Education - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   Which state students can now download school books from an e-textbook portal?
- Published on 23 May 17

a. Haryana
b. Kerala
c. Karnataka
d. Punjab
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Haryana

Explanation:
Students can now download school books instantly from the e-textbook portal of the Haryana School Education Board which was launched on May 21, 2017.

Inaugurating the website, Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar indicated as of now, 26 textbooks of classes IX to XII have been uploaded on the portal and these can be easily converted into audio files.

These included 11 books of class IX, nine books of class X and three books each of classes XI and XII, and the Board has also been at the forefront in implementing e-locker facility.

The initiative of the Board is an important step towards realising Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s dream of Digital India.

The portal also provides a facility to highlight certain portions of the e - textbooks making it easier for students to study.


2)   Which state has made the state language compulsory in all its schools?
- Published on 19 May 17

a. Odisha
b. Bihar
c. Jharkhand
d. West Bengal
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: West Bengal

Explanation:
The West Bengal government has made the Bengali language compulsory in all schools, including private English medium schools of the State.

The announcement was made by the State’s Education Minister, Partha Chatterjee on 15 May 2017.

From now on it will be compulsory for students to learn Bengali in all schools. T

English medium schools affiliated to boards other than the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education will have to make Bengali an optional subject from Class I so that the students can study it either as a second or third language.

Till now, even though there were provisions for teaching language in schools, it was not mandatory to include Bengali as one of the three languages for students.

Besides Bengali, Hindi and English there are provisions for opting for languages such as Urdu, Gurmukhi, Nepali and Ol Chiki as the medium of instruction in schools of the State.

The students who select any of the other languages as their first language would need to pick up two other languages, among which one would have to be Bengali.

The decision follows a feedback that Bengali was not being offered as an option in many schools.

This decision by the Mamata Banerjee-led government comes shortly after a similar decision was taken by the Communist Party of India (Marxist)- led government in Kerala.

The Kerala government in April 2017 passed an ordinance making the teaching of Malayalam compulsory in all the state’s schools.

The government will be taking account the legal aspect on the matter as to whether it would require a separate legislation or that a state cabinet decision would be enough.


3)   What is the Wall of Valour?
- Published on 03 May 17

a. Display of soldiers at designated places on educational campuses
b. Initiative to instil nationalism in students
c. Both a and b
d. Neither of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both a and b

Explanation:
Shri Prakash Javadekar and Minister of State for Defence Dr. Subhash Bhamre jointly launched a campaign to have a ‘Wall of Valour’ in 1,000 educational institutions across the country.

Portraits of Param Vir Chakra (PVC) decorated soldiers will be displayed at designated places on educational campuses to instil sense of nationalism among the students.

This is part of a nationwide ‘Vidya Veerta Abhiyan’, initiated by writer and former Rajya Sabha member Shri Tarun Vijay.

Potraits of these gallant heroes were given to Vice Chancellors of Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), University of Delhi (DU), Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI). In addition, VCs of different universities, including Arunachal Pradesh.

The representative from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi also received portraits from them.

On the occasion, Grenadier Yogender Singh Yadav and Rifleman Sanjay Kumar, both PVC awardees, also spoke of their experiences.

Param Vir Chakra Recipients

  • Major Somnath Sharma, 4 Kumaon, (Posthumous), 1947
  • Second Lieutenant Rama Raghoba Rane, Bombay Sappers, 1948
  • Company Havildar Major Piru Singh, 6 Rajputana Refiles, (Posthumous), 1948
  • Lance Naik Karam Singh, 1 Sikh, 1948
  • Naik Jadunath Singh, 1 Rajput, (Posthumous), 1948
  • Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria, 3/1 Gorkha Rifles, (Posthumous), 1961
  • Major Shaitan Singh, 13 Kumaon, (Posthumous), 1962
  • Subedar Joginder Singh, 1 Sikh, (Posthumous), 1962
  • Major Dhan Singh Thapa, 1/8 Gorkha Rifles, 1962
  • Company Quartermaster Havildar Abdul Hamid, 4 Grenadiers, (Posthumous), 1965
  • Lieutenant Colonel A B Tarapore, Poona Horse, (Posthumous), 1965
  • Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon, 18 Squadron, (Posthumous), 1971
  • Major Hoshiar Singh, 3 Grenadiers, 1971
  • Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal, Poona Horse, (Posthumous), 1971
  • Lance Naik Albert Ekka, 14 Guards, (Posthumous), 1971
  • Major Ramaswamy Parameswaran, 8 Mahar, (Posthumous), 1987
  • Naib Subedar Bana Singh, 8 JAK LI, 1987
  • Grenadier Yogender Singh Yadav, 18 Grenadiers, 1999
  • Captain Vikram Batra, 13 Jammu and Kashmir Rifles, (Posthumous), 1999
  • Rifleman Sanjay Kumar, 13 Jammu and Kashmir Rifles, 1999
  • Lieutenant Manoj Kumar Pandey, 7/11 Gorkha Rifles (Posthumous), 1999


4)   Which educational alliance has China launched with partnership by universities from 15 countries?
- Published on 02 May 17

a. Asian Universities Alliance
b. Asian Colleges Alliance
c. Asian University Alliance
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Asian Universities Alliance

Explanation:
Continuing with its drive to take a leadership position in different aspects of Asian life, China on April 30, 2017 launched an Asian Universities Alliance with participation by universities from 15 countries.

