Important Dates & Festivities - Current Affairs Questions and Answers

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1)   Which theme is Aadi Mahotsav being held with?
- Published on 16 Nov 17

a. A Celebration of the Spirit of Tribal Culture, Cuisine and Commerce
b. A Celebration of the Spirit of Tribal Cuisine, Culture and Commerce
c. A Celebration of the Spirit of Tribal Commerce, Cuisine and Culture
d. A Celebration of the Spirit of Tribal Commerce, Culture and Cuisine
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: A Celebration of the Spirit of Tribal Culture, Cuisine and Commerce

Explanation:
The Vice President, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu will inaugurate 'Aadi Mahotsav' - a fortnight long Tribal Festival with the theme of 'A Celebration of the Spirit of Tribal Culture, Cuisine and Commerce' on 16 Nov 2017 at Dilli Haat, INA, New Delhi.

Over 750 tribal artisans from over 25 States will be participating in the festival. Aadi Mahotsav is scheduled to be organized at four venues throughout Delhi.

The festival will run for a fortnight through 30th November 2017. The theme of the festival is: A Celebration of the Spirit of Tribal Culture, Cuisine and Commerce.

The festival will feature exhibition-cum-sale of tribal handicrafts, art, paintings, fabric, jewellery and much more through about 200 stalls.

Indian Tribes : Know More About Aadi Mahotsav

  • The tribes constitute over 8% of the country's population. This is a very significant number. In real terms it corresponds to over 10 crore Indians.
  • The national object of inclusive development (sabka vikas) includes the development of tribes as an important component.
  • Our constitution enjoins upon the Government the responsibility of addressing the special needs of the tribals.
  • As the name of this event Aadi Mahotsav suggests, it is the 'adi' factor that is important about them.
  • The Adivasi way of life is guided by primal truths, eternal values and a natural simplicity. The greatness of the tribes lies in this that they have managed to retain the primal skills, the natural simplicity.
  • Their creations issue from the depths of time. This quality gives their arts and crafts a timeless appeal. The crudest tribal handicraft instantly touches a primal instinct in all of us.
  • This is particularly true of tribal music and dance.
  • The Government has formed the Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (Trifed) for achieving this.
  • Trifed is doing significant work in this direction and have now embraced e-commerce and digital platforms to take the business forward.
  • TRIBES India proudly announces the signing of MOUs with Amazon, Snapdeal, Flipkart, PayTM and GEM, a Government of India Portal for e-commerce of the tribal products.
  • Besides TRIBES India has also has its own e-com portal www.eshop.tribesindia.com.


2)   World Pneumonia Day was celebrated on which date for the first time?
- Published on 14 Nov 17

a. Nov 12, 2009
b. Nov 12, 2010
c. Nov 14, 2009
d. Nov 14, 2010
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Nov 12, 2009

Explanation:
World Pneumonia Day is celebrated to highlight the seriousness of pneumonia as a public health problem and to encourage more organizations/nations to look at ways of combating the disease.

This day was first hosted in 2009 by Global Coalition against Child Pneumonia (GCCP) that was formed to help build public and political support to address this problem.

It's marked every year on 12 November to:

  • Raise awareness about pneumonia, the world's leading killer of children under the age of five;
  • Promote interventions to protect against, prevent and treat pneumonia; and
  • Generate action to combat pneumonia.
Key facts:
  • Pneumonia is the leading infectious killer of children under five years of age worldwide.
  • Pneumonia killed 920136 children under the age of 5 in 2015, accounting for 16% of all deaths of children under five years old.
  • Pneumonia is easily preventable and treatable cause of deaths in children and yet a child dies from the infection every 20 seconds.
  • Children can be protected from pneumonia; it can be prevented with simple interventions, and treated with low-cost, low-tech medication and care.
Pneumonia can be transmitted in a number of ways:
  • The viruses and bacteria that are commonly found in a child's nose or throat can infect the lungs if they are inhaled.
  • Organism may also spread via air-borne droplets from a cough or sneeze.
  • Pneumonia may spread through blood, especially during and shortly after birth.
Global Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhoea:
  • The Integrated Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhoea (GAPPD), by WHO and UNICEF aims to accelerate pneumonia control with a combination of interventions to protect, prevent, and treat pneumonia in children.
  • The goal is to reduce the deaths from pneumonia to fewer than 3 children in 1000 live births, and from diarrhoea to less than 1 in 1000 by 2025.
  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India is functioning with other ministries through various national programmes (such as MAA, UIP, ICDS) with the involvement of ASHA/ANM/anganwadi worker at community level to protect, prevent and treat pneumonia.


