Which are various State Services?

Q.  Which of the following are State Services?

1) Civil Service.
2) Judicial Service.
3) Police Service.

- Published on 16 Mar 17

a. 1, 3
b. 1, 2
c. 2, 3
d. All of the above

ANSWER: All of the above
  • The personnel of State Services work under the exclusive jurisdiction of the State Government.

  • They hold different positions (general, functional and technical) in the departments of the State Government.

  • However, they occupy lower positions (in the administrative hierarchy of the state) than those held by the members of the All-India Services (IAS, IPS and IFS).

  • The number of services in a state differ from state to state.

  • The services that are common to all the states are -

    1. Civil Service.

    2. Police Service.

    3. Forest Service.

    4. Agricultural Service.

    5. Medical Service.

    6. Veterinary Service.

    7. Fisheries Service.

    8. Judicial Service.

    9. Public Health Service.

    10. Educational Service.

    11. Co-operative Service.

    12. Registration Service.

    13. Sales Tax Service.

    14. Jail Service.

    15. Service of Engineers.

  • Each of these services is named after the state. For example, in Kerala, they are known as Kerala Civil Service, Kerala Police Service etc.

  • Among all the State Services, the civil service (also known as the administrative service) is the most prestigious.

  • The State Services are also classified into gazetted class and non-gazetted class.

  • Usually, Class-I (Group-A) and Class-II (Group-B) Services are gazetted classes while Class-III (Group-C)and Class-IV (Group-D) services are non-gazetted classes.

  • The names of the members of gazette class are published in the Government Gazette for appointment, transfer, promotion and retirement, while those of the non-gazetted are not published.

  • The members of the gazetted class are called ‘officers’ while those of non-gazetted are called ‘employees’.

  • The All-India Services Act of 1951 specifies that senior posts not exceeding thirty-three and one third per cent in the IAS, IPS and IFS are required to be filled in by promotion of officers employed in the state services.

  • Such promotions are made on the recommendation of selection committee constituted for this purpose in each state.

  • Such a committee is presided over by the Chairman or a member of UPSC.

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