How many members are there in Lok Sabha?

Q.  Which of the following are true regarding the composition of Lok Sabha?

1) The maximum strength of the Lok Sabha is fixed at 552.
2) 20 members represent the union territories in Lok Sabha.
3) Nomination of Anglo Indians to Lok Sabha is extended till 2022.

- Published on 02 Mar 17

a. 2, 3
b. 1, 3
c. 1, 2
d. All of the above

ANSWER: 1, 2
    Composition of Lok Sabha -

  • The maximum strength of the Lok Sabha is fixed at 552.

  • Out of that, 530 members are to be the representatives of the states, 20 members are to be the representatives of the union territories.

  • 2 members are to be nominated by the president from the Anglo-Indian community.

  • An Anglo-Indian is a person whose father or any of whose other male progenitors in the male line is or was of European descent but who is domiciled within the territory of India and is or was born within such territory of parents habitually resident therein and not merely established there for temporary purposes.

  • Present, the Lok Sabha has 545 members.

  • Of these, 530 members represent the states, 13 members represent the union territories and 2 Anglo-Indian members are nominated by the President4.

  • Representation of States -

  • The representatives of states in the Lok Sabha are directly elected by the people from the territorial constituencies in the states.

  • The election is based on the principle of universal adult franchise.

  • Every Indian citizen who is above 18 years of age and who is not disqualified under the provisions of the Constitution or any law is eligible to vote at such election.

  • The voting age was reduced from 21 to 18 years by the 61st Constitutional Amendment Act, 1988.

  • Representation of Union Territories -

  • The Constitution has empowered the Parliament top rescribe the manner of choosing the representatives of the union territories in the Lok Sabha.

  • Accordingly, the Parliament has enacted the Union Territories (Direct Election to the House of the People) Act, 1965, by which the members of Lok Sabha from the union territories are also chosen by direct election.

  • Nominated Members -

  • The president can nominate two members from the Anglo-Indian community if the community is not adequately represented in the Lok Sabha.

  • Originally, this provision was to operate till 1960 but has been extended till 2020 by the 95th Amendment Act, 2009.

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