What is composition of Central Vigilance Commission?

Q.  Which of the following is/are true regarding composition of Central Vigilance Commission?

1) The Central Commission submits an annual report to the Union Government.
2) The Commission does not have statutory status.

- Published on 15 Mar 17

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. None of the above

ANSWER: Only 1
    Central Vigilance Commission -

  • It is aimed at preventing corruption and was established by executive resolution of Union Government in 1964.

  • Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption (1962-64) recommended its formation.

  • It was only recently in 2003 that a law was passed giving statutory status to CVC.

  • This authorized the CVC as the ‘Designated Agency’ to receive written complaints for disclosure on any allegation of corruption or misuse of office and recommend appropriate action.

  • Composition of CVC -

  • CVC has Central Vigilance Commissioner (Chairperson) and not more than two vigilance commissioners.

  • Thus, it is a multi-member body.

  • President appoints them on the recommendation of a three-member committee.

  • The committee consists of -

    (a) the Prime Minister, as its head;

    (b) the Union Minister of home affairs; and

    (c) the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha.

  • They hold office for a term of 4 years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.

  • They are not eligible for further employment under the Central or a State Government once their tenure is over.

  • The Central Vigilance Commissioner or any vigilance commissioner can be removed by the President -

    (a) if he is adjudged an insolvent; or

    (b) if he has been convicted of an offence which (in the opinion of the Central Government) involves a moral turpitude; or

    (c) if he engages, during his term of office, in any paid employment outside the duties of his office; or

    (d) if he is (in the opinion of the President), unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body; or

    (e) if he has acquired such financial or other interest as is likely to affect prejudicially his official functions.

  • President can remove the Central Vigilance Commissioner or any vigilance commissioner for proved misbehavior or incapacity, but, in that scenario, he has to refer the matter to the Supreme Court for an enquiry.

  • If the Supreme Court, on enquiry, finds the person guilty and advises the same, the president can remove the Chairman or a member.

  • Central Vigilance Commissioner and Chairman of UPSC have similar salary, allowances etc.

  • The vigilance commissioner and member of UPSC have similar salary, allowances etc.

  • Service conditions cannot be varied against the Central Vigilance Commissioner or any vigilance commissioner.

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