Education - Current Affairs Questions and Answers

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1)   On Teacher's Day 2017, which portal providing national digital infrastructure for teachers was launched?
- Published on 07 Sep 17

a. DIKSHA
b. SHIKSHA
c. GYAN
d. SHAKTI
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: DIKSHA

Explanation:
The Vice President, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu presented the National Award to Teachers - 2016 on the occasion of Teachers’ Day, in New Delhi.

Shri Venkaiah Naidu also launched DIKSHA portal, a national digital infrastructure for teachers. DIKSHA will enable, accelerate and amplify solutions in the realm of teacher education.

Basically the DIKSHA Portal is created to provide digital and advance technology to the teachers.

The main purpose of the Diksha portal is to focus the whole life cycle of the teacher, from the point they are student teachers till their retirement.

The HRD ministry has also set up a slogan “National Digital Infrastructure for Our Teachers Our Heroes” for DIKSHA national teachers portal.

For all the information regarding the national teachers portal you can visit official website diksha.gov.in.

Through this portal the teachers can take the benefit of the current digital infrastructure which is created for the teachers of the country.

Benefits & Features of DIKSHA Portal: Know More

  • The HRD ministry has launched this portal to provide new and modern technologies to the teachers.
  • It is journey to make technology work for the teachers.
  • The teachers can learn free courses online at their home.
  • Teachers can take the training through this portal in both modes offline as well as online.
  • The portal will help the teachers to direct themselves, as they join the Teacher Education Institutes (TEIs).
  • Through this portal the teachers can take quality content and the content can be shared in multiple people and the infrastructure is multi channel.
  • It can be accessed on various formats like PCs, mobile phones, tablets etc.
  • The aim is “Sabko Shiksha aur Acchi Shiksha” to “teach to transform, educate to empower and learn to lead”.


2)   Which strategic nation building initiative is NITI Aayog set to launch to mentor students?
- Published on 23 Aug 17

a. Mentor India Campaign
b. Student India Campaign
c. Teacher India Campaign
d. Coach India Campaign
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Mentor India Campaign

Explanation:
NITI Aayog will launch the Mentor India Campaign.

This is a strategic nation building initiative to engage leaders who can guide and mentor students at more than 900 Atal Tinkering Labs.

These were established across the country as a part of the Atal Innovation Mission.

CEO NITI Aayog, Shri Amitabh Kant will unveil the online nationwide initiative in the capital tomorrow on Wednesday, 23rdAugust.

Mentor India is aimed at maximizing the impact of Atal Tinkering Labs, possibly the biggest disruption in formal education globally.

The idea is to engage leaders who will nurture and guide students in the Atal Tinkering Labs.

These labs are non-prescriptive by nature, and mentors are expected to be enablers rather than instructors.

NITI Aayog is looking for leaders who can spend anywhere between one to two hours every week in one or more such labs.

This will enable students to experience, learn and practice future skills such as design and computational thinking.

Atal Innovation Mission: Know More

  • Atal Tinkering Labs are dedicated works spaces where students from Class 6th to Class 12th learn innovation skills.
  • They also develop ideas that will go on to transform India.
  • The labs are powered to acquaint students with state-of-the-art equipment such as 3D printers, robotics & electronics development tools, Internet of things & sensors etc.
  • NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission is among one of the flagship programs of the Government of India.
  • This is to promote innovation and entrepreneurship in the country to set up the Atal Tinkering Labs across the country.
  • The Mission has / is in the process of setting up 900+ such labs across India and aims to have 2,000 such labs by end of 2017.


3)   What does MUSK stand for in the context of secondary and higher education cess?
- Published on 17 Aug 17

a. Madhyamik and Uttar Shiksha Kosh
b. Madhyamik and Uchchtar Shiksha Kosh
c. Madhyamik and Unnati Shiksha Kosh
d. Madhyam and Uchchtar Shiksha Kosh
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Madhyamik and Uchchtar Shiksha Kosh

Explanation:
The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has accorded its approval on Aug 16, 2017 for creation of a non-lapsable pool in the Public Account for secondary and higher, education known as "Madhyamik and Uchchtar Shiksha Kosh" (MUSK) into which all proceeds of "Secondary and Higher Education Cess" will be credited.

The funds arising from the MUSK would be utilized for schemes in the education sector which would be available for the benefit of students of secondary and higher education, all over the country.


4)   INS is set to launch which first online course for nurses?
- Published on 16 Aug 17

a. Infusion therapy
b. Intravenous therapy
c. Intelligent therapy
d. Internal therapy
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Infusion therapy

Explanation:
Infusion Nurses Society (INS), India is all set to launch one of its own kind online course on infusion therapy for nurses.