3)   Shilpotsav 2017 is an annual fair which is for artisans of which category?
- Published on 10 Nov 17

a. Weaker sections of society
b. Tribal
c. Backward classes
d. Only a and c
e. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: All of the above

Explanation:
Shilpostav - 2017 is the annual fair of artisans from across the country, belonging to the weaker sections of the society, which began on 1st November and will continue till 15th November 2017.

The progress of any section of the society depends a lot on financial independence of the section.

The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is working towards empowering marginalized and disadvantaged artisans and in continuance of this, Shilpostav 2017 has been organized every year.

There are 118 stalls of the Ministry Social Justice and Empowerment, where in artisans assisted by the Apex corporations i.e. National Backward Classes Finance & Development Corporation (NBCFDC), National Scheduled Caste Finance & Development Corporation (NSFDC), National Handicapped Finance & Development Corporation (NHFDC), National Safai Karamchari Finance & Development Corporation (NSKFDC) and National Trust are displaying and selling their products.

The range of products in this fair include - silk sarees, durries, readymade garments, terracotta product, jute products, dress material, Kashmiri shawls/stoles, leather, cane & bamboo products, hand embroidery, bead products, pearls, imitation jewellery, lakh products, decorative candles, wood carving, block printing, wooden toys, tie & dye, wood, marble artefacts, handloom etc.


4)   Army Aviation Corps celebrated its ____ raising day on Nov 1, 2017.
- Published on 02 Nov 17

a. 36
b. 33
c. 32
d. 35
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 32

Explanation:
Army Aviation Corps celebrated its Thirty Second Raising Day on 01 Nov 2017. To mark the occasion, a Wreath Laying ceremony was held at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, New Delhi

Wreaths were laid by Lt Gen Kanwal Kumar, the Colonel Commandant and Director General of Army Aviation and other serving officers, soldiers and veterans.

Army Aviation Corps is the aerial manoeuvre arm of the Indian Army.

Providing critical third dimensional capabilities to the Army, the Army Aviation Corps has played a stellar role by providing vital aviation support to our soldiers safeguarding the borders and providing relief to the common man during times of national calamity.


5)   Which date is being celebrated as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhai Patel?
- Published on 30 Oct 17

a. 30th Oct
b. 31st Oct
c. 29th Oct
d. 28th Oct
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 31st Oct

Explanation:
31st October is to be celebrated all over the country as a day of special occasion, to foster and reinforce the Government's dedication to preserve and strengthen unity, integrity and security of our nation.

It is to be marked by celebrating it as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, one of the founding fathers of the Republic of India.

March Pasts will be carried out by Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) and Delhi Police in their respective grounds on 31.10.2017. CAPFs are actively participating in State-level and other field level functions.

Functions to commemorate the National Unity Day will also be held in all Indian Embassies/Missions abroad.

A run will also be launched on this date to promote national integration.


6)   Which institute is celebrating its foundation day on 27th October?
- Published on 30 Oct 17

a. National Institute of Wind Energy
b. National Institute of Tidal Energy
c. National Institute of Geothermal Energy
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: None of the above

Explanation:
Union Minister of State (IC) for Power and New & Renewable Energy presided over the 4th Foundation Day celebrations of National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE), at its campus in Gurugram, Haryana on 27th Oct, 2017.

Also launched was the Automation System for Customer Service Cell for Testing Facilities at NISE.

Also released were a set of four books on Solar Energy published by NISE.

The Minister was particularly impressed with the solar powered RO water dispensing ATM, and the solar powered milk chilling unit.

Shri Singh also gave away awards to school children from Gurugram who won prizes for various competitions on Solar Energy.


7)   What is the theme of the Vigilance Awareness Week from 30th Oct to 4th Nov 2017?
- Published on 27 Oct 17

a. My Vision-Corruption Free India
b. Combating Corruption- Technology as an Enabler
c. Promoting Good Governance: Positive Contribution of Vigilance
d. Public participation in promoting integrity and eradicating Corruption
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: My Vision-Corruption Free India

Explanation:
The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) has decided that this year the Vigilance Awareness Week would be observed from 30th October to 4th November, 2017.

