Summits & Meetings - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   Which global investors summit in Jharkhand was held in Khelgaon, Ranchi?
- Published on 22 Feb 17

a. Momentum Jharkhand
b. Go Jharkhand
c. Move Jharkhand
d. Change Jharkhand
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Momentum Jharkhand

Explanation:
The Momentum Jharkhand Global Investors’ Summit 2017 was held for two days at Khelgaon, Ranchi.

The summit was inaugurated by the Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on 16 February 2017.

The objective of the summit was to establish Jharkhand as a premier investment destination for foreign and domestic investors in India.

Besides those from India, more than 9,000 delegates attended the summit from four partner countries ( Japan, Czech Republic, Tunisia and Mongolia).

The attendees were also from 28 other nations such as Australia, the US, the UK, Ukraine, Russia, China, Canada, Nepal, Nigeria, Singapore, Saudi Arabia, Sweden, Sudan, Korea, UAE, Italy, Oman, Venezuela and Pakistan among others.

It was a first of its kind initiative of the State government to showcase Jharkhand as an investment destination.

During the summit, Jharkhand Chief Minister Raghubar Das explained in detail various labour and policy reforms undertaken by the State government to boost State’s Ease of Doing Business ranking.

The Government of Jharkhand, especially the Department of Industries, signed 209 Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) during the Momentum Jharkhand Global Investors’ Summit.

The MoUs are expected to attract INR 3 lakh crore worth of investments from domestic and foreign sources into the State.

These agreements would create three lakh new jobs in the State.

The Essar group announced that the company would invest about Rs 10,000 crore in Jharkhand for setting up a 1200 MW power plant at Tori in Latehar district.

The company also announced development of Toskiud North Coal Mine with an estimated investment of about Rs 1100 crore.

Aditya Birla Group Chairman Kumar Mangalam Birla announced commitment of Rs 5,000 crore in investment in Jharkhand in various sectors including mining.

Jharkhand: Know More

  • Founded: 15 November 2000
  • Area: 79,714 km²
  • Capital: Ranchi
  • Population: 31.9 million (2012)


2)   South Asian Speakers Summit 2017 was held at?
- Published on 22 Feb 17

a. Indore
b. Bhopal
c. Jabalpur
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Indore

Explanation:
The South Asian Speakers Summit 2017 concluded on 20 February 2017 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh.

The summit was organised for three days by the Parliament of India in association with the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).

The summit was held as a follow up to the conclusions of the South Asian Speakers’ Summit. The summit was held in Dhaka, Bangladesh in 2016.

The focus of the summit was to evolve appropriate strategies to achieve goals set by the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda (SDA) of the United Nations.

The summit deliberated on chances and challenges that parliaments in South Asia face in making their contribution to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The agenda of the South Asian Speakers Summit embedded the gender perspective to reflect growing inequalities between men and women.

Discussions also focussed on the impact of climate change on economic and social development in the region. The participants of the summit also discussed measures to strengthen cooperation among parliaments to address today’s most pressing challenges.

IPU: Know More

  • The IPU is the international organization of parliaments.
  • It was established in 1889.
  • The union is the focal point for world-wide parliamentary dialogue and works for peace and co-operation among peoples and for the firm establishment of representative democracy.
  • In October 2011, the IPU adopted its Strategy for 2012-2017 under the overall title – “ Better Parliaments, Stronger Democracy.”
  • The IPU is financed primarily by its members out of public funds.


3)   Where was the first Indian Seed Congress held?
- Published on 20 Feb 17

a. Kolkata
b. Mumbai
c. Delhi
d. Chennai
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Kolkata

Explanation:
The first Indian Seed Congress - 2017, was held in Kolkata.

The theme of Seed Congress is “Seed of Joy” which is very much in line with vision of this government to bring happiness and prosperity in the lives of farmers by doubling their farm income by 2022.

On account of the strategic measures of this government, there has been enhancement in the availability of certified/quality seeds.

The availability of certified / quality seeds in the country has increased from less than 40 lakh quintal during decade of 60 to 370 lakh quintal in 2015-16.

State Governments aim to prepare variety wise seed rolling plants to meet year wise, season wise requirements of quality seeds.

This seed rolling plant will fulfil the double purpose of improving the Seed replacement rate along with Variety replacement rate so that sustainable agricultural production and productivity could be ensured.

Indian Seed Market is growing fast and during the recent past, hybrid seed market of vegetables and cereals has shown remarkable growth.

Indian Seed Industry can emerge as a prominent industry for supplying seeds in international markets.

India has great potentiality to produce hybrid seeds specially costly vegetable seeds on cheap rates as compared to the seeds of the other countries.

Apart from vegetables, the hybrid seeds of maize, paddy, pearl millet and cotton may be exported to SEI and African countries in magnitude.


