China's first aircraft carrier indigenously built launched

Q.  Which country launched its first indigenously built aircraft carrier in the third week of April, 2017?
- Published on 27 Apr 17

a. China
b. Japan
c. South Korea
d. North Korea

ChinaChina has launched its first indigenously built aircraft carrier following the 68th-anniversary celebrations of the founding of the Chinese navy.

It is China’s second aircraft carrier built in the north-eastern port of Dalian.

The new aircraft carrier will be able to operate China’s Shenyang J-15 fighter jets and will be more dedicated to military and humanitarian operations.

The design of the new aircraft carrier has been obtained from China’s first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, which was bought second-hand from Ukraine in 1998 and refitted in China.

As per the foreign military analysts, the presence of two aircraft carriers has made China the most powerful maritime force in the Asia-Pacific.

What is a Blue Water Navy in China?
  • A blue-water navy is a maritime force having the capability to operate globally across the deep waters of open oceans.
  • China has the second largest military budget in the globe.
  • Although, the design of China’s aircraft carriers would give its fighter jets enough lift to take off from their shorter decks, they lack the powerful catapult technology for launching aircraft as seen in US navy’s longer-range nuclear carriers.
  • With China’s claims of almost all the South China Sea in which other countries like Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam also have claims, experts feel that the country will need at least six carriers.
  • The United States operates 10 aircraft carriers and plans to build two more carriers in the future.

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