Cyber Physical systems program launched by DST

Q.  Which program has DST launched to provide self driven cars, autonomous UAV and airplane navigation systems?
- Published on 10 Apr 17

a. CPS
b. CTS
c. Cyber Physical Systems
d. Both a and c are the same
e. None of the above

ANSWER: Both a and c are the same
Department of Science and Technology (DST) has launched Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) programme dealing with self-driven cars, autonomous unmanned vehicles and aircraft navigation systems.

The programme is still at a nascent stage.

INR. 3,000-crore has been has been conceived for it and it will first take root in some of the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).

What is Cyber Physical Systems (CPS)?
  • CPS is an interdisciplinary field that deals with the deployment of computer-based systems that do things in the physical world.
  • It uses computer-based algorithms, tightly integrated with the internet and its users.
  • It involves trans disciplinary approaches, merging theory of cybernetics, design and process science and mechatronics.
  • In CPS, physical and software components are deeply intertwined, each operating on different spatial and temporal scales.
  • Both exhibit multiple and distinct behavioural modalities, and interact with each other in a myriad of ways that change with context.
  • Autonomous unmanned vehicles (UAVs) and aircraft navigation systems and smart grids (where electricity is optimally distributed on the basis of calculations in real time by micro-processors) also qualify as CPS.
  • CPS has offered robotics, artificial intelligence, digital manufacturing, big data analysis, quantum communication and IoTs.
  • The National Science Foundation of the United States already has identified CPS as a key area of inter-disciplinary research back in 2003.

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