Government Committees, Schemes & Bills - Current Affairs Questions and Answers

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1)   CM Devendra Fadnavis has launched which farmer's market on wheels?
- Published on 16 Aug 17

a. Namo Yuva Rojgar Yojana
b. Namo Yuvak Rojgar Yojana
c. Namo Krishak Rojgar Yojana
d. Namo Krishi Rojgar Yojana
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Namo Yuva Rojgar Yojana

Explanation:
Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis has launched Namo Yuva Rojgar Kendra, a farmers’ market on wheels, which aims at delivering farm-fresh organic produce at reasonable prices.

A total of 125 farm-to-home delivery vans will tour the city to sell the produce. So far, 10 vehicles with fresh farm produce have been rolled out in the city.

The remaining 115 vehicles to be launched within a month. The vegetables sold in the mobile vans will be priced 25% lower than the average market rate.

The initiative aims to generate jobs for uneducated youth and women.

Officials said 125 Tata and Mahindra vehicles were being equipped to carry 1 tonne of vegetables and fruits.

The State government plans to launch 500 such vehicles all over Maharashtra.

Information about the timings of farmers’ market on wheels service, assortment of farm produce and their prices would be made available through a specially-designed app, athavdibazar, which will be available on Google Play Store.

Farmers never got a good price for their produce as there was no direct contact between farmers and consumers.

Namo Yuva Rojgar Kendra is the brainchild of Prasad Lad, president of Mi Mumbai Abhiyan-Abhiman and Shri Swami Samarth Shetkari Utpadak.

Mr. Lad said the initiative will be different from the now defunct Maharashtra Agro and Fruit Processing Corporation (MAFCO).
The drive will involve farmers directly and not through the market committees. Farmers no longer will have to share their profit with middlemen.

The Chief Minister said farmers needed more space to store vegetables and fruits.

MAFCO and Namo Yuva Rojgar Yojana: Know More

  • The now defunct MAFCO will be revived. The Mi Mumbai Abhiyan - Abhiman and MAFCO are likely to sign a Memorandum of Understanding.
  • MAFCO already has the infrastructure that is needed. This partnership will create jobs and bring benefits for farmers and consumers.
  • Backed by the State government, the Namo Yuva Rojgar Kendra aims to provide job opportunities to unemployed youth in Mumbai.
  • Under the programme, various schemes will be initiated, including farmers’ weekly market, farmers’ mobile market and mother’s tiffin service.


2)   Which ministry is observing Swachhta Pakhwada from 16th to 31st Aug, 2017?
- Published on 16 Aug 17

a. Ministry of Environment and Forest
b. Ministry of Labour
c. Ministry of Railways
d. Ministry of Human Resource Development
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Ministry of Railways

Explanation:
Ministry of Railways is observing ‘Swachhta Pakhwada’ across its entire network from August 16TH to 31ST August 2017.

This period was allotted to Ministry of Railways by the Nodal Ministry for ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ namely ‘Union Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation’.

The ‘Pakhwada’ has been named as “Rail Swachhta Pakhwada”.

Each date of the ‘Pakhwada’ has been associated with a particular theme pertaining to cleanliness. The detailed theme-wise schedule is given below.

