Summits & Meetings - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   How many nations launched an anti terrorism forum to protect archaeological sites?
- Published on 27 Apr 17

a. 8
b. 9
c. 10
d. 11
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 10

Explanation:
Ten nations from across the world came together on 24 April 2017 to form a group with the aim of protecting ancient heritage from extremism like that of the Islamic State, which led to the destruction of Syria’s ancient city, Palmyra.

The forum was launched in Athens, the capital city of Greece, by ministers and ambassadors from all the ten nations.

The list includes India, Greece, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Bolivia, Peru, Italy, China and Mexico, all of which are home to some of the world’s greatest archaeological sites.

The group would mainly run joint projects to promote dialogue and culture in the face of fanaticism and terrorism.

The project will be headed by the Greek government along with China.

Extremists from the Islamic State groups gained control over the ancient heritage monumental ruins of Palmyra in May 2015.

The occupation of the city was followed by destruction of many of its monuments.

Though Syrian and Russian forces reclaimed the city from the extremist group in March 2016, they lost it again in December 2016

Other UNESCO recognised sites that suffered destruction at the hands of terrorists include Bamiyan in Afghanistan where the Taliban blew up the Buddha statues and the ancient city of Timbuktu in Mali where extremists destroyed mausoleums and shrines.

The 10-nation group is due to meet again in 2018 in Bolivia.


2)   Who heads the committee to prepare the draft Ganga Act, and submitted its report on April 12, 2017?
- Published on 14 Apr 17

a. Justice Girdhar Malviya
b. Justice CP Thakur
c. Justice Bobde
d. Justice Kanan
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Justice Girdhar Malviya

Explanation:
The Justice Malviya Committee, constituted to prepare draft Ganga Act, submitted its report to the Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation on 12 April 2017.

The Chairman of the committee is Justice Girdhar Malviya (Retd), who is linked with Ganga conservation movement.

The committee recognized the enormous challenges being faced to maintain the wholesomeness of National River Ganga that was perpetuated due to over stressed water demand from agricultural, domestic and industrial sectors.

About the Act

The draft Ganga Act addresses the critical issues pertaining to National River Gaga on its Cleanliness (Nirmalta) and uninterrupted e-flow (Aviralta) and provides corresponding provisions thereof.

It introduces certain stricter provision to increase accountability and responsibility for use of resources made available by National River Ganga.

The option and provision made in suggestive bills available with National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) were also considered and discussed by the committee.

About the Committee: Know More

  • The Committee was constituted in July 2016 by the Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
  • The members of the committee are V.K.Bhasin, Ex-Secretary of Legislative Department, A.K. Gosain, IIT Delhi and Nayan Sharma, IIT Roorkee.
  • The Member Secretary of the Committee is Sundeep, Director, National Mission for Clean Ganga.


3)   Which seminar was inaugurated by the President and organised by the Confederation of the Indian bar on April 8, 2017?
- Published on 10 Apr 17

a. All India Seminar on “Economic Reforms With Reference to Electoral Issues”
b. All India Seminar on “Political Reforms with Reference to Electoral Issues”
c. All India Seminar on “Social Reforms With Reference to Electoral Issues”
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: All India Seminar on “Economic Reforms With Reference to Electoral Issues”

Explanation:
President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated an All India Seminar on “Economic Reforms With Reference to Electoral Issues” organised by the Confederation of the Indian Bar on April 8, 2017, in New Delhi.

Timely reforms are necessary which not only would give justice to the people but also to the ideals enshrined in the Constitution of India.

Hence it is necessary to undertake a dispassionate analysis of the way in which our electoral process is functioning with a view to address the shortcomings in the system.

Coalition politics was also discussed.

Constitution (Forty Second Amendment) Act 1976 imposed a freeze on the population figure for readjustment at the 1971 census and has been extended by the Constitution (Eighty-fourth Amendment) Act 2001 till 2026.

As a result the House of the People today represents the population figure of 1971 census whereas our population has increased manifold in the recent decades

This gives rise to an anomalous situation wherein today, India has over 800 million voters and 543 Lok Sabha Constituencies represent 1.28 billion people.

The seminar focused on electoral reforms in this context.


4)   What is the theme of the first NIMCARE World Health Day Summit?
- Published on 10 Apr 17

a. Collect for a Healthy Mind
b. Unite for a Healthy Mind
c. Gather for a Healthy Mind
d. Join Together for a Healthy Mind
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Unite for a Healthy Mind

Explanation:
The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated the first NIMCARE World Health Day Summit 2017 on April 7, 2017 in New Delhi.

The slogan of the first NIMCARE World Health Day Summit is, ‘Unite for a Healthy Mind’.

Of the mental health disorders, depression is probably the most common.

Depression affects people of all ages from all walks of life and in all countries.

As per the National Mental Health Survey 2015-16 conducted by NIMHANS, 5.2% of the Indian adult population suffers from depression in some form or the other.

