What is difference between Municipal Corporation & Municipality?
Q. Which of the following are true regarding Municipal Corporation and Municipality?
1) Mayor is mostly elected for one year.
2) Municipal Commissioner is indirectly elected by the elected members of the Municipal Corporation.
3) President of Municipality has executive powers.- Published on 10 Mar 17
a. 1, 2
b. 2, 3
c. 1, 3
d. All of the above
ANSWER: All of the above
Municipal Corporation -
- Municipal corporations are established for administration of big cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad etc.
- They are established in the states by the acts of State Legislatures, and in the union territories by the acts of the Parliament.
- There may be one common acts or separate acts for all the municipal corporations in a state.
- A municipal corporation has three authorities - the council, the standing committees and the municipal commissioner.
- The Council is the deliberative and legislative wing and consists of the Councilors directly elected by the people.
- They also have few nominated persons having knowledge or experience of municipal administration.
- The Council is headed by a Mayor and assisted by Deputy Mayor.
- Mayor is elected in a majority of the states for a one-year renewable term.
- He is basically a formal head of the corporation.
- His main function is to preside over the meetings of the Council.
- The standing committees are created to facilitate the working of the council, which is too large in size.
- They deal with public works, education, health, taxation, finance etc,. and take decisions in their fields.
- The municipal commissioner implements the decisions taken by the council and its standing committees.
- He is the chief executive authority of the corporation.
- He is appointed by the state government and is mostly a member of the IAS.
- Municipalities are established for administration of towns and smaller cities.
- They are set up in the states by the acts of state legislatures and in the union territory by the acts of the Parliament of India.
- They are also known by various other names like municipal council, municipal committee, municipal board, borough municipality, city municipality and others.
- A municipality has three authorities - the council, the standing committees and the chief executive officer.
- The council is the deliberative and legislative wing of the municipality.
- It consists of the councilors directly elected by the people.
- The council is headed by a president/chairman and is assisted by a Vice-President/Vice-Chairman.
- Apart from presiding over the meetings of the Council, he enjoys executive powers.
- The standing committees are created to facilitate the working of the council.
- They deal with public works, taxation, health, finance etc.
- The chief executive officer/chief municipal officer is responsible for day-to-day general administration of the municipality.
- He is appointed by the state government.