From India, the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, has become a member.

The alliance, which has been put together by the elite Tsinghua University in Beijing, aims to promote exchanges of students and teaching faculties across different universities in Asia.

They will also come together to promote joint research in a range of areas.

IIT, Bombay has a collaboration with Monash University in Australia making it possible for students to access wider education opportunities and receive degrees signed by presidents of two universities.

Similar collaboration may be possible with other member universities in this Asian alliance, he said.

Alliance partners include the Peking University in Beijing, University of Tokyo, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Singapore National University, and many more.


5)   Which IIT is planning to introduce vastu shastra to architecture students?
- Published on 19 Apr 17

a. Kharagpur
b. Kanpur
c. Madras
d. Delhi
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Kharagpur

Explanation:
IIT Kharagpur plans to introduce Vastu Shashtra to the architecture students from this year August.

While the rudiments of Vastu Shastra will be introduced to the first and second-year undergraduate architecture students, detailed grounding on the subject will be imparted to the post graduate and research scholars in infrastructure.

For the UG students, graded modules related to basic design and history of architecture will be taught.

For the PG level, modules imparting solar principles, sacred diagrams, 9 circuit placements or the nabagraha mandal, sacred altars and design semiotics and semantics will be taught.

The faculty members of IIT Kharagpur feels that Vastu Shastra as a concept needs to be included in the architecture and infrastructure syllabi.

They are of the view that students be conversant with ancient Indian architectural traditions.

They believe that ancient Indian concepts have a scientific basis and introducing students to these will open up new avenues of knowledge.

Vastu Shastra: Know More

  • The basic concept of Vastu Shastra revolves around the healthy relationship of nature and infrastructure and hence has modern relevance.
  • Vastu Shastra Vastu Shastra has its beginnings in Rig Veda.
  • It is a traditional Hindu system of architecture that describes principles of design, layout, measurements, ground preparation, space arrangement and spatial geometry.


6)   Where is a new IIPE being set up?
- Published on 13 Apr 17

a. Vizag
b. Medak
c. Hyderabad
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Vizag

Explanation:
The Union Cabinet on April 12, 2017 approved setting up of an Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy (IIPE) at Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh.

This is at a cost of over INR 655 crore, fulfilling the commitment made to the state when Telangana was separated from it.

The Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved setting IIPE as ‘an Institute of National Importance’ through an Act of Parliament.

The Institute will have the governance structure as well as legal mandate to grant degrees in a manner similar to that enjoyed by IITs.

A separate Act will also impart the required status to the institute to become a ‘CoE in petroleum and energy studies.

The Cabinet also approved INR 655.46 crore as capital expenditure to set up IIPE and contribution of INR 200 crore towards its Endowment Fund.

This will be in addition to a contribution of INR 200 crore from oil companies towards the Endowment Fund.

The Centre had promised a petroleum university as part of the package to Andhra Pradesh after Telangana was split from it.

Andhra Pradesh has allocated 200 acres of land, free of cost, for setting up of IIPE at Sabbavaram Mandal in Visakhapatnam district.

A temporary campus of IIPE has been set up from academic session 2016-17 at the Andhra University campus with two undergraduate programmes in petroleum engineering and chemical engineering (with capacity of 50 students each).

IIT-Kharagpur has taken up the responsibility of mentoring the institute.

The decision to set up the institute has been taken in line with the commitment made under 13th Schedule of A.P. Reorganisation Act.


7)   Union Cabinet has approved an MoU between LBSNAA and _____.
- Published on 20 Mar 17

a. Namibia Institute of Public Administration and Management
b. Namibia Institute of Management and Public Administration
c. Namibia Institute of Management
d. Namibia Institute of Public Administration
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Namibia Institute of Public Administration and Management

Explanation:
Union Cabinet on March 15, 2017 approved an MoU between Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration Mussorie and Namibia Institute of Public Administration and Management, Namibia.

MoU will be signed in the field of capacity building of public officials of Namibia. Other training activities for the benefit of both institutes will also be in place.

The MoU will enable the LBSNAA to disseminate the experience running a training institution for higher civil services in India to NIPAM.

