Summits & Meetings - Current Affairs Questions and Answers

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1)   India's first tribal entrepreneurship summit was organised where in Chattisgarh on 14th Nov, 2017?
- Published on 15 Nov 17

a. Dantewada
b. Durg
c. Bhopal
d. Indore
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Dantewada

Explanation:
India's first Tribal Entrepreneurship Summit has been organised here in Chhattisgarh on 14th Nov, 2017, aiming to inspire, nurture and promote the spirit of entrepreneurship among the tribal youth.

Union MoS Science and Technology YS Chowdhary inaugurated the event, organized by NITI Aayog in partnership with Government of United States of America.

The event is a part of 8th Global Entrepreneurship Summit being held in India.

The summit witnessed the participation of tribal entrepreneurs from various sectors across the country and abroad. The summit has been addressed by eminent speakers from NITI Aayog, health and agri-pharma sectors.

The speakers emphasised the importance of forest produce in generating livelihood opportunities for tribals.


2)   The 4th India-Canada Ministerial Dialogue on which economic activities was held in New Delhi on 13th Nov 2017?
- Published on 14 Nov 17

a. Trade and Investment
b. Export
c. Import
d. Bilateral trade
e. Both a and d
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both a and d

Explanation:
The 4th India-Canada Ministerial Dialogue on Trade and Investment was held in New Delhi on 13th Nov, 2017.

The Indian Delegation was led by the Minister for Commerce and Industry, Shri Suresh Prabhu while the Canadian side was headed by the Minister for International Trade, Mr. Francois-Philippe Champagne.

The talks were held in a friendly and encouraging atmosphere covering a host of trade and investment issues.

Both sides recognized that the current bilateral trade is much below the potential between the two world's robust economies, despite the huge untapped potential for two-way trade and investment.

Both sides noted the progress made during the 10th Round of the India-Canada Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) held in August, 2017 and expressed their strong commitment for taking forward negotiations for early conclusion.

India also highlighted the importance of Services Component under CEPA.

Both sides also noted the exchange of wish lists on the Services front and the Indian side reiterated that the architecture for Services under CEPA is a vital focus area and response from Canada on positive elements has to be mutually beneficial.

Both sides also took note of the progress made under the Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) and expressed their hope for an early conclusion.

Also, both sides deliberated on possible cooperation between the supporting agencies concerned, for mutual benefit as well as finding these agencies contributing directly or indirectly for promoting mutual trade interests.

The other issues such as early institutionalization of the CEO Forum mechanism, issue of extension of derogation of pulses, etc. were also discussed.


3)   Second meeting of the EAC and the PM fostered a clear road map for which of the following?
- Published on 13 Nov 17

a. Skill development
b. Job creation
c. Enhanced resource investment in social sector
d. Both b and c
e. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: All of the above

Explanation:
The Second Meeting of the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister chaired by Dr. Bibek Debroy, Member NITI Aayog, spelt out a clear road map for stepping up skill development, job creation; enhanced resource investment in the social sector- including for Health and Education and for boosting Infrastructure financing.

It formulated far reaching recommendations to guide the evolving framework for the Fifteenth Finance Commission, including the incentivisation of States for achieving Health, Education and Social Inclusion outcomes.

The Council is also evolving the design of a new Economy Tracking Monitor, linking economic growth indicators with social indicators for last mile connectivity.

Improvements needed in National Accounts and innovative steps for unlocking the growth, exports and employment potential of growth drivers were also deliberated upon, including through transformation of India's Gold Market.

The meeting was attended by the EAC-PM Chairman Dr. Bibek Debroy and Members-renowned economists Dr. Surjit Bhalla, Dr. Rathin Roy, Dr. Ashima Goyal, Dr. Shamika Ravi and Member alongwith the Member Secretary and Principal Adviser NITI Aayog Mr. Ratan P. Watal.

The deliberations of the Council took stock of the economic and social analysis done by the theme groups and evolving initiatives led by different Members.

The Council identified key issues, strategies and recommended interventions in respect of these themes.

