General - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   Goa's Bombay HC became the first to pay court fees through which mode?
- Published on 24 Feb 17

a. Adhesive stamps
b. Impressed stamps
c. Online mode
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Online mode

Explanation:
The High Court of Bombay at Goa has introduced online payment of court fees through e-payment gateway.

This is in coordination with the Goa Government and National Informatics Centre (NIC), a senior official said.

The Goa Assembly had last year amended the Court Fees (Goa Amendment) Act, 2016 enabling e-payment of the court fees.

The High Court in a notice issued on its official website has said that e-payment of court fees would be available for it (the High Court of Bombay at Goa), District and Sessions Courts as well as all subordinate Courts in the coastal state.

Presently, all the court fees are paid by way of impressed and adhesive stamps.

This facility will be in addition to the existing system of payment of court fees.

The notice mentions that to avail this service and for making electronic payment of court fees, user must have internet banking account, debit/credit card of respective bank specified by payment gateway website.

Necessary user manual to make payment through electronic mode is available on the official website of High Court of Bombay at Goa.

High Court of Bombay: Know More

  • Established: 1862
  • Country: India
  • Location: Mumbai, Maharashtra (Principal Seat) Nagpur, Aurangabad & Panaji (circuit bench)
  • Composition method: Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.


2)   What is Sampark?
- Published on 24 Feb 17

a. Business Idea challenge
b. Industry academia interface event
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both of the above

Explanation:
Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DONER), jointly with the Department of Business Administration, Tezpur University and North Eastern Finance Corporation Limited (NEDFi), is coming up with a Business Idea Challenge to encourage entrepreneurship.

This is in the North-East Region (NER).

The annual industry-academia interface event “Sampark”, which will see the DoNER Ministry’s involvement for the first time, brings the spirit of entrepreneurship in the region.

The event will take place on March 3, 2017 and will be the 17th edition in the series.

Pioneering Business Idea Challenge 2017 is being organized as a part of the event. The contest is open to any student of North Eastern Region, having a business idea.

Sampark 2017 will have different sessions to motivate the students to be addressed by established entrepreneurs, prominent start-ups.

A session on Act East Policy (One of India’s foreign policy effort to cultivate extensive economic and strategic relations with the nations of Southeast Asia) will also feature in the event.

There will be an exclusive interaction where the funding agencies represented by respective heads of the NER will clarify various queries of the prospective entrepreneurs and start-ups.


3)   GoI has approved solar plan to double capacity to?
- Published on 23 Feb 17

a. 20,000 MW
b. 30,000 MW
c. 40,000 MW
d. 50,000 MW
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 40,000 MW

Explanation:
The government on 22nd Feb 2017 approved a plan to double the capacity of solar parks and ultra-mega solar power projects (UMSPP) to 40,000 MW from 20,000 mw.

A roadmap would be finalised shortly to set up at least 50 solar parks, each with a capacity of 500 MW except in hilly areas where adequate land is not available.

These smaller parks in Himalayan and other hilly states, where contiguous land may be difficult to acquire in view of the difficult terrain, will also be considered under the scheme.

These solar parks will be set up by 2019-20 with a financial assistance of Rs 8,100 crore from the Centre.

Following completion, the total capacity of all solar parks will generate 64 billion units of electricity per year, saving 55 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emission per year over their life cycle.

State governments will first nominate solar power park developer (SPPD) and also identify land for the project.

They will then send the proposal to the ministry of new and renewable energy (MNRE) for approval along with the name of the SPPD.

The SPPD will then be sanctioned a grant of up to Rs 25 lakh for preparing detailed project report. Thereafter, Central financial assistance of up to INR 20 lakh per MW, or 30% of the project cost, including grid-connectivity cost, whichever is lower, will be released as per the milestones prescribed in the scheme.

The renewable energy ministry is implementing a scheme for development of at least 25 solar parks with an aggregate capacity of 20,000 MW, which was launched in December 2014.

As on date, 34 solar parks with an aggregate capacity of 20,000 mw have been approved and are at various stages of development.


4)   Where will the first heliport in India be set up?
- Published on 23 Feb 17

a. Delhi
b. Kolkata
c. Chennai
d. Mumbai
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Delhi

Explanation:
India’s first heliport, built by state-owned Pawan Hans in the northern part of the capital, is set to become functional from Feb 28 2017, a year after successfully undergoing trial runs.

The heliport, set up at Rohini area of North Delhi, consists of a terminal building having capacity of 150 passengers, four hangars with parking capacity of 16 helicopters and nine parking bays.

Besides, it has a maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) facility also for the upkeep of Pawan Hans fleet as well as for third-party maintenance work.

Rohini facility is India’s first integrated facility for rotor wing aircraft including their landing and takeoff. It has a terminal building that can cater to 150 passengers per day besides separate air traffic control (ATC), fire and fuelling services.

