India is Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic & Republic

Q.  Which is the correct sequence of the following words in the preamble of the constitution?
- Published on 15 Feb 17

a. Sovereign, Democratic, Socialist, Secular, Republic
b. Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic
c. Sovereign, Socialist, Democratic, Secular, Republic
d. None of these

ANSWER: Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic
The Preamble says – “We, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN, SOCIALIST, SECULAR, DEMOCRATIC, REPUBLIC…”
  • Sovereign.

  • 1. India is neither a dependency (colony) nor a dominion of any other nation.
    2. It is free independent state and can conduct its internal and external affairs freely.
    3. There is no authority above it.
    4. Continuing membership of Commonwealth in 1949 does not affect sovereignty.
    5. India became member of UN in 1945.
    6. India can either acquire a foreign territory or cede a part of its territory to a foreign state.

  • Socialist - The word was added by 42nd Amendment, 1976.

  • 1. The Constitution had a socialist content in the form of certain Directive Principles of State Policy.
    2. The Indian brand of socialism is a ‘democratic socialism’ and not a ‘communistic socialism’.
    3. Communistic socialism is also known as ‘state socialism’ and involves the nationalization of all means of production and distribution and the abolition of private property.
    4. Democratic socialism, has faith in a ‘mixed economy’ i.e., faith in both public and private sector.
    5. Indian socialism is a blend of Marxism and Gandhism, leaning heavily towards Gandhian socialism.

  • Secular - India supports all religions equally.

  • 1. The term was added by 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976.
    2. Though the words ‘secular state’ were not expressly mentioned in the Constitution, the maker of the Constitution wanted to India to be secular state.
    3. So, only Articles 25 to 28 (fundamental right to freedom of religion) have been in the constitution.
    4. India has positive concept of secularism i.e., all religions in our country have the same status and support from the state

  • Democratic - Rule of people.

  • Republic - It means elected head of state.

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