What are various powers of President?
Q. Which of the following are true regarding powers of the President of India?
1) He sends and receives diplomats.
2) He appoints Chiefs of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force.
3) He can grant pardon to a convict.- Published on 28 Feb 17
a. 2, 3
b. 1, 3
c. 1, 2
d. All of the above
ANSWER: All of the above
Judicial Powers of the President -
- He appoints the Chief Justice and the judges of Supreme Court and the high courts.
- Under article 143 he can seek advice from the Supreme Court on any question of law or fact.
- But, the advice is not binding on the President.
He can grant pardon, reprieve, respite, commutation and remission of punishment -
(a) In all cases where the punishment or sentence is by a court martial;
(b) In all cases where the punishment or sentence is for an offence against a Union law; and
(c) In all cases where the sentence is a sentence of death.
Diplomatic Powers of President -
- The international treaties and agreements are negotiated and concluded on behalf of the President.
- But, they are subject to the approval of the Parliament.
- President represents India in international forums and affairs.
- He sends and receives diplomats like ambassadors, high commissioners etc.
Military Powers of President -
- President is the supreme commander of the defense forces of India.
- Hence, he appoints the Chiefs of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force.
- He can declare war or conclude peace, but this is subject to the approval of the Parliament.
Emergency Powers of President -
- The Constitution confers extraordinary powers on the President to deal with emergency situations.
The President can declare three types of emergencies -
1. National Emergency (Article 352);
2. President’s Rule (Article 356 & 365); and
3. Financial Emergency (Article 360).