Utilizing the reach and ease of digital platform, the course will enable INS members to access the various infusion therapy modules and speaker presentations from previous conferences through INS website.

The first course would be on the Peripheral IV Cannulation.

Infusion Therapy is a comprehensive method of quality care to all patients.

Online courses will educate the nurses in the scientific method of delivering and maintaining infusion with the aim of cure and prevention of Infection.

Nine out of ten patients admitted in hospitals receive infusion therapy during the course of their stay for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.

Improper infusion practices may lead to complications, causing an increase in mortality, morbidity, duration of hospital stay and healthcare costs.

In a complex healthcare environment, with varied patient needs, ensuring the quality of infusion calls for best nursing practices.

To ensure a patient-centred plan of care, a nurse strives to meet the infusion needs of their patients.

In doing so, they need to strictly adhere to the best practices and the comprehensive INS standards help the infusion nurses to provide excellent infusion care across all practice settings.

Along with online infusion therapy courses for the nurses, INS India is now launching an online course for its 3000 members on peripheral IV cannulation and an annual Mastermind Quiz, where all region’s hospitals will compete for the rotating trophy.

In the past, INS India launched an android app for the nurses and standards to help healthcare professionals, institute gold standard and evidence based protocols into patient care practices, by minimizing medication errors, treatment related complications and healthcare associated infections.

The revised standards will be instrumental in ensuring safety for patients and healthcare professionals.

With such online courses and Android apps, INS India wants to empower nurses with digital tools in infusion standards for better patient care.


5)   What is the web portal address for supply of NCERT textbooks launched in Aug 9, 2017?
- Published on 10 Aug 17

a. www.ncertbooks.ncert.gov.in
b. www.ncertbooks.ncert.gov.com
c. www.ncertbooks.ncert.gov.co
d. www.ncertbooks.ncert.gov
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: www.ncertbooks.ncert.gov.in

Explanation:
Shri Upendra Kushwaha, Minister of State, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India has launched a NCERT’s Web portal for supply of textbooks to schools and individuals in New Delhi on Aug 9, 2017.

The portal will ensure better distribution of textbooks across the country and will also address the apprehensions, on the part of schools and parents, regarding unavailability of NCERT textbooks.

The schools will be able to log on to the portal, by entering their respective Boards’ affiliation numbers and other details, till 8th September 2017 for placing their orders for the session 2018-19.

The Web Portal can be accessed at www.ncertbooks.ncert.gov.in.

At the time of placing the orders, the schools are not required to make the payment; the payment can be made just before the supply.

The schools will also have the option of directly procuring textbooks either from their nearest NCERT vendors or from the Regional Production-cum-Distribution Centres (RPDCs) of the NCERT’s located at Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Guwahati, and Bengaluru.

Very soon the portal will also be opened to the individual buyers.

The NCERT textbooks can also be downloaded, free of cost, from the NCERT’s website www.ncert.nic.in; one can access the digital versions of NCERT’s textbook by logging onto ‘epathshala’ or through mobile applications.

NCERT also gives copyrights to different States/Union Territories for printing of its textbooks.

Fifteen States and UTs have been given copyright for the session 2017-18.


6)   NASSCOM foundation has joined hands with which firm to establish a rural digital literacy centre (the first in Telangana) in Peddashapur Village?
- Published on 08 Aug 17

a. Arcesium
b. Cesium
c. Arces
d. Arcesi
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Arcesium

Explanation:
Nasscom Foundation and post-trade technology firm Arcesium jointly established the first rural digital literacy centre in Telangana, in Peddashapur village, on the outskirts of Hyderabad.

The Centre trains people in use of computers and mobile phones so that they will be able to register for Aadhar, ration, PAN cards, pay bills, send emails and use the internet for multiple utilities.

The initiative is under the ePradhan Mantri Gamin Digital Saksharta Abhiyaan.

Arcesium is supporting the training infrastructure and the trainers at the centre with the help of its implementation partner, Nirmaan Organisation.

The centre is equipped to train as many as 1,000 beneficiaries from under-privileged communities around the Peddashapur area.

The legislator representing Rajendranagar, Prakash Goud said it was necessary for children from villages to develop their competitive skills.

This is the tenth centre in Telangana. Nine centres are in cities. So far, around 7,000 youths have been trained, with each centre accounting for 1,000-1,200.

At the national level so far, 170 centres have been established.

The Centre has devised a curricular of 20 hours with two hours per day to impart training on how to use internet, how to use various apps the Centre has introduced and avail benefit from the schemes.

The collaboration with Nasscom will be further strengthened to reach more rural youth and skill them.


