controversy.
  • In 1983, he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.
  • The Times ranked him 13th on its list of the 50 greatest British writers since 1945.


7)   Which NE state has joined the list of those hosting lit fests?
- Published on 30 Jan 17

a. Assam
b. Meghalaya
c. Mizoram
d. Nagaland
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Assam

Explanation:
The first Brahmaputra Literary Festival with more than 150 authors commenced on Jan 28, 2017 in Assam.

The festival is jointly organised by the National Book Trust and the Assam Government.

It will hold panel discussions, book releases, readings and culture events such as screening of films based on books.

Musical and dance performances will also be held.

The focus is on languages, literary, culture, society, performance traditions, politics, music and identity in NE states, India and the world.

This will also serve as a rich literary interface and a showcase of unique cultural and linguistic heritage.


8)   Who has won the Hindu Prize 2016 for “Jinnah Often Came to Our House.”?
- Published on 17 Jan 17

a. Kiran Doshi
b. Shashi Tharoor
c. Shobhaa De
d. Vikram Seth
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Kiran Doshi

Explanation:
Kiran Doshi, a retired diplomat and educationist from Gujarat, won The Hindu Prize 2016 on 15th Jan 2017.

It was for his third major work of fiction, Jinnah Often Came to Our House.

The book is set against the political turmoil of the subcontinent from the start of the 20th century closing with the Partition and Independence.

Shortlisted works were:

  • Anil Menon’s Half Of What I Say,
  • Hansda Sowvendra Shekhar’s The Adivasi Will Not Dance,
  • Kunal Basu’s Kalkatta and
  • Manjula Padmanabhan’s The Island of Lost Girls.
The award was given away by Pulitzer Prize-winning author Geraldine Brooks at the ongoing The Hindu Lit for Life fest.

Earlier on 14h Jan 2017, contemporary artist Gulamohammed Sheikh inaugurated The Hindu Lit for Life 2017.


9)   Who was the writer and author associated with The Exorcist?
- Published on 16 Jan 17

a. William Peter Smith
b. William Peter Jones
c. William Peter Blatty
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: William Peter Blatty

Explanation:
William Peter Blatty, the author of novel The Exorcist and writer of its Oscar winning film died at age 89.

Blatty was the author of several books. His leading success was the 1971 novel which told the story of a possessed 12 year old girl.

The novel was panned by critics. But it met with commercial success, selling 13 million copies and topping the NYT Bestseller list for 17 weeks.

Blatty won an Oscar for adapting the screenplay of the book for a 1973 film and later directed a sequel, in 1990 called The Exorcist III.

Blatty died on 12th Jan 2017 suffering from a rare form of cancer, multiple myeloma.

He also specialized in comedy, writing Promise Her Anything (1965), which starred Warren Beatty, What Did You Do in the War, Daddy? (1966) and The Great Bank Robbery (1969).

He also wrote the Pink Panther sequel Shot in the Dark. Another cult film he scripted was Darlin Lili which starred Rock Hudson and Julie Andrews.


10)   Who has been appointed spokesperson of the BJP Mumbai unit on 29th Dec 2016?
- Published on 02 Jan 17

a. Tuhin Sinha
b. Chetan Bhagat
c. Amish
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Tuhin Sinha

Explanation:
Best-selling author and commentator Tuhin A. Sinha has been appointed a spokesperson of the Bharatiya Janata Party's Mumbai unit on 29th Dec.

Ranked among the most prolific Indian writers experimenting with new genres, the 40-year-old Sinha has also dabbled with the entertainment industry, part-writing episodes of the seven-year-old teleserial 'Ye Rishta Kya Kehlata Hai'.

Among his books are:

  • A romance story "That Thing Called Love",
  • A cricket thriller "The Captain",
  • An offbeat romance story "Let the Reason Be Love".
  • He has also co-authored a book India Aspires with Union Minister for Shipping Nitin Gadkari.
The author has also collaborated with him for ministry road safety and other socially relevant initiatives.

He has also worked with Reliance as a creative consultant.

Sinha launched an NGO, the Ignited India Foundation with the online auction of 2 Madhubani paintings.

Know More About BJP

The Bharatiya Janata Party is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress.

President: Amit Shah

Founded: April 6, 1980

Newspaper: Kamal Sandesh

Ideology: Integral humanism, Social conservatism, Conservatism, Hindu nationalism, Gandhian socialism, Hindutva

Political position: Right-wing politics

Alliance: National Democratic Alliance


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