UNO - General awareness questions on current affairs

1)   India has won entry into which subsidiaries of the UN?
- Published on 24 Apr 17

a. CPC
b. ECOSOC
c. UNESCO
d. Only a and b
e. Only a and c
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only a and b

Explanation:
India has won elections to two subsidiary bodies of a UN organ focussed on social and economic issues.

India along with 12 other members was elected to the Committee for Programme and Coordination (CPC), a subsidiary body of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).

The country garnered the most number of votes in the Asian group, with 49 out of 50 members of ECOSOC voting in its favour.

ECOSOC: Know More

  • Abbreviation: ECOSOC/CESNU
  • Formation: 1945
  • Type: Primary organ
  • Legal status: Active
  • Head: President of the ECOSOC
  • Frederick Musiiwa Makamure Shava[since 2016]
  • Website: www.un.org/en/ecosoc


2)   Which noted Indian female singer became the first to collaborate with the UN for women empowerment?
- Published on 03 Feb 17

a. Sunidhi Chauhan
b. Neeti Mohan
c. Alka Yagnik
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Neeti Mohan

Explanation:
Noted singer Neeti Mohan has become the first Indian female singer to collaborate with UN for women empowerment, joining Ashton Kutcher, Nicholas Cage, Demi Moore, Ashley Judd, Gillian Anderson for United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund project titled “Music To Inspire - Artists UNited Against Human Trafficking”.

She has composed Udne De as a tribute to all the women and in support of equality for all as a part of this project.

Over 60 renowned artists and dignitaries from around the world have collaborated with Rukus Avenue to participate in the “Music To Inspire - Artists UNited Against Human Trafficking” triple album.

This benefits the United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of Trafficking in Persons, managed by the UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime).

This is a collective fight by the music community to make a social statement and end human trafficking.

A 60+ track collection of inspiring music, will be officially released at an event at the United Nations headquarters in New York City this week.

Neeti had written Udne De during the Nirbhaya incident that happened in 2012.

Some of the other participants appearing on this project include:

  • AR Rahman,
  • Former President Jimmy Carter and
  • Actress Tatyana Ali
  • Joss Stone,
  • Michael Franti,
  • Vanessa Carlton,
  • Anoushka Shankar,
  • Ellis Hall,
  • Garbage,
  • Karmin
  • Daryl Hall & John Oates
The “Music To Inspire - Artists UNited Against Human Trafficking” album will benefit the United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund.

This is one of the largest unified fronts of artists ever assembled for a charitable music album.

About UN Voluntary Trust Fund
  • On November 4, 2010, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon launched the United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of Trafficking in Persons.
  • This is to provide humanitarian, legal and financial aid to victims of human trafficking.
  • The aim involves increasing the number of those rescued and supported, and broadening the extent of assistance they receive.
  • The Fund was established in accordance with resolution A/RES/64/293 Article 38 of the General Assembly on 12 August 2010.
  • This is part of the United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons.
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is designated as the Fund Manager for the Fund.


3)   NCPCR has launched a resource book in partnership with which UN body?
- Published on 01 Feb 17

a. UNICEF
b. WHO
c. UNESCO
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: UNICEF

Explanation:
The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) in a unique initiative has partnered with UNICEF India to publish a Resource Book.

This will serve as a ready reference for all the Stakeholders dealing with child rights and child protection issues .

The book which was released recently by Supreme Court Judge, Justice Madan B. Lokur clearly defines the roles of the Commissions with their responsibilities for catalysing systematic changes for advancement of child rights.

The resource book also provides a brief frame work for examining and understanding contemporary child rights issues, in addition to those mentioned in the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005.

The 343-page, lucidly written publication clearly defines the roles of the Commissions as quasi-judicial statutory bodies and the co-ordination mechanism with other important stake holders like:

  • Child Welfare Committees,
  • Juvenile Justice Boards,
  • Law Enforcement Agencies and
  • the Judiciary.
The Resource Book is the outcome of the endeavour by NCPCR to create synergy amongst all State Commissions for Protection of Child Rights.


