Explain miscellaneous expenditures & profit and loss account debit balance
Miscellaneous Expenditures are the incidental expenses which cannot be classified as manufacturing, selling, and administrative expenses. These expenses are not revenue in nature and hence shown in the asset side of the Balance Sheet and should be written off over a period of time. Example: Preliminary Expenses, Development expenditures and expenditure on raising of shares and debentures.
Profit and Loss Account debit balance : As per the business entity principle, owner is different from the business. Thus, the profit generated by the business belongs to the shareholders, and hence the business is liable to shareholders for the distribution of profits. In the same way, when loss is incurred in the business it is born by the owners. Hence, it is an asset for the business as it is a receivable from the owners.