The theme of the week would be "My Vision-Corruption Free India" .

The Vice President of India Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu will be the Chief Guest at the Inaugural Function to be held on 30th October 2017.

The observance of the Vigilance Awareness Week would commence with the Integrity Pledge by public servants in the Ministries/Departments/Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs)/Public Sector Banks (PSBs) and all other Organisations.

Aim of Vigilance Awareness Week is to educate the public at large about the corruption related practices and also educating them how to report about it.

To accord recognition to the reforms and good work done by organization in the field of punitive, preventive and participative vigilance, the Vigilance Excellence Awards have been instituted in two categories from this year onwards.

Commission is developing an Integrity Index based on bench marking of internal processes and controls within an organization as well as management of relationships and expectations of external stake holders.

Integrity Index will be developed for 25 organisations including Government organisations and PSUs. This Integrity Index will be developed with technical support form IIM, Ahmedabad,.

CVC is developing an e-learning module for the benefit of vigilance officers.

The Commission as part of a multi-pronged strategy to tackle corruption has been stressing on punitive, preventive and participative vigilance measures.

Activities During Vigilance Awareness Week

  • Organisations have been advised to conduct activities relevant to the theme both within their organization, and outreach activities for public/citizens.
  • Outreach activities for public/citizens include the display of hoardings, banners, posters and distribution of handouts etc. at prominent locations/places in offices/field units and also at places with public interface, organization of grievance redressal camps for citizens/customers by organisations having customer oriented services/activities and the taking of the online "Integrity Pledge" developed by the Commission.
  • Seminars, discussions and other outreach events have been planned involving the private sector, professional associations, trade unions and associations for wide participation of all sections of civil society.
  • "Awareness Gram Sabhas" are being organized for dissemination of awareness in Gram Panchayats (in rural and semi-urban areas) to sensitise citizens on the ill-effects of corruption. Last year, 70,000 such Gram Sabhas were organized during the Vigilance Awareness Week.
  • Laying stress for creation of awareness on the ill-effects of corruption amongst school and college students, special efforts are being made by each field unit/branch of every CPSE/ to reach out to students in schools and colleges.
  • A new feature is the establishment of 'Integrity Clubs' in schools and colleges as children are the future assets of the country and it is important to cultivate moral values in them.


8)   Sawfish are a type of ______.
- Published on 23 Oct 17

a. Rays
b. Fish
c. Sharks
d. Elasmobranchs
e. Both a and d
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both a and d

Explanation:
Scientists on World Sawfish Day (observed on October 17th) announced that sawfish, sighted off Indian coast less than 10 times in over a decade appears to be more threatened than tigers and elephants

Sawfish also known as carpenter sharks are a family of rays.

They are characterized by long, narrow, flattened rostrum or nose extension, lined with sharp transverse teeth resembling saw.

Sawfish are closely related to sharks and have shark-shaped bodies, hence, they are also called flat sharks

The sawfish, included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 enacted to save them from exploitation, have been sighted off the Indian coast less than 10 times in over a decade and they appear to be more threatened than tigers and elephants.

A statement issued by the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute held the sawfish may be the most endangered fish species in India.

Anecdotal evidence suggested they were once common along the Indian coast.

There are only five species of the sawfish ever identified - dwarf sawfish, knife tooth sawfish, small tooth sawfish, large tooth sawfish and green sawfish.

Sawfish are elasmobranchs, meaning their skeleton is made of cartilage.

They are closely related to sharks and have shark-shaped bodies and, hence, are also called flat sharks.

The CMFRI statement held that the sawfish family has been assessed either 'Endangered' or 'Critically Endangered' in the International Union for Conservation of Nature Global Red List, considering their threatened status, high extinction risk and observed population decline.

Protection Status: In the International Union for Conservation of Nature Global Red List, sawfish family has been assessed either 'Endangered' or 'Critically Endangered' considering their threatened status, high extinction risk and observed population decline.


