Q. Which bill is targeted to increase public as well as private participation in space programmes?- Published on 24 Nov 17
a. The Space Affairs Bill, 2017
b. The Space Activities Bill, 2017
c. The Space Programme Bill, 2017
d. The Space Sector Bill, 2017
ANSWER: The Space Activities Bill, 2017
A Bill pending before the Parliament is to encourage both the public and private sectors to participate in the space programme.
The Space Activities Bill 2017 is a proposed Bill to promote and regulate the space activities of India.
The new Bill encourages the participation of non-governmental/private sector agencies in space activities in India under the guidance and authorisation of the government through the Department of Space.
According to the draft, as few start-up companies in India have shown interest in space systems activities and as space activities need participation from private sector agencies, "there is an urgent need for a legal environment for orderly performance and growth of space sector."
The draft was posted on the website of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on November 21, 2017.Provisions of the Act
- The provisions of this Act shall apply to every citizen of India and to all sectors engaged in any space activity in India or outside India
- A non-transferable licence shall be provided by the Central Government to any person carrying out commercial space activity
- The Central Government will formulate the appropriate mechanism for licensing, eligibility criteria, and fees for licence.
- The government will maintain a register of all space objects (any object launched or intended to be launched around the earth) and develop more space activity plans for the country
- It will provide professional and technical support for commercial space activity and regulate the procedures for conduct and operation of space activity
- It will ensure safety requirements and supervise the conduct of every space activity of India and investigate any incident or accident in connection with the operation of a space activity.
- It will share details about the pricing of products created by space activity and technology with any person or any agency in a prescribed manner.
- If any person undertakes any commercial space activity without authorisation they shall be punished with imprisonment up to 3 years or fined more than ?1 crore or both.