Indian Polity - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   Which former BJP RS MP has joined Congress?
- Published on 16 Jan 17

a. Navjot Singh Sidhu
b. Kirti Azad
c. Sukhbir Badal
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Navjot Singh Sidhu

Explanation:
INC on 15th Jan 2016 announced that cricketer-turned-politician Navjot Singh Sidhu will formally join the party.

Sidhu will run for the Amritsar East seat previously held by his wife and a part of his former Lok Sabha seat of Amritsar.

Congress announced that former CM and state unit chief Amarinder Singh and Sidhu would visit Darbar Sahib on January 19.

Sidhu's wife Navjot Kaur joined the party on November 28 along with former India hockey captain Pargat Singh, an Akali Dal legislator.

Pargat collaborated with Sidhu to form the Awaaz-e-Punjab outfit which has dissolved with its other component.

Ever since he resigned from Rajya Sabha and quit BJP, Sidhu and his associates have been looking to explore political options.


2)   Who was India's first Election Commissioner?
- Published on 05 Jan 17

a. Achal Kumar Jyoti
b. Nasim Zaidi
c. HS Brahma
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: None of the above

Explanation:
Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) Nasim Zaidi on Jan 4, 2016 announced a number of new measures for the upcoming assembly elections in five states.

Zaidi announced putting up of four posters at each polling station, informing the voters of locations of booths, and other Dos and Don'ts. Colourful voter guide with photo voter's slip to be introduced for the first time.

The posters were a statutory requirement at all polling stations, he said. A voting assistance booth would also be kept at the polling stations.

The height of the voting compartment would also be raised to 30 inches this time. This was done to conceal the upper part of the body of the voters, the movement of which might giveaway the button they were pressing. This is being done to maintain secrecy.

The five states going to polls this year were Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Goa, and Manipur.

Know More About CEC

  • Incumbent: Syed Nasim Ahmad Zaidi (since 19 April 2015)
  • Nominator: Government of India
  • Appointer: President of India
  • Term length: 6 yrs or up to 65 yrs of age (whichever is earlier)
  • Salary: ₹90,000 per month


3)   SC has extended judicial review powers in what way on Jan 2, 2017?
- Published on 04 Jan 17

a. Re-promulgation of ordinance is illegal.
b. Ordinances passed by President and State Governors by bypassing legislature are not immune from judicial review.
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both of the above

Explanation:
SC on 2nd Jan 2017 passed a ruling stating that re-promulgation of an ordinance was a fraud on the Constitution.

It also ruled that ordinances passed by the President and State Governors by bypassing the legislature are not immune from judicial review.

Decision was taken by a constitution bench comprising 7 justices headed by CJ TS Thakur with a majority of 6-1.

The bench states that since an ordinance has the same force as law passed by legislature, it should be placed before the parliament at centre or state level.

Failure in placing the ordinance before the Parliament or state legislature would be a serious constitutional violation.

Apart from CJ Thakur, all others including Justices Uday Umesh Lalit, L. Nageswara Rao, Adarsh Kumar Goel and SA Bobde agreed to the decision.

The ruling also said the court would review if the President or Governor would implement the ordinance based on relevant or ulterior motives.

No legal rights will be given to beneficiaries of ordinance after expiry/withdrawal.

The riling came with the re-promulgation of the Bihar Sanskrit Schools Ordinance (1989).

The Bihar state govt approached SC following Patna HC verdict which stated repeated promulgation of the ordinance was unconstitutional.


4)   Election Commission of India has launched a mobile based monitoring system for which upcoming elections?
- Published on 03 Jan 17

a. Punjab
b. Uttar Pradesh
c. Delhi
d. Tripura
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Punjab

Explanation:
Election Commission of India has introduced mobile based monitoring system for the Punjab Assembly elections.

ECI has decided to introduce this system to ensure free and fair 2017 assembly elections in Punjab.

Mobile apps are for maintaining law and order and streamlining the functioning of polling staff.

These important features will enable real time data pertaining to polling by polling staff.

Complaints received by the ECI will also be dealt online.

Specialized training will be provided to poll officers and officials to get them aware of modern technology at the time of elections.