The commencement of services from here is also expected to reduce congestion at the Delhi Airport, which currently handles about 40-50 helicopter arrivals and departures on an average per day besides the large-scale fixed-wing operations.

Pawan Hans has carried out the Rohini heliport project for the Civil Aviation Ministry.

The heliport will also be used for operating services for disaster management, emergency medical services, law and order surveillance as well as a centre for the skill development of pilots and engineers.

Rohini heliport will also promote regional air connectivity through helicopters in the northern region.

The INR 100-crore project will be inaugurated on February 28 and will be an integrated one with a chopper maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) unit part of the complex at Rohini.

Owned by Pawan Hans Helicopters Ltd (PHHL), the hugely-delayed heliport will have a large number of parking bays and an AC passenger terminal building with car parking area for the flyers.

Pawan Hans had successfully carried out the first trial test landing an Eccuriall B3 chopper exactly a year ago to assess standard operating procedures and safety standards. Since then it has carried out many more tests.

This heliport has a terminal building having capacity of hundreds of passengers.


5)   GoI has invoked emergency for manufacture of which product?
- Published on 22 Feb 17

a. Coronary Stents
b. Respiratory inhalers
c. Bio sutures
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Coronary Stents

Explanation:
Moving to ensure there is no shortage of stents due to price control, the government has invoked an emergency provision making it mandatory for manufacturers to maintain production and supply of coronary stents at previous levels for at least six months.

Stent makers and importers have also been directed to submit a weekly report on stents production and distribution to the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA), which regulates prices of drugs and medical devices.

Following reports of artificial shortage of stents after it imposed price caps, the NPPA had written to department of pharmaceuticals asking it to invoke the provisions.

After due deliberations on the current situation and alternatives available with the government to resume normal supply of the coronary stents, it has been decided to invoke the powers of Section 3 (i) of DPCO, 2013.

Withdrawal of any brand having got a license earlier without NOC (No objection Certificate) from NPPA shall be dealt firmly.

Last week, NPPA had fixed prices of bare metal stents at Rs 7,260, whereas both drug eluting stents (DES) and biodegradable stents were capped at Rs 29,600.

Section 3 of DPCO

  • Under Section 3 (i) of DPCO, 2013, the government can regulate distribution.
  • It can also direct any manufacturer to increase production and sell products to institutions, hospitals or any agency as the case may be in case of emergency.
  • This is also in circumstances of urgency or in case of non-commercial use in public interest.


6)   India is the largest importer of ____ according to SIPRI.
- Published on 21 Feb 17

a. Major arms
b. Missiles
c. Bombs
d. Detonators
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Major arms

Explanation:
India is the world’s largest importer of major arms in the last five years and its overseas procurement is far greater than that of China and Pakistan.

According to the latest report of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), India accounted for 13 percent of the total global arms import between 2012–16 which is highest among all the countries.

Saudi Arabia was the second largest arms importer in 2012-16, with an increase of 212 percent compared with 2007–11. Arms imports by Qatar went up by 245 percent.

According to the report, Russia accounted for a 23 percent share of global exports in the period 2012–16 and 70 percent of its arms exports went to India, Vietnam, China and Algeria.

SIPRI/ Stockholm International Peace Research Institute: Know More

  • Formation: 6 May 1966
  • Purpose: provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public
  • Website: www.sipri.org


7)   What does IoT stand for?
- Published on 20 Feb 17

a. Internet of Telecom
b. Internet of Things
c. Internet of Today
d. Internet of Tomorrow
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Internet of Things

Explanation:
The number of units under Internet of Things (IoT) is expected to grow exponentially to 1.9 billion units in India by 2020 or about USD 9 billion, says a report.

A rapidly growing hub for IoT solutions, the country's IoT market size in this area is expected to increase about 7 times - from USD 1.3 billion last year to USD 9 billion by 2020.

This is as per consultancy firm Deloitte in its TMT Predictions 2017.

IoT refers to the devices, other than computers and smartphones, connected to the Internet.

Deloitte estimates the current number of such devices in the country to be around 60 million.

The report said IoT solution deployment for digital utilities or smart cities and in the manufacturing, transport and logistics and automotive industries would drive the demand for industrial IoT applications going forward.

By 2020, the company believes industries such as utilities, manufacturing, automotive, transportation and logistics are expected to see highest adoption levels of IoT in India.

The government's planned investment of about USD 1 billion for 100 smart cities, over the next five years, is expected to be a key enabler for IoT adoption across these industries.

Additionally, industries such as healthcare, retail, and agriculture are also expected to make significant progress in IoT adoption.

India needs to continue to build capabilities across technology areas of sensors to adapt to rugged climate, terrain along with network infrastructure, standards and augmented intelligence and behaviour.

