Current Affairs Questions & Answers - May 08 & 09, 2016

1)   Which major military training exercise was launched by Strike Corps in Suratgarh Rajasthan in May 2016?

a. Exercise Shatrujeet
b. Exercise Chakravyuh- I
c. Exercise Chakravyuh- II
d. Exercise Shatrujeet-II
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Exercise Chakravyuh- II

In a followup to Exercise Shatrujeet by the Strike Corps in April 2016, pivot formations were holding a major military training exercise called Chakravyuh-II in the area of Pallu, Sardasahar (Suratgrah) in Rajasthan. Exercise was conceptualised by Pivot Corps involving rapid mobilisation and execution of plans in linkage with Air Force. Exercise also aims to validate battle readiness and operational effectiveness of the pivot formation and RAPID division in association with affiliated components.

  • Exercise envisages mechanised manuevers in the entire spectra of new generation weapons, platforms and systems employed where rapid development and urbanisation along the border is predominant.
  • During the exercise, intelligence and communication systems will be tested.

2)   India is currently at which rank in The Economist’s crony capital index?

a. 99th
b. 19th
c. 29th
d. 9th
Answer  Explanation 


India is 9th among 22 countries in crony capitalism index, according to a study by The Economist. Crony wealth sector accounts for 3.4 percent of the GDP. Non crony sector wealth amounts to 8.3 percent of GDP as per latest crony capitalism index. Within the 2014 ranking, India stood at 9th place too.

  • Russia tops the list followed by Malaysia, Singapore and the Philippines. Of the 22 economies in the index, crony wealth has fallen by US $116 billion since 2014
  • If commodity prices rebound, crony capitalist wealth is sure to rise again.

3)   Fish production in Himachal Pradesh increased by what percent?

a. 9%
b. 9.1%
c. 9.2%
d. 9.3%
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 9.2%

Production of fish in Himachal Pradesh has risen by 9.2 percent during 2015-2016 as against the previous fiscal. Production this year was recorded at 11,798.72 metric tonne. Trout production has reached 417.23 metric tonne which was 61.03 metric tonnes higher than the previous year. according to a spokesperson from the fisheries department. Govindsagar maintained highest level of fish production her hectare in the nation

  • Close to 581.73 lakh carp seeds and 17.50 lakh trout seeds were produced and revenue of INR 465.59 lakh was generated at the Fisheries department.
  • Three carp hatcheries, five hectare nursery ponds and 29 hectares of large fish ponds were being set up
  • Creation of post harvest infrastructural facilities like ice plats, mobile fish vans and insulated boxes are being provided to reservoir fishermen.

4)   Which of the following are indigenous breeds?

a. Gir Cow
b. Jaffarabadi Buffalo
c. Both of the above
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Both of the above

To compliment and supplement efforts made by states to protect genotype of indigenous bovine breeds including Gir cow using new scientific methods, the following schemes are being implemented by the government of India:

  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission as part of National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development
  • National Dairy Plan-1
  • National Kamdhenu Breeding Centre
  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission

5)   IARI has developed early maturing genotype of which dal?

a. Tur
b. Urad
c. Masoor
d. Arhar
Answer  Explanation 


Indian Agricultural Research Institute has developed early maturing archer genotype which is of determinate habit, short statured and suited for close planting. It can also be used for mechanical harvesting and matures in 120 days.

  • The genotype is being evaluated in different agro ecologies in All India Coordinated Research Project on Pigeonpea

6)   Government has approved a CSS scheme namely Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries which has a component on:

a. National Scheme of Welfare of Fisheries
b. National Scheme of Welfare of Fishermen
c. National Scheme for Fishermen Welfare
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: National Scheme of Welfare of Fishermen

Government of India has approved a restructured Central Sector Scheme named Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries as one of the components.

  • National Scheme of Welfare of Fisherman provides financial assistance to fishers during the lean/fishing ban period
  • In addition, financial assistance is provided for creation of homes and other basic amenities
  • Other components which the CSS scheme has include the following:
i. National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) and its activities,
ii. Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture,
iii. Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operations,
iv. National Scheme of Welfare of Fishermen,
v. Strengthening of Database and Geographical Information System of the Fisheries Sector and
vi. Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) and other need based interventions.

7)   Three improved varieties of Khesari dal have been released for general cultivation. Which are they?

a. Ratan, Prateek, Beejak
b. Ratan Beejak, Mahateora
c. Ratan, Prateek, Mahateora
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Ratan, Prateek, Mahateora

Three improved varieties of Khesari dal namely Ratan, Mahateora and Prateek have been released for general cultivation in MP, Bihar, Chhatisgarh and Jharkhand.

  • These have been found to be safe for human consumption due to the presence of very low level of a neurotoxin called Beta- ODAP.
  • Production of pulses during the last 5 years has increased from 14.7MT in 2009-2010 to 19.3MT in 2013-2014. Second advance estimates for total pulse production in 2015-2016 is around 13.2 MT
  • While there is no ban on Khesari dal, its sale and storage are prohibited

8)   DRDO has tested which of the following indigenously developed missiles recently

a. Long Range Surface to Air Missile (LRSAM) with range of 70 km.
b. Beyond Visual Range (BVR) Air-to-Air Missile, Astra with a range of 75 km.
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Both of the above

Recently, DRDO fired the following missiles:

  • Medium Range Surface to Air Missile, Akash with a range of 25 km and Multi target handling capability.
  • Supersonic Cruise Missile, BrahMos with a range of 290 km.
  • Long Range Surface to Air Missile (LRSAM) with range of 70 km.
  • Beyond Visual Range (BVR) Air-to-Air Missile, Astra with a range of 75 km.