Election Commission of India

  • Formed: 25 January 1950 (Later celebrated as National Voters Day)
  • Jurisdiction: India
  • Headquarters: New Delhi
  • Agency executives:
  • Syed Nasim Ahmad Zaidi IAS, Chief Election Commissioner
  • Dilip Sharma IRS, Director General
  • Website: eci.nic.in


5)   General Secretary of SP has declared whom as the new party president?
- Published on 03 Jan 17

a. Akhilesh Yadav
b. Shivpal Yadav
c. Ram Gopal Yadav
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Akhilesh Yadav

Explanation:
General Secretary of the Samajwadi Party, Ramgopal Yadav declared current UP Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav as the new national president of the party on Jan 1, 2017. He replaced father Mulayam Singh Yadav as the new party president.

This announcement was made at the emergency party meeting held at Lucknow's Neshwar Mishra Park.

Akhilesh Yadav was selected as SP national president with a unanimous national executive board. He will now reconstitute all the party's state bodies.

Mulayam Singh Yadav was transferred to the post of supreme guide or margdarshak of the party, whose main job was to advise the new leadership.

Shivpal Yadav, president of the Samajwadi Party's UP unit was also removed from his post. Naresh Uttam has been appointed in his place.

An emergency convention was held by several party members and prominent leaders.

The move was followed by the recent expulsion of Akhilesh Yadav and Ramgopal Yadav from the party by then chief Mulayam Singh Yadav which was revoked a day later.

The meeting where Akhilesh was selected party president was called unconstitutional, undisciplined and against the party image by Mulayam Singh Yadav.

This suggests a party split.

Meanwhile, Mulayam Singh Yadav approached the EC to stake claim over the cycle symbol hours after canceling the Jan 5 party convention called by him.

Claiming to have the backing of the SP Parliamentary Board, he said the party symbol cycle belonged to the party president.

Ram Gopal Yadav moved a resolution at emergency convention of SP in Lucknow anointing Akhilesh as party president.

He said as per SP constitution, the decision needs the backing of the Parliamentary Board which was absent.

About the Samajwadi Party

  • Founded: October 4, 1992
  • Newspaper: Samajwadi Bulletin
  • Ideology: Left-wing populism, Democratic socialism
  • Political position: Left-wing politics
  • Alliance: Janata Parivar (2015-present), Left Front (1992-2015)
  • Founder: Mulayam Singh Yadav


6)   CM Pema Khandu has joined which party?
- Published on 02 Jan 17

a. BJP
b. PPA
c. INC
d. BJD
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: BJP

Explanation:
Chief Minister Pema Khandu and 32 other legislators of the People’s Party of Arunachal (PPA) switched loyalties on the last day of the year, gifting the BJP its first full-fledged government in the North East - though there was one for 44 days in 2003 under Gegong Apang - and the tenth in the country.

In the 60-member House, the BJP strength is now 45 and it has the support of two independents.

The PPA count is down to 10 while the Congress has only three members.

In the last twelve months, the state has had four chief ministers.

Khandu said the people of the state wanted a stable government “in line with” that of Narendra Modi at the Centre.

The Chief Minister assured the state that this would be the last change until the 2019 assembly elections.

Arunachal Pradesh becomes 10th BJP ruled state and 14th with BJP alliances.

Mr Khandu now has the support of 46 MLAs in the 60 member state legislative assembly, way ahead of the 31 seats - the magic number.

This is the second time BJP has come to power in Arunachal. Last time was in 2003 when under almost similar circumstances Gegong Apang took away MLAs from Congress and formed a BJP government only to return to the Congress fold.


7)   Which CM was suspended by his own party on 29th Dec 2016?
- Published on 30 Dec 16

a. Pema Khandu
b. O. Pannerselvam
c. Mehbooba Mufti
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Pema Khandu

Explanation:
Peoples’ Party of Arunachal (PPA) on 29 December 2016 suspended Chief Minister Pema Khandu along with six other MLAs from the primary membership of the party. They were suspended due to anti-party activities.

With this suspension, CM Khandu ceased to be the leader of the PPA Legislature Party.

Others suspended from the party include Deputy Chief Minister Chowna Mein and MLAs, namely Chow Tewa Mein, Passang Dorjee Sona, Jambey Tashi, Zingnu Namchom and Kamlung Mossang.

PPA President Kahfa Bengia said they were placed under temporary suspension from the primary membership of the party with immediate effect.

Disciplinary proceedings will be initiated against them.

Bengia also said that the party would elect a new legislature party leader.

Know More about Pema Khandu & PPA

  • On 17 July 2016, Khandu replaced Nabam Tuki as the Chief Minister of the state.
  • Pema Khandu, the son of the former CM late Dorjee Khandu, is one of the 42 former Congress leaders who rebelled from the party.
  • He joined PPA in mid-September 2016.
  • PPA is a regional political party in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • It was founded by Bakin Pertin and Tomo Riba in 1979.
  • At present, the party is a member of the North East Democratic Alliance (NEDA), a political coalition formed by the Bhartiya Janata Party along with several other regional parties.