EAC-PM Meet

  • Lead presentations to the Council were made by experts on key themes including Infrastructure Financing by the Chairman EAC-PM Dr. Bibek Debroy, who underlined the need for infrastructure financing to be accorded high priority, with new mechanisms for a risk coverage umbrella.
  • Member NITI Aayog, Dr. Vinod K. Paul highlighted strategies for achieving Swastha Bharat by 2022.
  • The Skill Development Strategies were presented by Dr. Secretary Skill Development, KP Krishnan who highlighted convergent initiatives to reach out to youth and women.
  • Secretary MoSPI, Dr. TCA Anant outlined improvements needed in National Accounts, complemented by the presentation by the Member Secretary EAC-PM, Mr. Ratan P. Watal demystifying issues on the current account deficit and the gold market.
  • He also shared recommendations on the evolving framework for the Fifteenth Finance Commission.
  • The unique feature of the new Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister is turning out to be its ability to link economic growth with social aspects, with greater last mile connectivity.
  • Its value addition as an independent institutional mechanism for providing informed advice to the Prime Minister is increasingly being recognized, with focused time bound recommendations to move from policy to practice, benefiting from consultation with a wide spectrum of experts and stakeholders.


4)   India Disaster Response Summit was organised jointly by NDMA and which social media channel?
- Published on 10 Nov 17

a. Twitter
b. Facebook
c. Instagram
d. Pinterest
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Facebook

Explanation:
Shri Kiren Rijiju inaugurated the 'India Disaster Response Summit', organised jointly by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and Facebook, on how best to leverage social media platforms to 'prepare, respond and recover' for, during and after a disaster.

Calling it a great example of execution on the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi's ten-point agenda on Disaster Management, which has clearly listed harnessing technological innovations to create a culture of disaster resilience in the country, Shri Rijiju said, the world is moving towards partnerships, where people are proactively partnering with the Government in responding to disasters.

This partnership is a benchmark and first of its kind - GoI are the first Government to partner with Facebook on disaster response.

Shri Rijiju also invited other technology companies to create tailored solutions for disaster-related challenges.

Disaster Information Volunteers (DIV) programme, wherein a network of trained volunteers would provide supplementary information on disasters in their local communities to assist Government relief efforts through the Facebook Workplace platform, was introduced.

The programme will be piloted in two disaster prone states - Assam and Uttarakhand, he added. Facebook will now share its disaster maps, developed using aggregated, de-identified data, with NDMA.

These maps can aid swift disaster response by providing real-time, actionable information.


5)   The 21st World Congress of Mental Health was held in which city?
- Published on 07 Nov 17

a. Delhi, India
b. Lahore, Pakistan
c. Dhaka, Bangladesh
d. Chennai, India
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Delhi, India

Explanation:
President Ramnath Kovind launched the 21st World Congress of Mental Health, organised by the World Federation for Mental Health in partnership with Caring Foundation and other institutions.

He added that the biggest obstacle mental health patients encounter is stigma and denial.

A major gap in combating the mental health challenge, experts said, is that of human resource. India has 1.25 billion people but just 700,000 doctors - less than one million.

In the field of mental health, the scarcity is even more acute. There are only about 5,000 psychiatrists and less than 2,000 clinical psychologists in the country.

The President said that India's National Mental Health Programme is building 22 centres of excellence in the field of mental health.

The District Mental Health Programme has already covered 517 of 650 districts in India. It is taking the conversation about mental health to the grass-root of society.

The World Congress of Mental Health will comprise key sessions such as those on terrorism and mental health care; the Mental Health Care Act, 2017; role of films and mental healthcare; spirituality and guru as therapist; Vishwa Samvad, which is a global dialogue across stakeholders, including patients and caregivers; sports and mental health; and youth and mental healthcare.


6)   Which of the following is a common orthopaedic birth defect?
- Published on 02 Nov 17

a. Spina bifidia
b. Clubfoot
c. Cleft lip
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Clubfoot

Explanation:
The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, inaugurated the Global Clubfoot Conference being organised by the CURE India in partnership with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, in New Delhi (November 1, 2017).

The clubfoot is one of the most common orthopaedic birth defects. It can cause permanent disability if not treated early.

This affects the child’s mobility and confidence. Inevitably, education and schooling suffer - and the child cannot fulfil his or her potential.

In India the burden of disability affects more than 10 million people. The differently-abled or Divyang as we call them deserve equal opportunities in all avenues of life.

Mainstreaming their social and professional experience is a commitment for all of us. Having said that, many of these disabilities are preventable or curable - which is often forgotten.

Prevention, treatment and mainstreaming have to go in parallel.

Polio was once a serious cause of loco-motor disability, but over the past six years we have not had a single case of paralytic poliomyelitis.

Public hospitals are partnering with CURE International India to reach out to as many children as possible. The programme is now active in 29 states of India.

What is Clubfoot?

