Government and other institutions - GS questions based on daily current affairs

1)   Which of the following is/are true regarding the Adoption Regulations, 2017?

1) Adoptions by relatives need not be reported to CARA.
2) CARA shall be facilitating all adoptions under the JJ Act, 2015.

- Published on 16 Jan 17

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only 2

Explanation:

  • Adoption Regulations, 2017 framed by ‘Central Adoption Resource Authority’ (CARA) as mandated under section 68 (c) of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 has been notified.
  • It would replace the Adoption Guidelines, 2015.
  • The Adoption Regulations have been framed keeping in mind the issues and challenges faced by CARA and other stake holders including the Adoption Agencies & Prospective Adoptive Parents (PAPs).
  • This will further strengthen adoption programme in the country by streamlining the adoption process.
  • Transparency, early deinstitutionalisation of children, informed choice for the parents, ethical practices and strictly defined timelines in the adoption process are the salient aspects of the Adoption Regulations.
  • Salient features of the Adoption Regulations, 2017 -
    1. Procedures related to adoption by relatives both within the country and abroad have been defined in the Regulations.
    2. Validity of Home Study Report has been increased from two to three years.
    3. The time period available to the domestic PAPs for matching and acceptance, after reserving the child referred, has been increased to twenty days from the existing fifteen days.
    4. District Child Protection Unit (DCPU) shall maintain a panel of professionally qualified or trained social workers.
    5. There are 32 Schedules annexed to the Regulations including model adoption applications to be filed in the Court and this would considerably address delays prevalent in obtaining the Court order.
    6. CARA shall be facilitating all adoptions under the JJ Act, 2015 through Child Adoption Resource Information & Guidance System (CARINGS)
    7. All kinds of adoptions, including adoptions by relatives shall be reported to CARA which would enable safeguards for all adopted children by maintaining their record and ensuring post adoption follow up.


2)   Saur Sujala Scheme is related to
- Published on 13 Jan 17

a. Solar irrigation pumps
b. Solar cooker
c. Solar water heater
d. Electricity from solar power
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Solar irrigation pumps

Explanation:

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Saur Sujala Yojana in Chhattisgarh that would provide solar powered irrigation pumps to farmers at a subsidized price.
  • Chhattisgarh would be the first state to implement the scheme.
  • Under the scheme, solar powered irrigation pumps of 3HP and 5HP capacity worth Rs 3.5 lakh and Rs 4.5 lakh respectively would be distributed to the farmers by March 31, 2019.
  • The beneficiaries would get the pumps at the subsidised price.
  • The scheme will be given priority in those areas where electricity connection has not reached yet.


3)   Recently the word ‘Cold Start’ came into news. It is related to
- Published on 11 Jan 17

a. Diplomacy
b. Defence
c. Space Technology
d. Environmental Conservation and Pollution Abatement
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Defence

Explanation:
‘Cold Start’ is a military strategy thought to be developed for fighting Pakistan. It essentially means to mobilize troops very quickly.

It is part of the army’s attempt to develop a useable, conventional retaliatory option that punishes Pakistan for terrorist attacks against India without triggering wider conventional or nuclear escalation.

In its more aggressive formulations, it was believed the aim was to create division-sized formations that could rapidly mobilise and carry out short-notice, retaliatory offensives of limited duration to quickly seize and hold Pakistani territory, while simultaneously pursuing narrow enough objectives to deny Islamabad a justification to escalate the conflict by opening additional conventional fronts or to employ nuclear weapons.

The perceived failure to mobilise the army’s Strike Corps in a timely fashion after the December 2001 attacks on Parliament was the impetus for Cold Start.

Its official status has been the subject of extensive debate and controversy since it was first discussed in 2004.

The idea originated with the army, but it has never been formally accepted by the Indian government, which has repeatedly denied its existence.


4)   Noble Prize Series has been started by

1) Noble Media
2) Department of Biotechnology, India
3) Government of Sweden

- Published on 09 Jan 17

a. 2, 3
b. 1, 2
c. 1, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 1, 2

Explanation:
A Memorandum of Understanding had been signed last year by Nobel Media and the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India for hosting Nobel Prize Series in India for the next five years.

Nobel Prize Series is a unique programme combining a conference, lectures, roundtables, and exhibitions. By bringing together Nobel Laureates, other experts and lifelong learners the programme aims to stimulate innovation and creative thinking.

Nobel Media is holding the first Nobel Prize Series in India in Science City of Ahmedabad, in conjunction with the biennial summit of Vibrant Gujarat being held by the Government of Gujarat.

Beside the conference and meeting events, such as lectures, roundtables and other activities in Gandhinagar, Delhi and Bangalore, Nobel Prize Series, India 2017 will feature a 5-week long Science Exhibition being set up by the Nobel Foundation, with exhibits from the Nobel Museum, Stockholm, Sweden. This will be held at the Science City Ahmedabad.

Nine Nobel Laureates have confirmed their participation in this conference cum exhibition.

They are:

i. Dr. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Nobel Prize Laureate in Chemistry,

ii. Dr. Richard Roberts, Nobel Prize Laureate in Physiology or Medicine,

iii. Dr. Harold Varmus, Nobel Prize Laureate in Physiology or Medicine,

iv. Dr. Randy Schekman,Nobel Prize Laureate in Physiology or Medicine,

v David Gross, Nobel Prize Laureate in Physics,

vi. Dr. Ada Yonath, Nobel Prize Laureate in Chemistry,

vii. Dr. Serge Haroche, Nobel Prize Laureate in Physics,

viii. Dr. William E Moerner, in Nobel Prize Laureate in Chemistry


5)   Which of the following is/are true regarding Pravasi Bhartiya Divas?

1) Pravasi Bharatiya Divas is celebrated every year
2) Youth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas was launched in 2014.

