Notified area committee and Cantonment Board
Q. Which of the following are true?
1) Notified area committee is neither elected body nor a statutory body.
2) Cantonment Board is setup under Cantonments Act, 2006.
3) There are 5 types of Cantonment boards.
4) The Vice-President of cantonment board is elected for a term of 5 years.
5) The executive officer of the cantonment board is appointed by the President of India.- Published on 10 Mar 17
a. 1, 2, 4 and 5
b. 1, 3 and 5
c. 1 and 3
d. All of the above
ANSWER: 1, 2, 4 and 5
Notified Area Committee -
A notified area committee is established for the administration of two types of areas -
1. a fast developing town due to industrialization; and
2. a town which does not yet fulfil all the conditions necessary for the constitution of a municipality, but which otherwise is considered important by the state government.
- It is called as notified area committee as it is established by a notification in the government gazette.
- Even though it functions within the framework of the State Municipal Act, only those provisions which are notified in the government gazette by which it is created apply to it.
- It may also be entrusted to exercise powers under any other act.
- Its powers are almost equivalent to those of a municipality but it is an entirely nominated body, (nominated by the state government).
- It is neither elected nor a statutory body.
Cantonment Board -
- A cantonment board is for municipal administration for civilian population in the cantonment area.
- A cantonment area is a delimited area where the military forces are permanently stationed.
- It is set up under Cantonments Act of 2006 - enacted by the Central Government.
- It works under the administrative control of the Defense ministry of Central Government.
- A cantonment board is created and administered by the Central government.
- The Cantonments Act of 2006 was enacted to consolidate and amend the law relating to the administration of cantonments.
- This Act repealed the Cantonments Act of 1924.
- At present, there are 62 cantonment boards in the country grouped into 4 categories based on civil population.
- A cantonment board is partly elected and partly nominated.
- Elected members hold office for a term of five years while the nominated members (i.e., ex-officio members) continue so long as they hold the office in that station.
- The military officer commanding the station is the ex-officio president of the board and presides over its meetings.
- The Vice-President of the board is elected by the elected members from amongst themselves for a term of five years.
- Functions performed by a cantonment board are similar to that of a municipality and are classified as obligatory and discretionary functions.
- The sources of income are tax and non-tax revenue.
- The executive officer of the cantonment board is appointed by the President of India.
- He implements all the resolutions and decisions of the board and its committees.
- He belongs to the central cadre established for this purpose.