Important Dates & Festivities - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   International Mother Language Day was observed on?
- Published on 22 Feb 17

a. 19th Feb
b. 20th Feb
c. 21st Feb
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 20th Feb

Explanation:
International Mother Language Day was proclaimed by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in November 1999 (30C/62).

On 16 May 2007 the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution A/RES/61/266 called upon Member States “to promote the preservation and protection of all languages used by peoples of the world”.

By the same resolution, the General Assembly proclaimed 2008 as the International Year of Languages, to promote unity in diversity and international understanding, through multilingualism and multiculturalism.

International Mother Language Day has been observed every year since February 2000 to promote linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism.

The date represents the day in 1952 when students demonstrating for recognition of their language, Bangla, as one of the two national languages of the then Pakistan, were shot and killed by police in Dhaka, the capital of what is now Bangladesh.

Bangladesh: Know More

  • Capital: Dhaka
  • Dialling code: +880
  • Currency: Bangladeshi taka
  • Prime minister: Sheikh Hasina
  • Population: 156.6 million (2013) World Bank
  • President: Abdul Hamid


2)   When was World Radio Day observed?
- Published on 14 Feb 17

a. 13th Feb
b. 12th Feb
c. 11th Feb
d. 10th Feb
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 13th Feb

Explanation:
World Radio Day is observed on February 13 to celebrate radio as a medium to promote and access information.

After originally proposed by the Kingdom of Spain, UNESCO in its 36th General Conference proclaimed World Radio Day on November 3, 2011.

Last year, the UNESCO’s theme for World Radio Day is “Radio in Times of Emergency and Disaster”.

The theme for the 2017 edition of World Radio Day is “Radio is You!”

World Radio Day was first celebrated in 2012 and was later adopted as an International Day by the United Nations General Assembly.

Previous themes have included gender equality, youth participation, and radio in humanitarian and disaster situations.

As a part of the celebrations held in 2016, more than 380 World Radio Day events were held in more than 80 different countries.

In India, Outreach, an Indian social organisation, will organise a three-day ‘Radio Fair’ in Bhubaneswar between February 12 and 14.

This year the radio community calls for greater participation of audiences and communities in the planning of radio broadcasting.

On this day, radio stations can register for World Radio Day on their official website and promote World Radio Day events on the UNESCO map of activities.

World Radio Day: Know More

  • Also called: WRD
  • Observed by: UN Member States
  • Celebrations: UNESCO
  • Frequency: annual


3)   What is the theme of Hunar Haat this year?
- Published on 14 Feb 17

a. Crafts Aur Cuisine Ka Sangam
b. Art Aur Crafts Ka Sangam
c. Art Aur Cuisine Ka Sangam
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Crafts Aur Cuisine Ka Sangam

Explanation:
Union Minister of State for Minority Affairs (Independent Charge) and Parliamentary Affairs Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi inaugurated the second edition of “Hunar Haat”.

It is being organized by the Minority Affairs Ministry to encourage, promote and provide national and international market to master artisans/craftsmen belonging to the Minority communities from across the country.

With the theme “Craft Aur Cuisine Ka Sangam”, the second “Hunar Haat” is being organized from 11th to 26th February, 2017 at Connaught Place, New Delhi.

“Hunar Haat” is unique in the sense that it is showcasing crafts and traditional cuisines brought from different parts of the country.

“Hunar Haat” is being organized through National Minorities Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC) under USTTAD (Upgrading the Skills & Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development) scheme of Ministry of Minority Affairs.

100 artisans and 30 culinary experts from about 24 states and Union Territories are participating at about 130 stalls in the second “Hunar Haat.”

This also has a “Bawarchikhana” where various cuisine from different parts of the country are being showcased and the visitors can enjoy them.

For the first time in this exhibition very exquisite pieces of Handicraft & Handloom work are featured like:

  • Makrana Marble products,
  • Bandhej from Sikar,
  • Mojri from Rajasthan,
  • Banjara Embroidery from Telangana,
  • Handmade Locks & Door Handles along with Phool-Patti works from Aligarh, Cocoon decorated products from Nagaland,
  • Mizoram Traditional Crafts,
Different cuisines from 13 states are being brought by culinary experts for this second “Hunar Haat”.

Awadhi Mughlai foods from Lucknow, Dal Bati Churma & Thali from Rajasthan, Sandesh & Rasogolla from West Bengal, Malabari food from Kerala are just some of these.

Litti-Chokha of Bihar, Puran-Poli from Maharashtra, Dhokla & Jalebi from Gujarat, Kashmiri Wazwan from J&K, Bhutte Ki Khees, Sabudana-Kheer & Khichri from Madhya Pradesh are also featured.