- Published on 09 Jan 17

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Pravasi Bharatiya Divas is celebrated every two years.

Till 2015 it was celebrated every year. Then it became biennial (every two years).

Youth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas was launched in 2015. It was in Gandhinagar. For 2017 it will be held in Bengaluru.

Youth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas is a platform to connect with the youth, the new generation of Pravasis growing up all over the world.

The government is keen to enable young Diaspora to know more about their roots and the place from where their fathers or forefathers originated.

To familiarize the Diaspora youth with the limitless opportunity and potential that is India, and to harness their imagination and creativity, government has several programmes in place.

The Know India Programme, is a scheme aimed to give a flavour of India and provide a platform for interaction with policy makers; industry and civil society.

The Scholarship Programme for Diaspora Children enables Diaspora youth to pursue Undergraduate courses in Indian Universities and Institutes.

Bharat Ko Janiye (Know India) Quiz programme which Prime Minister launched for young overseas Indians in the last PBD in 2015 in Gandhinagar was another initiative which received tremendous response.


6)   Which of the following are measures taken to help strengthen IPR ecosystem in India?

1) Made IPR registration free
2) Give IPR Enforcement Toolkit to Police
3) IPR Awareness Campaign for Children

- Published on 06 Jan 17

a. 2, 3
b. 1, 2
c. 1, 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 2, 3

Explanation:
IPR Enforcement Toolkit for Police has been jointly prepared by Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM) and Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).

This will help police across the country in dealing with IP crimes, specifically Trade Marks counterfeiting and Copyrights piracy.

In addition to details of offences under various laws, it provides for checklists for registering a complaint and conducting search and seizures.

The Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM) is under the aegis of the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India.

CIPAM is collaborating with the International Trademark Association (INTA) to launch an IPR Awareness campaign for schoolchildren.


7)   Induction of the Indian Skill Development Services will be through
- Published on 06 Jan 17

a. UPSC Civil Services Exam
b. IES exam
c. A separate exam
d. SSC exam
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: IES exam

Explanation:
Indian Skill Development Services (ISDS) is created for the Training Directorate of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.

With this the skill ecosystem is expected to get strengthened and modernised

It will have 263 all India posts.

The Academy for training of the cadre will be National Institute of Skill Development.

ISDS will be a Group ‘A’ service.

Induction will be through Indian Engineering Service Examination conducted by UPSC.

It is an attempt to attract young and talented administrators for Skill Development.


8)   The Government has decided to constitute a Committee to study the existing sports governance frame work. It will be headed by
- Published on 06 Jan 17

a. Abhinav Bindra
b. Nandan Kamath
c. Injeti Srinivas
d. Anju Bobby George
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Injeti Srinivas

Explanation:
The Government has decided to constitute the Committee to study:

i. the existing sports governance frame work,
ii. issues relating to sports governance in the country,
iii. recent developments related to sports governance, including court judgments & international best practices
iv. and make recommendations on bringing out a comprehensive National Sports Development Code across sports disciplines.

It will be headed by Injeti Srinivas, Secretary (Sports).

The member are:

i. Abhinav Bindra,
ii. Anju Bobby George,
iii. Nandan Kamath,
iv. Prakash Padukone,
v. Narinder Batra,
vi. Bishweshwar Nandi,
vii. Vijay Lokpally
viii. and Joint Secretary (Sports)

Terms of reference of the Committee:

i. to identify basic universal principles of ethics and good governance based on the IOC Charter international best practices,
ii. draft National Sports Development Bill,
iii. draft National Sports Development Code, 2011,
iv. Supreme Court and High Court judgments, etc.;
v. to identify issues pertaining to good governance in administration of sports
vi. and to make specific recommendations for bringing out a comprehensive Sports Code to address the issues of governance pertaining to the National Olympic Committee and National Sports Federations.


9)   Which of the following is/are true?

1) Health insurance is allowed for AYUSH treatment.
2) However this insurance does not come under regulations of Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) and is managed by Ministry of AYUSH.

- Published on 04 Jan 17

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Only 1

Explanation:
Health Insurance Regulations, 2013 notified by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority and further amended in 2016 enable General Insurers and Health Insurers for providing insurance coverage to AYUSH treatment provided the treatment has been undergone in a government hospital or in any institute recognized by government and/or accredited by Quality Council of India or National Accreditation Board on Health.

With these provisions, insurance companies may design products offering AYUSH coverage in their health insurance products and some insurance companies are reported to have been offering products for insurance coverage to AYUSH treatments.

Recently, on 30th September 2016, guidelines for insurance coverage to Ayurvedic treatment and settlement of claims on the basis of benchmark rates of various Ayurvedic therapies & interventions have been issued by the Ministry of AYUSH to insurance companies and Insurance Regulatory & Development Authority.


10)   Which of the following is/are true regarding Maternity Benefit Programme?

1) All pregnant women and lactating mothers including government employees will get the schemes benefit of compensation of wage loss.
2) The cash incentive given is Rs.8000/-.

- Published on 04 Jan 17

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Expansion of MBP will have huge impact on the PW&LM as it will not only provide them compensation for the wage loss but will also provide them adequate nutrition and rest before and after delivery.

Mothers will have sufficient time to breastfeed the child during first six months of the birth. Resultantly, it is expected that it will reduce mother mortality rate, IMR, under-nutrition and its adverse effects.

It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme and the cost sharing between Centre and States is 60:40 for all the States and UTs (with legislature), 90:10 for NER and Himalayan States and 100% GoI share for UTs without legislatures.

Under the scheme, all Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM), excluding the Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers who are in regular employment with the Central Government or State Governments or Public Sector Undertakings or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being are eligible.

The cash incentive of Rs. 6,000/- is payable in three instalments for the first two live births.


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