4)   UNCTAD rereleased a report which found that 4 nations moves from UN LDC list in 45 years. They include:
- Published on 15 Dec 16

a. Botswana
b. Ghana
c. Maldives
d. Both a and c
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Both a and c

Explanation:
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) stated in its annual report that the planet’s poorest countries are falling further behind in comparison to the rest of the world and would require more aid and favourable trade deals.

The report further held that only four countries have graduated from the United Nation’s list of least developed countries (LDC), which was developed almost 45 years ago.

The 4 nations are Botswana, Maldives, Cape Verde and Samoa.
Economic development in remaining 48 countries is extremely slow.
Close to half the total poor globally reside in these poor nations.

Poor nations are defined as those where people live on less than USD 1.90 per day.

Poverty is the main factor hampering the growth of these countries.

Only three countries so far look to be on the path of lifting themselves up from the LDC list, two of which are Angola and Equatorial Guinea that have witnessed a rise in their Gross national income due to oil wealth.

The third country is Vanuatu, an island nation lying on the south of Pacific Ocean.

Current list of LDC includes 24 African countries, 9 Asian countries, 4 from the Pacific region and Haiti.

UNCTAD

  • Abbreviation: UNCTAD
  • Formation: 1964
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Website: unctad.org
  • Full Form: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
  • Principal organ of the UNGA.
  • Deals with trade, investment and development issues.


5)   Priyanka Chopra has been made the goodwill ambassador of which UN body?
- Published on 14 Dec 16

a. UNESCO
b. UNICEF
c. WHO
d. FAO
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: UNICEF

Explanation:
Actor Priyanka Chopra has been appointed as United Nations Children’s Fund’s latest Global Goodwill Ambassador.

Decision was announced by well known soccer player David Beckham and British actress Millie Bobby Brown on 12th Dec.

The honour was conferred on the eve of the 70th anniversary of the UN body in NY.

Other UNICEF goodwill ambassadors include Orlando Bloom, Jackie Chan, Ishmael Beah, Kodjo and Femi Kuti.

The actor thanked UNICEF for the experience she had gained and pledged to be a driver of change.

Priyanka is also UNICEF’s National Ambassador since 2010 with the responsibility of working on child rights and adolescence.

She has also been associated with other causes such as women’s rights, health, environment, education, gender equality and gender parity.

She made her debut on American TV show Quantico recently.

She has also made her Hollywood debut in Baywatch starring Dwayne Johnson and Zac Efron.

UNICEF

  • Founded: 11th Dec, 1946.
  • Headquarters: New York City
  • President: Sven Jürgenson
  • Executive Director: Anthony Lake
  • Parent organisation: United Nations Economic and Social Council
  • Affiliations: United Nations
  • Founder: Ludwik Rajchman
  • First Chairman: Ludwik Rajchman


6)   UN World Television Day is observed on which date?
- Published on 22 Nov 16

a. 23rd Nov
b. 22nd Nov
c. 21st Nov
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 21st Nov

Explanation:
The United Nation’s World Television Day is observed annually in many places across the world on Nov 21

  • The day recognises that television plays a major role in presenting different issues that impact people
  • On Dec 17, 1996, UNGA proclaimed Nov 21 as World Television Day to commemorate the day on which the first World Television Forum was earlier held that year
  • UN invited all member states to observe the day by encouraging global exchange of television programs, focusing among other things, on issues such as peace, security, economic and social development and cultural change enhancements
  • World Television Day is to renew the government, organisation and individual commitment to support the development of TV media in providing unbiased information about critical issues and events that impact society
  • Educational institutions use the day to promote discussion on how televisions promote cultural diversity and common understanding, the link between democracy and television and the role of TV in social, political and economic development.


7)   Which UN climate change conference has come out with action proclaimation?
- Published on 21 Nov 16

a. Marrakech meet in Morocco
b. Geneva Convention
c. Rio Summit
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Marrakech meet in Morocco

Explanation:
Giving a clear message to climate skeptics, the UN climate change conference has come out with action proclamation indicating the worldwide momentum on climate change is irreversible as it is driven by science, business, global action and governance.

