Antonyms & Synonyms - Practice Test for IBPS, SBI, RRB, RBI, SSC - Set 1

1)   Choose the word most nearly opposite to the given word.


a. Assistance
b. Obstacle
c. Hindrance
d. Handicap
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Assistance

Meaning: Impediment is an obstacle or something that prevents action.

An impediment is anything that slows or blocks progress.

Example: They needlessly put an impediment in the way of development.

Synonyms: Barrier, Burden, Difficulty, Handicap

Antonyms: Aid, Advantage, Assistance, Help

2)   Abstain

a. Hoard
b. Indulge
c. Slip
d. Tolerate
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Indulge

Meaning: Abstain means to restrain oneself from doing or enjoying something.

In simple words, abstain is choosing to not do something.

Example: You should abstain from drinking alcohol.

Synonyms: Refrain, Forgo, Cease, Shun, Withhold

Antonyms: Allow, Do, Indulge, Embrace, Use

3)   Profusion

a. Aspersion
b. Confusion
c. Scarcity
d. Aversion
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Scarcity

Meaning: If there's an abundance of something, there's a profusion of it.

It is the state of being in abundance or having a large, lavish supply.

Example: The room was decorated with profusion of red roses.

Synonyms: Abundance, Glut, Outpouring, Excess, Ampleness

Antonyms: Lack, Moderation, Poorness, Scarcity

4)   Benign

a. Malevolent
b. Friendly
c. Unwise
d. Soft
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Malevolent

Meaning: Benign is something good, kind or not dangerous.

Example: She was known for her benign nature.

Synonyms: Benevolent, Friendly, Benignant, Amiable

Antonyms: Malignant, Harsh, Unfriendly, Unkind

5)   Frugal

a. Right
b. Extravagant
c. Miserable
d. Happy
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Extravagant

Meaning: A person who lives simply and economically can be called frugal.

Frugal is not spending a lot of money and not being wasteful.

Example: Alex was frugal with his money.

Synonyms: Careful, Meticulous, Stingy, Prudent, Thrifty

Antonyms: Careless, Incautious, Spendthrift, Wasteful, Lavish

6)   Aversion

a. Avoidable
b. Awareness
c. Hatred
d. Affection
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Affection

Meaning: An aversion is a dislike or distaste for something or someone, or a desire to avoid something or someone.

Example: Do you have any aversion to noodles?

Synonyms: Animosity, Antagonism, Antipathy, Distaste

Antonyms: Like, Love, Pleasure, Sympathy

7)   Cacophonous

a. Melodious
b. Loud
c. Sonorous
d. Harsh
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Melodious

Meaning: Cacophonous is having a harsh or loud, annoying sound.

Example: Don’t bombard me with the cacophonous music of yours.

Synonyms: Noisy, Raucous, Dissonant, Discordant

Antonyms: Quiet, Melodious

8)   Precept

a. Mandate
b. Disorganization
c. Maximum
d. Motto
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Disorganization

Meaning: A precept is a guiding principle or rule that is used to control, influence or regulate conduct.

Example: Christian discipline is based on the precept of Christ and on apostolic practice.

Synonyms: Doctrine, Axiom, Dogma, Edict

Antonyms: Ambiguity, Unbelief, Lawlessness

9)   Sultry

a. Torrid
b. Broiling
c. Dry
d. Soggy
Answer  Explanation 


Meaning: The meaning of sultry is very hot and moist or creating passion.

It also refers to excessively hot and humid or marked by sweating and faintness.

Example: His sultry expression quickened her pulse.

Synonyms: Hot, Oppressive, Scorching, Soggy

Antonyms: Calm, Cold, Dry, Frigid, Unappealing

10)   Slander

a. Glorification
b. Backstabbing
c. Aspersion
d. Belittlement
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Glorification

Meaning: Slander is the act of saying an untrue, negative statement about someone.

Example: It is a slander invented by their enemy.

Synonyms: Libel, Smear, Backbiting, Aspersion, Defamation

Antonyms: Approval, Commendation, Praise, Compliment, Glorification

11)   Salvage

a. Retrieve
b. Endanger
c. Ransom
d. Redeem
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Endanger

Meaning: To salvage something is to save it before it's too late.

Salvage is defined as to save from something.

Example: Is there any chance to salvage our marriage?

Synonyms: Save, Rescue, Redeem, Regain, Ransom

Antonyms: Abandon, Forfeit, Lose, Endanger

12)   Scourge

a. Bane
b. Pestilence
c. Advantage
d. Pest
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Advantage

Meaning: A scourge is someone or something that causes a lot of trouble, problems or suffering.

Example: You must confront a scourge of corruption.

Synonyms: Curse, Terror, Plague, Torment, Bane

Antonyms: Advantage, Reward, Benefit, Boon, Delight

13)   Orifice

a. Closure
b. Stout
c. Cavity
d. Vent
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Closure

Meaning: An orifice is an opening, especially an opening to the body or the opening of a tube or pipe.

Example: It avoids exploding by releasing its excess gas through vent orifices

Synonyms: Cavity, Crack, Hole, Aperture, Slit

Antonyms: Closure

14)   Vagrant

a. Derelict
b. Wayfarer
c. Stable
d. Vagabond
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Stable

Meaning: A vagrant is someone who is homeless and poor and may wander from place to place.

Example: While leading this vagrant and miserable life, John fell in love.

Synonyms: Transient, Drifter, Wanderer, Floater

Antonyms: Static, Immobile, Motionless, Still

15)   Grisly

a. Insincere
b. Unhealthy
c. Beautiful
d. Loving
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Beautiful

Meaning: Grisly means disgusting and bloody, repulsive and horrible.

Example: This story is about a man who suffers a grisly death at the hands of the grizzly bears.

Synonyms: Bloody, Dreadful, Eerie, Ghastly

Antonyms: Beautiful, Comforting, Delightful, Pleasant

16)   Gloom

a. Leave
b. Mirth
c. Overstate
d. Stretch
Answer  Explanation 


Meaning: Gloom is a hazy darkness or dimness.

Example: The gloom of a moonless autumn evening is perfect.

Synonyms: Melancholy, Despair, Grief, Misery, Anguish, Sorrow

Antonyms: Cheer, Delight, Gladness, Joy, Pleasure

17)   Irascible

a. Determined
b. Placid
c. Reasonable
d. Pliant
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Placid

Meaning: Irascible is quick-tempered, easily-angered.

Example: It is a very quick and highly irascible beast.

Synonyms: Cranky, Feisty, Surly, Uptight, Crabby

Antonyms: Cool, Happy, Pleasant, Cheerful

18)   Insubordinate

a. Subservient
b. Palpable
c. Pragmatic
d. Inculcating
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Subservient

Meaning: Insubordinate is someone who is not submissive to authority.

Example: All those insubordinate boys must be punished.

Synonyms: Rebellious, Contrary, Defiant, Disaffected

Antonyms: Obedient, Compliant, Behaved

19)   Salubrious

a. Unhealthy
b. Diminished
c. Anguish
d. Muster
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Unhealthy

Meaning: Salubrious is something healthy or pleasant.

Example: I know a salubrious place which is pedestrian-only.

Synonyms: Healthy, Beneficial, Good, Hygienic

Antonyms: Unhealthy, Insalubrious, Unwholesome

20)   Valor

a. Cowardice
b. Agreeable
c. Unpleasant
d. Despicable
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Cowardice

Meaning: Valor is defined as strength or courage, particularly in the face of great danger.

Example: The stories describe his heroic valor.

Synonyms: Bravery, Courage, Boldness, Heroism

Antonyms: Cowardice, Fear, Meekness, Timidity