  • 16/08/2017: Swachh Awareness: The day should be started by administering Swachhta pledge to Railway staff and safai karamacharis. On this day Parbhat Pheris should be taken out in the morning with the slogan “Swachh Rail Swachh Bharat” with a view to raise awareness of all railway employees and their families to ensure cleanliness in the vicinity of their habitat.
  • 17/08/2017: Swachh Samwad (Cleanliness dialogue/Public): All DRMs should organize seminars on Sanitation and upkeep of railway stations by involving NGOs, Charitable institutions, Scouts & Guides, Unions and all employees to undertake cleanliness drive on their nearest railway stations.
  • 18/08/2017: Swachh Samwad (Cleanliness dialogue/In-house): Seminars and Workshops should be organized on Sanitation and upkeep of Railway Colonies and other Institutions on Railway premises.
  • 19/08/2017: Swachh Stations (Clean Stations): Intensive Cleanliness drive at all A1 and A category stations should be undertaken. Availability and working of cleaning machines, tools & plants, protective gears for cleaning staff must be ensured.
  • 20/08/2017: Swachh Stations (Clean Stations): This day should be dedicated to intensive cleaning of all stations other than A1 and A category. Segregation of waste should be encouraged by setting up of separate dustbins.
  • 21/08/2017: Swachh Railgaadi (Clean Train): Intensive inspection/cleaning of listed trains should be undertaken by teams of officers and staff to ensure cleanliness onboard.
  • 22/08/2017: Swachh Railgaadi (Clean Train): Intensive inspection/cleaning of all other trains not covered in drive dated 21/08/17 should be undertaken on this day.
  • 23/08/2017: Swachh Parisar (Clean Work Place): Intensive drive should be undertaken to clean up and improve offices including Hospitals, Schools, Coaching Depots and Lobbys. Required amenities in the circulating areas of station complexes be ensured and unauthorized encroachments removed. Cleaning of all drains to be undertaken.
  • 24/08/2017: Swachh Parisar: (Clean Residential Premises) Residential Premises including Railway Colony, Retiring/Waiting Rooms, Rest Houses and Dormitories, Running Rooms etc., should be taken up for intensive cleaning on this day.
  • 25/08/2017: Swachh Ahar: On this day intensive cleaning of all canteens should be taken up.
  • 26/08/2017: Swachh Ahar: In continuation to station vending units, on this day intensive cleaning of all pantry cars in trains should be taken up.
  • 27/08/2017: Swachh Neer (Clean Water): Intensive inspection of all water installations including filter plants, sources of water supply, water taps for drinking water at stations as well as trains shall be undertaken.
  • 28/08/2017: Swachh Neer (Clean Water): Intensive inspection of all water installations in offices, Railway Colonies/Hospitals/Health Units/Schools should be taken up on this day.
  • 29/08/2017: Swachh Prasadhan: The day should be dedicated to intensive cleaning of all toilet blocks at railway stations, coaching depots, trains and surrounding areas.
  • 30/08/2017: Swachh Competition: A sense of healthy competition for cleaning should be inculcated and commendation be given to those units which are found perennially/regularly cleaned. Supervisors/staff working on cleaning activities should be suitably recognized.
  • 31/08/2017: Review/Briefing: On this day, the work carried out during the Pakhwada should be reviewed and a detailed report with photos and videos should be uploaded on the website of each Railway. Due coverage of the drive should be ensured in social/print/electronic media.
As part of the Clean Energy drive, equipments fitted with Solar Energy will be made fully functional during this period. Proposals for solar energy fitments will be expedited.

Special emphasis will be given to A1 and A category Stations for cleanliness in passenger and non-passenger areas including the approach to the stations.

Suitable Senior Officers will be nominated to monitor the campaign at different levels. It is also proposed to do monitoring of cleanliness through CCTV wherever installed.

Some 200 Trains have also been identified for special attention regarding cleanliness during this fortnight.


3)   Which program was launched in Coimbatore as part of the New India Movement 2017-2022?
- Published on 14 Aug 17

a. Sankalp Se Siddhi
b. Jaagriti Se Siddhi
c. Sangathan Se Siddhi
d. Kartavya Se Siddhi
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Sankalp Se Siddhi

Explanation:
To take forward the initiative of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi for a New India movement from 2017 - 2022, a Sankalp Se Siddhi (Attainment through Resolve) Programme was organized at Coimbatore on 12 August, 2017.

The New India Movement 2017-2022 envisages an India free of Poverty, Corruption, Terrorism, Communalism, Casteism and Un-cleanliness.

Union Minister drew the attention of the audience to the urgent need to reform and transform India, through a common resolve for positive transformation.

The participants took the New India Pledge of “Come, let us together pledge for building a New India by 2022, a Clean India, a Poverty-free India, a Corruption-free India, a Terrorism-free India, a Communalism-free India, and a Casteism-free India”.

