What are differences between public & private bills?

Q.  Which of the following are true regarding public and private bills?

1) Passing of Public bill and Private Bill is governed by same process.
2) Minister cannot introduce a private bill.
3) 1 month’s notice is needed to introduce a Private bill in House.
4) 10 days notice is needed to introduce a Public bill in House.

- Published on 03 Mar 17

a. 2, 4
b. 1, 3
c. 1, 2, 3
d. All of the above

ANSWER: 1, 2, 3
  • The legislative procedure is identical in both the Houses of Parliament.

  • Each bill has to pass through the same stages in each House.

  • A bill is a proposal for legislation and it becomes an act or law when duly enacted.

  • Bills introduced in the Parliament are of two kinds - public bills (government bills) and private bills (private members’ bills).

  • Though both are governed by the same general procedure and pass through the same stages in the House, they differ in various respects.

  • The bills introduced in the Parliament can also be classified into four categories -

    1. Ordinary bills - concerned with any matter other than financial subjects.

    2. Money bills - concerned with the financial matters like taxation, public expenditure etc.

    3. Financial bills - concerned with financial matters (but are different from money bills).

    4. Constitution amendment bills - concerned with the amendment of the provisions of the Constitution.

  • The Constitution has laid down separate procedures for the enactment of all the four types of bills.

  • Difference between public bill and private bill -
Sr. No.Public BillPrivate Bill
1.Minister introduces it in the Parliament.Any member of Parliament other than a minister can introduce it.
2.Policies of the government (ruling party) are reflected by this bill.Stand of opposition party on public matter is reflected by it.
3.It has greater chance to be approved by the Parliament.It has lesser chance to be approved by the Parliament.
4.If rejected by the House leads to the expression of want of parliamentary confidence in the government and may lead to its resignation.If rejected it has no implication on the parliamentary confidence in the government or its resignation.
5.Its introduction in the House requires seven days notice.Its introduction in the House requires one month’s notice.
6.The concerned department in consultation with the law department drafts the bill.Responsibility of drafting it is of the member concerned.

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