Indian Polity - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   Which group A engineering service was constituted on 21st June 2017?
- Published on 23 Jun 17

a. Indian Naval Material Management Service
b. Indian Naval Store Officers
c. Indian Naval Store Material Management
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Indian Naval Material Management Service

Explanation:
The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved constitution of an organized Group ‘A’ Engineering Service, namely Indian Naval Material Management Service (INMMS) and consequent changes in cadre structure of existing Group ‘A’ cadre of Naval Store Officers of the Indian Navy.

Constitution of an Organized Group ‘A’ Service would attract the best talents available and bring in technically qualified Material Managers. It will improve the functional efficiency of Material Management of Naval Stores and ensure operational readiness of the Navy at all times.

The proposed INMMS would attract the best talents available and will provide a reservoir of technically qualified Material Managers for handling the Materials Management functions of Indian Navy.

It will improve the functional efficiency of Material Management of Naval Stores and ensure operational readiness of the Navy at all times as well as provide better career prospects for the incumbents.


2)   With the lowering of the Sardar Sarovar Dam, the live storage capacity would rise by _______ MCM.
- Published on 21 Jun 17

a. 1564
b. 5740
c. 4175
d. 3175
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 4175

Explanation:
Narmada Control Authority (NCA) has cleared the proposal of final raising of the Sardar Sarovar Dam (SSD) in Gujarat by lowering of the gates and impounding of water in the reservoir up to its Full Reservoir Level (FRL) of EL 138.68 meters.

Before clearing the proposal for raising the Sardar Sarovar Dam, the NCA in its meeting on 16 June 2017 considered all aspects of Environmental and Resettlement and Rehabilitation (R&R) issues.

With this lowering of the SSD, the live storage capacity of the dam would increase from 1565 to 5740 million cubic metres (MCM) i.e. by 4175 MCM (267%).

Secondly, the clean hydro-power generation will go up by existing 1300 MW to 1450 MW with increase in annual generation by about 1100 Million Units (i.e. about INR 400/- crore per annum).

In addition, this additional storage would irrigate about 8 lakh hectares and provide drinking water to about one crore people. As it is well known, the Sardar Sarovar Project would primarily meet the water requirement of drought prone and desert areas of Gujarat and Rajasthan.

Prior to clearance by NCA, the Environment Sub-group of NCA chaired by Shri Ajay Narayan Jha, Secretary (MoEF&CC) reviewed the implementation of Environment Safeguard Measures on 1 May 2017 and after observing substantial progress, recommended Phase-II proposal of lowering down of the gates and impounding of water in the reservoir to FRL of EL 138.68 mts.

The Environment Sub-group has also asked the State Governments to complete leftover works by 30 June 2017.

The Resettlement and Rehabilitation sub-group chaired by G Latha Krishna Rao, Secretary (MoSJ&E) reviewed the progress of R&R and the opinions received from Grievance Redressal Authorities (GRAs) of the States of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra on 16 June 2017.

The State Governments have assured to address all issues of Project Affected Families (PAFs) on priority basis in accordance with Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal (NWDT) Award, liberalized policies of the State Governments and Supreme Court Order dated 8 February 2017.

NCA has permitted final raising of SSD after following the procedure laid down by Supreme Court order dated 18 October 2000 in WP(C) 328 of 2002 in Narmada Bachao Andolan Vs. Union of India & others.

Last time the proposal of raising the SSD was cleared on 12 June 2014, wherein permission for Phase-I construction of piers, overhead bridge and installation of gates in open or raised position was granted.

At that time, the effective height of SSD remained at EL 121.92 meters with backwater levels of EL 134.32 meters at dam site.


3)   Who is the first judge to be absconding from office on the day of his retirement?
- Published on 14 Jun 17

a. Justice Karnan
b. Justice Bobde
c. Justice Misra
d. Justice Ghose
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Justice Karnan

Explanation:
Calcutta High Court Judge CS Karnan, who was sentenced six months of imprisonment by Supreme Court, retired on 12 June 2017 at the age of 62, the retirement age for a High Court judge.

Justice Karnan has been absconding from the office of Calcutta HC judge since May 2017 to escape arrest after the Supreme Court sentenced him to six months imprisonment for contempt of court and ordered his immediate arrest, making him India’s first such judge to face this.

Karnan was not present at the Calcutta High Court on the day of his retirement as he is banned from performing his judicial duties since February 2017.

In May 2017, Justice CS Karnan was sentenced for imprisonment for repeated incidents of contempt of court.

It was also the first time that the Supreme Court has sent a high court judge to jail on charges of contempt.

The Supreme Court bench comprising Justices Dipak Misra, J Chelameswar, Ranjan Gogoi, M B Lokur, P C Ghose and Kurian Joseph prohibited media from publishing any orders passed by Justice Karnan.

