Tianzhou-1: China's first cargo resupply spacecraft

Q.  China is launching its first cargo resupply spacecraft called __________
- Published on 14 Feb 17

a. Tanzhou-1
b. Tianzhou-1
c. Dianzhou-1
d. None of the above

ANSWER: Tianzhou-1
Tianzhou-1: ChinaChina is planning to launch its first Tianzhou-1 cargo resupply spacecraft through a Long March-7 Y2 carrier rocket in April.

This will be a crucial test of key technologies needed for the country's future space station, Xinhua reported on Monday.

The 13-tonne Tianzhou-1 will be launched by a new Long March 7 rocket from Wenchang in April, and dock soon after with the orbiting Tiangong-2 space lab 390 kilometres above the Earth.

This is according to the China Manned Space Agency(CMSA) report.

Tianzhou-1, independently developed by China, can remain in space on its own for as long as three months.

The main objective of the Tianzhou-1 mission is to test and verify on-orbit transfer of liquid propellant to Tiangong-2.

The latter last year hosted two astronauts for China's longest human spaceflight mission so far.

If successful, the spacecraft will be another major step towards China establishing a permanent human presence in space, with the Chinese Space Station(CSS) planned to be completed by 2022.

It is capable of docking with the Tiangong-2 space lab and refuelling it in addition to carrying out experiments and tests.

The Long March-7 Y2 carrier rocket is scheduled to arrive at the launch centre in March, the CMSA added.

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