Both countries will also engage in collaborative activities in public administration and capacity building.

About LBSNAA

  • LBSNAA : Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy for Public Administration and Management
  • LBSNAA was established in 1959.
  • It is based in Mussorie and was formed following the merging of the IAS Training School in Delhi and the IAS Staff College, Shimla.
  • Following its establishment, the academy has gained international recognition and stature as a global institution for training career bureaucrats.
  • The aim of LBSNAA is to promote good governance.
  • It provides quality training for building a professional and responsive civil service in a caring, ethical and transparent setting.


8)   What does QS in QS World University Rankings stand for?
- Published on 17 Feb 17

a. Quacquarelli Symonds
b. Quacquarelli Dymonds
c. Quacquarelli Simmons
d. Quacquarelli Simon
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Quacquarelli Symonds

Explanation:
Mumbai, the second most affordable city in the world for students till 2016, has dropped to the 30th position this year.

Delhi, on the other hand, ranks way higher at 15, states a report by Quacquarelli Symonds, who are compilers of the QS World University Rankings.

The organisation published the 2017 list of the 'top 100 student cities in the world' on 16th Feb 2017.

Mumbai and Delhi rank 85th and 86th in the list, respectively.

Paris, which had topped the list since it was first compiled in 2012, was replaced by Montreal in Canada for the first time.

London, ranked fifth last year, has moved up to the third position.

Melbourne, on the other hand, dropped to the fifth position from second.

The top five cities in Asia include Seoul, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Singapore and Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe.

Where Mumbai and Delhi managed to get higher ranks was in "employer activity".

A city's performance is ranked on six composite indicators - affordability, desirability, student mix (international students), university ranking, employer activity and, for the first time, views of students.

Although an official QS statement shows that Mumbai and Delhi have seen an increase in their desirability score, these cities are still at the bottom.

Mumbai is placed at the 90th position and Delhi 91th. The desirability score takes into account the quality of life, including pollution, corruption and safety.

QS World University Rankings

  • Quacquarelli Symonds is a British company specialising in education and study abroad.
  • The company was founded in 1990 by Nunzio Quacquarelli.
  • In its inaugural rankings for 2012, QS had published the rankings for the top 50 cities.
  • Later, it began to publish rankings of 75.
  • This year, it has expanded the list to 100.


9)   Government has appointed whom as the first woman IIM director?
- Published on 13 Feb 17

a. Neelu Rohmetra
b. Mala Srivastava
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Neelu Rohmetra

Explanation:
The government has appointed heads of 10 Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), including the first woman to head one of the 20 premier B-schools in the country.

Prof Neelu Rohmetra of Jammu University is the first woman to be appointed director of an IIM at Sirmaur.

She specialises in HRD and cross-culture management.

Currently, she heads the university’s International Centre for Cross-Cultural Research and Human Resource Management.

The IIMs that got new directors are in Bodhgaya (Bihar), Sirmaur (Himachal Pradesh), Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Trichy (Tamil Nadu), Nagpur (Maharashtra), Sambalpur (Odisha), Raipur (Chhattisgarh), Rohtak (Haryana), Ranchi (Jharkhand) and Bangalore.

Some of these posts had been vacant for at least a year. Of the 10 appointees, three are teaching at IIM-Lucknow.

As reported on November 25, 2016, IIM-Ahmedabad’s Prof G. Raghuram has been given the top job at IIM-Bangalore.

Raghuram, a teacher at IIM-Ahmedabad for nearly three decades, is chairperson of the Public Systems Group at the premier B-School. He specialises in infrastructure and transport systems, and logistics and supply chain management.

Prof Neelu Rohmetra of Jammu University is the first woman to be appointed director of an IIM.

Bharat Bhaskar, professor of information technology systems at IIM-Lucknow, will be the head of IIM-Raipur. He was the interim director of IIM-Lucknow in 2015.


10)   Single entrance exam for engineering from 2018 will be modelled on?
- Published on 13 Feb 17

a. GATE
b. NEET
c. UGC NET
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: NEET

Explanation:
Stage has been set for single NEET-like examination for entrance to engineering colleges from the academic year 2018-19.

HRD ministry asked the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) to spell out suitable norms for holding such an exercise.

The AICTE, which oversees aspects related to technical education in the country, had discussed at a recent meeting a proposal for having a single entrance test for engineering colleges for undergraduate courses.

AICTE: Know More

  • Formation: November 1945
  • Headquarters : New Delhi
  • Location: Thiruvananthapuram, Kolkata, Chennai, Kanpur, Mumbai, Baroda, Chandigarh, Guwahati, Bhopal, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Gurgaon
  • Main organ: Council
  • Affiliations: Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development
  • Website: www.aicte-india.org
  • Head: Dr. Anil Sahasrabudhe, Chairman


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