Justice Karnan was accused of contempt after he named 20 corrupt judges of India earlier in 2017 and sought an investigation alleging corruption in the judiciary. In March 2017, the SC ordered the Calcutta government hospital to constitute a medical board to examine the medical condition of Justice Karnan and submit a report to the court.

However, Justice Karnan refused to undergo medical tests.

Instead, he sentenced eight judges of the Supreme Court to five years of rigorous imprisonment and imposed a fine of Rs 100000 each under the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989.


4)   What has Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) being renamed as in English?
- Published on 06 Jun 17

a. Haryana Sahari Vikas Pradhikaran
b. Haryana Sarkari Vikas Pradhikaran
c. Haryana Sahakari Vihas Pradhikaran
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Haryana Sahari Vikas Pradhikaran

Explanation:
The BJP government in Haryana has altered the name of Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) citing reason that it bears similarities with the name of former Chief Minister of the state Bhupinder Singh Hooda.

The authority was called Haryana Shahari Vikas Pradhikaran in Hindi. In English, it was known as Haryana Urban Development Authority.

Now the government has decided to call it Haryana Sahari Vikash Pradhikaran in Hindi as well as English, the report says.

The decision was taken during a state cabinet meeting chaired by Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar yesterday.

Speaking on the government’s decision, Health Minister Anil Vij said that similarities in the names of Hooda and HUDA used to create a lot of confusion. It is was difficult to differentiate between the two names.


5)   The National Contact centre has been launched by EC for what purpose?
- Published on 15 May 17

a. Get query or complaint relating to elections registered
b. Enquire on subjects such as elections, voting dates, electoral roll and online registration
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both of the above

Explanation:
The Election Commission of India has launched National Contact Centre with a toll free number- 1800111950.

The move would enable any citizen from any part of the country to call on the toll-free number and get their query or complaint addressed at any time of the day in Hindi or English.

The callers would be able to enquire on subjects such as elections, voting dates, electoral roll and online registration.

They would also be able to register their complaints by simply dialling the toll free number.

The executives at the Contact centre would also be making outbound calls to educate the electors and spread voter awareness.

The National Contact Centre is operated on a National Grievance Redressal System Software.

The Redressal software is a single window platform to manage complaints and feedback received through calls, emails, sms and website access in an integrated and time-bound manner.

Callers may connect with the executives to lodge a complaint and enquire about its status of receipt and disposal as well as to give suggestions and feedback at every step of the way.

The EC through the establishment of the Contact Centre aims to bring about electoral reforms that empower the citizens and officials to monitor and report any irregularity or violation of the ECI’s instructions during, before or post elections.

Soon each state and Union Territory would also be setting up dedicated State Contact Centres (SCC) and District Contact Centres (DCC) in order to ensure smooth flow of information across the contact centres for proper redressal of issues and queries of the citizens.

National Contact Centre would also have IT protocols to ensure that any call landing at NCC is properly redirected to the respective State Contact Centre.


6)   What does ICMIS stand for, in the context of SC?
- Published on 11 May 17

a. Integrated Client Management Information System
b. Integrated Client Management Indepth System
c. Indian Case Management Information System
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: None of the above

Explanation:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated Supreme Court’s Integrated Case Management Information System (ICMIS).

This digital filing system will mark Supreme Court’s first towards becoming a paperless, digital court.

ICMIS is hailed as the biggest and most ambitious leap in judicial system.

Subsequently, all High Courts, District Courts, Sub-Division Courts will be integrated with the new system.

Later on, all the jails in the country will be Integrated by ICMIS software.

ICMIS will help litigants access data and obtain information about the filing, delays etc.

It would pave way for the integration of all courts in the country.

The appellants hereafter is not required to file the records as the records will be picked up electronically from trial courts and high courts.

The digital filing system will also help in ushering transparency as nothing can be manipulated with this paperless system.

Also, the litigants will be able to know the progress of the case on real time basis.


7)   What does RERA stand for, in the context of real estate regulation law?
- Published on 02 May 17

a. Real Estate (Development and Regulation) Act
b. Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act
c. Real Estate (Regulation) Act
d. Real Estate (Development ) Act
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act

Explanation:
Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act (RERA) is expected to usher in an urban real estate revolution in India.

Flat property prices over the past two years have made the real estate sector a no-go zone for investors.

But RERA, along with demonetisation and goods and service tax (GST), will make sure that the market is largely driven by end users.

While RERA benefits the builders by bringing in more transparency and accountability, which will stand them in good stead by ensuring the flow of institutional funds, the real winner will be the end-user–the home buyers.

The immediate impact would be likely on consolidation, how capital is raised and deployed, and increasing compliance costs for developer. It will also impact transparency, demand uplift and consolidation.