There is a severe shortage of mental health professionals in India and this service gap can be bridged effectively by telemedicine.

The World Health Day Summit has begun in the right direction by launching the eCAP & SOL’s Telepsychiatry application for the rural and urban population in need of mental health consultation.

NIMCARE: Know More

  • NIM CARE is a non-profit organisation founded in the year 2009.
  • It is a registered Charitable Trust under the Government of Tamil Nadu.
  • Founded by a doctor
  • Aims to make cutting-edge research in the field of health available to others


5)   How many member countries are there in the Commonwealth?
- Published on 04 Apr 17

a. 35
b. 39
c. 37
d. 36
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 39

Explanation:
Thirty-nine Commonwealth member countries deliberates on some of the grave issues affecting climate and green cover at the nineteenth Commonwealth Forestry Conference to be held at Forest Research Institute (FRI) here from April 3 onwards.

The conference was last held in India almost 50 years ago, in 1968, in New Delhi.

Some 700 participants, including experts, scientists, forest officials and NGOs from India and member countries, made 470 presentations on climate change, forest fire, community participation and ways to improve forest productivity and green cover during the course of the five-day long event.

The theme of the conference was “Forests for Prosperity and Posterity”. This is in consonance with Aichi targets of the UN Convention on Conservation of Biological Diversity (UNC-CBD) and Sustainable Development Goals.

Increasing global temperature, depleting forest cover and climate change are crucial factors. Efforts were made to improve forest cover and productivity, modern technologies and possibilities of collaboration for information exchange.

The event is being held in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, along with Commonwealth Forestry Association (CFA), the United Kingdom.

There will be 21 technical sessions focusing on socio-economic perspective of forests; resource assessment and monitoring; economic valuation; and forest conservation and development.

The impact of climate change, adaptation and mitigation; biodiversity conservation and management; bio-prospecting and value addition of forest produce will also be studied.

Part of the conference are deliberations on forest products diversification; tree outside forests, urban forestry and landscape management, and policy interventions.

A global forestry conclave at the conference deliberated on the role of forestry in implementing international agreements among Commonwealth members.

CFA: Know More

  • The CFA is a partner in a new initiative, The Queen's Commonwealth Canopy.
  • In this initiative, Commonwealth citizens are leading the world in efforts to protect the forest – forest that their communities and the planet as a whole depend on.
  • The Queen’s Commonwealth Canopy shows that, irrespective of geography, economy, culture or tenure, solutions exist to the threats facing these critical ecosystems.
  • Chairperson: John Innes


6)   Who is the 7th member to join SASEC in April 2017?
- Published on 04 Apr 17

a. Bhutan
b. Myanmar
c. Bangladesh
d. Sri Lanka
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Myanmar

Explanation:
Myanmar became the 7th member of South Asia Sub-regional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) program of Asian Development Bank (ADB).

It was officially made member at the SASEC Finance Ministers’ meeting held in New Delhi.

Myanmar’s membership in SASEC will offer host of opportunities for realizing synergies from economic cooperation in the subregion.

Road corridors in Myanmar can provide key gateway between South Asia and Southeast Asia, while its ports can provide alternate routes and gateways to the landlocked northeastern region of India.

It has the potential to unleash significant economic potential and bring better livelihoods to millions in the region after developing multimodal connectivity between India’s northeastern region, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.

Transport linkages between South and Southeast Asia will also become more attractive to businesses once ongoing and planned motor vehicle agreements are finalized and implemented.

SASEC and Myanmar: Know More

  • Myanmar was having observer status of SASEC since 2013.
  • Since 2014, it was participating in annual SASEC Nodal Officials’ meetings as an observer.
  • It was invited by the participating countries of SASEC countries to become a full member in 2015.
  • SASEC program is a project-based partnership to promote regional prosperity by improving cross-border connectivity, boosting trade among member countries and strengthening regional economic cooperation.
  • It was established in 2001 in response to the request of the four countries of South Asia – Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal – from ADB to assist in facilitating economic cooperation among them.
  • ADB is the secretariat and lead financier of the South Asia Sub-regional Economic Cooperation program.
  • Till now, it has supported 46 projects worth $9.17 billion in transport, trade facilitation, energy and information and communications technology (ICT).
  • Its seven members are Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal and Sri Lanka.


7)   Where did the third edition of the G20 Framework Working Group conclude on 29th March, 2017?
- Published on 31 Mar 17

a. Lucknow
b. Allahabad
c. Mirzapur
d. Varanasi
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Varanasi

Explanation:
The third meeting of the G20 Framework Working Group concluded on 29 March 2017 in Varanasi, UP.

The meet saw discussions on the current global economic conjecture as well as deliberations on the policy options that countries can pursue to counter the challenges.

The focus of the meeting was to deliberate on the inclusive growth agenda of the G20 and formulation of a framework for country specific inclusive growth policies.

