Important Dates & Festivities - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   When was World Theatre Day initiated?
- Published on 29 Mar 17

a. 1961
b. 1962
c. 1963
d. 1964
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 1961

Explanation:
World Theatre Day was initiated in 1961 by the International Theatre Institute (ITI), France.

It is celebrated annually on the 27th March by ITI Centres and the international theater community.

The first World Theatre Day Message was written by Jean Cocteau in 1962.

WTD is organized by International Theatre Institute (ITI). ITI is headquartered in Paris, France.

ITI: Know More

  • Formation: 1948, Prague
  • Type: Specialized agency
  • Legal status: Active
  • Headquarters: Paris, France
  • Head: Tobias Biancone, Director-General of ITI
  • Website: www.iti-worldwide.org


2)   Where was the 5th edition of the Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav 2017 held?
- Published on 27 Mar 17

a. Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh
b. Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh
c. Dimapur, Nagaland
d. Dispur, Assam
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh

Explanation:
The 5th edition of the Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav 2017 was held in Tawang in AP.

It was organised by the Union Ministry of Culture to preserve, promote and popularise the heritage and cultural diversity of Indian culture and reconnect the new generation with it.

Around 5000 NE artists and 2000 artists from across the nation will showcase India's heritage through cuisines, performance and art.

The Mahotsav will then extend to Dimapur (Nagaland), Majuli (Assam), Aizawl (Mizoram), Imphal (Manipur), Gangtok (Sikkim) and Shillong (Meghalaya) among others.

The festival will be inaugurated at Parade Ground, Tawang in AP on March 23 and then across other states of the region.

Cultural programmes will be held for a duration of the festival from March 23-25.

Essential core of the mahotsav is to strengthen cultural interlinkages and national integration

The festival will be implemented through the seven Zonal Cultural Centres and other organisations under Ministry of Culture.

Know More About the Mahotsav

  • The North East Zone Cultural Centre (NEZCC), Dimapur has been entrusted with the responsibility as the nodal agency to carry forward the execution of the National Cultural Festival.
  • Each Zonal Cultural Centre has been provided with slots to present their arts during the festival which would showcase an amalgamation of ‘Ek Bharat, Srestha Bharat’, ‘Hamaari Sanskriti, Hamaari Panchaan’ and ‘Swachh India’.
  • The festival will showcase the spectacular diversity of India, from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and Gujarat to Bengal through folk, tribal and classical art forms.
  • Exhibition on Buddhist art and tradition is also being organised at Parade Ground of Tawang.
  • Craftsmen from all over the country will display and sell handicrafts to the general public.


3)   What is this year's theme of World TB day on March 24, 2017?
- Published on 27 Mar 17

a. Unite to End TB
b. Meet to End TB
c. Join to End TB
d. Work to End TB
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Unite to End TB

Explanation:
This year, the theme of World TB Day 2017 is Unite to End TB.

WHO has placed a special focus on uniting efforts to Leave No One Behind.

India has the highest number of TB patients internationally.

This constitutes about 25 percent of all cases.

While urban TB afflicts more individuals annually, a similar case in rural area remains infectious for a longer time period as per new research findings.

WHO: Know More

  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Founded: 7 April 1948
  • Head: Margaret Chan
  • Customer service: 011 6656 4800
  • Founders: India, Philippines, Brazil, Canada, Argentina, Colombia, more
  • Parent organization: United Nations


4)   When is World Meteorological Day observed?
- Published on 24 Mar 17

a. 23rd March
b. 24th March
c. 25th March
d. 26th March
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 23rd March

Explanation:
The World Meteorological Day was observed globally on 23rd March 2017.

The theme of WMD 2017 is ‘Understanding Cloud’ to highlight the enormous importance of clouds for weather climate and water.

The day is organized every year by World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

The theme aims to highlight the enormous importance of clouds for weather climate and water. Clouds are central to weather observations and forecasts.

Clouds are one of the key uncertainties in the study of climate change: we need to better understand how clouds affect the climate and how a changing climate will affect clouds.

