IAS Prelims GS Questions and Answers - Feb 27, 2016

1)   Pangolins are

a. Mammals
b. Birds
c. Insects
d. Marine animals
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Mammals


  • Pangolins are threatened by hunting (for their meat and armor) and heavy deforestation of their natural habitats, and are the most trafficked mammal in the world.
  • Pangolin meat is considered a delicacy among several communities in India as well as a "tonic food" because of its alleged medicinal properties.
  • Pangolins, often called scaly anteaters (or trenggiling), are toothless and have large keratin scales covering their skin and are the only known mammal with this adaptation.
  • Of the eight species found worldwide (four each in Asia and Africa), two are known from India — Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) and Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla).
  • It is found in tropical regions throughout Africa and Asia.
  • International trade of pangolin is also prohibited under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

2)   Which of the following is/are true?

1) Indian gold reserves feature among the top ten in the world.
2) USA has the highest gold reserves.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Neither 1 nor 2


  • India ranks 11th.
  • USA ranks 2nd.
  • Euro Area is considered one unit and has the largest reserves.
  • After USA there is Germany, Italy, France, China and Russia.

3)   A-IDEA is a technology business incubator in the field of:

a. Agriculture
b. Medicine
c. Telecommunication
d. IT
Answer  Explanation  Related Ques

ANSWER: Agriculture


  • Association for Innovation Development of Entrepreneurship in Agriculture (A-IDEA), technology business incubator of NAARM is funded by Department of Science & Technology, aims to build powerful Agribusiness and technology ventures through cutting edge technology and economic value return.
  • NAARM is National Academy of Agricultural Research Management.
  • NAARM through A-IDEA has entered into a Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) with the National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) to support Agribusiness start-ups.
  • Under this partnership, NRDC shall provide services like IPR Management, Technology Management, Mentoring services, Value addition services, Regulatory Assistance, Skill Development/EDP/Cluster Development and Limited Angle /Seed Fund support to agri based start-ups in the incubator.

4)   What is a ‘patent thicket’?

a. A company having more patents
b. Overlapping of patents
c. A business area having more potential for innovations
d. Mechanism to give up patent rights.
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Overlapping of patents


  • A patent thicket carries a negative connotation and is best described as a dense web of overlapping intellectual property rights that a company must hack its way through in order to actually commercialize new technology.
  • Patent thickets are used to defend against competitors designing around a single patent. Say a company designs a product. Others may patent the same product with minor tweaks. To avoid this, the product is under a patent thicket i.e. an overlapping web of patents.
  • Patent thickets are also sometimes called patent floods or patent clusters.

5)   Which of the following is/are true regarding defense manufacturing in India?

1) Weapons in India are manufactured only by the Government permitted undertakings.
2) Ammunitions however can be manufactured by private players subject to conditions laid down by the government.

a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Only 1


  • As of now, only the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) is permitted to manufacture ammunition.
  • The Defence Ministry is working on proposals to further open up and streamline the defence procurement process.
  • These include allowing the private sector to manufacture ammunition and longer tenures for Army officers in the acquisition wing to ensure continuation.
  • As the requirement for various types of ammunition by the Army keeps changing, the private sector will be given orders for 10 years to ensure financial viability.
  • Also the short duration of Army officers in the acquisition wing delays procedures as personnel are frequently replaced.

6)   Which of the following are the pre-requisites for a Birth Companion?

1) Husband of the pregnant woman can be allowed as a birth companion
2) The birth companion has to be a female relative and preferably one who has undergone the process of labor
3) Birth Companion should be ASHA worker
4) She can attend other pregnant women in labor room

a. 2, 3
b. 1, 3, 4
c. 1, 2
d. All of the above
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: 1, 2


  • Pre-requisites for a birth companion
1. The birth companion has to be a female relative and preferably one who has undergone the process of labor.
2. In facilities where privacy protocols are followed in the labour room, the husband of the pregnant woman can be allowed as a birth companion.
3. She should not suffer from any communicable diseases.
4. She should wear clean clothes.
5. She should be willing to stay with the pregnant woman throughout the process of labour.
6. She should not interfere in the work of hospital staff and the treatment procedures.
7. She should not attend to other women in the labour room.
  • The World Health Organization promotes labor companionship as a core element of care for improving maternal and infant health.
  • A trained birth companion contributes to reduced tension and shortened labour, increased mother's feelings of control, decreased interventions and caesareans. It also enhances the partner's participation, improves outcome for the newborn, facilitates parent/infant bonding, and decreases postpartum depression while increasing positive feelings about the birth experience.

7)   The Government of India has undertaken a project ‘Security for Women in Public Road Transport in the Country’. They plan to ensure safety by

a. Monitoring location of public road transport vehicles
b. Providing police constable/security guard in Public Road transport vehicles
c. Training women in self-defense
d. Women drivers increased
Answer  Explanation 

ANSWER: Monitoring location of public road transport vehicles


  • The objective of the scheme is to ensure safety of women and girl child in public transport by monitoring location of public road transport vehicles to provide immediate assistance in minimum response time to the victims in distress.
  • The proposed scheme under the “Nirbhaya Fund” envisages setting up of a National Emergency Response System with a control room under the overall control of Ministry of Home Affairs, which will receive alerts from distressed women and take action on it.
  • Under the scheme for giving grants to states for setting up driving schools, preference is given to proposals for driving school for women.