Education - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   Union Cabinet has approved an MoU between LBSNAA and _____.
- Published on 20 Mar 17

a. Namibia Institute of Public Administration and Management
b. Namibia Institute of Management and Public Administration
c. Namibia Institute of Management
d. Namibia Institute of Public Administration
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Namibia Institute of Public Administration and Management

Explanation:
Union Cabinet on March 15, 2017 approved an MoU between Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration Mussorie and Namibia Institute of Public Administration and Management, Namibia.

MoU will be signed in the field of capacity building of public officials of Namibia. Other training activities for the benefit of both institutes will also be in place.

The MoU will enable the LBSNAA to disseminate the experience running a training institution for higher civil services in India to NIPAM.

Both countries will also engage in collaborative activities in public administration and capacity building.

About LBSNAA

  • LBSNAA : Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy for Public Administration and Management
  • LBSNAA was established in 1959.
  • It is based in Mussorie and was formed following the merging of the IAS Training School in Delhi and the IAS Staff College, Shimla.
  • Following its establishment, the academy has gained international recognition and stature as a global institution for training career bureaucrats.
  • The aim of LBSNAA is to promote good governance.
  • It provides quality training for building a professional and responsive civil service in a caring, ethical and transparent setting.


2)   What does QS in QS World University Rankings stand for?
- Published on 17 Feb 17

a. Quacquarelli Symonds
b. Quacquarelli Dymonds
c. Quacquarelli Simmons
d. Quacquarelli Simon
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Quacquarelli Symonds

Explanation:
Mumbai, the second most affordable city in the world for students till 2016, has dropped to the 30th position this year.

Delhi, on the other hand, ranks way higher at 15, states a report by Quacquarelli Symonds, who are compilers of the QS World University Rankings.

The organisation published the 2017 list of the 'top 100 student cities in the world' on 16th Feb 2017.

Mumbai and Delhi rank 85th and 86th in the list, respectively.

Paris, which had topped the list since it was first compiled in 2012, was replaced by Montreal in Canada for the first time.

London, ranked fifth last year, has moved up to the third position.

Melbourne, on the other hand, dropped to the fifth position from second.

The top five cities in Asia include Seoul, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Singapore and Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe.

Where Mumbai and Delhi managed to get higher ranks was in "employer activity".

A city's performance is ranked on six composite indicators - affordability, desirability, student mix (international students), university ranking, employer activity and, for the first time, views of students.

Although an official QS statement shows that Mumbai and Delhi have seen an increase in their desirability score, these cities are still at the bottom.

Mumbai is placed at the 90th position and Delhi 91th. The desirability score takes into account the quality of life, including pollution, corruption and safety.

QS World University Rankings

  • Quacquarelli Symonds is a British company specialising in education and study abroad.
  • The company was founded in 1990 by Nunzio Quacquarelli.
  • In its inaugural rankings for 2012, QS had published the rankings for the top 50 cities.
  • Later, it began to publish rankings of 75.
  • This year, it has expanded the list to 100.


3)   Government has appointed whom as the first woman IIM director?
- Published on 13 Feb 17

a. Neelu Rohmetra
b. Mala Srivastava
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Neelu Rohmetra

Explanation:
The government has appointed heads of 10 Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), including the first woman to head one of the 20 premier B-schools in the country.

Prof Neelu Rohmetra of Jammu University is the first woman to be appointed director of an IIM at Sirmaur.

She specialises in HRD and cross-culture management.

Currently, she heads the university’s International Centre for Cross-Cultural Research and Human Resource Management.

The IIMs that got new directors are in Bodhgaya (Bihar), Sirmaur (Himachal Pradesh), Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Trichy (Tamil Nadu), Nagpur (Maharashtra), Sambalpur (Odisha), Raipur (Chhattisgarh), Rohtak (Haryana), Ranchi (Jharkhand) and Bangalore.

Some of these posts had been vacant for at least a year. Of the 10 appointees, three are teaching at IIM-Lucknow.

As reported on November 25, 2016, IIM-Ahmedabad’s Prof G. Raghuram has been given the top job at IIM-Bangalore.

Raghuram, a teacher at IIM-Ahmedabad for nearly three decades, is chairperson of the Public Systems Group at the premier B-School. He specialises in infrastructure and transport systems, and logistics and supply chain management.

Prof Neelu Rohmetra of Jammu University is the first woman to be appointed director of an IIM.

Bharat Bhaskar, professor of information technology systems at IIM-Lucknow, will be the head of IIM-Raipur. He was the interim director of IIM-Lucknow in 2015.