The selected master artisans/craftsmen belong to states such as UP (29), Rajasthan (9), Jammu and Kashmir (9), Gujarat (6), Manipur (3), Assam (2), Odisha (2) and Kerala, Telangana and Bihar etc.

In “Bawarchikhana”, the people can enjoy food from states such as UP (3), Jammu and Kashmir (3), West Bengal (2), Gujarat (2) and Bihar, Maharashtra, Rajasthan etc.


4)   National Productivity Council is celebrating which week as National Productivity Week?
- Published on 13 Feb 17

a. 12th-18th Feb
b. 11th-17th Feb
c. 10th-16th Feb
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 12th-18th Feb

Explanation:
National Productivity Council, an autonomous body under Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India was established on 12th February, 1958, with the objective of stimulating and promoting productivity and quality consciousness across all sectors in the country.

With the Government’s focus on Make in India, the need for accelerated growth through higher productivity and quality has never been felt more.

The ongoing process of liberalization and globalization of the Indian economy makes it imperative to re-double our efforts towards enhancing productivity for competitiveness.

Also the aim is making it a mass-movement.

12th-18th February is celebrated as the ‘National Productivity Week’ every year.

The theme chosen for this year’s observance is “From Waste to Profits-through Reduce, Recycle and Reuse”.

Departmental Secretaries, PSU’s, Industry Associations, Autonomous Bodies, Universities, Local Productivity Councils & NPC Regional Directorates have been requested to actively organize workshops, essay/painting/slogan competitions, debates, training programs during the week.


5)   Which gardens did the Udaynotsav of Rahstrapati Bhavan open to the public?
- Published on 06 Feb 17

a. Mughal Garden
b. Spiritual Garden
c. Bonsai Garden
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: All of the above

Explanation:
The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee opened the annual ‘Udyanotsav’ of the Rashtrapati Bhavan on February 04, 2017.

The Mughal Gardens will remain open for general public from tomorrow to March 12, 2017 (except on Mondays which are maintenance days) between 0930 hrs to 1600 hrs.

Members of the public will also be able to visit the Spiritual Garden, Herbal Garden, Bonsai Garden and Musical Garden. During this period, there will be no online booking for visiting the Gardens.

The Mughal Gardens will be open exclusively on March 10, 2017 to special category of visitors viz farmers, differently abled persons, defence/para-military forces and Delhi Police personnel.

The Tactile Garden will be open for visually impaired people on March 10, 2017.


6)   When is World Wetlands Day celebrated?
- Published on 03 Feb 17

a. Feb 2
b. Feb 3
c. Feb 4
d. Feb 5
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Feb 2

Explanation:
World Wetlands Day is celebrated on February 2 each year.

This marks the Day the Convention on Wetlands was adopted in the Iranian City of Ramsar in 1971.

India is a party to the Convention since 1982 and committed to the Ramsar approach of judiscious use of wetlands.

Continued functioning of wetlands has acquired a new meaning in the age of increasing water and food security.

Wetlands are the life support for a range of plant and animal life.

As wetlands degrade, the existence of these life forms would be under stress.
At the same time, it is for the security of human well-being, that wetland conservation acquires prominence.

As ‘kidneys of landscape’, wetlands receive flows of water and waste from upstream sources. They help stabilize water supplies, cleanse polluted waters, protect shorelines and recharge groundwater aquifers.

The extensive food chain and biological diversity in wetlands make them ‘biological supermarkets’.

Wetlands have special attributes as cultural heritage of humanity, and have deep connections with our beliefs and practices. They are an important part of our natural wealth and “liquid assets”.

Despite their tremendous value, wetlands are also one of the most rapidly degrading ecosystems.

The theme of World Wetlands Day for 2017 is ‘Wetlands for Disaster Risk Reduction’.

This year World Wetland Day is being celebrated in collaboration with the Government of Madhya Pradesh at Bhoj Wetlands, Bhopal.

This is one of the 26 Ramsar sites that India has designated under the Ramsar Convention.

All the State Governments have been requested to celebrate the World Wetland Day in their respective States in a befitting manner.

Wetlands are our natural buffers against increasing risk of floods, droughts and tropical cyclones.

Wetlands can act as sponges, storing peak rainfall and releasing water gradually during lean season.

Integration of wetlands within disaster risk reduction planning can be achieved by a series of collaborative actions between wetlands managers and those responsible for implementation disaster risk reduction actions.

States should constitute Wetland Authorities as nodal agencies for integrated policy, planning and regulation of wetlands.