The pledge-taking ceremony was followed by performances of Thudumbattam, Thiruvathirakali and Bharathanatyam by the artists of South Zonal Cultural Center (SZCC), Tanjavur.


4)   Which new sub scheme has been launched as part of the DAY-NRLM scheme?
- Published on 11 Aug 17

a. Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana
b. Sanjeevani Grameen Express Yojana
c. Samraksha Grameen Express Yojana
d. Samriddhi Grameen Express Yojana
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana

Explanation:
The Government of India has decided to launch a new sub-scheme named “Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana (AGEY)” as part of the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana - National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM).

The Self Help Groups under DAY-NRLM will operate road transport service in backward areas.

This will help to provide safe, affordable and community monitored rural transport services to connect remote villages with key services and amenities (such as access to markets, education and health) for the overall economic development of backward rural areas.

This will also provide an additional avenue of livelihood for SHGs.

The Community Investment Fund (CIF) provided to Community Based Organization (CBOs) under DAY-NRLM will be utilized to support the SHG members in this new livelihoods initiative.

The beneficiary SHG member will be provided an interest free loan by the CBO from its Community Investment Fund up to INR 6.50 lakh for purchase of the vehicle.

Alternative, CBO will own the vehicle and lease it to an SHG member to operate the vehicle and pay lease rental to the CBO

AGEY will be initially implemented in 250 Blocks in the country on pilot basis with each Block provided upto 6 vehicles to operate the transport services.

During the current year implementation of the scheme has been so far approved for 52 Blocks in 8 States namely Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttarakhand and West Bengal.

It is with a total provision of INR 16.06 Crore of which the Government of India share would be INR 10.16 Crore. The balance funding would be provided by the respective States.

The Blocks will be selected by States from among the Blocks where NRLM is being implemented intensively and where mature CBOs are already functioning.

Backwardness, lack of transportation links and sustainability of service would be the guiding factors in the selection of Blocks and routes.

The State Rural Livelihood Missions (SRLMs) will do a feasibility study and traffic survey in the selected blocks to identity the routes and the number and capacity of vehicles which can be operated on sustainable basis.

The study will be conducted by technically sound organizations with expertise in transport network planning.

The choice of vehicle could be either e-riksha, 3 wheeler or 4 wheeler within a cost ceiling of INR 6.50 lakh.

The SRLMs will be co-ordinating with State Transport Department for issue of permit for the vehicle.

The SHG member operating the vehicle shall ensure that all necessary legal and statutory requirement such as valid permit, road tax permit, valid insurance policy etc. are met.

The SHG member shall run the vehicle on approved routes at pre-determined frequency as jointly agreed between the CBO and the SHG operator based on financial viability and the need for transport link.

All vehicles under the scheme shall have a defined colour code and carry AGEY branding to ensure their identity and avoid diversion to other routes.

The State Rural Livelihood Mission will arrange capacity building for their staff at State, District and Block levels for operating the Scheme.

The members of the CBO and the beneficiary SHG member shall also be provided adequate training in the Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs) and other partner organizations.


5)   Namami Gange Jagriti Yatra was flagged off in which state on 9th Aug, 2017 by its CM?
- Published on 11 Aug 17

a. UP
b. MP
c. AP
d. Uttarakhand
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: UP

Explanation:
This yatra was flagged off by CM Yogi Adityanath on 9th Aug, 2017.

The Chief Minister said that Prime Minister Narendra Modi has taken up cudgels to clean these rivers.

The Modi government has sanctioned INR 20,000 crore to keep Ganga clean from Gangotri to Ganga Sagar and even set up a new ministry to monitor the project.

As this is not a Central Government project only, the state government too has chipped in with its efforts to keep Ganga and Yamuna clean.

The UP government has gone for a major plantation drive on the 150 kms banks of Ganga on July 5 in which over 1.30 lakh trees were planted.

Over 1600 villages spread in 25 districts have been declared ‘Open Defecation Free’.