4)   What is NxGnMiFu-2017?
- Published on 16 Feb 17

a. An international conference on next gen technologies
b. A global mining and fuel industries conference
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both of the above

Explanation:
Both the mineral and energy sectors today are at a critical juncture. The rapid expansions of both these sectors are necessary for inclusive growth of the country.

At the same time the effects of these growth on the environment, landmass, forest inhabitants, etc. need to be addressed.

With a view to encourage initiative and make the mining and minerals industry more competitive, the Government of India has opened up the sector to private entrepreneurs.

CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, Dhanbad organised the International Conference on "NexGen Technologies for Mining and Fuel Industries" [NxGnMiFu-2017] during February 15-17, 2017.

This was at New Delhi on the occasion of CSIR-Platinum Jubilee Celebration to commemorate 75th year of its foundation.

The conference focuses mainly on issues related to Innovative

  • Mining Technologies for Complex Geo-mining Conditions;
  • Mine Safety, Monitoring and Risk Management;
  • Clean Coal Initiatives; Coal to Liquid, Methanol and Urea;
  • Harnessing Coal Bed Methane, Shale Gas and Underground Coal Gasification;
  • Technological Developments in Oil and Gas Sectors and Alternate Clean Energy Initiatives.
R&D needs to innovate new techniques, technologies and applications for clean, safe, symbiotic sustenance of society, environment and industries in post-2020 era will also be discussed.

Around 50 delegates from countries like, UK, Australia, China, Republic of Korea, Czech Republic, Germany, USA, Japan, Canada, South Africa, Nigeria etc. have registered as participants in the event.

More than 170 papers will be deliberated in the Conference which includes 9 keynote papers by eminent personalities who have made significant contributions in their respective areas and 141 oral presentations and 21 poster presentations.


5)   What was the theme of the India Pharma and Medical Device International Conference?
- Published on 14 Feb 17

a. For Responsible Healthcare
b. For Affordable Healthcare
c. For Advanced Healthcare
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: For Responsible Healthcare

Explanation:
Union Minister for Chemicals & Fertilizers and Parliamentary Affairs, Shri Ananthkumar inaugurated the 2nd edition of India Pharma & India Medical Device International Conference in Bengaluru on 12th Feb 2017.

The three day event, with the Vision - ‘For Responsible Healthcare’, is being organized by the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers and Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI) from 11th-13th February, 2017.

The event was called a ‘Pharma and Medical Devices Kumbh.'

The medical industry has achieved a Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of over 15%.

The sector would be worth $55 billion by 2020 from the present $32 billion.

India accounts for around 20% of the World’s generic medicine supply chain, exporting to over 250 countries globally.

Indian Pharma Industry provides over 60% of global vaccines.

Indian Pharma sector has received Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) close to $14 billion and has generated employment for over 2.5 million people across India.

The Pharma Ministry also announced from the podium that Bengaluru, being the hub of Information technology and skilled manpower, would prove to be the ideal location to set up a Pharma and Med Tech Zone and hence the Ministry would work with the State Government to establish it soon.

This step would give a boost to domestic manufacturing of pharmaceuticals and medical devices in India under the Make in India mission, he added.

This marks the second time Karnataka is hosting this conference on Medical Device & Pharmaceutical sector.

This is giving the State an opportunity to emerge as the desired destination for investments under pharma & medical devices sector and give a boost to Make in India Mission in this sector.

The state pharma industry constitutes 264 manufacturing units that include small-medium, large, public sector and multinational companies.

The State stands 5th in Pharmaceuticals exports with 40% of its Pharma produce being exported overseas.

Pharma and Med Tech zone in Andhra Pradesh has attracted over 30 investment proposals from domestic and international pharma companies which has the potential to reduce the manufacturing cost of drugs and medical devices by around 30% as compared to global prices.

The India Pharma exhibition, being held as part of the event, will cover all the segments of the pharmaceutical industry starting from finished formulations, APIs, bio-pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals & intermediates, natural extracts and excipients.

India Medical Device exhibition will showcase med-tech innovations in India across segments from preventive to therapeutic care.

Leading Pharmaceutical & Medical Device companies will showcase their expertise and products to Indian and International Healthcare community at the exhibition that will result in creating new business opportunities.


6)   1st NE Investors Summit was held in which city?
- Published on 31 Jan 17

a. Shillong
b. Jorhat
c. Dispur
d. Aizawl
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Shillong

Explanation:
The Union Textiles Minister Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani inaugurated the 1st North East Investors’ Summit, organized jointly by the Ministry of Textiles and the Ministry of DoNER.

This was at the State Convention Centre, in Shillong on 29th Jan 2017.