In the two-day meeting, officials from more than 30 countries discussed the growth strategy to raise the world GDP by 2 per cent till 2018.

Since the inception of the Framework Working Group in 2009, this is the fourth occasion India is hosting this meeting.

The meeting was co-hosted by the Union Ministry of Finance and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

G20 group is helping India to enhance the production from the manufacturing capacity to INR 2 lakh crore under the Make In India initiative.

G20: Know More

  • The G20 (or G-20 or Group of Twenty) is an international forum for 20 governments.
  • It also covers central bank governors from 20 major economies.
  • It was founded in 1999 with the aim of studying, reviewing, and promoting high-level discussion of policy issues.
  • It is concerned with the promotion of international financial stability.


8)   What was the theme of the 23rd Conference of Auditors General of Commonwealth Countries and British Overseas Territories?
- Published on 27 Mar 17

a. Fostering Partnerships for Capacity Development
b. Fostering Partnerships for Capacity Development in Public Audit
c. Fostering Partnerships for Capacity Development in Private Audit
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Fostering Partnerships for Capacity Development in Public Audit

Explanation:
The 23rd edition of Conference of the Auditors General of Commonwealth Countries and British Overseas Territories was held in India in New Delhi.

The theme of the conference was “fostering partnership for capacity development in public audit.”

The conference was attended by 52 commonwealth countries and 9 British overseas territories.

This marks the first time the prestigious conference was held by the CAG in India. The last edition of the conference was held in Malta in 2014.

The Conference will also have two sub-themes on Leveraging Technology in Public Audit and Environment Audit.

The Conference will be attended by 52 Commonwealth Countries and nine British Overseas Territories. Among the guests there will be 24 heads of Supreme Audit Institutions (SAI).

The Conference logo contains 52 leaves in green and orange which represent the 52 SAIs of the Commonwealth countries – each with its unique characteristics and traits.

The leaves and the Wi-Fi icon in the logo also remind us of the key role that the SAIs could play to the preservation of environment through environment audits and enhancing the effectiveness of public audit by leveraging technology.

CAG of India: Know More

  • The CAG of India has its own International Training Centres at Noida and Jaipur where auditors from all over the world are trained in specialized aspects of Public Auditing like Information Technology and Environment Audits.
  • While some of the participating countries feature in most developed countries of the world, there are several which belong to Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS).
  • The auditing organizations in these countries come together every three years to discuss the major challenges before them.
  • Current CAG: Shri Shashi Kant Sharma


9)   Who organised the World Conference on Environment on March 25, 2017?
- Published on 27 Mar 17

a. NGT
b. MoEF
c. WWF
d. PETA
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: NGT

Explanation:
The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated the ‘World Conference on Environment’ organized by the National Green Tribunal in New Delhi today (March 25, 2017).

Recent studies and systematic reviews indicate that environmental factors are responsible for an estimated 24% of the global burden of disease in terms of healthy life years lost and 23 % of all deaths.

Children are the worst sufferers of the adverse impact of environmental diseases. 24% of all deaths under the age of 15 are due to diarrhoea, malaria and respiratory diseases – all of which are environment related.

19% of the deaths caused by Cancer worldwide are attributed to carcinogens that unmindful industrialization produces.

The President complimented the National Green Tribunal – India’s premier environment watch dog for facilitating this forum for wide ranging discussions on environmental issues of universal concern.

National Green Tribunal: Know More

  • The National Green Tribunal has been established on 18.10.2010.
  • It was framed under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010 for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection.
  • It also works for conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment.
  • NGT mandates on giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
  • It is a specialized body equipped with the necessary expertise to handle environmental disputes involving multi-disciplinary issues.


10)   How many chromosomes do people with Down's Syndrome have?
- Published on 27 Mar 17

a. 45
b. 46
c. 47
d. 48
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 47

Explanation:
Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot, Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment inaugurated a “National Conference on Down Syndrome.

The Conference was organized by The National Trust for the welfare of persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities under M/o SJ&E in collaboration with Muskaan, a registered organisation of the National Trust.

Down Syndrome is a chromosomal condition associated with intellectual and learning disabilities.

Delayed development and behavioural problems are often reported in children with Down Syndrome.

Persons with Down Syndrome have 47 chromosomes as compared to 46 in majority of people.

This one Extra chromosome causes its own impact and slows down learning process. It impacts neurological functioning causing impairment of intellectual functions e.g. analytical thinking, complex abstractions and judgement.

People with Down Syndrome can and do lead full and rewarding lives and contribute as valued and equal members of their communities.

Every year 20 to 22 thousand children take birth with Down Syndrome in our country and the need of the hour is to bring them in the mainstream.The highlight of the conference was the presentation of Shri Vinyas, Self Advocate with Down Syndrome and Employee of Lemon Tree Hotel, Delhi about his journey of life.

The daylong conference was attended by more than 300 persons.


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