Supreme Court of India
Q. Which of the following is/are true?
1) Supreme Court of India was established in 1950.
2) Originally the strength of the Supreme Court Judges was 10.- Published on 03 Mar 17
a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
ANSWER: Only 1
Supreme Court Of India -
- Indian Constitution has envisioned an integrated judicial system with the Supreme Court at the apex and the high courts below it.
- This system adopted from the Government of India Act of 1935, enforces both Central laws as well as the state laws.
- In USA, the federal judiciary enforces federal laws and the state judiciary enforces state laws.
- The Supreme Court of India was inaugurated on January 28, 1950.
- It is successor of the Federal Court of India, established under the Government of India Act of 1935.
- Supreme Court has replaced the British Privy Council as the highest court of appeal.
- Hence, the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court is greater than Federal Court of India.
- Articles 124 to 147 in Part 5 of the Constitution deal with the organization, jurisdiction, independence, etc. of the Supreme Court.
- The Parliament can regulate them.
Organization of Supreme Court -
- At present, the Supreme Court has 31 judges.
- It includes one chief justice.
- In February 2009, the number of Supreme Court judges was increased from 26 to 31, including the Chief Justice of India.
- Original strength of the Supreme Court was fixed at 8 including the chief justice.
- In 1956, Parliament increased it to 10, to 13 in 1960, to 17 in 1977 and to 25 in 1986.