Business & Finance - Current Affairs Questions and Answers

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1)   Which is India’s largest commercial bank?
- Published on 19 Jul 17

a. PNB
b. SBI
c. UTI
d. Vijaya Bank
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques


India’s largest commercial bank State Bank of India (SBI) on Tuesday said it has launched a dedicated portal ‘SBI Realty’.

This will help home buyers to choose flats from its 3,000 approved projects across the country, which are spread across 13 states and Union Territories covering 30 cities.

State Bank of India has taken another step towards customers’ convenience by launching ‘SBI Realty’ - a one stop integrated website for home buyers.

At present, there are 9.5 lakh home units available on the website. Customers can compare current and past trends of prices for the properties in various localities in the city.

The portal will assist customers in calculating appropriate loan amount a customer should borrow based on income and credit profile.

SBI believes in innovation combined with an emphasis on market research, contemporary architecture, strong project execution and quality construction.

The SBI Realty website has been developed by SBICAP Securities in association with PropEquity in terms of data support, project information, etc.

SBI: Know More

  • SBI is the largest commercial bank in India in terms of assets, deposits, profits, branches, customers and employees.
  • The company has a deposit base of Rs 25.85 lakh crore.
  • It has an extensive network, with over 24 thousand branches in India and 194 offices in 35 other countries.

2)   Which major consultancy is BMR's corporate tax practice unit merging with?
- Published on 18 Jul 17

a. Muthoot Finance
b. PriceWaterhouse Cooper
c. Deloitte
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Deloitte

Deloitte India board has approved a deal for merger of BMR's corporate tax practice unit with itself.

Deloitte in an internal communication has indicated that it would merge BMR's corporate tax practice with itself.

BMR Advisors offers a host of tax, risk and M&A advisory services for domestic and global business of all sizes.

It was formed in October 2004 by Mukesh Butani and Bobby Parikh, along with Rajeev Dimri.

In April this year, a team of 38 lawyers of BMR Legal, a sister firm, had joined the M&A practice of Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas.

Deloitte is one of the world's leading consultancy firms.

3)   Union Government has set up DGARM to tackle tax evaders. What does it stand for?
- Published on 14 Jul 17

a. Directorate General of Avoidance of Tax and Risk Management
b. Directorate General of Analytics and Risk Management
c. Directorate General of Actuary and Risk Management
d. Directorate General of Analytics and Revenue Management
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Directorate General of Analytics and Risk Management

The Union Government has set up Directorate General of Analytics and Risk Management (DGARM), a new wing to provide intelligence inputs taking action against tax evaders.

It has been has been set up will be under the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC). It will also do big data analytics for taxmen for better policy formulation.

The DGARM was set up on 1 July 2017, coinciding with rollout of Goods and Services Tax (GST).

It will function as an apex body of CBEC for data analytics and risk management and will report to the chairman of CBEC.

It will utilize internal and external data sources for detailed data mining and analysis to generate outputs for focused and targeted action by field formations and investigation wings of the CBEC.

The field formations of CBEC are also expected to gainfully and effectively utilise the data and other inputs shared by the DGARM.

The data analytics and processing coupled with intelligence inputs by DGRAM will provide the CBEC the national and sub-national perspective for policy formulation.

4)   Which major search engine giant has acquired AI startup Halli Labs on 12th July 2017?
- Published on 13 Jul 17

a. Yahoo
b. Verizon
c. AOL
d. Google
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Google

Google has acquired Bengaluru-based artificial intelligence startup Halli Labs for an undisclosed sum.

The firm said it was founded with the goal of applying modern artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques to solve old problems.

Halli Labs was co-founded early this year by Pankaj Gupta, former chief technology officer of online homestay aggregator Stayzilla, which recently closed down its services.

An alumnus of Stanford University, Mr.Gupta has also worked as a senior data scientist at Twitter.

Caesar Sengupta, Google's vice-president for product management tweeted about the acquisition on July 12 on his Twitter handle.

5)   Which SBI branch launched the first paperless banking service SBIinTouch?
- Published on 12 Jul 17

a. Nepal
b. London
c. Mumbai
d. Delhi
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques


Nepal SBI Bank, a subsidiary of the State Bank of India, today launched its fully automatic digital banking services SBIInTouch in the Nepalese capital Kathmandu.

This is for the first time the State Bank of India has expanded the paperless banking system outside India.

Digital banking provides various services including cash deposit, opening of new accounts, distribution of debit card, ATM and online banking information on touch of the screen.

Customers can avail the services from SBI Intouch Bank.

The digital banking unit also has a robot, which provides important information to customers in an interactive manner.

Nepal Rastra Bank Governor Chirinjibi Nepal, SBI Bank’s chairperson Arundhati Bhattacharya and Indian Ambassador to Nepal Manjeev Singh Puri, jointly inaugurated the new service, the first of its kind in Nepal.

The paperless banking service has been launched to target potential younger customers who are exposed to digital technology.

