Executive, Judicial & Financial powers of the Governor

Q.  What are executive, financial and judicial powers of the Governor?

1) Governor cannot remove members of State Public Service Commission.
2) President consults him while appointing the judges of the concerned State High Court.
3) Governor appoints people to the judicial service of the state.

- Published on 06 Mar 17

a. 2
b. 1
c. 2, 3
d. All of the above

ANSWER: All of the above
    Judicial Powers of Governor -

  • He can grant pardons, reprives, respites,commutation and remissions of punishment of a convict against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the state extends.

  • President consults him while appointing the judges of the concerned State High Court.

  • Governor makes appointments, promotions, transfers etc., of the district judges in consultation with the State High Court.

  • Governor appoints people to the judicial service of the state (other than district judges) in consultation with the State Public Service Commission and State High Court.

  • Financial Powers of Governor -

  • Governor causes the budget to be laid before the state legislature.

  • His prior permission is needed for money bills to be introduced in the state legislature.

  • No demand for a grant can be made without his recommendations.

  • He can make advances out of the Contingency Fund of the state to meet any unforeseen expenditure.

  • He constitutes a finance commission after every five years.

  • It is to review the financial position of the panchayats and the municipalities.

  • Executive powers and functions of the Governor -

  • All executive actions of the government of a state are formally taken in his name.

  • He can make rules describing the way in which the Orders and other instruments made and executed in his name shall be authenticated.

  • He can make rules for more convenient transaction of the business of a State Government.

  • He can make rules for the allocation of said business among the ministers.

  • He appoints the Chief Minister and other ministers.

  • They also hold office during his pleasure.

  • Governor appoints a Tribal Welfare minister in the states of Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha.

  • He appoints the Advocate General of a State and determines his remuneration.

  • The advocate general holds office during the pleasure of the Governor.

  • He appoints the State Election Commissioner and determines his conditions of service and tenure of office.

  • The State Election Commissioner can be removed only in manner and on the grounds as a judge of a High Court.

  • He appoints the chairman and members of the state public service commission.

  • But, they can be removed only by the President.

  • He can seek any information relating to the administration of the affairs of the state and proposals for legislation from the Chief Minister.

  • He can require the chief minister to submit for the consideration of the Council of Ministers any matter on which a decision has been taken by a minister but which has not been considered by the council.

  • Governor can recommend the imposition of constitutional emergency in a state to the President.

  • During President’s rule in a state, the Governor enjoys extensive executive powers as he is an agent of the President.

  • Governor acts as the chancellor of universities in the state.

  • He also appoints the Vice-Chancellors of universities in the state.

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