  • Clubfoot is a birth defect where one or both feet are rotated inwards and downwards. The affected foot, calf, and leg may be smaller than the other.
  • Initial treatment is most often with the Ponseti method.
  • The condition is less common among Chinese and more common among Maori. Males are affected about twice as often as females.


7)   Where is the World Food India 2017 expo being held in Nov 2017?
- Published on 17 Oct 17

a. New Delhi
b. Chennai
c. Mumbai
d. Kolkata
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: New Delhi

Explanation:
As India gets ready to host its biggest food event aiming to transform the food economy and double farmers’ income, a glimpse of the grandeur and the immensity of the event to industry leaders, heads of foreign missions and media in an interactive session was shared.

India is the second largest producer of food, leader in milk, fruits & vegetables, cereals and marine. It has a huge potential with 127 agro climatic zones and proximity to food importing nations.

With a 1.3 billion population, and a retail sector that is set to treble by 2020, it offers a large demand driven market.

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana, an enabling environment and an innovation culture to foster strategic partnerships in the food processing industry to create an advantage to all the stakeholders.

World Food India 2017 provides that platform for global partnerships to achieve the said goal.

The potential of India in the food processing industry will be realized during this event.

With World Food India 2017, the Minister said, India is poised to attract an investment target of roughly US$ 10 billion in food processing sector, which will generate 1 million jobs in the next 3 years.

World Food India platform will reinvigorate India’s position as a ‘Global Food Factory’ and a ‘Global Sourcing Hub’.

In a nutshell, the World Food India 2017 gears up to host over 2,000 participants, over 200 companies from 30 countries, 18 ministerial and business delegations, nearly 50 global CEOs along with CEOs of all leading domestic food processing companies, and representatives of 28 States in India.

Germany, Japan and Denmark are Partner Countries to World Food India whereas Italy & Netherlands are Focus Countries.

Curated by Chef Sanjeev Kapoor, the ‘Food Street’ is set to be World food India’s most attractive highlight.

Food Street is an experiential platform that will bring together culinary practices, flavours, fragrances from the world's cuisines, and celebrate India's rich cultural heritage and diverse uniqueness of its produce to create contemporary renditions and fusion food.

The conference also saw a war against food wastage with #NoWasteOnMyPlate campaign.

The campaign lends itself to the strategic intervention that World Food India 2017 will provide in achieving two most critical goals of the Government - doubling farmers’ income by 2022 and reducing post-harvest losses by bringing together global and Indian leaders to collaborate and co-develop solutions across India’s food value chain.


8)   First ever conference of partner NGOs of which ministry was held in Delhi on Oct 9, 2017?
- Published on 10 Oct 17

a. MoEF
b. MoD
c. WCD ministry
d. Science and technology ministry
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: WCD ministry

Explanation:
The first ever conference of Partner NGOs of WCD Ministry was held in New Delhi on Oct 9, 2017.

The Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi inaugurated the conference titled “Implementation of Policies, Schemes and Programmes for Women and Children: Challenges and Way Forward”.

More than 130 participants from various NGOs across the country attended today’s conference aimed at sensitizing them about the various schemes of WCD Ministry and to give them an opportunity to share their experiences and insights.

The Ministry of Women and Child Development has taken up several new initiatives like One Stop Centres, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Women Helpline, National Policy for Women, Bill against Trafficking, National Alliance against Child Abuse amongst many such others.

The flagship scheme launched by the Prime Minister, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao has shown a tremendous success since 104 out of 161 BBBP districts have shown an increasing trend in Sex Ratio at Birth.

This implies a clear cut change in attitude and urged the NGOs to come forward to ensure further success of the scheme.

The conference was based on the following broad themes:

i) Violence Against Women: Prevention and Facilitating Access to Justice

ii) National Policy for Women: Policy Interventions for Gender Parity

iii) Trafficking of Women and Children: Role of State Institutions

iv) Cyber Crime and Children: Prevention and Harm Reduction

v) Implementation of JJ Act: Structural Challenges and Mainstreaming of Children

The expected outcome of the Conference is to ascertain the existing problems and drawbacks in the present set up of delivery system at the grassroots level.

It also aims to develop ways for constructive policy formulation and programme implementation by assessing the lessons discussed during the conference;

Another aim is to increase engagement of these organizations for advocacy on women empowerment and child safety and security.


9)   National Conference on Agriculture for which crop's campaign is being organised on Sept 19, 20 2017?
- Published on 21 Sep 17

a. Kharif
b. Rabi
c. Seasonal
d. Both a and c
e. All the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both a and c

Explanation:
The National Conference onv Agriculture for Rabi Campaign - 2017-18 is being organized on 19th - 20th September, 2017 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.