Paperless banking is a revolution in the banking sector of Nepal, said Chiranjibi Nepal.

6)   Revamped NHB Residex was launched on which occasion?
- Published on 11 Jul 17

a. NHB entering its 30th year
b. NHB celebrating its 25th year
c. NHB completing 29 years
d. Only a and c
e. All the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only a and c

The revamped and expanded official online user friendly NHB RESIDEX that captures movements in the prices of residential real estate prices released revealed that prices during January-March, 2017 have increased over that of October-December, 2016.

This is in about half of the cities covered under the survey while the other half have either registered a decline or remained the same.

The new version of NHB RESIDEX was released on the occasion of the National Housing Bank entering its 30th year.

The price indices for the last quarter of last financial year i.e 2016-17 proved wrong the critics of demonetization who said that economy will take a hit.

He also said that the National Housing Bank also collected data on land prices which showed that a correction in land prices is taking place which again reflects the declining trend in transactions of unaccounted money.

NHB RESIDEX for January-March,2017 revealed that price indices for residential properties based on actual market prices for ongoing construction prices have increased over the previous quarter in 24 of the 47 cities covered in the Index.

This is including in Jaipur, Chennai, Lucknow, Guwahati, Howrah, Hyderabad, Bidhannagar etc.

In Delhi, Faridabad, Chandigarh, Patna and Nashik etc, prices have come down.

This component of RESIDEX, called Housing Price Index@Market Prices is based on actual market information.

The other component of RESIDEX called as HPI@Assessment Prices based on the information furnished by banks and other lending agencies showed that prices have increased in 27 of the 50 cities surveyed.

These include; Gurgaon, Mumbai, Vadodara, Raipur, Kanpur, Chandigarh, Bhubaneswar, Visakhapatnam and Coimbattore.

Prices, however, have declined in Ranchi, Gandhinagar, Surat, Ludhiana, Kolkata etc.

The RESIDEX has been computed for three categories of houses with carpet of below 60 sq.mtre, 61-110 sq.metre and 111 sq.metre and above.

RESIDEX: Know More

  • RESIDEX, the country’s first official housing price index (HPI) was launched in 2007 covering 26 cities.
  • It was published till March, 2015 on a quarterly basis.
    The revamped RESIDEX has been expanded to 50 cities spread over 18 States and UTs.
  • These include 38 smart cities, of which 18 are state capitals.
  • Base year for the new RESIDEX has been moved from 2007 to 2012-13 to capture the changing structure of the economy.
  • This is also for capturing the latest information to accurately reflect the current economic situation, as per the internationally accepted practices.
  • CMD of National Housing Bank informed that RESIDEX will soon cover 100 cities and also will be further widened to include Land Price Indices, Building Materials Price Indices and Housing Rental Index.
  • NHB RESIDEX helps buyers and sellers to check and compare prices before entering a transaction. They can also analyse the price trends across different cities both at composite level and product category level.
  • It helps lenders in credit evaluation.
  • It provides promoters with a standardized tool to assess the housing demand.
  • Government agencies can monitor trends in macro and micro markets and predict future behaviour of the housing market.

7)   Which Chinese tech major signed a patent licensing agreement with Nokia?
- Published on 07 Jul 17

a. Xiaomi
b. Redme
c. Baidu
d. Samsung
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Xiaomi

Chinese tech major Xiaomi on 5 July 2017 signed an agreement for business collaboration and patent licensing with Finnish mobile phone manufacturer Nokia.

As per the agreement, the company will acquire key patent assets from Nokia.

The multi-year patent agreement includes a cross license to each company’s cellular standard essential patents.

Under the agreement, Nokia will provide network infrastructure equipment designed to deliver high capacity, low power requirements for large web providers and data centre operators.

Nokia and Xiaomi will work together on optical transport solutions for data centre interconnect, IP routing based on Nokia’s newly announced ‘FP4’ network processor.

The companies will also explore opportunities for further cooperation in areas such as Internet of Things (IoT), augmented and virtual reality and Artificial Intelligence (AI). Xiaomi witnessed a rapid growth in the Indian market and clocked over USD 1 billion in revenue in 2016.

Beyond smartphones, Xiaomi is also a leading Internet of Things (IoT) player.

The Mi Ecosystem IoT platform has crossed 60 million connected devices, and there are now over eight million daily active connected devices on the Mi Ecosystem platform.

8)   FSB, an international global financial body stands for _____________.
- Published on 06 Jul 17

a. Financial Severance Board
b. Financial Suitability Board
c. Financial Stability Board
d. Financial Sustainability Board
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Financial Stability Board

The Financial Stability Board (FSB), an international body for global financial system, has placed India in the league of countries that are ‘compliant or largely compliant’ on implementation of priority area reforms.

Ahead of the G20 Summit in Germany to be attended by Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, among other world leaders, the FSB yesterday submitted its status report on progress in financial regulatory reforms in various jurisdictions, including India.

