Benefits of 2G Ethanol Bio-refinery

Q.  What are the benefits of 2G (Second Generation) Ethanol Bio-refinery?

1) Generate Bio-CNG
2) Generating Bio-fertilizer
3) Reducing CO2 emissions from the paddy straw

- Published on 26 Dec 16

a. 1, 2
b. 1, 3
c. 2, 3
d. All of the above

ANSWER: All of the above
First 2G (Second Generation) Ethanol Bio-refinery in India is to be set up at Bathinda (Punjab).

Bio-refinery will be utilizing agriculture residues for production of 100 KL per day or 3.20 crore litres per annum of ethanol which may be sufficient to meet the 26% of the ethanol blending requirement of the State.

The proposed Bio-refinery will generate employment for about 1200 -1300 persons in the Biomass supply chain and generate an additional income for the farmers through purchase of their agriculture residues.

The project shall also help in reducing CO2 emissions from the paddy straw which currently is being burnt after harvesting.

One of the major outputs of this Bio-refinery shall be Bio-fertilizer which shall be incorporated into the soil for improving soil fertility and overall productivity of farms in Punjab.

The Bio-refinery shall also produce more than 1.00 lakh Kg of Bio-CNG per annum which can cater to transport and clean cooking requirements.

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