Networking - Explain the services provided by IP (Internet Protocol)

Explain the services provided by IP (Internet Protocol) - Addressing, Fragmentation, Packet timeouts and options

1. Addressing: For the purpose of delivering datagram packets, IP needs to know about the address of the destination. By including the host addressing, this task is carried out by IP. As IP operates in an internet, its systems are designed to accept the addressing of devices which are unique.

2. Fragmenting: The datagram packets are sent to the data link layer for the purpose of transmission on the network. The physical network frame size that uses IP may be different. To resolve this, IP fragments the datagram into certain pieces. So that, each piece can be carried on the network. The receiving systems use these pieces and reassemble the whole IP datagram again.

3. Packet timeouts: A timeout packet is the time for waiting next instruction from the command station. If the command is not sent by the station, it shuts down.
Networking - Explain the classes of IP address
Classes of IP address - IP addresses are organized into classes. For convenience of humans, IP addresses are expressed in the decimal format........
Networking - Define Broadcast, Unicast and Multicast
Broadcast, Unicast and Multicast - Unicast: A term used in communication to describe a piece of information to send from one point to another........
Networking - What is Network Mask?
What is Network Mask? - A network mask is used for determination of what subnet an IP address belongs to........
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