Government Committees, Schemes & Bills - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   Who headed the committee to review the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act?
- Published on 24 Jan 17

a. NKP Salve
b. NK Singh
c. VK Singh
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: NK Singh

Explanation:
The Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Committee headed by Shri NK Singh presented its report to the FM on 23rd Jan 2017.

Singh is the former Revenue and Expenditure Secretary and former Member of Parliament

Other Members of the Committee included:

  • Dr. Urjit R. Patel, Governor, Reserve Bank of India (RBI),
  • Shri Sumit Bose, former Finance Secretary,
  • Dr. Arvind Subramanian, Chief Economic Adviser and
  • Dr. Rathin Roy, Director, National Institute of Public Finance & Policy (NIPFP)
Government had constituted a Committee in May, 2016 to review the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act.

The Committee had wide ranging Terms of Reference (ToR) to comprehensively review the existing FRBM Act.

This is in the light of contemporary changes, past outcomes, global economic developments, best international practices and to recommend the future fiscal framework and roadmap for the country.

Committee’s views on certain recommendations of the Fourteenth Finance Commission and the Expenditure Management Commission were also sought.

These primarily related to strengthening the institutional framework on fiscal matters as well as certain issues connected with new capital expenditures in the budget.

Various stakeholders were also consulted for the report.


2)   Which of the following are NCD diseases?
- Published on 24 Jan 17

a. Heart Attacks
b. Stroke
c. Diabetes
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: All of the above

Explanation:
As per the National Health Mission, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is launching population based prevention, screening and control programme.

It is for five common non-communicable diseases.

These are Hypertension, Diabetes, and Cancers of oral cavity, breast and cervix.

On February 4th coinciding with World Cancer Day, Union Health and Family Welfare Minster is to launch the programme.

The training of frontline workers- the ASHA and ANM which will be initiated. In some sub-centres, population based screening will also start.

Protocols for treatment, referrals and follow-up on these disease conditions will be provided.

In the first phase, the population based screening component will be rolled out in 100 districts in 32 states and UTs.

Around 1000 sub-centres are undertaking screening before March 31st 2017.

ASHAs will also be capturing information on major risk factors. This is so that persons at risk could be counselled on leading healthy lifestyles to prevent onset of NCDs.

Eventually, Chronic Obstructive Respiratory diseases will be included. The programme will be scaled up to cover other districts.

Support to states will also be provided for community health promotion and prevention efforts, and referral and treatment.

What are NCDs?

  • Non-Communicable diseases (NCDs) are not transmitted by the infected person.
  • These include Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) such as heart attacks and stroke, Diabetes, Chronic Respiratory Diseases (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases and Asthma) and Cancer.
  • The above account for over 60% of all mortality in India.
  • Of these, nearly 55% are premature mortality.
  • This imposes a financial and social cost on families and the country.
  • According to the WEF, India stands to lose $ 4.58 trillion between 2012 and 2030 due to NCD.


3)   Which are the lucky draw schemes for digital payments?
- Published on 23 Jan 17

a. Lucky Grahak Yojana
b. Digi Dhan Vyapar Yojana
c. None of the above
d. Both a and b
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Both a and b

Explanation:
Union Government has awarded INR 60.9 crore as prize money to 3.81 lakh consumers and 21,000 merchants under Lucky Grahak Yojana and Digi-Dhan Vyapar Yojana.

Winners include mostly 21-30 year old housewives, small farmers, labourers and anganwadi workers.

Maharashtra, TN, AP, UP and Karnataka are the top 5 states with maximum winners.

Both these schemes were announced in Dec 2016 to boost digital payments post demonetisation.

Aimed at incentivising the consumers and merchants to promote digital payments, they will remain open till April, 2017.

Lucky Grahak Yojana & Digi Dhan Vyapar Yojana: Know More

  • NITI Aayog announces the launch of the schemes Lucky Grahak Yojana and the Digi-धन Vyapar Yojana.
  • The plans aim to give cash awards to consumers and merchants who utilize digital payment instruments.
  • The plan is for personal consumption expenditures.
  • The scheme specially focuses on bringing the poor, lower middle class and small businesses into the digital payment fold.
  • National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI)is the implementing agency for this scheme.
  • The primary aim of these schemes is to incentivize digital transactions.
  • It seeks to ensure electronic payments are adopted by all sections of the society, especially the poor and the middle class.
  • The schemes will comprise of two major components, one for the Consumers and the other for the Merchants.
  • They will remain open till April 14, 2017.