The Summit is being organized exclusively for the North Eastern Region, focusing on manufacturing in textiles and allied sectors.

It aims to showcase the region as a global destination for investment and explore the possibility of convergence of efforts of various central Ministries and North Eastern States in attracting investment into the region.

'India Handmade Bazaar', an online portal, which will provide direct market access facility to handloom weavers & handicraft artisans was launched.

The portal will facilitate weavers & artisans to enter information about their products for easy understanding of customers/exporters.

Weavers and artisans will be able to access the portal through their mobile number registered with Office of Development Commissioner.

The mobile number can be registered by visiting nearest Weavers' Service Centre & Marketing Centre as well.

Buyers can view the products online and directly contact weaver/artisan to enquire or place an order.

Nearly 20 MoUs were signed on the occasion, to develop & promote NER handicrafts, handlooms, agro-textiles & geo-textiles.

E-Dhaga app and the ‘Bunkar Mitra’ helpline have been established for artisans. With E-Dhaga, subsidy is just a click away for the weavers.

The app, which enables handloom weavers to order and track their yarn, will be a boon for handloom weavers. T

This would enable them to transact business anytime, anywhere; weavers can send their indents and payments online through this app.

On January 4, 2017 the Ministry launched ‘Bunkar Mitra’, the first ever helpline for handloom weavers.

Apparel and Garment Making Centre: Know More

  • The first Apparel and Garment Making Centre, covering an area of 45,000 sq. ft, has been set up at Hatisil near Ampati in the NE state of Meghalaya.
  • The Apparel and Garment Making Centre is being set up as part of a landmark initiative announced by the PM Shri Narendra Modi in Nagaland, on 1st December, 2014.
  • PM Modi had announced an Apparel and Garment Making Centre shall be constructed in all North Eastern states.
  • Each Apparel and Garment Making Centre set up under the initiative is estimated to generate direct employment for 1,200 people.
  • The initiative comes under the North East Region Textile Promotion Scheme (NERTPS) of the Ministry of Textiles.
  • NERTPS is an umbrella scheme for the development of various segments of textiles, i.e. silk, handlooms, handicrafts and apparels & garments.


7)   Heart of Asia Ministerial Conference adopted which declaration recognising terrorism as the biggest threat?
- Published on 06 Dec 16

a. Amritsar Declaration
b. Istanbul Declaration
c. Kabul Declaration
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Amritsar Declaration

Explanation:
6th Heart of Asia Ministerial Conference - Istanbul Process concluded on 4 December 2016 after adopting the Amritsar Declaration.

The Amritsar declaration recognised terrorism as the biggest threat to peace and demands an immediate end to all forms of terrorism.

The Heart of Asia Ministerial Conference was held in Amritsar.

It was co-chaired by Arun Jaitley, India’s FM and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan, Salahuddin Rabbani.

The sixth conference was inaugurated by President of Afghanistan Mohammad Ashraf Ghani and Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi

Participating nations, for the first time, expressed concerns about the high-level of violence in Afghanistan caused by Taliban and other terror groups including Islamic State and its affiliates Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammad, Haqqani Network, Al Qaida, TTP, Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, Jundullah and others.

Participating nations also displayed their concern on the increase of production and cultivation of opium in Afghanistan and drug trafficking.

The declaration acknowledges the crucial role of Afghanistan as a natural land bridge, which helps in promoting regional connectivity and economic integration in the region.

Besides, the participants reaffirmed their commitment to the principles, objectives, and outcomes enshrined in the Declarations of previous five Conferences that have defined the ideals for the working of the HoA-IP aimed at promoting regional peace and prosperity.

Heart of Asia Ministerial Conferences

The previous five Ministerial Conferences were held in:

  • Istanbul (2011),
  • Kabul (2012),
  • Almaty (2013),
  • Beijing (2014), and
  • Islamabad (2015).
Participating Nations: India, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Pakistan, Russia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, and the United Nations.

Countries that supported the declaration of the conference: Australia, Canada, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Poland, Denmark, Arab Egypt, European Union, Finland, France, Norway, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States.


8)   Where will 1st International Agrobiodiversity Congress be held?
- Published on 07 Nov 16

a. Patiala
b. New Delhi
c. Ludhiana
d. Chennai
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: New Delhi

Explanation:
The 1st International Agrobiodiversity Congress - IAC 2016 will be held from 6-9 Nov 2016.