Representation of Disaster Management Authorities should be ensured within the State Wetland Authorities.

Mass awareness campaigns should be undertaken to educate stakeholders from all walks of society, particularly local communities on the value of wetland ecosystems.

The Ministry accords high priority to wetlands conservation, and has a dedicated scheme of ‘National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems’ (NPCA) to support State Governments in integrated management of these ecosystems.

Till date, over 170 wetlands have been covered under the programme.

The Ministry has also introduced Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010 as the regulatory framework for conserving wetlands of the country.


7)   National Immunisation Day was observed on which date?
- Published on 30 Jan 17

a. 28th Jan 2017
b. 29th Jan 2017
c. 30th Jan 2017
d. 31st Jan 2017
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 28th Jan 2017

Explanation:
To celebrate National Immunisation Day, President Pranab Mukherjee launched the countrywide programme for 2017 by administering polio drops to children aged below five years.

The programme will cover around 17 crore children aged under five years.

It will make an effort to maintain the country’s polio-free status.

Immunization is one of the key interventions in reducing child deaths in country.

Rotavirus virus vaccine has been introduced as part of the Universal Immunisation Programme last year.

The Ministry will soon introduce Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine to reduce the burden of diarrhea, pneumonia and meningitis

It will also conduct a countrywide campaign with Measles-Rubella vaccine in phased manner.

India has reduced under-5 mortality rate from 75 per 1000 live births in 2005 to 45 per 1000 in 2014.


8)   China is celebrating the Lunar New Year, marking which Chinese zodiac sign?
- Published on 30 Jan 17

a. Year of the Rooster
b. Year of the Monkey
c. Year of the Snake
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Year of the Rooster

Explanation:
Chinese are lighting incense sticks and praying at temples to wish for a good start to the Lunar New Year.

28th Jan 2017 the first day of the Year of the Rooster.

Beijing's sprawling spring festival temple fair opened at Ditan Park.

Other New Year's traditions include the eating of dumplings in northern China and the lighting of fireworks. B

Ethnic Chinese and others around the world also marked the holiday with celebrations and visits to temples.


9)   What is Bharat Parv?
- Published on 27 Jan 17

a. National festival
b. Cultural conference
c. National mission
d. National scheme
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: National festival

Explanation:
Bharat Parv, a national festival showcasing the country’s diverse culture, cuisines, handicrafts and catch glimpses of a progressive India was held.

It was inaugurated by Dr. Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State (Independent charge) for Tourism and Culture at Red Fort, Delhi on Republic Day.

Bharat Parv event is being organized by the Government of India at the Red Fort, Delhi from 26th to 31st January 2017, as part of the Republic Day 2017 Celebrations.

The prime objective of organizing the event is to generate a patriotic mood, promote the rich cultural diversity of the country, ensure wider participation.

It is also to popularise the idea of “Ek Bharat Shreshta Bharat.”

The Ministry of Tourism has been designated as the nodal Ministry for the event, the highlights of which include:

  • Republic Day Parade Tableaux,
  • Performances by the Armed Forces Bands (static and moving),
  • Multi-Cuisine Food Court,
  • Crafts Mela,
  • Cultural Performances from different regions of the country and a
  • Photo Exhibition by the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.
The Ministry of Information & Broadcasting has also set up a Photo Exhibition on the theme “Mera Desh Badal Raha Hai, Aage Badh Raha Hai.”


10)   When was National Voter's Day observed?
- Published on 27 Jan 17

a. 24th Jan
b. 25th Jan
c. 26th Jan
d. 27th Jan
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 25th Jan

Explanation:
The National Voters’ Day (NVD) was observed on 25 January.

This is held commemorate the foundation day of the Election Commission of India (ECI).

This year was 7th edition of the day and its theme was Empowering Young and Future Voters.

On this occasion President Pranab Mukherjee gave away awards for best electoral practices to District Collectors, Superintendents of Police and other functionaries involved in election management.

The day marks the foundation day of ECI which came into existence on 25th January 1950.

This day is also utilized to spread awareness among voters regarding effective participation in the electoral process.

Voting in India: Know More

  • A citizen can be enrolled as voter when he or she is 18 years as on January 1 of the year electoral rolls are prepared.
  • The electoral rolls are revised once in five years as well as before an election.
  • The Commission occasionally does house-to-house enumeration.
  • But the onus is on the citizen to register as a voter.
  • The Election Commission registers persons as a voter in the constituency where they ordinarily reside.
  • When you change your residence, the EC has to be intimated.
  • Enrolling as a voter in more than one area is an offence.
  • An NRI can vote in his/her hometown after registering as an Overseas Voter.


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