  • The proclamation which is a reiteration of the Paris Agreement calling for raising ambition and strengthening cooperation among nations to close the gap between current emission trajectories and the pathway needed to keep the average global temperature rise within 2 degree C by 2100 from pre-industrial levels
  • The Marrakech Action Proclamation for Our Climate and Sustainable Development was issued on 16th Nov following consultations among nations and participating ministers regardless of what the US will do in the Trump era
  • The final version of the MAP ensures that rich nations mobilise USD 100 billion by 2020 and the concerns of the developing countries over the issue of the developed countries pre-2020 climate actions including assigned emissions cut for them till 2020 under the Kyoto Protocol
  • The developed country parties reaffirm the USD 100 billion mobilisation goal calling for further climate action and support, in advance of 2020 taking the specific needs and circumstances into account for developing countries, LDC nations and particularly those vulnerable to adverse effects of climate change
  • The task is to now rapidly build on the momentum and move to reduce GHG emissions and foster adaptation benefiting and supporting the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and SDGs
  • As governments cannot implement the Paris agreement on their own, the MAP calls the private players including business enterprises to pitch in to fight challenges of climate change by moving onto a clean energy step
  • The collective call is on non state actors to join us for immediate and ambitious action and mobilisation based on important achievements such as the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action itself.


8)   According to UNICEF, indoor and outdoor pollution has been directly linked to respiratory diseases for how many deaths under five?
- Published on 01 Nov 16

a. 2 in 4
b. 3 in 5
c. 1 in 10
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 1 in 10

Explanation:
A report by UNICEF has confirmed that bad air is contributing to the death of many children before they have even celebrated their fifth birthday.

  • Outdoor and indoor pollution are directly linked to respiratory diseases that account for almost 1 in 10 under five deaths, making pollution one of the leading dangers in the world.
  • Children are more susceptible to air pollution as their lungs, brains and immune systems are still developing and their respiratory tracks are more permeable.
  • Young children also breathe faster than adults and taken in more air relative to the body weight.
  • Around two billion children live in areas where outdoor air pollution caused by factors such as vehicular emissions, heavy use of fossil fuels, dust and waste burning exceeds minimum air quality guidelines set up by WHO.
  • South Asia has the largest number of children living in these areas at 620 million, with Africa following at 520 million children.
  • The findings come ahead of the COP22 in Morocco where UNICEF is calling on world leaders to take urgent action to cut air pollution.


9)   Amandeep Singh Gill was appointed as the Indian Ambassador to which UN body?
- Published on 19 Oct 16

a. UN Conference on Disarmament Geneva
b. UNESCO
c. UNAID
d. UNICEF
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: UN Conference on Disarmament Geneva

Explanation:

  • Gill is an IFS officer of 1992 batch
  • Gill’s diplomatic career includes assignments in Sri Lanka, Iran, Switzerland and Permanent Mission of India to the UN
  • His professional areas of interest focus on international relations, disarmament, regional security in South and Southeast as well as Southwest Asia and human security issues
  • In 2007-2008, he represented India on the UN Secretary General’s Panel on Missiles
  • He was also a member of the Indian delegation to the Conference on Disarmament during the negotiations of the CTBT
  • Before joining the Indian Foreign Services, Gill has also worked as a telecom engineer.


10)   Which nation suspended cooperation with UN cultural agency UNESCO in Oct 2016?
- Published on 17 Oct 16

a. Palestine
b. Israel
c. Syria
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Israel

Explanation:
Israel in Oct 2016 suspended cooperation with UN cultural agency UNESCO, accusing it of denying Judaism’s connections to the region and religion’s holiest sites

  • The Israel National Commission of UNESCO has suspended all professional activities with international organisations
  • This comes after the UNESCO approved a draft resolution using only the Islamic name for a hilltop complex, the holiest site in Judaism
  • Draft was passed by 24 in favour, 6 against and 26 abstentions
  • Hilltop complex is called Temple Mount in Jewish and Haram al-Sharif in Islam
  • Resolution sponsored by several Arab countries refers to occupied Palestine and safeguard Palestinian cultural heritage and the distinctive character of east Jerusalem.
  • East Jerusalem, with sites holy to Jews, Christians and Muslims, was captured by Israel during the 1967 Mideast war.


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