Clouds play a critical role in the water cycle and shaping the global distribution of water resources.

World Meteorological Day marks the launch of a new edition of the International Cloud Atlas after the most thorough and far-reaching revision in its long and distinguished history.

The new WMO Atlas is a treasure trove of hundreds of images of clouds, including a few newly classified cloud types.

It also features other meteorological phenomena such as rainbows, halos, snow devils and hailstones.

For the first time ever, the Atlas has been produced in a digital format and is accessible via both computers and mobile devices.

The International Cloud Atlas has its roots in the late 19th century. It was revised on several occasions in the 20th century, most recently in 1987, as a hard copy book, before the advent of the Internet.

What Are Snow Devils?

  • Whirlwinds are subdivided into two main types, the great (or major) whirlwinds and the lesser (or minor) whirlwinds.
  • The first category includes tornadoes, waterspouts, and landspouts.
  • Some lesser whirlwinds may sometimes form in a similar manner to greater whirlwinds with related increase in intensity.
  • These intermediate types include the gustnado and the fire whirl.
  • Other lesser whirlwinds include dust devils, as well as steam devils, snow devils, debris devils, leaf devils, and shear eddies such as the mountainado and eddy whirlwinds.


5)   When is world poetry day celebrated?
- Published on 23 Mar 17

a. 20th March
b. 21th March
c. 22th March
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 21th March

Explanation:
The World Poetry Day was celebrated on 21 March 2017 across the globe.

The objective behind the day is to support linguistic diversity through poetic expression as well as to offer endangered languages the opportunity to be heard within their societies.

The day also provides an occasion to honour poets, revive oral traditions of poetry recitals, promote the reading, writing and teaching of poetry.

World Poetry Day: Know More

  • The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) first adopted 21 March as World Poetry Day.
  • This was during its 30th General Conference in Paris in 1999.
  • Each nation is invited to celebrate the day in its own manner with the active participation of National Commissions, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and public and private institutions concerned.
  • For its part, UNESCO will endeavour to encourage and support national initiatives designed, to promote poetry.


6)   When is World Down Syndrome Day observed?
- Published on 23 Mar 17

a. 19th March
b. 20th March
c. 21th March
d. 22th March
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: 21th March

Explanation:
The World Down Syndrome Day (WDSD) was observed on 21 March 2017.

On this day of observation of the World Down Syndrome Day people with down syndrome and their nearby organise and participate in activities to raise public awareness of Down syndrome.

The day also seeks to create a single global voice for advocating for the rights, inclusion and well being of people with Down syndrome.

The 2017 WDSD will focus on the theme #MyVoiceMyCommunity – Enabling people with Down syndrome to speak up, be heard and influence government policy and action, to be fully included in the community.

About WDSD

  • Down syndrome is a naturally occurring chromosomal arrangement that has always been a part of the human condition, exists in all regions across the globe and commonly results in variable effects on learning styles, physical characteristics or health.
  • People suffering from the syndrome require adequate access to health care, inclusive education and early intervention programmes for their growth and development.
  • The World Down Syndrome Day came into existence in December 2011, when the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared 21 March as a day via its resolution (A/RES/66/149).
  • The General Assembly decided, with effect from 2012, to observe World Down Syndrome Day annually on 21 March.


7)   International Day of Forests was celebrated on which date?
- Published on 22 Mar 17

a. March 21
b. March 22
c. March 23
d. March 24
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: March 21

Explanation:
International Day of Forests was celebrated on March 21, 2017 with “Forests and Energy” being the central theme of the celebrations.

International Day of Forests is celebrated on March 21 annually, the world over. This brings the role of forests in safeguarding the ecological security and livelihood of millions of people all around the globe.

Forests provide clean energy, energy and water. Sustainably managed forests can provide renewable and carbon neutral energy for a greener future.

The theme of Forests and Energy has been chosen by UN to showcase the importance of wood energy in improving people's lives and mitigating climate change.

Wood is a major renewable energy source.