4)   Government has constituted a negotiation committee for Mahanadi among which states?
- Published on 23 Jan 17

a. Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Jharkhand
b. Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Bihar
c. Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and UP
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Jharkhand

Explanation:
GoI has constituted negotiation committee on Mahanadi and its Tributaries.

The Union Ministry of Water Resources has constituted negotiations committee to assess availability of river waters.

Aim is utilisation of waters of Mahanadi and its tributaries to resolve disputes over sharing of river waters among five states.

These five states are Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Jharkhand.

The committee will be chaired by member (water planning and projects) of the Central Water Commission (CWC).

CWC: Know More

  • Location: New Delhi, India
  • Type: Governmental organisation
  • Class: Central
  • Key work: Research, river management, water project planning
  • Website: www.cwc.nic.in
  • The work of the Commission is divided among 3 wings namely:
1. Designs and Research Wing (D&R),
2. River Management Wing (RM) and
3. Water Planning and Projects Wing (WP&P).


5)   Which state government launched the Nasha Mukt campaign to make the state addiction-free?
- Published on 23 Jan 17

a. Bihar
b. Jharkhand
c. Odisha
d. Gujarat
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Bihar

Explanation:
Bihar government launched Nasha Mukt campaign to make the state addiction-free.

This was marked by formation of over 11 thousand km long human chain across the state.

It is claimed to be world’s largest human chain and broke previous record of 1050 km human chain formed in Bangladesh.

The campaign will herald a new era in the state as no one will be permitted to use intoxicating substance and tobacco products.

Over 2 crore people participated in this human chain that covered all panchayats of the state.

Apart from satellite, drones and low flying aircraft will also be used for taking images of the human chain.

CM Nitish Kumar said 'nasha mukti' in Bihar would herald a new era in the country as no one will be permitted to use intoxicating substance and tobacco products.

He said Bihar will become an ideal state of the country as dreamed by Mahatma Gandhi.


6)   Union Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas launched which awareness program for sustainability?
- Published on 18 Jan 17

a. Saksham 2017
b. Sanrakshan Kshamta Mahotsav
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Both of the above

Explanation:
The Union Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas has launched Saksham 2017 (Sanrakshan Kshamta Mahotsav).

This an awareness program for sustainable use of petroleum products.

It is month long awareness programme. It aims to create awareness amongst masses towards judicious utilization and conservation of petroleum products.

It also stresses on the use of energy efficient appliances and switching to cleaner fuels.

The programme is initiative of Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) and other Oil & Gas PSUs under the aegis of the Union Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.

During one-month long awareness drive, workshops on adopting simple fuel saving measures will be organised for drivers of commercial vehicles and housewives, cooks.

It will also host activities like Quiz Show, Walkathons, Saksham Asian Cycling Championship, concerts.

It will also carry out other activities across the country to educate on various steps for fuel conservation.


7)   WCD Ministry is to form a National Alliance on which issue?
- Published on 17 Jan 17

a. Online child sexual abuse and exploitation
b. Women sexual abuse and exploitation online
c. Both of the above
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Online child sexual abuse and exploitation

Explanation:
The Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India is set to form National Alliance against Online Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation.

This alliance aims to develop a comprehensive outreach system to engage parents, schools, communities, NGO partners and local governments (PRIs and ULBs) as well as police and lawyers.

It seeks to ensure better implementation of the legal framework, policies, national strategies and standards in relation to child protection and child rights.

Child sexual abuse is a multi-layered problem which negatively impacts children’s safety, health and well being. The abuse is finding new forms and channels through mobile and digital technologies.

Online child abuse and exploitation amplifies existing forms of offline bullying, stalking and harassment.

It also facilitates the sexual exploitation of children through the production and dissemination of child sexual abuse material. Online abuse increases the sexual exploitation and trafficking of children.

India has a comprehensive legal framework for protection of child rights in the form of:

  • Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015,
  • POCSO Act, 2012 along with
  • RTE Act 2009 and
  • Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016.
However, there is limited awareness of online risks for children. To combat this, the National Alliance has been formed.

Objectives of the National Alliance

National Alliance on Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation has the following broad objectives:
  • Bring a common definition of child pornography including amendment of acts (Information technology Act, POCSO Act).
  • Set up a multi-member secretariat based in MWCD with a portal inclusive of a hotline for reporting and strengthening existing service delivery systems.
  • Provide a platform for Government/ NGOs and other child rights activists for networking and information sharing.
  • Document and showcases success stories and best practices in terms of prevention of online abuse and exploitation of children.
  • Inform and educate member organisations, parents, teachers, front line service providers and children on the rights of the children and various issues related to online child abuse and exploitation.
  • Provide a forum for advocacy for child rights and policy inputs based on research and studies

  • Ministry of Women and Child Development: Know More

  • Jurisdiction: India
  • Headquarters: Ministry of Women and Child Development, Shastri Bhawan, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road, New Delhi
  • Minister: Smt. Maneka Gandhi, Ministry of Women and Child Development
  • Website: wcd.nic.in


8)   Which airline is participating in the Aakhri Aahuti initiative?
- Published on 16 Jan 17

a. Indigo
b. Jet Airways
c. Spice Jet
d. Indian Airlines
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Indigo

Explanation:
DoNER Minister Jitendra Singh on 14th Jan 2017 lauded the Indigo airlines’ decision to be part of "Aakhri Aahuti" initiative.

