IAS Art & Culture Test - Set 3

1)   Mathura was famous for

a. Shataka cloth type
b. Mekhalas cloth type
c. Kantha cloth type
d. Patola cloth type
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Shataka cloth type

Patola fabrics were produced in Gujarat. Kantha is a term used for embroidery silk which was used to make embroidery quilts of Bengal. Mekhalas of Assam were fine specimen of cloth worn by women.

2)   The oldest complete plays are those of

a. Vishakhadatta
b. Bharat Muni
c. Bhasa
d. Kalidasa
Answer  Explanation 


The oldest complete plays are those of Bhasa’s : Svapnavasavadatta and Pratijnayaughandharayana

3)   In regards to sculpture making, which school/schools was/were influenced by all 3 religions – Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism?

a. Gandhara
b. Amravati
c. Mathura
d. Both a and b
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Mathura

Mathura school was indigenous and created sculptures of Mahavira, Shiva, Vishnu and his forms and Buddha seated in padmasan. Gandhara and Amravati were mainly influenced by Buddhism

4)   Which caves have caves associated with all 3 religions – Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism?

a. Ellora Caves
b. Ajanta Caves
c. Bagh Caves
d. Nashik Caves
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Ellora Caves

Rest of the three have Buddhist caves. Ellora has 34 caves - 17 associated with Hinduism, 12 Buddhism and 5 Jainism. Ajanta has 29, Bagh has 9 and Nashik has 23 Buddhist caves.

5)   Which style of architecture has features of Dravidian and Nagara style?

a. Khajurao School
b. Nayaka Style
c. VIjaynagara Style
d. Vesara Style
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Vesara Style

Vesara style has two principle components – Vimana and Mandap. These are joined by Antrala. The pillars, door frames and ceilings are intricately carved. E.g. Lad Khan Temple at Aihole, Temples at Badami, etc.

6)   Which of the following varna/varnas was/were entitled to upanayana ceremony?

1) Brahmins
2) Kshatriyas
3) Vaishyas
4) Shudras

a. Only 1
b. Only 1 and 2
c. Only 1, 2 and 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only 1, 2 and 3

The higher 3 varnas were entitled to upanayana or investiture with the sacred thread according to the Vedic mantras. Hence they are called dvija or twice born.

7)   The  two  oldest and  most  important  of  the Upanishads are

a. Brihadaranyaka and Mundaka
b. Chhandogya and Brihadaranyaka
c. Mundaka and Mandukya
d. Aitareya and Brihadaranyaka
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Chhandogya and Brihadaranyaka

The Chhandogya Upanishad mentions such subjects as the study of Vedas, Mathematics,
Mineralogy, Logic, Ethics, Military Science, Astronomy, Science dealing with poisons, Fine Arts and Crafts, Music, and Medical Sciences. The oldest among these are the Brihadaranyaka and Chhandogya which contain bold speculations about the eternal problems of human thought concerning God, man and the universe etc. King Janak of Videha organized conference of the learned, which is mentioned in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. The participants in this conference were Yajnavaikya, Uddalaka Aruni, Sakalya, Gargi and a number of other scholars. The details of this conference and various topics discussed there are given in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. Only 11 Upanishad’s are important - Isa, Katha, Kena, Prasna, Mundaka, Mandukya, Taittiriya, Aitareya, Chhandogya, Brihadaranyaka and Svetasvatara. Sometimes a twelfth one is also considered important - Maitraya.

8)   During the Rig Vedic Period ‘lohit ayas’ meant

a. Copper
b. Gold
c. Iron
d. Bronze
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Copper

During the period of Rig Veda we find the mention of only ayas which has been taken as copper/bronze. With the introduction of a new metal i.e., iron in later vedic period we get the terms syam ayas or krishna ayas (iron) and lohit ayas (copper).

9)   The Later Vedic people were acquainted with which type/types of pottery?

1) Red Ware
2) Black and red Ware
3) Painted grey Ware
4) Black slipped Ware

a. Only 1, 2 and 3
b. Only 2
c. Only 1 and 2
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: All of the above

The most distinct was the Painted grey Ware. Red Ware was most popular among them and has been found almost all over western Uttar Pradesh.

10)   Which of the following was regarded as Stridhana in ancient India?

1) Gifts of jewellery, ornaments, and garments made to bride on occasion of her marriage.
2) Presents received by the bride from her parents at marriage time.
3) Presents received by the bride from her parents-in-law at the marriage time.
4) Presents received by the bride on other occasions.

a. Only 1 and 2
b. Only 1
c. Only 2
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: All of the above

Point 1 was practiced earlier. Gupta and post Gupta period enlarged the scope of these gifts by including 2, 3 and 4 too. Katyayana, a law giver of sixth century, holds that she could sell and mortgage her immovable property along with her stridhana.

11)   Who wrote Kitab-ul-Hind?

a. Isami
b. Ibn Battuta
c. Firdausi
d. Alberuni
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Alberuni

Alberuni stayed in Mahmud of Ghazni’s court and wrote the famous Kitab-ul-Hind, an account on India. Al-Biruni’s Kitab-ul-Hind, written in Arabic, is simple and lucid. It is a voluminous text, divided into 80 chapters on subjects such as religion and philosophy, festivals, astronomy, alchemy, manners and customs, social life, weights and measures, iconography, laws and metrology.