4)   Single entrance exam for engineering from 2018 will be modelled on?
- Published on 13 Feb 17

a. GATE
b. NEET
c. UGC NET
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: NEET

Explanation:
Stage has been set for single NEET-like examination for entrance to engineering colleges from the academic year 2018-19.

HRD ministry asked the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) to spell out suitable norms for holding such an exercise.

The AICTE, which oversees aspects related to technical education in the country, had discussed at a recent meeting a proposal for having a single entrance test for engineering colleges for undergraduate courses.

AICTE: Know More

  • Formation: November 1945
  • Headquarters : New Delhi
  • Location: Thiruvananthapuram, Kolkata, Chennai, Kanpur, Mumbai, Baroda, Chandigarh, Guwahati, Bhopal, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Gurgaon
  • Main organ: Council
  • Affiliations: Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development
  • Website: www.aicte-india.org
  • Head: Dr. Anil Sahasrabudhe, Chairman


5)   Who has been appointed as the US Education secretary in a historic vote?
- Published on 08 Feb 17

a. Nancy Pelosi
b. Nikki Haley
c. Susan Collins
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: None of the above

Explanation:
US Senate on 7th Feb 2017 confirmed school choice advocate Betsy DeVos as Education secretary by the narrowest of margins.

Vice-President Mike Pence was instrumental in breaking a 50-50 tie in a historic vote.

Two Republicans joined Democrats in the unsuccessful effort to derail the nomination.

The Senate historian said Mr. Pence’s vote was the first by a Vice-President to break a tie on a Cabinet nomination.

It is the first time in US history that a cabinet appointed has required a Vice-Presidential tie-breaker.

This is attesting to the fraught mood in Washington DC after a contentious election.

Two Republican Senators, Susan Collins of Maine and Lisa Murkowski of Alaska joined 46 Democrats and two Democrat-caucusing Independents, in an effort to scupper DeVos confirmation.

DeVos is a long-time Republican and is a billionaire from one of Michigan's wealthiest families.


6)   GTU has set up a Centre of Excellence in __________
- Published on 06 Feb 17

a. Automation technologies
b. Software technologies
c. Innovator technologies
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Automation technologies

Explanation:
German technology major, Bosch Rexroth-funded India’s first Centre of Excellence.

The i 4.0 Automation Technology opened at the Vishwakarma Government Engineering College under Gujarat Technological University in Ahmedabad.

The Center of Excellence will be open for students of engineering students from across the state and also for the industry to conduct research in automation and hydraulics.


7)   What are the features of the Union Cabinet approved IIM Bill 2017?
- Published on 27 Jan 17

a. IIMs declared institutions of national importance
b. It enables IIMs to grant degrees rather than diplomas
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Both of the above

Explanation:
Union Cabinet has approved the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Bill, 2017.

Under this, the IIMs will be declared as Institutions of National Importance.

It will also enable IIMs to grant degrees rather than diplomas to their students.

At present IIMs are not authorised to award degrees as they registered as societies.

Hence, they are awarding Post Graduate Diploma and Fellow Programme in Management.

Key features of the Bill

- Allow IIMs to grant degrees to their students.

- Grant complete autonomy to IIMs, combined with adequate accountability.

- Coordination Forum of IIMs as an advisory body will be established.

- Board of an IIM will drive the management of the institution.

- It will select Chairperson and Director of IIM.

- Board will have greater participation of experts and alumni.

- It will also include women and members from Scheduled Castes/Tribes.

- Periodic review of the performance of IIM will be conducted by independent agencies and their results will be placed in public domain.

- The Annual Report of the IIMs will be placed in the Parliament and CAG (Comptroller and auditor general of India) will audit their accounts.

About IIMs

  • Indian Institutes of Managements (IIMs) are the country’s premier management institutions.
  • They are imparting best quality education in management.
  • They are recognized as world-class management Institutions and Centres of Excellence.
  • All IIMs are separate autonomous bodies registered under the Societies Act.
  • This makes them ineligible to award degrees.
  • These awards are treated as equivalent to MBAs and PhD, respectively, but their equivalence is not universally acceptable.


8)   Which are the top three states where girl education is neglected according to ASER 2016?
- Published on 24 Jan 17

a. UP, Rajasthan and MP
b. MP, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand
c. Rajasthan, Odisha and West Bengal
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: UP, Rajasthan and MP

Explanation:
Inspite of freebies like books, bikes and uniforms, along with enrollment scholarships, MP is among top three states in the country with the least number of school going girls.