9)   17 October 2017 marked which of the following?
- Published on 23 Oct 17

a. Inauguration of first Ayurveda institute of India
b. International Ayurveda Day
c. National Ayurveda Day
d. Only a and b
e. Only a and c
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only a and c

Explanation:
This October 17, marked as National Ayurveda Day, the country celebrated the historic roots of the alternative medicinal practice in the Indian subcontinent with Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurating the first of its kind, All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA) in New Delhi.

An apex institute under the Ministry of AYUSH (Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopath), the idea is to facilitate synergy between the traditional wisdom of Ayurveda and modern diagnostic tools and technology.

Facts About AIIA

  • The total area the institute accounts up to 10.015 acres, built with a budget of Rs 157 crore and is set up along the lines of the premier All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in the country’s capital.
  • The institute will focus on fundamental research in Ayurveda, developing drugs, monitoring, standardization, quality control, safety evaluation and scientific validation of Ayurvedic medicine.
  • The institute is deemed the first medical institute under the AYUSH ministry and will offer postgraduate and doctoral courses in various Ayurvedic disciplines.
  • While AIIA started the post-graduate programme (MD/MS) in Ayurveda from the academic year 2016-17, the PhD courses have already begun for academic year 2017-18.
  • The institute has 200-bed referral hospital to conduct clinical research. Its hospital block at present, provides outpatient services and medicines free of cost.
  • Currently, the clinical specialities of the hospital block not only include neurological and degenerative disease care unit, rheumatology and musculoskeletal care unit, diabetes and metabolic/allergic disorders care unit but also, Yoga, Panchakarma clinic, Kriya Kalpa, diabetic retinopathy clinic and infertility clinic.
  • The institute also has set up pathology, biochemistry, microbiology and Radiology laboratories or diagnostic facilities.
  • Once fully developed the institute is stipulated to have 25 Specialty Departments and 12 clinics with 8 inter-disciplinary research laboratories.
  • The nationally and internationally lauded institute will provide Ayurvedic treatments that foreign diplomats, delegates, other visitors or different nationalities, and common public can observe and avail through the medium of classical Ayurveda therapies, education and scientific research.
  • The institute will also facilitate medical tourism in India by encouraging patients of other nationalities to avail Ayurvedic treatment for chronic health problems, that have been unsuccessfully treated by other medical methods.


10)   Ministry of WCD hosted the largest festival of organic products by women farmers and producers called ______.
- Published on 18 Oct 17

a. Women of Bharat Organic Festival
b. Indian Women Organic Festival
c. Women of India Organic Festival
d. Bharatiya Women Organic Festival
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Women of India Organic Festival

Explanation:
The Women of India Organic Festival organized by the Ministry of Women & Child Development came to a successful close on 15th October, 2017.

The festival was organized at Dilli Haaat, INA, New Delhi as the largest festival of organic products by women farmers and producers.

The Women of India Organic Festival has now become an annual event and exhibits/offers for sale most varied range of organic products including food, kitchen products, spices, pure fabric to wellness, personal care among others.

The total sales by the women farmers and entrepreneurs who came from 25 States was INR 1.84 Crores in this year’s women of India Organic Festival.

Women participated from as far as Ladakh, Manipur, Sikkim and Pudduchery along with other states of the country.

The festival saw footfall of around 2.35 lakhs visitors.

The Women of India Organic Festival 2017 was inaugurated at Dilli Haat, INA by the Union Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi and Minister of State, Dr. Virender Kumar on 1st October, 2017.

Organic food has been proven to contain far more vitamins, minerals and nutrients than similar foods produced with chemical fertilizers, pesticides and preservatives.

Economically too, organic farming is preferable since it ultimately reduces cost of cultivation by 20-40% and increases the incomes of farmers by improving quality of production as well as the quality of soil.

Above all, children are particularly vulnerable to the harmful effects of pesticide exposure.

A concerted effort is needed to promote this sustainable alternative, thereby boosting the financial well-being of farmers as well as the health and longevity of consumers especially children.”

The main aim of the Festival was to support and encourage women and women-led groups that promote organic farming, thus supporting their local community’s economy, creating jobs and keeping farmers thriving, in addition to spreading proper awareness about the benefits of organic products.

The participants of Women of India Organic Festival 2017 also enrolled themselves in Mahila E-Haat, another initiative of the Ministry of Women & Child Development to meet the aspirations and needs of women entrepreneurs.

This unique e-platform exponentially strengthens the socio-economic empowerment of women beyond the Festival.


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