12)   Who wrote Shah Namah?

a. Abul Fazl
b. Abul Faizi
c. Firdausi
d. Alberuni
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Firdausi

Firdausi was the poet-laureate in the court of Mahmud. He was the author of Shah Namah.

13)   The construction of Qutub Minar was completed during the reign of

a. Alauddin Khalji
b. Qutbuddin Aibak
c. Iltutmish
d. Balban
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Iltutmish

Apart from completing the construction of Qutub Minar at Delhi, the tallest stone tower in India (238 ft.), he built a magnificent mosque at Ajmir. The most magnificent building of the 13th century was the Qutub Minar which was founded by Aibek and completed by Iltutmish.

14)   Modern Indian rupee has its basis in which coinage?

a. Greek
b. Arabic
c. Chinese
d. British
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Arabic

Iltutmish introduced the Arabic coinage into India and the silver tanka weighing 175 grams became a standard coin in medieval India. The silver tanka remained the basis of the modern rupee.

15)   Who introduced the festival of Nauroz?

a. Iltutmish
b. Akbar
c. Balban
d. Firoz Tughlaq
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Balban

Balban also introduced the Persian festival of Nauroz to impress the nobles and people with his wealth and power.

16)   What is Jauhar?

a. Rajput Festival
b. Tax for non-Muslims
c. Self-immolation
d. A type of dowry during Mughal period
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Self-immolation

In 1303 Alauddin Khalji stormed the Chittor fort. Raja Ratan Singh and his soldiers fought valiantly but submitted. The Rajput women including Rani Padmini performed jauhar or self-immolation. It was performed by women to protect themselves from the atrocities of the enemy. It was a kind of mass suicide.

17)   Who build Alai Darwaza?

a. Akbar
b. Alauddin Khalji
c. Babar
d. Firoz Tughlaq
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Alauddin Khalji

Alauddin Khalji added an entrance to the Qutub Minar called Alai Darwaza. The dome of this arch was built on scientific lines.

18)   Who collected Sanskrit manuscripts from the library at Jawalamukhi temple?

a. Firoz Tughlaq
b. Akbar
c. Balban
d. Mahmud-bin-Tughlaq
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Firoz Tughlaq

The Sultan collected 1300 Sanskrit manuscripts from the Jawalamukhi temple library and got them translated into Persian.

19)   Under the Delhi Sultanate the purdah system was widespread. Who wore the purdah?

a. All Muslim women
b. Upper Class Muslim women
c. Upper Class women
d. Non- Muslim Women
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Upper Class women

The seclusion of women and the wearing of purdah became common among the upper class women. The Arabs and Turks brought the purdah system into India and it became widespread among the Hindu women in the upper classes of north India.

20)   The Qutub Minar was dedicated to

a. A Sufi Saint
b. The Emperor himself
c. The Emperor’s queens
d. Achievements of the Emperor
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: A Sufi Saint

It was dedicated to the Sufi saint Qutbuddin Bakthiyar Kaki. The balconies of this tower were projected from the main building and it was the proof of the architectural skills of that period.

21)   Which of the following architectural facets were introduced by the Turks?

1) Domes
2) Minarets
3) Arches
4) Decorations using the Arabic script

a. Only 1, 3 and 4
b. Only 1 and 4
c. Only 1, 2 and 3
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: All of the above

The art and architecture of the Delhi Sultanate period was distinct from the Indian style. The Turks introduced arches, domes, lofty towers or minarets and decorations using the Arabic script. They used the skill of the Indian stone cutters. They also added color to their buildings by using marbles, red and yellow sand stones.

22)   Which of the following ragas were introduced by Amir Khusrau?

1) Deepak
2) Ghora
3) Sanam
4) Malhar

a. Only 2 and 3
b. Only 3
c. 1, 2, 3 and 4
d. None of the above
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Only 2 and 3

Amir Khusrau introduced many new ragas such as ghora and sanam. He evolved a new style of light music known as Qawwaalis by blending the Hindu and Iranian systems. The invention of sitar was also attributed to him.

23)   Amir Khusrau’s Tughlaq Nama deals with

a. Firoz Tughlaq
b. Ghyiasuddin Tughlaq
c. Muhammad bin Tughlaq
d. Alauddin Khalji
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Ghyiasuddin Tughlaq

Amir Khusrau’s Khazain-ul-Futuh speaks about Alauddin’s conquests. His famous work Tughlaq Nama deals with the rise of Ghyiasuddin Tughlaq.

24)   Tarikh-i-Firoz Shahi was written by

a. Amir Khusrau
b. Ziauddin Barani
c. Ibn-Batuta
d. Minhaj-us-Siraj
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Ziauddin Barani

Barani’s Tarikh-i-Firoz Shahi contains the history of Tughlaq dynasty.

25)   The  first Sufi saint in India was

a. Nizamuddin Auliya
b. Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti
c. Shaikh Ismail
d. Shihabuddin Suhrawardi
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Shaikh Ismail

Sufism was a liberal reform movement within Islam. It had its origin in Persia and spread into India in the eleventh century. The first Sufi saint Shaikh Ismail of Lahore started preaching his ideas.