8)   The President promulgated an ordinance on 22nd Dec 2016. It concerns:
- Published on 26 Dec 16

a. Enemy property
b. Family property
c. Movable property
d. Immovable property
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Enemy property

Explanation:
President of India on 22nd December, 2016 passed the Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Fifth Ordinance, 2016 (8 of 2016).

Following the Indo-China aggression in 1962, specific properties of Chinese nationals in India were vested in the Custodian through Defence of India Rules 1962.

Following the Indo-Pak wars in 1965 and 1971, the movable and immovable properties of Pakistani nations was vested in the Custodian of Enemy Property for India.

Their vesting was continued in the Custodian by the Enemy Property Act, 1968.

Government of Pakistan has disposed of all the properties of Indians impounded by them.

Claims are therefore being made to regain properties by legal hairs and successors of enemy nationals.

To prevent the vested properties, the Ordinance for the first time was promulgated on 7th Jan 2016.

It was passed by the LS on March 9, 2016.

Ordinance was promulgated for the second time on April 2nd, 2016.

The Ordinance was then issued for the third time on 31st May 2016 incorporating the amendments.

As the Bill is not being considered by RS, the ordinance was promulgated on 28th Aug 2016 for the fourth time.

The amendments are aimed at plugging the loopholes in the principal Act to ensure that the enemy properties worth thousands of crores of rupees vested in the Custodian do not revert to the enemy, enemy subject or enemy firm.

Thus, in the larger public interest and to safeguard the interest of Central Government, the Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Fifth Ordinance, 2016 (8 of 2016) has been promulgated.

Indo-Pak Wars

  • War of 1947.
  • War of 1965.
  • War of 1971.
  • Siachen conflict.
  • Kargil War.
  • 2001–02 standoff.
  • 2008 standoff.
  • Border skirmishes. 2011. 2013. 2014–15. 2016 confrontation.


9)   Samajwadi Party of UP on 22nd Dec 2016 passed a resolution to transfer how many subcastes in OBCs into SC category?
- Published on 26 Dec 16

a. 15
b. 16
c. 17
d. 18
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 17

Explanation:
UP’s Samajwadi Party led government on 22nd Dec 2016 passed a resolution to transfer 17 sub-castes in Other Backward Castes into Scheduled Castes category.

Decision was taken at a cabinet meeting chaired by CM Akhilesh Yadav.

The inclusion of sub castes into the SC category was one of the main commitments of the SP government in 2012 when it attained power.

17 sub-castes which the government wants to be included in the SC category include: Kashyap, Kewat, Batham, Gaur, Kahar, Nishad, Bind, Bhar, Rajbhar, Rapajapati, Majhi, Tura, Mallah, Kumhar, Dheemar, Machua

Along with this, the state government also moved another resolution to send this proposal to the Union Government for further consideration.

Inclusion of these 17 sub-castes into SC category now rests with the Union Government.

This marks the second time the SP government has made an attempt in this direction.

The decision was taken without the consent of the Union government. The Allahabad HC quashed the decision declaring the move unconstitutional and void.

The two main supplementary legislations included the Central GST Bill and the State GST Bill.

Council will also meet to sort out the issue of dual control or cross empowerment.


10)   Najeeb Jung resigned from LG Delhi’s post. He assumed charge on?
- Published on 23 Dec 16

a. 9th July, 2013
b. 10th September 2013
c. 10th March, 2013
d. 9th March 2013
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 9th July, 2013

Explanation:
Lieutenant Governor of Delhi Najeeb Jung submitted his resignation to the Union Government on 22 December 2016.

He resigned 18 months short of his tenure.

In an official press release, he thanked Prime Minister Narendra Modi for all his cooperation during his tenure as Lt Governor.

He also thanked Arvind Kejriwal, the Chief Minister of Delhi, for his association in past two years and people of Delhi for their support especially during the one year’s President Rule in Delhi.

He was serving Delhi as its 20th LG of the National Capital Territory of Delhi.

He assumed charge of Lt Governor of Delhi on 9 July 2013.

He also served Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI) as its 13th Vice-Chancellor between 2009 and 2013.

JMI is a central university in Delhi.

A former civil servant, he was a 1973 batch MP cadre IAS officer.


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