7)   NAAC launched which framework on July 2017 that ICT enabled, objective, transparent, scalable and robust?
- Published on 07 Aug 17

a. Revised Accreditation Framework
b. Revised Assessment Framework
c. Revised Association Framework
d. Revised Agriculture Framework
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Revised Accreditation Framework

Explanation:
In its efforts to remain relevant and globally acceptable, NAAC has taken cognizance of the changing trends in higher education, stakeholder perceptions and feedback.

This is besides the avalanche of experience gained from its accreditation exercise involving more than 11,132 institutions [518 Universities and 10614 Colleges] till July 2017, which stand in good stead in all its endeavours.

Over the last few months, NAAC has conducted several rounds of stakeholder interactions, a National Workshop and Meetings of several Working Groups for the preparation of the Manuals for Universities, Autonomous Colleges and Affiliated Colleges.

The draft framework was pilot tested on select Higher Education Institutions (HEI’s) across the country.

A National Consultation on the Revised Accreditation Framework was held on 25th April, 2017 at New Delhi. Shri Prakash Javadekar, Minister for Human Resource Development, Government of India, inaugurated the programme in which eminent academicians and educationists actively participated.

The Revised Accreditation Framework which became operational in July 2017, is ICT enabled, objective, transparent, scalable and robust.

The new framework is a subtle combination of System Generated Scores (SGS) with a combination of online evaluation (70%) and Peer evaluation (30%).

This would usher in high level of transparency.

The Revised Framework is more ICT intensive and ‘outcome based’.

The current grading pattern of NAAC (A++, A+, A, B++, B+, B, C, D) would be continued for accreditation.

A system of applying minimum qualifiers for achieving a grade has been designed and will be implemented.

For example, Universities should score a minimum of 3.01 in Criteria 1, 2 and 3 for achieving a “A” “A+” “A++”grade.

NAAC: Know More

  • National Assessment and Accreditation Council, an autonomous body, has been established by the University Grants Commission in 1994.
  • This is in pursuance of the recommendations made by the National Policy of Education, 1986 and the Programme of Action (POA), 1992 which lay special emphasis on evaluating the quality of higher education in India.
  • The prime mandate of NAAC, as envisaged in its Memorandum of Association (MoA), is to assess and accredit institutions of higher learning, universities and colleges or one or more of their units, i.e., departments, schools, institutions, programmes, etc.
  • The NAAC functions through its General Council and Executive Committee where educational administrators, policy makers and senior academicians from a cross-section of system of higher education are represented.
  • Under the new methodology introduced by NAAC w.e.f. 1st April, 2007, the higher education institutions are assessed and accredited by a two-step approach. In the first step, the institution is required to seek ‘Institutional Eligibility for Quality Assessment (IEQA)’ and the second step is the assessment and accreditation of the institute under the grades ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’ for accredited institutions; and ‘D’ for those which are not accredited. NAAC has identified seven criteria.


8)   DIPP has signed an agreement to establish India’s first Technology and Innovation Support Centre in which state?
- Published on 14 Jul 17

a. Haryana
b. Punjab
c. Delhi
d. UP
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Punjab

Explanation:
The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India, signed an Institutional agreement with the Punjab State Council of Science and Technology in New Delhi.

This was to establish India’s first Technology and Innovation Support Centre (TISC) at Patent Information Centre, Punjab, under the World Intellectual Property Organization’s (WIPO) TISC program.

The objective of the TISC is to stimulate a dynamic, vibrant and balanced Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) system in India to foster creativity and innovation.

This will thereby promote entrepreneurship and enhancing social, economic and cultural development by establishing a network of TISCs in India.

WIPO’s Technology and Innovation Support Centre (TISC) program provides innovators in developing countries with access to locally based, high quality technology information and related services.

This is helping them to exploit their innovative potential and to create, protect, and manage their Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs).

The Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM) is designated as the National Focal Point for the TISC national network.

As the national focal point, CIPAM shall identify potential host institutions, assess their capacities and support them in joining the TISC program.

CIPAM will also act as the main intermediary between WIPO and TISC host institutions and coordinate all the activities of the national TISC network.

Over 500 TISCs operate worldwide and establishing TISC in India will give the host institutions an access to the global network.

In upcoming years, CIPAM is planning to establish TISCs in Universities, State Science Councils, R&D institutions etc.

TISC will give an impetus to knowledge sharing, sharing of best practices among the TISCs, capacity building, generation and commercialization of IPs.