However rules put forward by states have diluted many provisions, keeping most of ongoing projects outside the ambit of the law that would come into effect from May 1.

States such as Odisha and Bihar have notified rules that are completely in sync with the one notified by the Union housing and poverty alleviation ministry.

In contrast, Haryana's draft rules, notified last week, have completely left out disclosures by builders on the sanctioned plan, layout and specifications at the time of booking with all subsequent changes till date.

This omission will give legal colour to all unilateral changes done by builders and will give them an escape route to avoid paying compensation to home buyers.

In Maharashtra, a provision has been included to allow builders to take out or divest from a project after occupancy certificate has been issued.

This means, the builder can pull out its entire investment before completion of common areas, facilities and amenities.

In UP, the norms related to compounding of offences have been diluted as no specific amount has been mentioned. There is provision for 'up to' (a certain amount), which means it may even be zero.

This will encourage corruption as quantum of money to be paid will be at the discretion of the authority.

The urban development ministry has allowed relaxation even in Delhi, where rules specify that promoters need to provide details of only those court cases which have been disposed of during the last five years.

This is despite the housing ministry clearly stating that builders need to provide details of all pending cases.


8)   What does VVPAT stand for, in voting?
- Published on 21 Apr 17

a. Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail
b. Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail
c. Voter Verified Paper Auditing Trail
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail

Explanation:
The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval for procurement of Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) Units for use in the General Elections, 2019.

The decision of the Government would enable the Election Commission of India to deploy VVPAT Units in all polling booths in the General Elections, 2019.

This will act as an additional layer of transparency for the satisfaction of voters, allaying any apprehension in the minds of the voters as to the fidelity and integrity of the EVMs.

VVPAT: Know More

  • Voter-verifiable paper audit trail (VVPAT) or verifiable paper record (VPR) is a method of providing feedback to voters.
  • It is using a ballotless voting system.
  • A VVPAT is intended as an independent verification system for voting machines designed to allow voters to verify that their vote was cast correctly.
  • It is used to detect possible election fraud or malfunction, and to provide a means to audit the stored electronic results.
  • It contains name of the candidate (for whom vote has been casted) and symbol of the party/ individual candidate.


9)   Which of the following recommendations of the Parliamentary Committee was accepted by President?
- Published on 19 Apr 17

a. Speeches of dignitaries including President should be delivered in Hindi alone
b. National carrier Air India should have Hindi inflight journals
c. All PSU communications should be in Hindi
d. Both a and b
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both a and b

Explanation:
President Pranab Mukherjee has accepted the recommendations of a parliamentary committee that says speeches of dignitaries, including the President and Union Ministers, should be delivered in Hindi alone if they can.

To promote Hindi, the President has directed the Aviation Ministry to ensure that national carrier Air India have Hindi in-flight journals.

However, the president has rejected the idea of mandatory use of Hindi in all official communication of public share holding companies or forcing private companies to bring out a Hindi catalogue of their products.

He has also turned down the proposal of a minimum knowledge of Hindi as a prerequisite for a government job.

The Committee of Parliament on Official Languages made over 100 recommendations in 2011 to promote Hindi and interestingly, even then the Committee was headed by a non-Hindi speaking politician, former Home Minister P Chidambaram.


10)   Which state government prohibited names of government functionaries on foundation stones and plaques?
- Published on 17 Apr 17

a. Punjab
b. Haryana
c. MP
d. HP
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Punjab

Explanation:
Punjab government has prohibited the inclusion of names of the government functionaries, including ministers and MLAs, on foundation stones and inaugural plaques.

This is to build a stronger connect with the people by shedding the VIP culture.

The state government has clarified that though there is no bar on government functionaries and leaders attending or laying the foundation stone of any project, the practice of inscribing their names on foundation stones or plaques would be discarded with immediate effect.

Further, the order has clarified that henceforth all projects and programmes, including those inaugurated by the CM, would be “dedicated to the people of Punjab”.

The order comes at the backdrop of cabinet minister Sadhu Singh Dharamsot threatening a government school principal over his name not being at the top of the inauguration plaque went viral on social media.

The chief minister of Punjab has been seen taking various initiatives to shed VIP culture in the state.

Singh and his cabinet ministers gave up the symbolic red beacon light on their vehicles, fulfilling a promise on the party’s election manifesto.

Punjab Government: Know More

  • Seat of Government : Chandigarh
  • Governor: Vijayendrapal Singh
  • Chief Minister: Amarinder Singh
  • LegislatureAssembly: Punjab Vidhan Sabha
  • Members in Assembly: 117
  • Judiciary
  • High Court: Punjab & Haryana High Court
  • Chief Justice: Justice Shiavax Jal Vazifdar (Acting Chief Justice)


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