Wood provides the world with more energy than solar, hydroelectric and wind power. Around 300 million people in India depend on forests for their livelihood.

Trees in urban areas can cool air between 2 to 8 degree celsius. Woods also mitigate climate change and foster sustainable development.

Forests hold energy content 10 times of the world's annual primary energy consumption.

Greater investment in technological innovation and sustained managed forests is the role for increasing forest role as a major source of renewable energy.

This year's campaign theme highlights vital energy in Indian forests including cultural, ecological and livelihood benefits.


8)   Commonwealth Day 2017 was celebrated on which date?
- Published on 16 Mar 17

a. March 12
b. March 14
c. March 13
d. March 15
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: March 13

Explanation:
The Commonwealth Day 2017 was celebrated by the 52 countries of the Commonwealth on 13 March 2017.

The theme of the day was ‘A peace-building Commonwealth’.

It is a natural follow-up from the 2016 theme ‘An Inclusive Commonwealth’.

The theme cements Commonwealth Charter principle that international peace and security, sustainable economic growth and development are essential to the progress and prosperity of all.

This annual observation of the day marks 40 years of the Commonwealth Day that became a global celebration in 1977.

Commonwealth: Know More

  • It world’s oldest political associations of states.
  • It began back when some countries were ruled by Britain under the British Empire and was founded in December 1931.
  • The countries that became self-governing, while keeping Britain’s monarch as Head of State, formed the British Commonwealth of Nations.
  • The Commonwealth came into existence in 1949 and since then independent countries from Africa, America, Asia, Europe and the Pacific have joined the group.
  • Headquarters : Marlborough House, London
  • Working language : English


9)   March 25 is observed in Bangladesh as ________
- Published on 14 Mar 17

a. Genocide Day
b. Peace Day
c. War Day
d. May Day
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Genocide Day

Explanation:
Bangladesh’s unanimously adopted a resolution declaring March 25 as Genocide Day.

This is in remembrance of the atrocities carried out by the Pakistani Army in the night of March 25, 1971.

Condemning the denial of history by Pakistan, the Bangladeshi legislators passed the motion unanimously after a marathon seven-hour discussion on Saturday night.

A total of 56 MPs, including Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, took part.

The Pakistan Army swooped on unarmed civilians on the night of March 25, 1971, to crush the Bengali rebellion following refusal by the military leadership to accept the election results of 1970 in which the Awami League got thumping majority .

‘Operation Searchlight’ began in the first hours of March 25 in Dhaka.

Bangladesh: Know More

  • Capital: Dhaka
  • Currency: Bangladeshi taka
  • Prime minister: Sheikh Hasina
  • Population: 156.6 million (2013) World Bank
  • President: Abdul Hamid


10)   World Kidney day 2017 was observed with the theme _____________
- Published on 14 Mar 17

a. Kidney Disease and Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle for Healthy Kidneys
b. Chronic Kidney Disease and Aging
c. Kidney Health for All
d. Kidney Disease & Children. Act Early to Prevent It!
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Kidney Disease and Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle for Healthy Kidneys

Explanation:
The World Kidney Day 2017 was observed on March 9, 2017 with the theme Kidney Disease and Obesity: Healthy Lifestyle for Healthy Kidneys.

The WKD 2017 sought to promote education about dangerous consequences of obesity and association with kidney diseases.

The WKD is a joint initiative of the International Society of Nephorology and the International Federation of Kidney Foundations.

The day focuses on international health awareness campaign with a focus on the importance of kidneys.

The day is observed to study the frequency and impact of kidney diseases and associated health problems worldwide.

World Kidney Day was first celebrated in 2006.

About the ISN

  • The ISN is an NPO society dedicated to advancing the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of kidney diseases.
  • The society, which saw its 50th anniversary in 2010, is active in over 126 countries across the world.
  • The IFKF, an NPO, was established in 1999.
  • At present, it has a membership of 63 kidney foundations and patient groups in more than 41 countries. The foundation works to improve the health, well-being and quality of life of individuals with kidney disease.


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