What is Central Bureau of Investigation?

Q.  Which of the following is/are true regarding Central Bureau of Investigation?

1) Santhanam Committee recommended establishment of CBI.
2) CBI comes under administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs.

- Published on 15 Mar 17

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. None of the above

ANSWER: Only 1
    Central Bureau of Investigation -

  • Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) was established in 1963.

  • Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption (1962-1964) recommended formation of CBI.

  • It was by a resolution of the Ministry of Home Affairs.

  • The CBI is non-statutory body deriving its powers from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946.

  • Later on, CBI was transferred to the Ministry of Personnel.

  • Currently it enjoys the status of an attached office.

  • It comes under administrative control of the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) of the Ministry of Personnel.

  • The Special Police Establishment established in 1941 was merged with the CBI.

  • The CBI is primary investigating agency of the Union Government, playing an important role in the prevention of corruption.

  • It also provides help to the Central Vigilance Commission.

  • Vision of CBI -

  • MOTTO of CBI - Industry, Impartiality and Integrity.

  • MISSION of CBI - To uphold the Constitution of India and law of the land through in-depth investigation and successful prosecution of offences; to provide leadership and direction to police forces and to act as the nodal agency for enhancing inter-state and international cooperation in law enforcement.

  • VISION of CBI - Based on its motto, mission and the need to develop professionalism, transparency, adaptability to change and use of science and technology in its working, the CBI will focus on -

    1) Combating corruption in public life, curb economic and violent crimes through meticulous investigation and prosecution.

    2) Evolve effective systems and procedures for successful investigation and prosecution of cases in various law courts.

    3) Help fight cyber and high technology crime.

    4) Create a healthy work environment that encourages team-building, free communication and mutual trust.

    5) Support state police organizations and law enforcement agencies in national and international co-operation particularly relating to enquiries and investigation of cases.

    6) Play a lead role in the war against national and transnational organized crime.

    7) Uphold Human Rights; protect the environment, arts, antiques and heritage of our civilization.

    8) Develop a scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.

    9) Strive for excellence and professionalism in all spheres of functioning so that the organization rises to high levels of endeavor and achievement.

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