UNO - Current Affairs for September, 2017
UNO Current Affairs for September, 2017Month wise coverage of UNO Current Affairs helps you improve your general knowledge and prepare for all competitive exams like IBPS, Bank PO, SBI PO, RRB, RBI, LIC, Specialist Officer, Clerk, SSC, UPSC, Railway etc. This section is updated daily with the most important events.
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▼ UNSC imposes sanctions on North Korea [09-13-17]
The UN Security Council has unanimously passed a US-drafted resolution that imposes strongest sanctions ever on North Korea, including restricting its oil imports and banning textile exports, to curb the reclusive nation’s nuclear programme.
The move comes in response to the sixth and largest nuclear test by North Korea on September 3.
International community was hitting North Korea’s ability to fund its weapons programme.
The US had originally proposed harsher sanctions, including a total ban on oil imports by North Korea.
But the vote was passed only after Pyongyang allies Russia and China agreed to the reduced measures.
Oil “is the lifeblood” of North Korea’s effort to build and deliver a nuclear weapon.
The resolution reduces almost 30 per cent of oil provided to the North by cutting off over 55 per cent of its gas, diesel, and heavy fuel oil.
Today’s resolution completely bans natural gas and other oil byproducts that could be used as substitutes for the reduced petroleum. This will cut deep.
When these new stronger sanctions are added to those passed last month, over 90 per cent of North Korea’s publicly reported exports are now fully banned.
Moreover, this resolution also puts an end to the regime making money from the 93,000 North Korean citizens it sends overseas to work and heavily tax.
This ban will eventually starve the regime of an additional USD 500 million or more in annual revenues.
Beyond the USD 1.3 billion in annual revenues we will cut from North Korea, new maritime authorities will help us stop them from obtaining funds by smuggling coal and other prohibited materials around the world by ship, said the body.
The resolution bans all North Korean textile exports. Textile exports - North Korea’s largest economic sector that the Security Council had not previously restricted - earned North Korea an average of USD 760 million in the past three years.
The resolution requires the end of all joint ventures with North Korea.
▼ UNESCO announces Literacy Prize winners for 2017 [09-7-17]
UNESCO has announced the winners of the 2017 International Literacy Prizes, which honours excellence and innovation in the field of global literacy.
The awards will be handed out to five laureates from Canada, Colombia, Jordan, Pakistan and South Africa on the occasion of International Literacy Day,which falls on September 8.
The prizes are divided into two categories -
- The UNESCOConfucius Prize for Literacy sponsored by China, and
- The King Sejong Literacy Prize sponsored by South Korea.
This year’s Confucius Prize is given to the AdulTICoProgram from Columbia, The Citizens Foundation from Pakistan, and the FunDza project from South Africa.
The King Sejong prize is shared by the Centre for the Study of Learning and Performance from Canada and the We Love Reading program from Jordan.