The initiative is to fly “mortal remains” of people from the Northeast free of cost to their native places.

The Vice President of Indigo Airlines, Vikram Chona personally called on Dr Jitendra Singh here and formally handed over a letter from the President of Indigo, Aditya Ghosh

From Delhi, Indigo is currently operating to Guwahati, Agartala, Dibrugarh, Dimapur and Imphal.

When Indigo starts operations to other destinations in North East, the same facility, free of cost, shall be provided on those routes as well.

The first such, free of charge, facility was provided to a Manipur native living in Delhi who passed away and his mortal remains were flown to Imphal.

Those from NE States residing in Delhi often faced a very unfortunate situation whenever there was a death in the family.

Due to financial restrictions, the relatives of the deceased were often unable to take the dead body to their native place in North East.

As a result, he said the last rites of several such deceased persons had to be carried out in Delhi itself by compulsion.

Indigo was lauded for its role in PPP (Public Private Partnership) model with the Government and private sectors jointly offering services to citizens at different levels and in different situations.


9)   MEA has announced the Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana. Who does this scheme target?
- Published on 10 Jan 17

a. Indian youth seeking overseas employment
b. NRIs
c. PIOs
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Indian youth seeking overseas employment

Explanation:
MEA has announced that Prime Minister Narendra Modi will launch Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana targeted at Indian youth seeking overseas employment.

PKVY is a skill development programme. At current count, more than 31 million Indians live and work outside India.

This was announced at the 14th edition of the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas which was the largest ever held with 8000 delegates.

India has the potential to play the role of a Vishwa Guru. PVKY is a skill development initiative of the MEA.

MEA and MSDE have signed an MOU for its implementation. The scheme will be implemented by NSDC/National Skill Development Corporation through its training partners in consultation with MEA and MSDE.

Features of PVKY

  • The Short Term Training imparted at PMKVY Training Centres (TCs) is for school/college dropouts or unemployed.
  • Apart from providing training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), TCs shall also impart training in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy.
  • Individuals with prior learning experience or skills shall be assessed and certified under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) component of the Scheme.
  • The Special Projects component of PMKVY envisages the creation of a platform that will facilitate trainings in special areas.
  • TPs shall conduct Kaushal and Rozgar Melas every six months with press/media coverage.
  • They are also required to participate actively in National Career Service Melas and on-ground
  • Placement and monitoring guidelines are in place.


10)   Where is the world's largest street light replacement programme being implemented?
- Published on 09 Jan 17

a. Delhi
b. Chandigarh
c. Mumbai
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: All of the above

Explanation:
Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP), currently running in the South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC) area and other locations, will be dedicated to the nation in New Delhi on 9th January, 2017.

It is the world’s Largest Street Light Replacement Programme, which is being implemented by the Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture under the Ministry of Power, Government of India.

The SLNP programme is presently running in Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Tripura, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan.

A total of 15.36 lakh street lights have already been replaced in the country with LED bulbs, which is resulting in energy savings of 20.35 crore kWh, avoiding capacity of 50.71 MW and reducing 1.68 lakh tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions per annum.

The energy efficiency market in India is estimated at US$ 12 billion that can potentially result in energy savings of up to 20 per cent of current consumption, by way of innovative business and implementation models.

Under the SLNP, SDMC area alone accounts for over 2 lakh street light replacements. The cumulative annual energy savings in SDMC through this programme is 2.65 crore kWh which has helped to avoid capacity addition of 6.6 MW, resulting in a daily reduction of 22,000 tonnes of greenhouse gases.

Additionally in Delhi, under Phase II of the street lighting programme, EESL has signed a tripartite agreement with BSES and SDMC to install 75,000 more street lights with more focus on installation in parks.

EESL SL Complaint App for SDMC, wherein users can now lodge complaints about faulty street lights will also be launched; These complaints will be addressed to within a period of 48 hours.

Consumers can also WhatsApp on the helpline numbers 7827999111/ 7827999222 or they can send their complaints to sdmc@eesl.co.in.


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