When were tribunals included in Indian Constitution?

Q.  Provisions with respect to tribunals were added by which Amendment Act?
- Published on 16 Mar 17

a. 44th
b. 24th
c. 42nd
d. 25th

ANSWER: 42nd
  • The original constitution did not contain provisions with respect to tribunals.

  • The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 added a new Part XIV-A to the constitution.

  • This part is entitled as ‘Tribunals’ and consists of only two Articles - Article 323 A dealing with Administrative Tribunals and Article 323 B dealing with tribunals for other matters.

  • Article 323 A empowers the Parliament to provide for the establishment of Administrative Tribunals for the adjudication of disputes relating to recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to public services of the centre, the states, local bodies, public corporations and other public authorities.

  • In other words, Article 323 A enables the Parliament to take out the adjudication of disputes relating to service matters from the Civil Courts and the High Courts and place it before the Administrative Tribunals.

  • In pursuance of Article 323 A, the Parliament has passed the Administrative Tribunals Act in 1985.

  • The act authorizes the Central Government to establish one Central Administrative Tribunal and the State Administrative Tribunals.

  • This act opened a new chapter in the sphere of providing speedy and inexpensive justice to the aggrieved public servants.

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