The Conference was inaugurated by Union Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Minister, Shri Radha Mohan Singh.

Farmers succeeded in attaining the ever highest production of more than 275 million tons of foodgrains and 32 million tons of oilseeds during 2016-17 as per the latest and the 4th Advance Estimates.

The quantum jump in pulse production from previous record of 19.25 million tons in 2013-14 to 22.95 million tons during 2016-17 also took place.

During the two day conference, with the overall aim of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Group Discussions were held on important topics such as on

1. Soil Health Card Scheme – Review and Improvements,
2. Increasing Coverage of Non-loanee Farmers, Area and Crops under PMFBY and use of Modern Technology for Greater Efficiency,
3. e-NAM-Ideas on Improvements,
4. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) – Approach for Sustainable Agriculture,
5. Management of Drought,
6. Review of Post Harvest Management (PHM) & Value Chain in the Country,
7. Drought Proofing of 30 Vulnerable Districts, (8) Doubling Farmers’ Income. Each Group was

In addition, presentations on the following (ix) flagship schemes were made by Joint Secretaries and senior officials to set the tone for discussions:

i. Kharif review & Rabi prospects
ii. Seed Quality Control.
iii. E- National Agriculture Marketing (E-NAM).
iv.Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY).
v. Soil Health Card (SHC).
vi. Organic Farming.
vii. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY).
viii. Horticulture/cold Chain.
ix. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY).


10)   National Conference on which crucial concern is being held on 19th Sept 2017 by WCD ministry?
- Published on 19 Sep 17

a. Under nutrition
b. Vaccination
c. Drinking water
d. Sanitation
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Under nutrition

Explanation:
The Ministry of Women and Child Development held the first ever National Conference in New Delhi tomorrow on Mission Mode to address Under-Nutrition in the country.

The theme of the conference was “Malnutrition Free India-2022”.

Giving details about the conference, the Secretary WCD said that the Government has decided to lay focused attention on this issue.

For this said purpose, Ministry of Women and Child Development has identified 113 districts across the States/UTs based on the composite index of NITI Aayog and prevalence of stunting from NFHS-4 data.

At least one district has been selected from each State/UTs so that the action taken in the selected district can be emulated in the other districts also, he explained.

National Conference, first of its kind, aims at bringing convergence at District/Block levels of the three key Departments (Health & Family Welfare, ICDS/Social Welfare and Drinking Water and Sanitation) wherein a roadmap would be drawn to evolve an appropriate strategy in tackling the problem of stunting, under-nutrition and wasting comprehensively and conclusively.

The conference would be sensitizing the District Collectors/Deputy Commissioners/District Magistrates as well as the District-level officers of Health & Family Welfare, Nutrition (ICDS/SW), Drinking Water & Sanitation Departments in the 113 High Burden Districts along with the Principal Secretaries/Secretaries, in-charge of these three Departments of all States/UTs on a multitude of topics relating to stunting, under-nutrition and wasting and the key strategic interventions which are urgently required.

The District Magistrates/District Collectors/Deputy Commissioners in these 113 high burden districts, through a dashboard, will regularly monitor and review the schemes covering the aspects of nutrition across the line departments within their jurisdiction at least once in a three month period.

Such a review and monitoring at district level would be done in an exclusively and dedicated manner (between 1st to 10th of January, April, July and October every year) to address implementation of schemes having a direct bearing on nutrition and Health.

Malnutrition: Know More

  • The problem of malnutrition is inter-generational and is dependent on multiple factors which inter-alia, include proper Infant & Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices, Immunization, Institutional Delivery, Early Childhood Development, Food Fortification, Deworming, access to safe drinking water & proper sanitation (WASH), Dietary diversification, full ANC checkup, early initiation of breast feeding, ICT enabled real time monitoring and implementation of Anganwadi Services, Improving infrastructure of Anganwadi Centres along with training of Anganwadi workers and other related factors.
  • These factors can also be Area specific or dependent on particular geographical conditions.
  • Further, it requires a convergent approach among all the three departments i.e. Health & Family Welfare, ICDS/Social Welfare and Drinking Water and Sanitation to tackle the issue of malnutrition comprehensively and conclusively.
  • Some of the important sessions at the conference include efficacy of food fortification, sustainable solution through breast feeding, dietary diversification, improving maternal & child health through Mission Indradhanush, improving program delivery effectiveness, accelerating Real Time Monitoring among others.


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