What is in the 12th Schedule of Constitution?

Q.  Which of the following are functional items in the Twelfth Schedule of the Constitution?

1) Roads and bridges.
2) Urban forestry.
3) Urban poverty alleviation.
4) Non-conventional energy sources.
5) Regulation of land use.

- Published on 10 Mar 17

a. 1, 2, 5
b. 1, 2, 3, 5
c. 2, 3, 4
d. 1, 3

ANSWER: 1, 2, 3, 5
  • Twelfth Schedule contains 18 functional items which are placed under the ambit of Municipalities.

  • They are -

    1. Urban planning including town planning.

    2. Regulation of land use and construction of buildings.

    3. Planning for economic and social development.

    4. Roads and bridges.

    5. Water supply for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes.

    6. Public health, sanitation, conservancy and solid waste management.

    7. Fire services.

    8. Urban forestry, protection of the environment and promotion of ecological aspects.

    9. Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of society, including the handicapped and mentally retarded.

    10. Slum improvement and upgradation.

    11. Urban poverty alleviation.

    12. Provision of urban amenities and facilities such as parks, gardens, playgrounds.

    13. Promotion of cultural, educational and aesthetic aspects.

    14. Burials and burial grounds, cremations and cremation grounds and electric crematoriums.

    15. Cattle ponds, prevention of cruelty to animals.

    16. Vital statistics including registration of births and deaths.

    17. Public amenities including street lighting, parking lots, bus stops and public conveniences.

    18. Regulation of slaughter houses and tanneries.

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