Besides, efforts have begun to make Ganga clean during the coming ‘Ardh Kumbh Mela’ at Allahabad in 2019

The Yatra will pass through 108 blocks of 25 districts of UP from Bijnore to Ballia along Ganga covering around 1,025 kilometers and make people aware about cleanliness of the river. The yatra will end in Lucknow on September 6.


6)   Bill to enable exit of RBI from NABARD is called __________.
- Published on 04 Aug 17

a. The National Bank for Rural and Agricultural Development (Amendment) Bill, 2017
b. The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (Amendment) Bill, 2017
c. The National Bank for Agriculture and Regional Development (Amendment) Bill, 2017
d. The National Bank for Asian and Rural Development (Amendment) Bill, 2017
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (Amendment) Bill, 2017

Explanation:
A bill to enable exit of RBI from Nabard and increase authorised capital of the development institution six times to INR 30,000 crore was passed by the Lok Sabha on 3rd Aug, 2017.

The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (Amendment) Bill, 2017 also seeks to amend certain clauses in the light of reference of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) Development Act, 2006 in the proposed legislation.

Minister of State for Finance Santosh Kumar Gangwar indicated this law is one of the “major step” towards doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

This is a small bill but irrespective of that, 28 members put their views on this legislation, which reflects the interest of members’s on agriculture related issues.

As this is a short bill, suggestions made by members would be considered when the detail bill will come.

This law would benefit farmers.

On concerns being raised on including MSMEs in place of SSIs (small scale industries), he said Nabard would always support agriculture and not corporates.

Earlier while moving the bill for consideration and passage, the ruling party representative said of The NABARD (Amendment) Bill, 2017 said National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) is a premier organisation which was established in 1982.

It provides loans for agriculture, small scale industries among others.

In the last three decades, there has been diversification in the functioning of Nabard and in the last three years, after the BJP government came to power, the bank has underwent a lot of changes.

There has been changes in its priority and policies in the area of agriculture and rural development.

Now Nabard is refinancing and providing direct loan in the agriculture and rural areas, he added.

The balance sheet of Nabard has increased from INR 1.82 lakh crore in March 31, 2012 to INR 3.10 lakh crore in March 31, 2016, he said adding that means, there has been an increase of around 70 percent in the activities of Nabard.

Nabard plays an important role for doubling the income of farmers and increasing the infrastructure in the rural areas.

At present the authorised capital of Nabard is INR 5,000 crore and there is a proposal to increase it to INR 30,000 crore, Gangwar said.

According to the need, the government can increase the authorised capital from time to time.

If there is a need to increase this authorised capital above INR 30,000 crore, then after discussions with RBI it can be increased.

There is another suggestion that at present in Nabard, the centre has a share of 99.6 percent and the RBI has the remaining share, adding a conflict in the role of the RBI.

As RBI is also a regulator, its 0.4 percent equity will be transferred to Centre, as a result, 100 percent equity will come to the Centre.

Another suggestion was that NABARD can have an authentic data bank on rural credit.

Agriculture credit is a major issue and that disbursement is dominated by private banks in certain states.

Another suggestion was functioning of Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) should be looked into and the government could look at appointing an RBI Deputy Governor as chairman of the NABARD.

Three members from the Lok Sabha and two from the Rajya Sabha should be appointed to the NABARD board for a period of two years, according to another suggestion.


7)   Banking Regulation (Amendment) Bill 2017 will replace which bill/ordinance that came into effect earlier this year?
- Published on 04 Aug 17

a. Non Performing Assets Bill 2017
b. Non Performing Assets Ordinance 2017
c. Banking Regulation Act 1949
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Non Performing Assets Ordinance 2017

Explanation:
The Banking Regulation (Amendment) Bill 2017 was passed by the lower house of the parliament on Aug 3, 2016.

It will replace the Non-Performing Assets Ordinance, which came into effect earlier this year.

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley had introduced a bill in Lok Sabha to amend the Banking Regulation Act 1949.

The measure allows the RBI to initiate insolvency resolution process on specific stressed-assets.

The RBI would also be empowered to issue other directions for resolution, appoint or approve for appointment, authorities or committees to advise the banking companies for stressed-asset resolution.