The report listed India as a ‘compliant’ jurisdiction with regard to Basel III reforms in risk-based capital and as ’largely compliant’ on liquidity coverage ratio.

Other countries that have been found to be ‘compliant or largely compliant’ on these metrics include Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, South Korea, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Switzerland, Turkey and the US.

At the same time, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and the UK have been found to be ’materially non-compliant’ on at least one parameter.

With regard to the Net Stable Funding Ratio (NSFR), India figured among the countries where “final rule published but not in force, or draft regulation published“.

On compensation-related reforms, India is among the jurisdictions where “all except a few (three or less) FSB Principles and Standards implemented”, as per the FSB report.

On trade reporting in the over-the-counter derivatives market, India was among the countries where necessary regulatory framework was being implemented.

On shadow banking, the FSB report named India among the jurisdictions where the final implementation measures are in force for valuation, liquidity management and stable net asset for monetary market funds.

The final adoption measures were taken for implementing an incentive alignment regime and disclosing requirements on securitisation

9)   India's first demutualised online commodities exchange to merge with Indian Commodity Exchange is called ______________.
- Published on 04 Jul 17

a. National Multi Commodity Exchange
b. National Multiple Commodity Exchange
c. Indian Multiple Commodity Exchange
d. Indian Multi Commodity Exchange
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: National Multi Commodity Exchange

National Multi Commodity Exchange (NMCE), India’s first demutualised online national multi-commodities exchange will merge with Indian Commodity Exchange (ICEX).

The merged entity will create India’s third biggest commodity exchange.

The largest commodity exchange by volume is the Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX).

This is followed by National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX).

This is the first merger deal in the commodity exchange space in India.

It has been approved by the boards of both exchanges. It is expected to be completed by December 2017, subject to regulatory approvals.

In the merged entity, the ICEX will hold a 62.8% stake, while NMCE shareholders will own the rest.

The new exchange will offer a wide range of contracts, including bullion, oil, rubber, and other agri-commodities.

It will also offer the world’s first diamond futures contract. This has already received in-principle approval from the marker regulator SEBI.

The merger will help ICEX to further strengthen its position in the country’s fast-growing commodity derivatives market.

It will result in greater financial strength, the consolidation of clients and members, an enhanced product basket, and higher operational synergies.

Commodity trading in India: Know More

  • Commodity trading is an exchange where various commodities and derivatives products are traded. Most commodity markets trade in agricultural products.
  • They also trade in other raw materials and contracts based on them.
  • These contracts can include spot prices, futures, forwards and options on futures.
  • Other products may include interest rates, environmental instruments, swaps, or ocean freight contracts. Commodity trading had started in India much before it started in many other countries.
  • However, years of foreign rule and Government policies had caused the commodity trading in India to diminish. It was restarted recently.
Indian Commodity Exchanges: Know Morem
  • At present, India has six national commodity exchanges namely, Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX), National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX), National Multi-Commodity Exchange (NMCE) and Indian Commodity Exchange (ICEX).
  • ACE Derivatives exchange (ACE) and Universal commodity exchange (UCX) are there apart from numerous regional exchanges.
  • Government had established regulatory body is Forward Markets Commission (FMC) in 1953.
  • It was merged with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) in September 2015

10)   RBI has released which report on 30th June 2017 predicting economic growth scale to 7.3% in GVA in current fiscal?
- Published on 04 Jul 17

a. Financial Viability Report 2017
b. Financial Ability Report 2017
c. Financial Agility Report 2017
d. Financial Stability Report 2017
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Financial Stability Report 2017

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on June 30th 2017 reported ongoing accelerated reform initiatives like goods and services (GST) and continuing political stability will push the economic growth scale.

It will reach 7.3% in terms of gross value added (GVA) in the current fiscal year.

The Financial Stability Report 2017 by RBI bases its optimism to the lower fiscal deficit at 3.2% for this year down from 3.5% in 2016-17.

Other factors are increasing public capex and support to poorer households, small businesses and the rural sector, to oil the economy.

Going forward, reforms in FDI and real estate sector, implementation of GST, and revival in external demand are likely to contribute to a better economic growth outlook.

GVA growth is expected to be higher at 7.3% in 2017-18 as per FSR.

On inflation, CPI inflation is to be in the range of 2-3.5% in the first half of the year and 3.5-4.5% in the second half.

Retail inflation, excluding food and fuel that remained sticky during H2 of FY17 at around 4.9%, dipped to 4.3% in April and 4.2% in May 2017.

This is largely reflecting the impact of decline in global crude oil prices on transport and communication and moderate price pressures in services.

While noting that the fiscal conditions of the Centre is on the mend, it expressed concerns on that of the states.

One is the deterioration in the states’ fiscal conditions and the other is increased leverage of public sector undertakings.

In absolute and relative terms, the size of net market borrowings of the states has been rising sharply, though their market liquidity has not improved commensurately.

This has implications for the further development of secondary market in government bonds, besides periodic redemption pressures.

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