Supreme Court of India

Q.  Which of the following is/are true?

1) Supreme Court of India was established in 1950.
2) Originally the strength of the Supreme Court Judges was 10.

- Published on 03 Mar 17

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

ANSWER: Only 1
    Supreme Court Of India -

  • Indian Constitution has envisioned an integrated judicial system with the Supreme Court at the apex and the high courts below it.

  • This system adopted from the Government of India Act of 1935, enforces both Central laws as well as the state laws.

  • In USA, the federal judiciary enforces federal laws and the state judiciary enforces state laws.

  • The Supreme Court of India was inaugurated on January 28, 1950.

  • It is successor of the Federal Court of India, established under the Government of India Act of 1935.

  • Supreme Court has replaced the British Privy Council as the highest court of appeal.

  • Hence, the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court is greater than Federal Court of India.

  • Articles 124 to 147 in Part 5 of the Constitution deal with the organization, jurisdiction, independence, etc. of the Supreme Court.

  • The Parliament can regulate them.

  • Organization of Supreme Court -

  • At present, the Supreme Court has 31 judges.

  • It includes one chief justice.

  • In February 2009, the number of Supreme Court judges was increased from 26 to 31, including the Chief Justice of India.

  • Original strength of the Supreme Court was fixed at 8 including the chief justice.

  • In 1956, Parliament increased it to 10, to 13 in 1960, to 17 in 1977 and to 25 in 1986.

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