The non-performing assets of banks have increased to more than INR 9 lakh crore and now RBI is empowered to refer the cases to Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board.

In June, RBI had identified 12 large loan defaulters who account for 25% of the total bad loans in the Indian banking system.


8)   What is the name of the portal launched on Aug 1 to provide a platform for selling agricultural produce?
- Published on 03 Aug 17

a. E-RaKAM
b. Ek-RaKAM
c. Online-RaKAM
d. Digi-RaKAM
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: E-RaKAM

Explanation:
The government on Aug 1, 2017 launched a portal, e-RaKAM, to provide a platform to sell agricultural produce.

The portal is a joint initiative by state-run-auctioneer MSTC and Central Warehousing Corporation arm CRWC.

Launching the portal with Steel Minister Chaudhary Birender Singh, Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution Minister Ram Vilas Paswan said aim was to auction 20 lakh tonnes of pulses in the first phase through the platform.

The initial hurdles will be there as most of the farmers are illiterate and are in bad condition, Paswan said, as per a joint statement issued by MSTC and CRWC.

It added that now various crops whose price increases due to rainfall or bad weather conditions, will be managed and get the market.

He said even transport will face initial hurdles that will be sorted out over time.

E-RaKAM is a first-of-its-kind initiative that leverages technology to connect farmers of the smallest villages to the biggest markets of the world through internet and e-RaKAM centres.

E-RaKAM is developed by MSTC Limited and supported by marketing & logistics partner CRWC Limited.

E-RaKAM is a digital initiative bringing together the farmers, FPOs, PSUs, civil supplies and buyers on a single platform to ease the selling and buying process of agricultural products.

Under this initiative, e-RaKAM centres are being developed in a phased manner throughout the country to facilitate farmers for online sale of their produce.

The statement said farmers would be paid through e-Payment directly into their bank accounts.


9)   MeitY, GoI has constituted a committee of experts under the chairmanship of _________ for data protection.
- Published on 02 Aug 17

a. Justice BN Srikrishna
b. Arvind Panagriya
c. Justice Bobde
d. Justice CP Thakur
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Justice BN Srikrishna

Explanation:
The government has accorded importance to data protection and keeping personal data of citizens secure and protected.

Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Government of India has, on 31st July 2017, constituted a Committee of Experts under the Chairmanship of Justice B N Srikrishna, Former Judge, Supreme Court of India.

The committee is also comprising of members from Government, Academia and Industry to study and identify key data protection issues and recommend methods for addressing them.

The committee will also suggest a draft Data Protection Bill. Protection of Data is expected to provide big boost to Digital economy of the country.


10)   To inspire the Swachhata Survekshan 2018 initiative launched, which anthem has been released by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs?
- Published on 01 Aug 17

a. Swachhata Ki Aakansha Jagi Hai
b. Swachhata Ki Kiran Jagi Hai
c. Swachhata Ki Roshini Jagi Hai
d. Swachhata Ki Jyot Jagi Hai
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Swachhata Ki Jyot Jagi Hai

Explanation:
To further inspire the people to participate in the Swachhata Jan Andolan and connect themselves with the ‘Swachhata Survekshan-2018’ launched today, Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs released a song.

Its opening line is ‘Swachhata Ki Jyot Jagi Hai’.(The flame of sanitation has been lit).

This song to be used as the anthem for the survey has been released by Shri Babul Supriyo, Minister of State for Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises.

The song conceived by Shri Supriyo has been scripted by renowned lyricist Shri Prasoon Joshi and visualized free for the ministry by Producer Shri Mukesh Bhatt.

Shri Shankar Mahadevan provided the music.

To be extensively used from today on various platforms including social media to connect the people with the sanitation survey, this song has been rendered by an accomplished team of Shri Babul Supriyo, Shri Udit Narayan, Ms.Shreya Ghoshal, Ms.Alka Yagnik, Akriti Kakar and Shann Banerjee, to the chorus of children.

The song also has messages of Shri Amitabh Bachhan and Shri Sachin Tendulkar.

The song will be dubbed into regional languages for wider outreach.


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