While telecom operators would be initially focusing on providing SIMs for IoT devices and solutions, the report expects that in the next two years, telcos would unveil new IoT strategies or stretch the existing one to have higher level of participation in the overall end-to-end IoT ecosystem and economy.

Leading operators would make significant investments to extend their IoT capabilities by providing data analytics and storage and in some cases for more specialised areas operators would enter into partnerships with companies.

Companies would provide cheaper sensors, cloud data storage, analytics, visualisation platforms providing remote monitoring, dashboards and reports.

They offer field service platforms providing automated maintenance tickets and technical assistance.


8)   Which country's ambassador has been summoned by Malaysia over an assassination allegation?
- Published on 20 Feb 17

a. South Korea
b. North Korea
c. China
d. Japan
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: North Korea

Explanation:
Malaysia's foreign ministry summoned North Korea's ambassador on 20th Feb 2017 over allegations he had made over the Southeast Asian country's handling of the investigation into the murder in Kuala Lumpur of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un's half-brother.

Malaysia also recalled its envoy from Pyongyang "for consultations", the foreign ministry said in a statement.

The ministry said the North Korean ambassador Kang Chol was summoned for an explanation on the accusations he made against the Government of Malaysia in his press conference on 17 February 2017.

In his press conference, the Ambassador insinuated that the Malaysian Government had 'something to conceal'.

The Ambassador also alleged that Malaysia was 'colluding and playing into the gallery of external forces,' the statement also added.

Malaysia: Know More

  • Capital: Kuala Lumpur
  • Code: +60
  • Currency: Malaysian ringgit
  • Prime minister: Najib Razak
  • Official language: Malaysian


9)   Which Indian health body has been given maximum ratings by WHO for vaccine regulation?
- Published on 20 Feb 17

a. NRAI
b. FSSAI
c. NIH
d. NIHFW
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: NRAI

Explanation:
National Regulatory Authority of India (NRAI) has been given the maximum ratings by global health body World Health Organisation for vaccine regulations.

WHO completed the assessment of the status of the Indian vaccine regulatory system against WHO NRA Global Benchmarking Tool (GBT) and measured the maturity of the system in India.

The assessment has been done in respect of 9 different functionalities and Indian NRA has been declared ‘functional’ with a maturity level of 4 which is the highest level as per currently evolved definitions in respect of 5 functions, and maturity level 3 in respect of 4 functions.

While, maturity level 4 indicates good results and sustained improvement trends, level 3 reflects systematic process based approach, early stage of systematic improvements, data availability regarding conformance to objectives and existence of improvement trends, it said.

A fully functional NRAI is a pre-requisite for WHO prequalification of vaccines and one of the requirements to become eligible and retain prequalification status is to have the National Regulatory Authority (NRA) assessed as functional against the WHO published NRA indicators.

WHO Prequalification Programme, as such, facilitates access to vaccines that meet the unified standards of quality, safety and efficacy as well as programme needs.

A WHO-led team of global experts from several countries came to this conclusion at the end of comprehensive review from 13-17 February 2017.

The NRAI and affiliated institutions meet WHO Global Benchmarking Tool requirements for a functional vaccine regulatory system.

Indian Health Ministry and its affiliated institutions – Central Drugs Standards Control Organization (CDSCO), Central Drugs Laboratory, Kasauli, Pharmacovigilance Programme and Immunization Division, and other relevant institutions are engaged in the regulation, control and testing of vaccines.

India is one of the largest manufacturers and exporters of vaccines world-wide.


10)   HAL signed an MoU with which government agency in Aero India 2017?
- Published on 20 Feb 17

a. DRDO
b. NIHFW
c. ISRO
d. CPWD
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: CPWD

Explanation:
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited on 18th Feb 2017 signed a MoU with Central Public Works Department, CPWD for execution of infrastructure development works at HAL’s new Greenfield helicopter facility at Tumakuru.

The MoU was signed at Aero India 2017.

The project spread over 615 acres of land allotted by the Government of Karnataka will house infrastructure for production and testing facilities, self-sufficient manufacturing capabilities of a wide range of helicopters of 3-ton to 12-ton class.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi had laid the foundation stone for HAL’s new helicopter manufacturing facility at Biderehalla Kaval, Gubbi Taluk, Tumakuru last year on January 3, 2016.

Under this collaboration, HAL and CPWD are set to execute stage 1 construction.

HAL: Know More

  • Headquarters: Bengaluru
  • Founder: Walchand Hirachand
  • Founded: 1940, Bengaluru
  • Revenue: 177.5 billion INR (2014)
  • Number of employees: 32,108 (March 2014)
  • Motto: Asia's Premier Aerospace Complex
  • Aircraft designed: HAL Dhruv


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