  • It will gather 900 delegates from 60 nations in New Delhi, India.
  • The IAC 2016 will initiate and encourage a dialogue among relevant stakeholders including farmers to better understand people’s roles in agrobiodiversity management and the conservation of genetic resources.
  • Agrobiodiversity is the foundation of sustainable agricultural development.
  • It is the essential natural resource for ensuring current and future food and nutrition security.
  • From climate change to global malnutrition, falling agricultural productivity and reduced food security, there are many challenges to be addressed.
  • India is the perfect venue for the IAC as a diverse country in the world occupying 2.4 percent of the land area and accommodating 16 percent of the world’s population.
  • It also harbours 7-8 percent of all recorded species including over 45,000 species of plants and 91,000 species of animals.
  • Discussion will centre around sharing knowledge and discussing strategies.
  • The congress is co-organised by the Indian Society of Plant Genetic Resources and Biodiversity International, a CGIAR Research Centre in Rome, Italy.
  • The IAC has received support from many national and international organisations.
  • The Indian Society of Plant Genetic Resources was founded in 1987 as a scientific body with multidisciplinary approach to provide a forum for those interested in plant genetic resources to express their views.


9)   BRICS Nations inked three agreements during which summit held in Goa, India on 16th Oct, 2016?
- Published on 18 Oct 16

a. 8th
b. 9th
c. 10th
d. 11th
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 8th

Explanation:
BRICS nations namely Brazil, India, China, Russia and South Africa on 16th Oct 2016 inked three agreements to boost bilateral cooperation– these agreements were inked in Goa during the 8th BRICS summit

  • The summit was held from 15 to 16 Oct under the theme Building Responsive, Inclusive and Collective Solutions

    List of MoUs signed by BRICS countries includes:

  • MoU for establishment of BRICS Agricultural Research Platform
  • MoU on mutual cooperation between diplomatic academies
  • Regulation on customs cooperation committee of the BRICS
  • BRICS members are also part of the G-20
  • As of 2015, the given BRICS countries represent 3.6 billion people or half of the world population
  • All 5 members are in the top 25 of the world by population and four are in the top 10
  • The 8th BRICS summit was attended by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Brazilian President Michel Temer, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Chinese President Xi Jinping and South African President Jacob Zuma.
  • Towards the end of the summit, the 109 point declaration was established
  • The states indicated it was the responsibility of all states to prevent terrorist action from their territories
  • They condemned some recent terror attacks such as the Uri terror attack in India
  • The leaders also condemned terrorism in all its forms and stressed there can be no justification for such attacks
  • They acknowledged that international terrorism, such as IS constitute an unprecedented threat to peace and security
  • All 5 nations reaffirmed the commitment to increase effectiveness of the UN counter terrorism framework
  • Goa Declaration also called for reforms in the UN including the Security Council to increase the representation of developing countries
  • They also highlighted the importance of public and private investments in infrastructure such as connectivity
  • Apart from this, leaders of the BRICS nation also appreciated the progress in the strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership and emphasised the importance of the BRICS roadmap for trade, economic and investment cooperation until 2020.
  • BRICS leaders also welcomed the signing of the MoU between BRICS nations National Development Banks and the New Development Bank
  • BRICS Grouping welcomed the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and said growth was imperative in a sustainable and inclusive fashion.
  • Summit’s focus was also on enhancing P2P contact through activities such as Film Festival, Young Diplomats Forum, Youth Summit and U-17 Football Tournament.
  • The ninth BRICS summit will be hosted by China in 2017
  • Leaders also held an outreach summit with leaders of BIMSTEC or Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation member countries
  • The BIMSTEC grouping comprises Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal.
  • The grouping also examined possibilities of expanding trade and commercial ties between the member nations of the two religious groupings


10)   Which country was to hold the SAARC summit in November 2016 that has now been postponed?
- Published on 03 Oct 16

a. Nepal
b. Maldives
c. Pakistan
d. Afghanistan
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Pakistan

Explanation:
Pakistan officially postponed the SAARC summit in November after Sri Lanka added to the criticism by pulling out of the summit becoming the fifth nation to do so

  • Previously, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Bhutan and Sri Lanka had also pulled out of the SAARC Summit
  • Only Nepal and Maldives did not object
  • China called for restraint, asking the countries to leave aside tensions
  • Meanwhile close ally Russia is currently exercising with Pakistan in the first ever counter terrorism operations for the two countries
  • Russia called for de-escalation of tensions between the two nations
  • China has refused to criticise Pakistan on terror groups though some of these train Uighur militants in Xinjiang
  • It has also failed to allow UN Security Council's 1267 committee to ban Jaish e Mohammed's Masood Azhar, a big sore point with India.
  • India had submitted a detailed dossier on Azhar and moved the UNSC 1267 committee following the January 2 attack on an Indian airforce station in Pathankot.
  • In March, India's submission was considered by the counter-terrorism executive directorate for technical aspects of the evidence provided. The technical team then with the support of the US, the UK and France had sent it to all the members.
  • India had said the sanctions committee was taking a "selective approach" in tackling terrorism.


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