Services offered by TISC

  • Access to online patent and non-patent (scientific and technical) resources and IP-related publications;
  • Assistance in searching and retrieving technology information;
  • Training in database search;
  • On-demand searches (novelty, state-of-the-art and infringement);
  • Monitoring technology and competitors;
  • Basic information on industrial property laws, management and strategy, and technology commercialization and marketing.


9)   Who has been named the fourth president of Singapore Nanyang Technology University on January 1, 2018?
- Published on 14 Jul 17

a. Bertil Anderson
b. Subra Suresh
c. Amartya Sen
d. Koh Boon Hwee
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Subra Suresh

Explanation:
Subra Suresh, an eminent Indian-origin scientist in the US was on Thursday named as the president of Singapore’s prestigious Nanyang Technological University.

Suresh, 61, will begin his term as the fourth president of the NTU on January 1, 2018, taking over from current president Bertil Andersson.

Mr. Suresh joins NTU from Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) where he was president for the last four years.

Chairman of the NTU Board of Trustees, Koh Boon Hwee (Chairman of Agilent Technologies, Inc, former Chairman of both Singapore Airlines and DBS Bank), announced Mr. Suresh ’s appointment.

The succession planning started last year and in line with international best practices of universities, NTU had conducted a global search for its next president in Singapore and internationally.

The eight-member search committee chaired by Mr. Koh unanimously selected Prof Suresh for the top role at NTU, and his appointment has been strongly endorsed by all members of the NTU Board of Trustees.

Mr. Suresh understands the Singapore higher education and research systems, as well as those in North America, Europe, China and India, having actively engaged with various public and private agencies and boards.

As a member of a number of national academies of science and engineering, he is an educator, scientist, advisor, inventor, entrepreneur and leader all rolled into one.

Mr. Suresh is considered one of the most distinguished scientists in the US, if not the world.

He was chosen by former US President Barack Obama to serve as Director of the National Science Foundation, the agency charged with advancing science and engineering research and education in the US between 2010 and 2013.

His undergraduate degree was from the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras in Chennai.

In 2013, he was elected to the National Academy of Medicine in the US.

He is also a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering, making him one of the only 19 American scientists to be elected to all three branches.

He also holds the distinction of being the first Asian-born professor to have served as engineering dean of the famed Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he attained his doctorate in science.

In 2011, Mr. Suresh was honoured with the Padma Shri by the President of India.

Nanyang University

  • The Nanyang Technological University is an autonomous university in Singapore.
  • NTU is consistently ranked amongst the world’s best universities.
  • Address: 50 Nanyang Ave, Singapore 639798
  • Phone: +65 6791 1744
  • Total enrollment: 32,699 (2014)
  • Chancellor: President Tony Tan
  • Subsidiaries: Nanyang Business School,


10)   Who is heading a 9 member education panel to frame a new National Education policy?
- Published on 27 Jun 17

a. K. Kasturirangan
b. KJ Alphonse Kanamthanam
c. Ram Shanker Kureel
d. MK Sridhar
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: K. Kasturirangan

Explanation:
The HRD ministry has constituted a new nine-member panel headed by space scientist K Kasturirangan to frame a new National Education Policy (NEP).

The other members of the panel include chosen experts and educationists from wide-ranging backgrounds.

The panel includes former IAS officer K.J. Alphonse Kanamthanam, who was instrumental in making Kerala’s Kottayam and Ernakulam districts achieve 100% literacy.

Another member of the panel will be Ram Shanker Kureel who has wide experience in the field of agricultural sciences and management.

He is also the Vice-Chancellor of Baba Saheb Ambedkar University of Social Sciences, Mhow, Madhya Pradesh.

The committee also comprises of M.K. Shridhar, former member secretary of the Karnataka State Innovation Council, T.V. Kattimani, an expert on language communication, Dr. Mazhar Asif, professor of Persian at Guwahati University, Krishan Mohan Tripathi, a former director of education, Uttar Pradesh, mathematician Manjul Bhargava from Princeton University and Vasudha Kamat, former vice chancellor of Mumbai’s SNDT University.

The panel members belong to different sections and regions of the country reflecting the diversity of the country.

New Education Policy Committees

  • In 2015, Narendra Modi Government had set up a committee under former Cabinet Secretary TSR Subramanian to chalk out a new education policy.
  • This committee had submitted its report in May 2016. The committee had presented its report in two volumes with around 90 suggestions.
  • The other important past committees in Education includes Radhakrishnan Commission (1948-49) on higher education; Mudaliyar Commission (1952) on secondary education and the Kothari Commission (1964-66).
  • The Kothari Commission had a mandate to advise the government on the development of education at all stage and in all aspects.
  • The Kothari Commission’s report was used to formulate the Education Policy of 1968.


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