9)   What is internationalisation of rupee include?

a. Savings on Foreign Exchange Transactions for Indian Residents
b. Reduced Foreign Exchange Exposure for Indian Corporate
c. Reduction in Dependence on Foreign Exchange Reserves for BOP Stability
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: All of the above

Integration of rupee will facilitate greater degree of integration of the Indian economy with the rest of the world in terms of foreign trade and global capital flows.

  • Key benefits of internationalisation of rupee include savings on forex transactions for Indian residents, reduced foreign exchange exposure for Indian corporate, reduction in dependence on forex reserves for balance of payment stability
  • An important driver for internationalisation of currency is country’s share in global merchandise and commercial services trade
  • Indian government has put in place a framework for issuance of rupee denominated bonds in international sphere by Indian corporate

10)   To meet growing demands for new projects and ongoing projects, which ministry has initiated a scheme of project development?

a. Ministry of Defence
b. Ministry of Power
c. Ministry of Railways
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Ministry of Railways

Ministry has initiated a scheme of project development, financing and monitoring through the formation of SPVs with state governments.

  • MoU for setting up a Joint Venture has been signed with Odisha, Maharashtra, AP, Kerala, Telangana and Chhattisgarh

11)   Who has taken over as the Director Engineering on the Board of National Projects Construction Corporation Limited?

a. Shri Manohar Kumar
b. Shri Manohar Gupta
c. Shri Manohar Singh
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Shri Manohar Kumar

Shri. Manohar Kumar has taken over as Director (Engineering) on the Board of National Projects Construction Corporation Limited.

  • He is a graduate from Delhi College of Engineering and MBA from MDU Rohtak
  • NPDD is a PSU under Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation

12)   Scientists have named which species from India and South Africa after Hollywood actor Brad Pitt?

a. Wasp
b. Butterfly
c. Swan
d. Snake
Answer  Explanation 


One of these wasps has been named Conobregma bradpitti, belongs to a large worldwide group of wasps parasitising in moth or butterfly caterpillars.

  • Wasps lay eggs into a host which once parasitised starts hardening>
  • Wasp cocoon can safely develop and emerge from the mummified lava
  • It is the first from its subtribe spotted in the whole of India, while its closest 'relative' lives in Nepal.
  • Pitt’s flying namesake is a tiny creature measuring less than 2 mm.
  • It has a deep brown body and is black in colour while head antennae and legs are yellow brown

13)   Plant eating marine reptile has been found - what is its name?

a. Atopodentatus unicus
b. Etopodentatus unicus
c. Itopodentatus unicus
d. Utopodentatus unicus
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Atopodentatus unicus

A crocodile sized hammerhead creature called Atopodentatus unicus which lived 242 million years ago in southern China is considered the earliest known example of a plant eating marine reptile

  • Fossil was discovered in 2014 and has a poorly preserved head with a flamingo like beak.
  • Atopodentatus unicus used its bizarre jaw to help it eat plants, researchers said.

14)   How many islands have disappeared in the Pacific Solomon Islands over the recent decades or are experiencing severe erosion?

a. 5
b. 6
c. 7
d. 11
Answer  Explanation 


5 islands have disappeared in the Pacific Solomon Islands due to rising sea level and coastal erosion as per an Australian study scientists said could provide insights for future research

  • A further six reef islands have been severely eroded in the remote area of the Solomons, the study said, with one experiencing some 10 houses being swept into the sea between 2011 and 2014.
  • Total of 11 islands across the northern Solomon Islands have either totally disappeared over recent decades or are currently experiencing severe erosion
  • It is feared that the rise in sea levels will cause widespread erosion and inundation of low-lying atolls in the Pacific.

15)   What does GEDA stand for in the context of solar power generation?

a. Gujarat Energy Development Agency
b. Gandhinagar Energy Development Agency
c. Goa Energy Development Agency
d. Gangtok Energy Development Agency
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Gujarat Energy Development Agency

In an attempt to scale up the present solar power generation in Gujarat, the state government is now all set to launch its much awaited project of grid-connected rooftop solar power units, wherein residential property owners will be encouraged to install this new system.

  • The Solar Rooftop project was initiated by Gujarat Energy Development Agency (GEDA), which is the state nodal agency to promote renewable energy.
  • In the current fiscal of 2016-17, GEDA has set a target of generating 50 megawatt (MW) of electricity by installing such rooftop solar photovoltaic (SPV) units across Gujarat.
  • This rooftop solar project is for residential consumers only

16)   President of India Shri Pranab Mukherjee celebrated the 155th birth anniversary of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore on which day?

a. May 8
b. May 9
c. May 10
d. May 11
Answer  Explanation 


The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee in his message on the occasion of birthday of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore, which falls on May 8th, reminded Indians of the power of his writings

  • He is the author of many great poetic works and novels