As per the Annual Status of Education Report 2016, in some states, proportion of out of school girls aged 11-14 remains more than 8 percent.

These include Uttar Pradesh (9.9%), Rajasthan (9.7%) and MP (8.5%).

Report was released by Pratham Education Foundation.

Proportion of out of school girls in MP was at 6.2% during 2014.

This has now increased to 8.5%.

There are currently 122 lakh schools in MP.

Status report also revealed the condition of poor quality of education and infrastructure in the state.

Education status report also found 2.9% girls in 7-10 years of age were not enrolled in schools. 29% girls in the age group of 15-16 years were out of schools during 2016.

2.9% of the students of class eight in state failed to even read letters while 13.5% of them were able to read standard-one level text.

64.3% students of class eight could read letters meant for class-II but not above.

6.7% of class-five and 1.6% students of class-eight of the state have even failed to recognise the digit - one to nine.

Similarly, 8.1% students of class-eight even fail to read English capital letters.

This percentage is 18.4 for class-five students.

Now, more students of these classes are attending coaching as this percentage of those not attending coaching has now reduced to 64.6%.

This Pratham Education Foundation report also revealed that the fraction of ‘out-of-school’ children (age 6-14) has increased between 2014 and 2016.

These include MP (from 3.4% to 4.4%), Chhattisgarh (from 2% to 2.8%), and Uttar Pradesh (from 4.9% to 5.3%).

In nine states, the level of English reading of private schools has also improved.

These are Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Assam, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

ASER Survey: Know More

  • Survey was completed in a period of 100-days and with help of about 150-master trainers, who further trained other partners at district level.
  • The sample size is bigger than the NSSO.
  • Foundation has been conducting this survey every year since 2005, except 2015.


9)   Which dialects of Hindi are being debated for inclusion in the 8th Schedule?
- Published on 23 Jan 17

a. Bhojpuri
b. Rajasthani
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both of the above

Explanation:
Hindi professors have written to PM Narendra Modi requesting not to add dialects of Hindi such as Bhojpuri and Rajasthani in the 8th schedule as full fledged Indian languages.

Rajasthani would be added to 8th schedule, according to an announcement by Union Minister Arjun Ram Meghwal.

In December 2016, Bihar CM Nitish Kumar raised a similar demand for Bhojpuri.

Eighth schedule means independence in the identity of the language. Hindi's prime strength is its large number of speakers.

Dialects being recognised as separate languages will lessen the force of Hindi. In fact, there will be no Hindi language if key dialects are recognised as separate languages.

About the 8th Schedule

  • This lists the official languages recognised by the Constitution
  • Contains a list of 22 Scheduled languages.
  • Initially, there were 14 languages only; 8 were added by amendments.
  • These include:
1. Sindhi: Added by 21st AA 1967
2. Konkani, Manipuri, Nepali: Added by 71st AA 1992
3. Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, Santhal: Added by 92nd AA 2003
  • Apart from these, the languages include:
1. Assamese
2. Bengali
3. Hindi
4. Gujarati
5. Kannada
6. Kashmiri
7. Malayalam
8. Marathi
9. Punjabi
10. Odia
11. Sanskrit
12. Tamil
13. Urdu
14. Telugu


10)   Where did PM Narendra Modi on 19th Dec 2016 unveiled the first Indian Institute of Skills?
- Published on 20 Dec 16

a. Jaunpur
b. Kanpur
c. Dispur
d. Jaipur
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Kanpur

Explanation:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 19th Dec 2016 unveiled the first Indian Institute of Skills in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

The PM also launched the exhibition Kaushal Pradarshini to showcase major skill development initiatives of the Union Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship/MSDE.

The Kanpur institute is the country’s first ever Indian institute of skills.

Primary objective of the institute is empowering the youth to be employable and self sustainable.

Institute was conceived when PM Modi visited Singapore’s Institute of Technical Education.

The institute is inspired by the Singapore model of training and will incorporate the best practices from this nation.

The plan is to set up six such institutes in India in the coming years.

Skill Initiatives by GoI

  • Kaushal Pradarshini: Skill exhibition for UP Youth
  • Exhibition showcases state-of-the-art vocational training practice.
  • Union Budget identifies Education, Skill Development and Employment as one of the 9 pillars to transform Indian economy.
  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana for imparting skills training to youths at INR 1500 crore was launched in March 2015.
  • National Mission for Skill Development was launched in July 2015 for training at least 300 million skilled people by 2022.


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